Establishment liberals don't want to weaken the public schools. But some black activists don't trust the public schools and want a choice. Some studies show that students, especially blacks score better in private schools, on the other hand the differences are often small or impossible to document.
Facts: Ron Unz: Today, public and private school-voucher programs combined include just 70,000 students, only one-tenth of one percent of our school-age population, and a minute fraction of (say) the estimated two million children in home-schooling programs,
The other alternatives are total privatization (Libertarian) where the state doesn't pay for anybody's education, or tax credits for property or income tax, or making the public schools work as well as they do in the affluent suburbs.
For - Republicans, Christians, poor blacks. Against - Black leadership, Teacher Unions, Democrats, extreme Christians (government control) @@Against (Conservative) z47\clip\2001\01\vouchno.txt For Vouchers, left and right http://www.city-journal.org/html/10_4_soundings.html#05 Howard Husock, Director of Case Studies at the Harvard Kennedy School and City Journal Contributing Editor. This article presented the devastating empirical case AGAINST vouchers, albeit housing vouchers. http://www.city-journal.org/html/10_4_lets_end_housing.html z46\clip\2000\10\voupriv.txt Voucher program could have serious competitive effect on private schools http://www.tribnet.com/opinion/1029b53.html Voucher program could have serious competitive effect on private schools (The News Tribune - Sunday) Ahrum Hong vouchers threaten independence of religious schools VOUCHERS WILL TURN ALL SCHOOLS INTO GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS z45\clip\2000\10\vouchst.txt The Napa Sentinel, October 27, 2000 VOUCHER STRANGLEHOLD By Karen Anderson Three major homeschool organizations--Christian Home Educators Association (CHEA) of California, Home School Legal Defense Association (HSLDA), Private and Home Educators of California--all oppose Proposition 38. VOUCHERS HIT CATHOLIC, PRIVATE SCHOOLS HARD WITH PROBLEMS z45\clip\2000\10\vouchpro.txt Monday, October 9, 2000 LA Times School Voucher Program Teaches Hard Lessons By JILL LEOVY, LA Times Staff Writer. A Catholic school principal, didn't know that two-thirds of her teaching staff would quit the first year her school accepted voucher students. This site provides some evidence of problems private schools have encountered when they've accepted government vouchers in Milwaukee, Cleveland, and Florida. Christian Law Association advocates tax credits, which I view as a problem: tax credits will end up causing loss of autonomy for private schools, but they'll do it more slowly than vouchers. http://www.christianlaw.org/vouchers.html#What Are the Pitfalls of Vouchers for Christian Schools? For those who haven't read either of my position papers on the voucher, they're posted at my website: www.grovepublishing.com Cathy Duffy VOUCHERS BRING POOR KIDS INTO RICH SCHOOLS, NOT REAL CHOICE z45\clip\2000\08\novouch.txt http://www.lewrockwell.com/levin/levin2.html The Crazy Theory Behind School Vouchers by Michael Levin Prop 38 vouchers threaten home and private schools z45\priv\2000\08\novouch.txt, voucher.doc Problems with the California Voucher Initiative, Proposition 38 Summary by Cathy Duffy because of more regulation, and increases price because of state subsidy] CONSERVATIVES NEED TO FIX PUBLIC SCHOOLS, NOT PUSH VOUCHERS \clip\2000\03\consed.txt Mon, 20 Mar 2000 05:58:10 -0600 NATIONAL STANDARD: "Measurable gains in a cademic achievement must come from improvements in the public schools and in the family milieus of the children who attend them. The idea that federal and state governments can finance some massive alternative to the nation's public schools is unrealistic and carries high political risk. " @@Against, Liberal %%Conservative RON UNZ AGAINST VOUCHERS http://www.onenation.org/article.cfm?ID=7617 %%Liberal Public school students in Cleveland started out well behind the voucher kids. By the end of third grade, though, they had almost closed the gap in reading and language arts and had overtaken the voucher students in math. So even the so-called short term benefits of vouchers don't show up. This result and a debunking of Paul Peterson's study of vouchers in NY will appear in "The Thirteenth Bracey Report on the Condition of Public Education," in