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Education Deform Index

Outcome Based Education

@@Mastery Education
@@Outcome Based Education
@@Performance Based Education
@@Standards Based Education
Originated by Spady, OBE is the son of failed Mastery Based Learning, and has already been so thoroughly attacked and dragged through the mud that it was largely evolved into something hijacked by Marc Tucker's STW movement into what is now known as Performance Based Education. On the one hand, it is good to defind stuff that all children should master. On the other hand, saying that all students can succeed is an excuse to redefine achievement without content, and tests like the CLAS that have no objective correct answers, and carries with it a host of multicultural and non-structural philsiphies. The CLAS was a test that basically failed everybody in math, and despite emphasis on written answers, proved even harder for under-prepared minorities and poor than multiple-selection problems.

Major links:


http://www.pbs.org/merrow/tmr_radio/raisebar/guests.html Alfie Kohn is
the author of seven books on human behavior and education, including,
most recently, The Schools Our Children Deserve: Moving Beyond
Traditional Classrooms and "Tougher Standards," just published by
Houghton Mifflin

 Analysis of
Outcome Based Education by Jeffrey Burke Satinover, M.D.  (NOTE: This
analysis was prepared for the National Parents Commission in
November, 1993.)  ..rather than teaching a given subject or
educational module (e.g., addition of two-digit numbers,) within a
more-or-less fixed amount of time (pegged to a class average), and
finding that mastery of the subject among students will be
distributed on a bell-shaped curve (e.g. 1A, 3Bs, 12Cs, 2Ds, 2Fs) the
subject or module will be taught for however long it takes all
Sstudents to master it. Instead of a bell-shaped curve of proficiency
demonstrated by traditional grades, there will be a bell-shaped curve
of tine that it takes for the students to reach mastery, defined as
some percentage of total mastery, usually 80 percent

\clip\98\10\obechr.txt Outcome Based Education by Don Closson
 christian critique

4 Stages of Anti OBE

National Federation of Republican Women
pass resolution against OBE and Goals 2000

one is a bit over the top, but it gives the general picture that OBE
is about shaping complaint politically and environmentally correct
attitudes, not improving math and reading skills.  "OBE is an
anti-intellectual, highly politicized, psychological process designed
to create a society that is accepting of, and susceptible to,
manipulation and control. It has no other purpose and that is why it
is veiled in secrecy and doublespeak.  "

\clip\97\26\toto\toto.htm Toto and the Wizard of OBE

Peter Schrag, "The New School Wars: How Outcome-Based Education Blew
Up," The American Prospect no. 20 (Winter 1995): 53- 62
http://www.jb.com/~btennison/schwar.html \clip\97\26\schwar.htm It
started out as something that looked good to conservatives like Bush,
but now has turned into a rallying cry for christian conservatives.

http://www.netins.net/showcase/conscience/hs/obe_ed.htm Exactly what
is OBE? It can be found in federal bills H.R. 6 and S.  1150, and is
sometimes referred to as America 2000 or Goals 2000. The plan for
educational reform in America is based upon OBE. OBE has now become a
generic term to describe the education method, or process, which runs
the education reform machine. FEBRUARY 1995: CULTURE WARS!  How Will
Outcome-Based Education Affect Home and Christian Schools? Marla
Quenzer & Sarah Leslie --The danger of education reform to ALL


Math Quiz:
     In 1960: A logger sells a truckload of lumber for $100. His cost of production is four fifths the
     price. What is his profit? 
     In 1970 (traditional math): A logger sells a truckload of lumber for $100. His cost of production is
     4/5 of the price; in other words $80. What is his profit? 
     In 1970 (new math): A logger exchanges set L of lumber for set M of money. The cardinality of set
     M is 100 and each element is worth $1. Make 100 dots representing the elements of set M. The
     set C of costs contains 20 fewer points than set M. Represent set C as a subset of set M, and
     answer the following question: What is the cardinality of the set P of profits? 
     In 1980. A logger sells a truckload of wood for $100. His cost of production is $80 and his profit
     is $20. Your assignment: Underline the number 20. 
     In 1990 (Outcome-Based Education): By cutting down beautiful forest trees, a logger makes $20.
     What do you think of this way of making a living? Topic for class discussion: How did the forest
     birds and squirrels feel? 

Stop OBE in PA http://members.aol.com/TBaugh5406/NO-OBE.htm The
purpose of this page is to join in the fight to rid Pennsylvania of
Outcome Based Education. It is going to take a united effort from all
of Pennsylvania's citizens, so as to exert enough pressure on Gov.
Ridge and the General Assembly that they will end this untried
experiment in education. 

Kosser All this brings me to Outcome Based Education.  I debated
the "father" of Outcome Based Education, Dr. William Spady, a couple
of months ago.  He admitted then, as he did when he visited
Pennsylvania three years ago, that Outcome Based Education is really
Special Education for everyone.  Dr.  Spady's organization was still
actively promoting and selling the tape of that Pennsylvania
presentation as this issue of The Psycho-Education Report went to
press (6/1/95).

Why the big rush on school standards?  The NEWS-HERALD - June 14,
1997 by Glenn Gilbert Critics say DOE is using the standards as a
back-door approach to instituting outcome-based education. The
state's role in advocating OBE created such a firestorm in 1993 that
the legislature ordered DOE to drop it. 

