Homework should not be assigned at all in the lower grades. If it is assigned at all, it should be simple enough to be done independently by the student, and should not require parents to teach new topics or skills not covered in class
Parents should be able to complain in public about the homework without being served with a threatening letter from the teachers union for "questioning professional judgement" of the teacher.
@@Catholic in the Catholic schools were I sent my children (for elementary grades). It is 10-15 minutes of homework per grade. So 1st grade gets about 10-15 minutes of homework per night @@China http://straitstimes.asia1.com.sg/asia/ea5_0306.html Strait times interactive Mar 6, 2000 z40\clip\2000\03\chinhome.txt Good news for students -- less homework now HUNDREDS of millions of schoolchildren in China were smiling yesterday after their Premier ordered their teachers to stop piling them with homework. A lively debate has been triggered in the Chinese press in recent weeks over the unacceptable hot-house pressure in the country's schools, after a model pupil murdered his mother in response to constant pressure to achieve top marks in school. @@Constructivism Most of the homework assignments that were being complained about were prime examples of constructivist methods emphasizing "higher order thinking skills" and "real-world, hands-on projects" over basic understanding. Elementary math problems so obtuse that they leave even parents stumped. @@General New York Times Nov 9, 1986 As Homework Increases, So Does the Anxiety. Some schools see homework as a no-cost way to increase learning time and test scores, but some parents don't have the time, so like being tutors, some kids turn it into a battle. Some studies show higher test scores for high school seniors. [This is the forerunner of the infinite homework for first graders of the 1990s] \doc\web\99\01\studwant.txt >From Parade Magazine January 10, 1999 How Can We Make Our Schools Better? A Special 'Fresh Voices' Report by Lynn Minton ***No More Boring Homework*** About 6 hours per night, 7 days a week for a 9-10th grader is just too much 3 HOURS OF HOMEWORK / NIGHT FOR 4TH GRADE IS TOO DAMN MUCH! \clip\99\01\badhomew.txt http://cgi.newsweek.com/cgi-bin/nwframe?url=http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/nw-srv/issue/13_98a/nw_980330_050_1.htm Newsweek; U.S. Edition - March 30, 1998 HOMEWORK DOESN'T HELP [at least until grade 6] BY SHARON BEGLEY "In lower grades, ``there was a significant negative relationship between the amount of homework assigned and student attitudes,'' Cooper says, reflecting the not-surprising fact that kids resent the stuff. But in grades six and up, the more homework students completed, the higher their achievement." discussion 4 hrs is too much, but don't ban it \doc\web\99\01\homewrk2.txt \clip\99\01\edclip03.txt NY Times: Homework bound: more work, less play January 3, 1999 Homework bound. Parents object to very young children being assigned tons of difficult homework. TOO MUCH K-G1 HOMEWORK? MOST STUDIES SAY IT MAKES NO DIFFERENCE, TWO SAY IT DOES HELP New York Times January 3, 1999 Homework Bound "Newsweek did a cover story last spring headlined "Why Homework Doesn't Help." The article was based in part on the research of Harris Cooper of the University of Missouri, considered a leading homework scholar. In 1989, Dr. Cooper did a landmark survey of more than 100 homework studies and concluded that, while children who do substantial amounts of homework perform better on standardized tests at the junior-high and high-school level, it does not seem to make a difference for elementary-age students. " the principal of Deerfield, said the school really has no choice -- it must assign homework. "This is what's demanded to stay competitive in a global market," he said. "Joyce Epstein, a professor of education at Johns Hopkins University has done studies showing that elementary-school homework improves school performance. Carol Huntsinger, an education professor at the College of Lake County in suburban Chicago found Asians started homework earlier, whites with similar habits scored as high" GOAL IS TURNING CHILDREN INTO *LIFELONG LEARNERS* \clip\98\13\homework.txt Published Friday, October 2, 1998, in the Miami Herald Students tackle growing piles of homework " ``The goal for homework is different at this age,'' Cooper said. ``It's not to achieve dramatic changes in their test scores overnight. It's not going to happen. Instead, it's taking the long-term developmental approach of turning our children into independent lifelong learners.'' " " In elementary school there is little proof that homework has any positive effect on students' grades and test scores, according to more than 100 studies done on the subject. It isn't until students reach high school that homework substantially raises students' achievement. For high school students, the more homework they do, the more their achievement goes up. " " Citing research, the National Education Association and the National PTA suggest students should spend about 10 minutes per grade level on homework a night. That means a first-grader spends 10 minutes, a second-grader spends 20 minutes and so on. If assignments are largely reading, the amount of time can be adjusted up by about 5 minutes, the groups advise. " [Research? WHAT RESEARCH???] The Miami-Dade School Board sets these daily averages as guidelines for the amount of time students should spend on homework each night: Kindergarten, first grade 30 minutes Second, third grades 45 minutes Fourth, fifth grades 60 minutes Sixth to eighth grades 75 minutes Ninth to 12th grades 120 minutes All students must read for 30 minutes (anything) feedback thread @@Fee Based http://www.abovegroundtutors.com/ "We do your homework for $25 a problem, we sell book reports" This saves the Student enormous time in preparing them. The price is just $5.00 per page! @@Harmful Studies have shown that excessive or even significant amounts of homework can be harmful, and at some times people have pushed to ban it. Homework is up 3X since the early 1980s, even in elementary school. Traditionally, elementary school kids didn't get any homework. Some of it is so hard the parents can't even figure it out, or the parents end up doing it, so kids who don't have parents doing it are at a disadvantage. z70\clip\2003\09\homehass.txt The News Tribune - Tacoma, WA Monday, September 8, 2003 Homework hassles DEBBIE CAFAZZO; The News Tribune For Janet Stuart, third grade was a shock. When her daughter Rachel started bringing home