the October issue of Phi Delta Kappan. Gerald Bracey Aug 2003 wa-ed-deform 2000 VOUCHERS INITIATIVES ALL FAILED z46\clip\2000\11\pfaw.txt For Immediate Release from PFAW People for the American Way November 14, 2000 Public Schools Win at Polls California, Michigan Voters Turn Down Vouchers, School Funding Initiatives Win in California, Colorado & Arizona Florida judge rejects school-voucher system SeaTimes Mar 15, 2000 worth $3-4,000 if student goes to a low rated school, constitution mandates free education through a system of "public schools" 1996 WA state initiative headed by Ron Taber failed. \clip\99\21\voucprob.txt Rethinking Schools An Urban Education Journal Volume 14, No.1 Fall 1999 Problems Erupt in Cleveland Concerns over safety hazatds, unlicensed teachers, and reliance on videos for instruction. by Eric Gunn School voucher program struck down at last minute seattle Times Aug 25, 1999 p. a5 . US District judge issued an injunction stopping funds until a trial determines whether it violates consitutional separation. 4,003 signed up. Says appears to have the primary effect of advancing religion since most schools are religious. [but most kids aren't even members of the religion] @@Effective MANHATTAN INSTITUTE SAYS VOUCHERS PROD SUCCESS z48\clip\2001\02\vouceff.txt FEBRUARY 16, 2001 USA In Florida, lessons on vouchers New study finds that the worst schools are turning around under a 'school choice' reform. By Amelia Newcomb, Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor; and Robin Rowan NO BIG DIFFERENCE SAYS WITTE http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displayStory.cfm?Story_ID=392987 Comparing notes Oct 12th 2000 | WASHINGTON, DC From The Economist print edition The latest academic report by John Witte, a political scientist at the University of Wisconsin, was fairly inconclusive about the pupils’ academic achievements. He certainly did not find any great gains by the voucher-students—75% of whom are black. But the supporters of vouchers argue that it is hard to judge a new educational system on the results of just 500 students a year in Milwaukee. Wed, 25 Aug 1999 "Chris and Lisa Leppin"
http://heritage.org/schools/wisconsin.html The evidence for choice and competition is higher achievement scores and parental satisfaction. Isn't that the goal? For further evidence in another state: http://www.azscholarships.org Maybe you also didn't know that students in private schools are twice as likely to go on to college, a black or hispanic child is 37% more likely to complete college than an Anglo in a public school, or that private schools have a 97% graduation rate? VOUCHER SCHOOLS IN MILWAUKEE PRODUCE GREAT RESULTS \clip\99\05\vouchbil.txt http://www.city-journal.org/html/9_1_a1.htm City Journal Winter 1998 The Schools That Vouchers Built by Sol Stern From the Washington Times A4 Wed., October 28, 1998 Inner-city mother delighted her sons got school vouchers By Kim Asch, The Washington Times \clip\98\16\voucher.txt The study, released yesterday by Harvard University’s Pro-gram on Education Policy and Governance and Mathematical Policy Research, found that the 1,300 scholarship students in grades three through five scored higher on Iowa Basic Skills math and reading tests than a control group comprised of scholarship applicants who stayed in public school after they lost out in the lottery. @@For NBC DATELINE ON VOUCHERS, SPENDING http://www.msnbc.com/news/477730.asp#BODY z46\clipim\2000\11\02\milwa\milwa1.htm Your kids, our schools, tough choices Parents in Milwaukee speak out about the state of their public schools. NBC News MILWAUKEE, Oct. 27 — In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, they have a real fight on their hands. Vouchers vs good Rufus King urban vs. really Niclolet Glendale Wisc dream/surburban They can afford to spend about $14,000 per student at Nicolet — while in the Milwaukee system schools get about $8,000 per student. Nicolet’s average teacher’s salary is more than $54,000 94% go on to college [Overall, the piece is taking the "Savage Inequalities" stance that schools will be equal only when every school spends as much as Niclolet] z46\clip\2000\11\hollvouc.txt OPINION Watch Out, Educrats, Here Come Vouchers! Public school officials shape up or ship out under voucher programs. Robert Holland richmond.com Monday October 30, 2000 A Hunter College poll showed that in New York City, 83 percent of