Investor's Business Daily-today-lO)/l5/97-front page-right-"Where are
Edu-Fads Hatched? (explains lO regions-and research labs-OBE is
mentioned as one of these experiments. OERI-explained-Offie of
Education Research and Improvement

Ohio Dept of Ed defines
performance-based education in 1991 From: LZJOSHUA@aol.com Date sent:
Sun, 12 Oct 1997 14:23:03 -0400 (EDT)

"Outcome-Based Education: Miracle Cure or Plague?" by Bruno V.
Manno Hudson Briefing Paper Number 165, June 1994. Decades ago,
educational quality was judged in terms of inputs. In the past
several years, however, there has been an increasing focus on
outputs: goals and ends, products and results, with a focus on core
academic subjects. OBE began to win support in the mid-1980s. Now,
however, many on the Right vehemently oppose OBE. And most of the
education establishment and many on the political Left support the
concept. The issue has become a wildfire. Manno explains why.

obe.txtJames Boyes warns about OBE
movement, and lists resources to learn more about it

\clip\96\11\obe.htm "Outcome-Based Education: Miracle Cure or
Plague?"  by Bruno V. Manno Hudson Institute Briefing Paper Number
165 June 1994


\clip\97\26\obebad.txt Outcome Based Education: Preparing for the New
"World Order by Julie Fox Dr. William Spady, director of the
International Center on OBE, proposes getting rid of the bell curve,
phasing out grade point averages and comparative grading (no grades
lower than a B), eliminating gifted programs, and phasing out
memorization of facts. " ILLINOIS LIBERTARIAN Vol. 23 / No. 2 / Feb.,
1996 Newsletter of the Libertarian Party of Illinois

Catholic Education Forum

Otcome Based Education in Catholic Schools

Outcome Based Education is a controversial concept that is overtaking
the entire American educational system. It is designed to teach and
apply knowledge to defined outcomes. The state determines what the
general outcomes are and ties them to graduation requirements. Many
of these outcomes take on a politically correct tone and focus more
on group attitudes and cooperation and less on the three R's.  Many
of them may conflict with ones individual conscience. Outcome Based
Education is steeped in existentialist philosophies, such as that of
Carl Rogers, who set forth the idea that truth and reality are only
valid to the individual who holds them. Outcome Based Education does
less to unite the essential truth's of reality and more to accomodate
the self interpretive truths of each individual.This creates
contradiction and conflict to the basic concept of truth. Thus in
practice Outcome Based Education can become very convoluted and
confusing to everyone involved. As Catholic educators we are supposed
to impart certain universal truths to our students which are based in
our faith. These truths set us free and unite us as one people under
God, not divide us in contradiction and confusion. Even if we may
find ourselves confused about truth it is still our duty to impart
the held truths of our faith to our students. Obviously the state
cannot impose these outcomes on Catholic Schools, but the question to
ask is has the existentialist philosophy of Outcome Based curriculums
leaked their way into some of our Catholic schools. If you have any
insight or knowledge of this please respond. From my experience it
has ia a subtle way. Please read the goals for your state outcomes,
being careful in reading between the lines.  Posted by Bill Burns on
11/30/95 10:44:29 AM MST 

@@All Students

See @@Differentiated Curriculum
See @@High expectations / High expectations for all

The vision of OBE and standards is that ALL 
Toward Success at Scale
By Tom Vander Ark
The new proposition of the standards
movement -- that all students should leave high school prepared for college,
work, and citizenship -- is widely accepted. But it is far from reality.

Long Term Goal: All students, including those who live in poverty will
meet district / state / national standards.
Federal Way Public Schools "Closing the Gap" Equity and Achievement Goals

@@All students will Succeed

A common "belief" of standards-based and outcome-based education

RIGOR: All students will succeed in rigorous academic coursework that
will prepare them for post-secondary education and training. ...
north.salkeiz.k12.or.us/old/Library/SLC/FAQ.htm - 40k - Cached -
Similar pages

[DOC] DRAFT August 31, 2004 File Format: Microsoft Word - View as HTML
Inconsistent expectations of students – need for uniformly high
expectations that all students will succeed and will have their needs
met including Special ...
- Similar pages

FAQ'S about GNA Our committed staff will maintain high expectations
and standards, believing all students will succeed. 3. What atmosphere
does the school foster? ...  www.gnacs.org/fbmfaq.htm - 48k - Cached -
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Atlanta Public Schools ... and nurturing exists among the faculty and
staff that translates into the belief that ALL students have potential
and that ALL students will succeed. ...
www.atlanta.k12.ga.us/our_schools/high/high/satlantap/satlanta.htm -
30k - Cached - Similar pages

[DOC] LEP Program Evaluation
File Format: Microsoft Word - View as HTML
All students will succeed if kept to high expectations. LEP students are not necessarily limited in education. Please use the following questions below to ...

District Mission Statement
All students will succeed when we have high academic standards. and high expectations, assessed at set intervals for continuous improvement. ...
www.berryessa.k12.ca.us/id17.htm - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

    [PDF] 05-06 Schl Calendar Approved w color.xls
    File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
    All students will succeed when all stakeholders. work together to fully integrate all aspects of. our diverse community into full support and ...
    www.berryessa.k12.ca.us/05-06_calendar.pdf - Similar pages

Office of K-16 Initiatives
All students will succeed. This is a joint effort among all involved (Students, Parents, School personnel and University personnel). ...
www.utsa.edu/k16/echs.html - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

a recent luncheon that all students will succeed under his leadership. Though some community leaders pointed out that the problems have been ongoing for ...
www.kchispanicnews.com/htdocs/noticias/noticias3.htm - 25k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF] 2006 – MATC Three-Year Strategic Plan
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
All students will succeed. a) Students will academically succeed in their first 15 enrolled credits as measured by the. number of students who complete ...
matcmadison.edu/matc/about/docs/StrategicPlan_august2006.pdf - Similar pages

Get to Know Us
All students will succeed. · A safe and orderly environment will be provided for all students. top. Who Is John R. Beatty? John R. Beatty was born April 13, ...
beatty.ccsd.net/gettoknowus.htm - 22k - Cached - Similar pages

All students learning: making it happen in your school (By Request ...
... can take to improve the likelihood that all students will succeed. Examples of eight schools that have targeted a learning-for-all mission are included.
www.nwrel.org/comm/catalog/detail.asp?RID=10652 - 10k - Cached - Similar pages

ACC Student Services
To increase the chances that all students will succeed, Austin Community College offers a variety of student support services. Academic Advising ...
www3.austincc.edu/catalog/fy2000/stserv.htm - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Penn State President Graham Spanier: Creating a Student-Centered ...
You must assume that all students will succeed, and you must know how to move them toward self-sufficiency. Academic advising brings with it an abundance of ...
president.psu.edu/speeches/articles/studentlearning.html - 14k - Cached - Similar pages

The Basic School Network (Eastern Consortia): About
Further, any required state or district tests are administered at the Basic School with the confidence that all students will succeed. ...
www.soe.vt.edu/basicschool/about.html - 19k

@@All Students Can Learn

Six Districts, One Goal of Excellence ... go beyond the rhetoric of
"all students can learn" by developing programs, policies, and
teaching strategies that lead to higher levels of achievement. ...

@@All will succeed

New Trends in Language Education for Hispanic Students. ERIC Digest.
... the beliefs that all students are equally valuable and bring to the school equally valuable cultures, and the expectation that all will succeed. ...

On Education "Education Deform: All Will Succeed... Or Else" ... It
marries the progressive ideal that "All Will Succeed" with the facist
idea that "success" will be ...  www.arthurhu.com/99/01/homework.htm


SMART START ANOTHER NAME FOR OBE z47\clip\2000\12\arkobe.txt
http://www.eagleforum.org/educate/2000/dec00/obe.shtml December
EDUCATION REPORTER ARTICLE: 'Smart Start' - Or Is It?  OBE gets new
name "Action Plan" states that "any testing will be
performance-based,"norm-referenced testing at the high school level
will be discontinued when the End of Level Exams (performance tests)
are in place." Parents objected to the new grading system, consisting
of "report cards" up to 14 pages long, filled with rubrics


   Date: Sat, 8 Oct 2005 06:15:45 -0500
The Australian: Scientists oppose outcomes education [ 08oct05 ]
Scientists oppose outcomes education Paige Taylor 08oct05
" Professor Bray said they would discuss teachers' concerns that
"outcomes-based education" would let down poor students by giving them
a false sense of their own competence.  Under OBE, no student can fail
and every student achieves at one of eight "levels". Only students who
achieve at levels six to eight are considered to be in the running for
university.  "

@@Closing the gap

State Superintendent Outlines Actions to Close Achievement Gaps ...
We need to close performance gaps while assuring that all students are
challenged to higher levels of achievement." The ABCs accountability
program and the ...

North Stratfield Elementary School
Our overall goal since 1993 [ed  has been to move students to higher levels of achievement as measured by the Connecticut Mastery Standards at the fourth grade. ...

Pride and Promise of Iowa Public Schools We must raise the bar, moving
all students to higher levels of achievement, while **closing the gaps**
among subgroups. 


Co-nect is one of the original design teams selected
by New American Schools In 1992 the group won the
New American Schools design competition for "Break the
Mold" schools and began implementation in a single
school in Worcester, Massachusetts.

@@Conspiracy (To Restructure Society According to New Model)

 What is essential is that we create a seamless web of opportunities
to develop one's skills that literally extends from cradle to grave
and is the same system for everyone....Create one national
system....(criteria for selection includes) commitment to developing
an outcome- and performance-based system for human resources
development system....(
'Only by changing the attitudes and behaviors of community members
will it be possible to reach the National Education Goals.' With all
due respect, sir, that does not sound like the government believes
that we citizens have any choice regarding the shape education reform
will take. In fact, isn't such a government-directed propaganda
campaign unprecedented in U.S. history?  Some of the topics in this
kit: 'Describe Allies and Opponents, Identify Change Agents,
Trouble-shooting in the Event of Opposition, and Avoid the Term
Outcome-Based Education' ....Finally, sir, what is your authority
under the United States Constitution to conduct a campaign aimed at
rigging the outcomes of the education debate in every community in

@@Continuous Improvement

District Mission Statement All students will succeed when we have high
academic standards. and high expectations, assessed at set intervals
for continuous improvement. ...  www.berryessa.k12.ca.us/id17.htm -
10k - Cached - Similar pages

@@Differentiated Curriculum

The idea of a diff erentiated curriculum had several origins and addressed several needs.
First, it refl ected the role of education in a rapidly growing industrial economy and
answered the call from business for vocational training to prepare youth for the factories
that were sprouting throughout America’s cities. Second, it addressed the need for
an effi cient educational solution to the exploding school population as immigration
expanded the population in the early 20th century, particularly in large cities. It is
important to note that this countermovement also refl ected the racial and economic
biases of the larger society regarding which students would be the most likely and
deserving benefi ciaries of vocational rather than academic preparation.

By enabling the ranking of students according to
supposed ability, test results channeled students into a course of study that was
considered appropriate.

clearest expression and strongest boost with the publication of the
Cardinal Principals of Secondary Education, the 1918 report of the
National Education Association’s Commission on the Reorganization of
Secondary Education. ! at report declared, “! e work of the senior
high school should be organized into diff erentiated curriculums
[sic]....! e basis of diff erentiation should be, in the broad sense
of the term, vocational, thus justifying the names commonly given,
such as agricultural, business, clerical, industrial, fi ne arts, and
household-arts curriculums.  Provisions should be made also for those
having distinctively academic needs and interests.”3 It

! e idea that separating students according to predicted or perceived
abilities would limit the opportunities of those deemed less able was
not considered.


The opposite of OBE is to tolerate and recognize as natural different
levels of ability and achievement.

Teachers Edition "We Are Neighbors"
1948-64 *** It is not the job of the teacher to reduce
differences, to make all the children alike, or bring them up to a
single standard.***


Arthur Hu review of One Size Fits Few


Gene : a little book by
Susan Ohanian -"One Size Fits Few-The Folly of Educational
Standards." She refers to the education data nerds as "Standardistos"
and uses her teacher background to blast the national goals/standard
proposed. The book has only 154 pages-paperback-pub. 1999 by
Heinemann. Her E-address is: sohan70241@aol.com. I am on page 8O so
have a bit to go. Her style, message causes reading/thinking/smiling
as she ridicules education by "goals" without joy. 