black residents and 87 percent of Hispanics favor school vouchers. ...Florida has a voucher-based reform plan called A-Plus that for my money is more consumer-friendly and effective than Virginia's accreditation-based SOL routine. NO DIFFERENCE IN NYC? z45\clip\2000\09\vouchdou.txt http://www.nytimes.com/2000/09/15/national/15VOUC.html New Doubt Is Cast on Study That Backs Voucher Efforts By KATE ZERNIKE Two weeks ago, prominent researchers released a study showing significant gains by black students who had been given vouchers to help pay for private school. ..the company says, in New York there was no significant test- score difference between students who attended private school on vouchers and those who stayed in public school. SIMILAR STUDENTS WITH VOUCHERS SCORED 6 PCT HIGHER z45\clip\2000\08\vouchdc.txt WPost front Page, August 28, 2000 URL: Scores Improve For D.C. Pupils With Vouchers By Jay Mathews, Washington Post Staff Writer The report, which compares the students' reading and math scores on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills over the first two years of the voucher programs, is unusual. The study showed that those moving to private schools scored 6 percentile points higher than those who stayed in public schools in New York City, Dayton, Ohio, and the District. Bracey opposes vouchers. Only blacks showed big differences. Most students in study were black. http://www.manhattan-institute.org/html/cr_11.htm Dr. Jay Greene's survey analyzes every study examining any aspect of America's publicly and privately funded voucher programs. Greene finds a surprisingly uniform consensus: voucher programs raise student test scores and are beloved by parents, and private schools accepting voucher students, promote school integration and the teaching of civic values better than traditional public schools. z43\clip\2000\07\highvouc.txt “High Noon for Vouchers” In November, a turning point for U.S. education. Ron Unz, National Review, Tuesday, June 20, 2000 Today, public and private school-voucher programs combined include just 70,000 students, only one-tenth of one percent of our school-age population, z40\clip\2000\04\vouch.htm http://www.policyreview.com/jan99/peterson.html A voucher group was compared against public school group: overall, average test scores were below the 30th percentile. After one year, the national percentile ranking of students attending private schools was, on average, two points higher in reading and mathematics than the ranking of the comparison group that remained in public schools. choice students in grades four and five achieved substantially higher scores, six percentile points more in math, and four points more in reading. * The probability of graduating from college rises from 11 to 27 percent, if such a student attends a Catholic high school. http://www.educationnews.org/a_survey_of_results_from_voucher.htm zip40\clip\2000\03\vouch.htm Manhattan Institute A Survey of Results from Voucher Experiments: Where We Are and What We Know By Jay P. Greene Senior Fellow, The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research March 13, 2000 Prepared for the Conference on Charter Schools, Vouchers, and Public Education, Sponsored by the Harvard Program on Education Policy and Governance and the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, March 8-10, 2000, Cambridge, MA In Cleveland, as in Milwaukee, all studies of the choice program are generally positive about the effects of the program. Metcalf finds some significant test score gains and praises the expansion of educational opportunities the program provides. Greene, Peterson, and Howell also find significant test score gains. After one year of participation in the program, choice students in grades 2 through 5 in New York benefited by about 2 NPR in math and reading. Older students, in grades 4 and 5, gained four points in reading and six points in math. A Response By Dennis W. Redovich, Center for the Study of Jobs & Education in Wisconsin I am astonished by the ineptitude of the report, A Survey of Results from Voucher Experiments, which I read on EducationNews.org. I have been reviewing the numerous studies of the Milwaukee Choice program since its inception in Milwaukee. The original evaluator John Witte did the only credible reports on the Milwaukee Choice program. Dr. Witte found no significant difference between academic achievement of MPS