%%Johnson City

Johson City was widedly held up as a model of OBE success but in fact
it was dismal failure.


Johnson City model known as ODDM (Outcomes-Driven Developmental Model)
has received a double "validation" from the U.S. Department of
Education, one in 1985 and another in 1994. As a result of such
"validation" the Johnson City school district has received over a
million dollars ($1,177,637) in federal and state grants between 1983
and 1994 and has hosted thousands of teachers and administrators who
come to view its program
Outcome-Based Education "is an undeniable failure"...  ..especially
the retesting that it allows which enables many students eventually to
achieve a high grade even though he/she may have failed it several

JOHNSON CITY OBE FAILURE z42\doc\web\2000\07\johnfail.txt
The description, as you know, is appealing.  The results simply are
not there.  Johnson City has constantly scored below the average of
the 12 school districts that compose the area in almost any kind of
test or assessment.

http://www.voicenet.com/~sakossor/Pe3_4.html The Johnson City, New
York school district has been touted as the top example of "Outcome
Based Education" (OBE) in America for a few years now, but test
scores are relatively low for the area, and they have petitioned to
be exempt for further testing because their scores are so bad, in the
name of "authentic assessment"

Johnson City, New York's 'Outcome-Driven Developmental Model' (ODDM) was 
widely regarded as the jewel in the crown of the outcome-based education 
experiment.  But an education professor shows that under ODDM, educational 
quality has been...
Driven Into The Ground
By Aldo S. Bernardo
The Report Card, November/December 1995


Understanding the Conflict over Outcome-Based Education And 
other ASCD audio/video tapes promoting OBE.

http://www.yrbe.edu.on.ca/obl/bkground.html York region, Ontario
Canada The Strategic Action Plan for the implementation of
Outcome-Based Learning was developed with the intention to improve
conditions for student learning with resulting increases in student
achievement, as described in the outcomes defined in the original

Myths abound about Outcomes-Based Education Program

http://rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/handbook/OBE.html A Vision of
Outcome-Based Education in Anoka-Hennepin We in Anoka-Hennepin School
District believe all students can accomplish identified outcomes. 


did Richard Lee Colvin blow the whistle on this pseudo-educational
junk when it was first promulgated?  Dom Rosa
California Mathematics Council
May 1, 1993 Dear CMC Members:
Last year the State of California issued a new Mathematics Framework
for California Public Schools that recommends fundamental changes in
the way we teach mathematics.

@@Success for All

Documents - Success for All In Success for All the Government
signalled its commitment to the reform ... 03/09 Success for All:
Implementation of the framework for quality and success ...
www.lsc.gov.uk/National/Documents/Keyinitiatives/SuccessforAll/ -

Transforming Teaching and Learning The Success for All Standards Unit
will be conducting workshops to introduce the new teaching and
learning resources for the four curriculum areas listed ...

[PDF] A Framework for Success for All Students
* No tracking
* Everybody graduates
* Everybody graduates ready for college
* Everybody goes to college
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
that ensure success for all students. From the beginning, it was clear that ... The framework suggests that success for all students requires that each ...
www.aed.org/ToolsandPublications/upload/cogs.pdf - Similar pages
outlines the conceptual framework for Schools for a New Society,
Carnegie Corporation of New York’s $60 million initiative designed to
reinvent American high school education. Launched in 2001, with
additional support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the goal
of Schools for a New Society is to transform the high school
experience of more than 140,000 students in more than 100 schools.

Schools for a New Society initiative is a work in progress.

What is student success in the new 21st century society? By
traditional measures, many students are not succeeding.  56 of the 65
member cities had lower scores in mathematics than state averages in
half the grades tested; in reading, 45 cities performed lower than
state averages in half the grades tested.12

we also want young adults graduating from high school who are confi
dent in their abilities, empowered to take on the challenges of the
next stage in their lives, and ready to become active members and
leaders of their communities, large and small.

Competence refers to academic knowledge and skills.  For Schools for a
New Society, college-ready means that students who graduate from high
school are prepared to enter a two- or four-year college without
requiring remediation, even if they do not intend to go on to college.

While the vast majority of affl uent high school graduates go on to some form of
postsecondary education, low-income students are less likely to think they are college
material, and to know the coursework required by postsecondary institutions and the
procedures for applying to college. ! ey will need confi dence to make the choices
and take the actions needed to continue their learning.

2. Each school is driven by the same high expectations for students’ learning. ! e
school provides both a rigorous, standards-based college-preparatory curriculum
and the academic and social supports to meet these high expectations. ! e
portfolio provides multiple pathways to success organized around a common set of
standards and instructional practices.

under no circumstances can the portfolio of schools become a new form
of tracking that narrows rather than expands the opportunities
available to students. A

research tells us distinguish excellent high schools:17

• interdisciplinary curricula that integrate subjects

• Student inquiry and project-based learning with real-world applications

• Curriculum-embedded assessments

• Common planning time that allows teachers to collaborate as members of
professional learning communities

• block-scheduling,

* internships

•  “looping” and advisories that allow students to form
meaningful relationships with faculty and their peers

* desgregation: districts must eliminate the ways that advantaged
families circumvent the student allocation process. In New York City,
the district tries to accomplish these goals by assigning students to
schools, taking into consideration students’ choices and the schools’
racial, ethnic, gender and academic compositions.

Success for All Improving the reading skills of elementary ...
The Success for All Program is a comprehensive restructuring program for ... As of the 1996-1997 school year, Success for All is being implemented in more ...


Area Education Agency 7
3712 Cedar Heights Drive
Cedar Falls, Iowa 50613
"our community established essential learning goals.
They include: 
* quality producer
* effective communicator
* collaborative worker
* critical thinker
* contributing citizen
* responsible person. 
These essential learnings are believed to be the life skills
that our students will need for future success no matter what their
field of endeavor. We would like to be able to evidence that our
students are proficient at these skills just as they are academic
skills and knowledge

The 14 goals previously mentioned are listed below.  Only number 14 really
talks about academics, hence the problem with OBE.


1. To communicate effectively (R,W,S,L)
2. To be critical thinkers and creative problem solvers; to exercise higher
order thinking skills
3. To be responsible citizens, contributing and modeling democratic values
4. To become life long learners, being adaptive, flexible, and receptive to
5. To be knowledgeable consumers
6. To possess a sense of self, personal power, and self esteem
7. To embrace/appreciate differences of all kinds
8. To be able to access information; research
9. To be knowledgeable of and practice life long wellness
10. To demonstrate positive interpersonal relationships; work cooperatively
11. To practice environmental preservation; to be a global citizen
12. To demonstrate an appreciation for the aesthetics
13. To have decision making skills
14. To acquire a "critical mass" of knowledge

@@Gotcher, Dean

Interview with Dean Gotcher.
For a copy of the taped interview, please send $10.00 to The Women's
International Media Group, Inc., P. O. Box 630, Olney, MD 20830. 
To contact Dean Goucher, call 918-742-3855, he has tapes and videos.


Dave Stratman April 2003 conference: Minnesota Business Partnership
Education Reform, plan in 1985 would have made all students leave at
grade 10. Only the top 20% would be invited back for a pre-college
program. Minn Ed Assoc defeated the plan. "trying yo lower
expectattions and drive out students without a diploma so they will
only get low paying burger jobs

@@Graduation examination

JoanneJacobs August 24, 2006 Raising the bar As Eduwonk writes,
Russlynn Ali of Education Trust-West has produced an eloquent defense
in "California at the Crossroads" of the state graduation exam, which
requires all students -- however disadvantaged -- to demonstrate
mastery of basic literacy and math skills to earn a diploma.

We haven't taught many of them even up to middle school standards. It
only punishes them more to give them an empty piece of paper we call a
diploma when their high school experience hasn't prepared for any of
the skills they'll need after high school. We give them a diploma that
is a doorway to a street corner or unemployment line.

@@High expectations / High expectations for all

6. Using Technology to Communicate High Expectations of Student ...
Real World Standards Can Communicate High Expectations, Especially If Articulated with Curriculum and Internal Assessment ...
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School Improvement Planning in Washington State
High Standards and Expectations. Teachers and staff believe that all students can learn and meet high standards. While recognizing that some students must ...
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Curriculum and Instruction - Sep 7
Grade Level Expectations (GLEs) - These provide detail about what students ... Reading Alignment - Congruence between the Reading GLEs and the High School ...
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Standards and Expectations
It goes on to say that these standards will ensure the same high expectations for all students. Let's look at that assumption. ...
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Hard Work and High Expectations: Motivating Students to Learn
The conference on Hard Work and High Expectations brought together ... a few facts of human nature: setting higher standards and expectations is one thing, ...
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Fostering Standards of the Heart: High Expectations
Describes ways schools can foster standards of the heart through use of high expectations of students.
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Can this emerging standard meet high expectations?
Can this emerging standard meet high expectations? Even computer-savvy users of the Web site for the Department of Inspections, License and Permits in ...
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Set High Expectations for High School Students through Rigorous ...
Set High Expectations for High School Students through Rigorous Standards and Curriculum. The commission recommends that the State Board of Education ...
www.cherrycommission.org/implementation/highExpectations.htm - 11k - Cached - Similar pages

CCNY CTL - Past Seminars - High Standards and High Expectations
HIGH STANDARDS AND HIGH EXPECTATIONS. How do our expectations, about homework and other time-intensive learning activities, impact what students take away ...
www.ccny.cuny.edu/ctl/seminars/highstan.html - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF] High schools with high expectations for all File Format:
PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML Twenty-two have standards in all four
subjects. 1. Now states need to translate those. standards into
expectations that ensure high schools actually adopt ...

[DOC] LEP Program Evaluation
File Format: Microsoft Word - View as HTML
All students will succeed if kept to high expectations. 

@@Higher levels of achievment

State Superintendent Outlines Actions to Close Achievement Gaps ...
We need to close performance gaps while assuring that all students are
challenged to higher levels of achievement." The ABCs accountability
program and the ...

Spring 2004 Standardized Test Results Released DoDEA has successfully
used the 2001–2006 Community Strategic Plan (CSP) to raise education
standards and advance students to higher levels of achievement. ...

Teachers and GOALS 2000 -- Appendix 1 The new Title I focuses its
resources on improving teaching and learning to help students reach
higher levels of achievement. It encourages innovation by ...

NEGP: Goals Work!  ... calling for the development of world-class,
academic standards in key subject areas to inspire greater effort,
encourage higher levels of achievement, ...

[DOC] Standards and Related Proficiencies
File Format: Microsoft Word - View as HTML
3, Challenges students to reach higher levels of achievement. 3.d. Practice teaching as both an art and a science;, 2, Engages students through appropriate ...

Six Districts, One Goal of Excellence
... go beyond the rhetoric of "all students can learn" by developing programs, policies, and teaching strategies that lead to higher levels of achievement. ...