schools and Choice schools, high satisfaction with choice schools and high satisfaction of parents with children in MPS schools at a somewhat lower level EducationNews February 28, 2000 Washington Post Vouchers Receive Positive Reviews African American elementary school students in the District who transferred to private schools with the help of vouchers were happier with their schools and did better in mathematics than classmates who remained in public schools, a new study has found. %%income CLEVELAND VOUCHERS FOR $7K FAMILIES CONSTITUTIONAL \doc\web\99\07\vouch.txt For another take on the Ohio court decision on the Cleveland voucher program, visit the Institute for Justice web site. They litigated the case. http://www.ij.org/media/index.html Ohio Supreme Court Says School Choice Is Constitutional, But Invalidates Program On Technical Grounds The program allows approximately 3,000 low-income children to receive $2250 scholarships for 90 percent of tuition in private and religious schools. The median income of families participating in the program is less than $7,000. %%Ineffective NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE IN SCORES AFTER 1 YEAR "Vouchers not helping students yet, study finds" Seattle Times April 8, 1998 Rene Sanchez Washington Post. Study of 2 year old program in Cleveland that gives 3,000 needy students scholarships worth up to $2,500 for private schools. Report commisioned by state of Ohio finds that there are "no significant differences" in achievment in read, math or science between voucher students and comparable students in public schools. $1.4 million went to taxi service. Researchers at Indiana University compared 94 voucher students with 494 comparable public school students, tested before and after 1st year in voucher program. Scores were same in every subject. %%Opinion z45\clip\2000\09\blvouch.txt Sunday, September 3, 2000 Blacks Split Over Vouchers Schools: Though most leaders oppose the ballot measure, many frustrated parents want more options for their children. By EDWARD J. BOYER, LA Times Staff Writer The results of a 1999 national survey, however, show A whopping 76% of African Americans between 26 and 35--a group including many who have school-age children--support a voucher system under which the government would give parents money to send their children to the public, private or parochial school of their choice, the survey by the Washington, D.C.-based Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies found. %%religious Many oppose public funding of religious schools, but federal college grants are not restricted to non religious colleges LAW HAS NOT ESTABLISHED VOUCHERS FOR RELIGIOUS SCHOOLS ILLEGAL zip36\clip\99\17\relvouch.txt EDITORIALS Of Tolerance And School Vouchers IBD 8/30/99 Here comes another foe of school choice - this one a federal judge - declaring that vouchers violate the First Amendment. In fact, the question of whether vouchers violate the separation of church and state has never been settled in federal law, and only a few state high courts have tackled it. zip36\clip\99\16\vouchhi.txt First School Voucher Program Begins Associated Press Aug. 17, 1999 at 6:20:19 a.m. PENSACOLA, Fla. - Parents and nuns beamed as the nation's first statewide school voucher program took effect, but opponents derided its debut as a violation of the principle of separation of church and state. Florida Vouchers Target of Lawsuit Associated Press July 30, 1999 TALLAHASSEE, Fla. - A teachers union has sued Gov. Jeb Bush, seeking to overturn the only statewide voucher program that allows parents to send their children to private or parochial schools at taxpayer expense. Cleveland choice students enter religious schools By Curtis Lawrence of the Journal Sentinel staff September 4, 1996 While supporters of state vouchers to finance religious education in Milwaukee wait for the courts to rule on the program's constitutionality, about 1,700 low-income Cleveland students for the first time are attending private non-sectarian and religious schools at state expense. http://www.heartland.org/education/dec98/works.htm School reform news: "Just as a graduate student is permitted to use his Pell Grant at Notre Dame or Yeshiva University or a toddler's parents can send him to the local Presbyterian pre-school, a qualifying Milwaukee family can use their voucher to send their child to a parochial school if that's their choice.