Critical Issue: Rethinking the Use of Educational Resources to ...
Creating standards-based schools that are accountable for helping all
students reach **higher levels of achievement** requires schools and
districts to ...  www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/envrnmnt/go/go600.ht

Kentucky Teacher
Each issue of this award-winning publication includes news, perspectives, and practical, workable ideas for guiding students to higher levels of achievement ...
www.education.ky.gov/KDE/HomePageRepository/Publications/Kentucky+Teacher.htm - 12k - Cached - Similar pages

Fort Worth Report ... Criteria of Effectiveness
Improving test-taking skills can also help students obtain higher levels of achievement. The Fort Worth ISD is commended for enrolling a significant number ...
www.schoolmatch.com/audit/fortworth/criteria.htm - 14k - Cached - Similar pages

    Jacksonville Report ... Criteria for Effectiveness
    Improving test-taking skills can also help students obtain higher levels of achievement. The Duval County Public School District is commended for having a ...
    www.schoolmatch.com/audit/jacksonville/criteria.htm - 17k - Cached - Similar pages

Family Relationships and Children's School Achievement: Data from ...
Higher levels of SES lead directly to higher levels of achievement, superior academic focus in the children, lower levels of hostile parenting, ...
www.sdc.gc.ca/en/cs/sp/sdc/pkrf/publications/research/1998-002346/page07.shtml - 18k - Cached - Similar pages

    A Special Edition on Child Development - March 1999
    Higher levels of SES lead directly to higher levels of achievement. Higher levels of SES also lead directly to more positive attitudes towards school in ...
    www.sdc.gc.ca/en/cs/sp/sdc/pkrf/publications/bulletins/1999-000002/page04.shtml - 23k - Cached - Similar pages

[PDF] 1. We believe that high expectations result in higher levels of ...
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat
B. ELIEFS. ELIEFS. ELIEFS. ELIEFS. 1. We believe that high expectations result in higher levels of. achievement; all of our students and employees are ...
www.wfpsb.org/Documents/Beliefs%20and%20Vision%20Statement.pdf - Similar pages

Apple - Education - Research
Motivating Students to Higher Levels of Achievement. Technology engages students, and as a result they spend more quality time on basic learning tasks than ...
www.apple.com/education/research/ - 15k - Cached - Similar pages

Press Room, The Education Trust
... from 2000-2003, 28 of 40 states made progress moving 8th graders out of the lowest achievement level in mathematics into higher levels of achievement. ...
www2.edtrust.org/NR/exeres/E96B3249-826C-454D-9972-C611C1FA9B6C,frameless.htm?NRMODE=Published - 43k - Cached - Similar pages

AYPF Forum Brief - Early Learning: Four Roads to Academic Success
Dr. ED Hirsch created the "Core Knowledge" approach with the belief that students reach higher levels of achievement when learning is centered around ...
www.aypf.org/forumbriefs/1996/fb090696.htm - 14k - Cached - Similar pages

Pride and Promise of Iowa Public Schools We must raise the bar, moving
all students to higher levels of achievement, while closing the gaps
among subgroups. On standardized tests, college entrance ...

@@High Standards

@@Mastery Based Learning

See Benjamin Bloom. He believed that tutors could give a 2 sigma
improvement (98 vs 50 percentile), but if you defined mastery at a
high level that everybody could do, and varied the time rather that
level of expectation, every student could achieve at a high level.
This evolved into outcome based and later standards based education
based on absurdly constructed high stakes tests that flunk 50%-80% of
students but show continuous improvement.

Mastery was the original failure
I'm clear now in my understanding that "Mastery Learning" denotes
that all children will reach a certain level of mastery before being
allowed to move on. And as everyone knows, this idea failed
miserabley even with academic standards/skills/concepts/outcomes.
(Mastery Learning Reconsidered by Robert E. Slavin; Report No. 7;
January 1987; Center for Research on Elelmentary and Middle Schools;
The Johns hopkins University)

Free World Research:
- Bloom believes that 95% of students are capable of the same
learning if you only vary the amount of time, and force the laggards
to spend twice as much time learning
- if you do this, the advanced kids will have to waste time waiting
for kids to catch up
- OBE is a new name for Mastery because Spady said that Mastery had
been "destroyed by poor implementation" and they had 5 years before
outcomes would also be attacked (now called "standards")
- many applications of mastery learning provide corrective instruction
during times other than regular class time, such as during lunch,
recess or after school..." [mandatory summer school]
- was compared to controls with 20-30% less instruction time.

From: shirley  A footnote from "Education Reform
- The Silent Weapon" (1992) Shirley Basarab Sunseri. p. 15. Quoting
Wm. Spady. ("Educational Leadership," Dec., 1992) Spady said, "In
January of 1980 we convened a meeting of 42 people to form the
Network for Outcome-Based Schools. Most of the people who were there
... had a strong background in Mastery Learning, since it was what
OBE was called at the time. But I pleaded with the group not to use
the name 'mastery learning' in the network's new name because the
word 'mastery' had already been destroyed through poor
implementation." He defined OBE at his "High Success Network" seminar
as a means of "focusing and organizing all of the schools' programs
and instructional efforts around clearly defined outcomes we want all
students to demonstrate when they leave school." (Underlining added.)

@@Nine Mile Falls


... bond issues to construct a Nine Mile Falls High School, a building
bond passed, but the curriculum and personnel for a full high school
program would need to be developed to ...  This restructuring project
is entitled Creating the Future [4], and is a strategic planning
process developed by the NWREL based on the specific needs [5] of the
Nine Mile Falls School District.  A guiding definition of
restructuring for this project is "altering significant elements of a
system—rules, roles, relationships—to improve the results attained



21st Century Skills Community Network
An Initiative of Vice President Gore's
As we enter the new century, preparing the nation=92s workforce is
more important than ever before. This exciting new time demands new
skills and knowledge, and a broad-based effort to help all Americans
fully participate= in the new economy. As a nation, our investments
in education and training= must help all employers find skilled
workers and so all workers can remain= competitive, fulfilled, and
able to advance.

@@Performance Based Education

1993 Washington State introduction to PBE says that is is another
name for outcome based education. The main difference is that
outcomes have been changed to ridiculously difficult and over
grade-level academics to impress conservatives who didn't like
classic dumbed down OBE.

Spady says PBE is OBE  South Africa
document proves that PBE is the same as OBE.

The Center for Leadership in School Reform (CLSR)  mission 
is to encourage and support the transformation of the existing system of 
rules, roles, and relationships that govern the way time, people, space, 
knowledge, and technology are used in schools. 

The agenda for moving schools and districts from "rule-based" to 
"performance-based" systems is about changing school governance to an 
outcome-based system, so that pre-determined outcomes are managed and 

@@Raise the bar
@@Raising the bar

National Education Technology Standards: Raising the Bar by Degrees
National Educational Technology Standards: Raising the Bar by Degrees.
by Jerry Bennett. MultiMedia Schools • May/June 2000 ...
www.infotoday.com/MMschools/may00/bennett.htm - 13k - Cached - Similar

AYPF Forum Brief - Raising the Bar Raising the Bar: The Promise of
Standards-Based Education Reform ... The standards-based movement has
had some time to develop in state and federal ...

reform is catching on across the nation. The impact of this type of
reform remains controversial. Many educators, parents, and civil
rights groups are skeptical about standardizing curricula and question
the use of test scores to determine whether students should be
promoted to the next grade or graduate from high school.

Pride and Promise of Iowa Public Schools We must raise the bar, moving
all students to higher levels of achievement, while closing the gaps
among subgroups. On standardized tests, college entrance ...


Republicans support forms of obe because higher standaeds looks like 
a conservative agenda - Marc Tucker in wa tines

link Marc Tucker referred to the
"strong bipartisan support" for passage of the School-To-Work bill,
as well as the Careers Act (with a vote of 345 to 79).  Tucker noted:
"It is the bipartisan aspect of all this that seems to give Mrs.
Schlafly the most discomfort.  She cannot understand why Republicans
would vote with Democrats on these bills.  The answer is simple: This
is essentially a conservative agenda.  It pushes for higher standards
for all students...and the means for getting students to meet them.
That's why Republicans voted for these bills - and will continue to
do so."  (Marc Tucker - "Who Is Really Behind GOALS 2000 - And Why?",
Washington Times Forum, October 15, 1995)


by Donna Garner Retesting in the public schools is a vestige left
over from outcomes-based education (OBE). OBE has been discredited
throughout the U. S. because it has not helped students to progress

@@Samples / 

Student work that "meets the standard" is called an "exemplar"

Stressing the sound of letter Uu
Sycamore School
picture of Uncle Ugbee in his underwear with teacher modeling each
stroke. Then the students will trace their drawing and color it. The
students will help to create a set of guidelines (at least three) to
make a set of rubrics by which to complete their underwear.


http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/opinion/53724_skulop.shtml P-I Focus:
Meeting every child's needs Sunday, January 13, 2002 DONALD P.
NIELSEN The present school system is based on seat time and age --
the wrong measures for assessing the academic proficiency of a
student. Today, time is the constant and achievement is the variable.
It needs to be reversed! The implications are that the length of the
school day and the length of the school year will have to increase
for those students not meeting standards. Ultimately, we should see
the elimination of grades as we replace them with levels based upon
meeting standards, not based upon age. 

@@Social Promotion

Anytime you hear about "ending social promotion", it's OBE,
especially when they say the key is higher standards and holding
schools accountable.

http://www.ed.gov/pubs/socialpromotion/execsum.html Taking
Responsibility for Ending Social Promotion: A Guide for Educators and
State and Local Leaders — May 1999 
Executive Summary
"It starts with setting high standards and making them count by
holding schools accountable for preparing students to meet the

@@Spady, William

Father of outcome based education, still employed by many school
districts, but hated by parent activists.

From the Chicago Tribune 
Parents want vote on kids' schooling 
Curriculum is Grayslake issue 
By Sean D. Hamill Tribune staff reporter October 16, 2001 
"as controversial as one espoused by consultant William
Spady, whom the school district employed earlier this year until
parents forced his ouster in May. "


%%Fordham reviews


WA english F, math F, C, history F "the document implies that students
should read only what is "culturally relevant." In the glossary,
culturally relevant literary/narrative text is defined as "reading
materials to which the student can identify or relate." " standards
are poorly written, unclear, and needlessly long, often having little
apparent connection to math. ("Explain how money is used to describe
the value of purchased items," for example.) Students are expected to
memorize basic number facts, which is an excellent start, but
student-invented algorithms and calculators are emphasized throughout.

CA A, A, A, A

@@Standards Based Education Reform

American Youth Policy Forum   1836 Jefferson Place NW,  Washington DC 20036
http://www.aypf.org/forumbriefs/2000/fb022500.htm Raising the Bar: The
Promise of Standards-Based Education Reform A Forum — February 25,
2000 Presenters Marc Tucker President National Center on Education and
the Economy 700 Eleventh Street, NW, Suite 750 Washington, DC 20001
202-783-3678, 202-783-3672 fax mtucker@ncee.org

Patricia Harvey Superintendent Saint Paul Public Schools 360 Colborne
Street Saint Paul, MN 55102-3299 651-293-5150, 651-290-8331 fax
patricia.harvey@spps.org The standards-based movement has had some
time to develop in state and federal education policy and has come
under fire from various critics along the way. In this forum, two
proponents, Marc Tucker, co-director of the New Standards project and
president of the National Center on Education and the Economy, and
Patricia Harvey, superintendent of Saint Paul Public Schools, MN, have
come to respond to the critics and reflect on the current status of
the standards-based movement.

According to Marc Tucker, there are three principal sources of the
standards movement. First, in 1990, a report was released, America’s
Choice: high skills, low wages in which research was done in Japan,
Denmark, Singapore and Germany to look at the common characteristics
of high performing education systems. Each country has a Ministry of
Education that organizes a process of producing standards for academic
subjects as well as a system of assessments that are intimately tied
to the standards. There is a standard curriculum that all students
take, no exceptions. Teacher training in these countries reflects the
standards, the assessments, the curriculum framework and instructional
materials—producing a highly aligned system.

Mmost states, by Tucker’s analysis, have standards that are set at the
eighth grade, basic skills level, a much lower benchmark than what he
is talking about for the standards movement. The only morally
acceptable goal, asserts Tucker, is to prepare students to enter
higher education without the need for remedial courses.

@@Standards Based = World Class

As of the mid 1990s, focus had changed from outcome to performance
to standards based education. But the thinkers and players (Marc
Tucker) are the same, along with the promise that all will perform
as well as the best students.

http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/klab0009.htm Kappan Home Resisting
Educational Standards By David F. Labaree ... private rather than a
public good, which should serve the broader public interest in
producing competent citizens and productive workers.. And the last
thing we think we need is a standards effort that equalizes
educational achievement. High schools used to pick from the top 2%, 
now they must enroll everybody.

Standards Based Education is still
OBE as long as focus is on "student outcomes".

U.S. News 4/1/96: A drive to set high standards for American students
\clip\2000\03\stand.txt\ http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/stand.htm
Governors and corporate leaders launch a new drive to demand														   
more from students. History's lesson: Enemies are everywhere														   
This week, 45 governors and the chief executives of dozens of the
nation's largest corporations are gathering in Palisades, N.Y., to
explore ways to bring "world class" standards to American education.
"We have had, in
effect, no standards," says Marc Tucker, president of the National
Center on Education and the Economy."
public schools are doing a better job of educating kids than ever
before. Graduation rates are up. The share of high school students
taking a core of academic subjects increased from 13 percent to 47
percent in the past decade.  But the vast majority of American
students are still educated at too low a level.  Only a third of
twelfth graders mastered rigorous reading passages in a 1994 test by
the respected National Assessment of Educational Progress.
Leading liberal school reformer Theodore Sizer rejects
state and national standards beyond basic skills because parents
should have "rights over their children's minds."  


Standards can also be used to enforce phonics

Whole Language Lives On: The Illusion of Balanced Literacy
http://www.edexcellence.net/library/wholelang/moats.html by Dr.
Louisa Cook Moats Every state should have language-arts content
standards and curricular frameworks for each grade from kindergarten
through third grade. These should be explicitly based on research
findings on phonemic awareness, alphabetic skills, reading fluency,
beginning and advanced decoding skills,

@@Success for All

Success for All Foundation
We build adolescent literacy with middle school reading programs and middle grades reading interventions that engage young adolescents.

Documents - Success for All In Success for All the Government
signalled its commitment to the reform ... 03/09 Success for All:
Implementation of the framework for quality and success ...
www.lsc.gov.uk/National/Documents/Keyinitiatives/SuccessforAll/ -


http://members.aol.com/rcs7710361/EA.html THE LAYMAN'S GUIDE TO OBE
by Dwight A Williams First, you must understand that in OBE every
student succeeds. That's right, no one fails. As a matter of fact,
everyone gets an 'A'. Once the outcomes are established we determine
those life skills or attitudes that the student must demonstrate in
order to achieve the outcomes



Academy Teaches Change By John H. Doty, Pullman Baptist Church An
expert at leading congregations through profound change, Dr. James
Furr, sociologist, trainer and author, will bring the Academy of
Church Transformation to the American Baptist Churches of the
Northwest beginning June 18-23, 2000,


Accelerating Community Transformation (ACT) is a five-year initiative
of Health Forum to help increase the capacity of community
partnerships to achieve and demonstrate measurable improvements in
community well-being and quality of life. Develop clear statements of
desired outcomes and how to achieve them Define, measure and track
indicators of community improvement (to guide planning and


Rapid Library Transformation Initiative (RLTI)
The Information School of the University of Washington
In partnership with :
Seattle School District
Seattle Public Library
"Academic achievement for every student in every school by ensuring that
students are effective users of ideas and information"

@@Systems Education

E-files on system education, the
basis of OBE "GAO (General Accounting Office) report HRD-93-97, dated
April 30, 1993 stated, “Attention is being focused on change designed
to improve student outcomes by determining what students should know
and be able to do, and ensuring that all the key components of the
educational system are directed to achieving those outcomes. Many
researchers and educators are focusing on system wide reform as
having the greatest potential to improve student learning and achieve
the National Education Goals (GOALS 2000). 

@@Tucker, Marc

Tough Choices: Preparing Students for Global Competition
Where: http://enews.edweek.org/GoNow/a15864a162628a262278564a3

In today's increasingly competitive world, even high-skilled workers in 
the United States are competing against equally skilled, equally 
well-educated workers from other countries.  And many of those workers from 
other countries are willing to earn lower salaries than what is 
typically paid for similar jobs in the United States.  

A growing chorus of economists, politicians, and educators now argue 
that for the U.S. to maintain its standard of living, it will have to 
keep a razor-sharp technological edge and produce workers who have both 
much higher levels of academic knowledge than they do now and a deep vein 
of creativity that enables them to keep generating innovative products 
and services.

To reach this goal, some are calling for a top-to-bottom overhaul of 
the U.S. education and training system.  The "Tough Choices or Tough 
Times" report by the New Commission on the Skills of the American 
Workforce, for one, has proposed that teachers be employed by states rather than 
districts; education be financed by states rather than local 
communities; teenagers be allowed to take exams at age 16 that let them enroll 
immediately in community or technical colleges; and high-quality early 
education be made available to all 4-year-olds and to all 3-year-olds 
from low-income families. 


Marc Tucker, president of the National Center on Education and the 
Economy and co-chairman of the New Commission on the Skills of the American 
Workforce, and

Thomas W. Payzant, former superintendent of the Boston schools and a 
member of the New Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce 

Read related stories: 

"U.S. Urged to Reinvent Its Schools":

"'Tough Choices': Change the System, or Suffer the Consequences":

Submit questions in advance here:  

@@Work in Progress

[PDF] A Framework for Success for All Students
File Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - View as HTML
that ensure success for all students. From the beginning, it was clear that ... The framework suggests that success for all students requires that each ...
www.aed.org/ToolsandPublications/upload/cogs.pdf - Similar pages
Launched in 2001, with
additional support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the goal
of Schools for a New Society is to transform the high school
experience of more than 140,000 students in more than 100 schools.
Schools for a New Society initiative is a work in progress.

@@World Class Standards

NEGP: Goals Work!  ... calling for the development of world-class,
academic standards in key subject areas to inspire greater effort,
encourage higher levels of achievement, ...