several hours of homework a night last year, the Tacoma mother sensed something wasn't right. z68\clip\2003\07\homewk2.txt http://www.time.com/time/2003/kids/homework.html The Homework Ate My Family Kids are dazed, parents are stressed — why piling it on is hurting students By Romesh Ratnesar Monday, June 23, 2003 From the Jan. 25, 1999 issue of TIME Magazine "researchers at the University of Michigan, 6-to-9-year-olds in 1981 spent 44 min. a week on homework; in 1997 they did more than two hours' worth. The amount of time that 9-to-11-year-olds devoted to homework each week increased from 2 hr. 49 min. to more than 3 1/2 hr." "As early as third grade, Rachel Heckelman, now 11, came home every day from her elementary school in Houston with three hours' worth of homework. The assignments were often so dizzyingly complex—one asked her to design an entire magazine" ELEMENTARY HOMEWORK UP 3X FROM 45 MIN TO 2 HRS 1981-97 http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/001023/homework.htm \clip\2000\10\ushome.txt Do kids have too much homework? US News World Report Oct 23, 2000 By Mary Lord Here's what four hours of after-school assignments have meant to this freshman at McClintock High School in Tempe, Ariz.: crying jags, dropping church youth-group activities, and skipping basketball tryouts. "I've given up life, pretty much," says Taylor. In 1981, for example, 6-to-8-year-olds averaged 44 minutes of homework per week; by 1997, a University of Michigan study found that total had climbed to 120 minutes–nearly three times as much. SAY NO TO 4TH GRADE HOMEWORK FROM HELL z45\clip\2000\10\nohomew.txt http://www.nytimes.com/2000/10/10/nyregion/10HOME.html October 10, 2000 As Homework Load Grows, One District Says 'Enough' By KATE ZERNIKE Dith Pran/ The New York Times It was homework again: math problems, a science report, worksheets. By the time Mrs. Markowitz had read enough of her daughter's science textbook to figure out how to help, it was 10:15 and they still had to go on the Internet to do research. Then, more tears as they argued over whether her daughter had time to practice her saxophone and get a good night's sleep before getting up at 6:45 to catch the school bus. And that was just fourth grade. Doyon It has always been my belief that childhood should be a time when one is allowed to bound in the door from school to watch lots of Gilligan's Island and Leave It To Beaver reruns, or useless and warped cartoons, Also... of 24 students. 15 were on academic contracts (the systems first paperwork trail for your child isn't performing up to standards) and approx 1/3 were on, or recommended to be on medication because the can't stay on task. This is also a white middle class burb where 1/2 the women stay home all day with the kids. BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/education/newsid_711000/711675.stm#HURRICANE Primary School children should not be given homework. Parents are spending at least 1-2 hours each evening try to help their children keep up with their work. Mrs Heather Jones, Wales Washington Post 2/8/2000 Who Needs Homework? Parents and Professionals Alike Disagree on the Purpose of After-Hours Lessons By Valerie Strauss If kids today knew who Gen. Francis A. Walker was, they just might build an altar to exalt his name. A Civil War hero turned Boston school board president, Walker thought math homework harmed children's health. So he pushed the panel to ban it in 1900. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/education/newsid_422000/422081.stm \clip\99\16\homewarn.txt Tuesday, August 17, 1999 Published at 16:04 GMT 17:04 UK Heads' homework warning Quality is more important than quantity, says union " [The Department for Education] official stance is that all pupils in England should do homework - increasing from an hour a week in primary school, to two and a half hours a day when they are 15. " "A headteachers' union says children should not be given so much homework that it prevents them doing other things after school such as sport or music." British schoolchildren do far less homework than those in many economic competitors: * Japanese 14-year-olds average eight and a half hours a week, while children in Taiwan do even more. * Teenagers in Hungary, Poland, the Netherlands, Israel and Italy also do between eight and nine hours a week. * At present, 14-year-olds in Britain average only six hours a week, with some believed to spend as little as 15 minutes a week at home on some subjects. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/education/newsid_383000/383843.stm \clip\99\13\badhome.txt BBC More evidence against primary school homework Primary schoolchildren do worse rather than better if they are given more than one piece of homework a month, say researchers. Saturday, July 3, 1999 More evidence against primary school homework : Homework does not improve primary school test results, say researchers Homework can do primary schoolchildren more harm than good, say researchers. \clip\99\13\summary.pdf Summary of findings from the OFSTED research study: see http://www.dfee.gov.uk/homework/index.htm Homework: Guidelines for Primary and Secondary Schools A study of 11-year-olds at the University of Durham has found that children who are given more homework do not perform better in tests than those who do very little - and often they perform worse. Last month, researchers from King's College, London claimed that a two-year survey showed that homework makes little impact on raising standards in maths in primary school. The University of Durham survey of 20,000 pupils has found that those who received only one piece of homework a month were more successful than those who did much more or none at all. @@Law \clip\2000\03\suckers.txt http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/1998/04/24 /ED19367.DTL DEBRA J. SAUNDERS -- Today's Assignment, Suckers Friday, April 24, 1998 TRY THIS for a sound-bite reform. Lieutenant Governor Gray Davis -- campaigning to downsize his title to guv -- proposes the following scheme to improve California public schools. He wants to require all parents to sign a contract with their kids' schools each year in which they would promise to help their kids with homework and spend five hours per month on campus. He also proposed state homework guidelines -- 15 minutes per day for kindergartners, 30 minutes for students in grades one through three, 45 minutes for grades four through six, 90 minutes for seventh and eigth graders, and 2 hours for ninth graders, 130 minutes per day for sophomores, 140 minutes for juniors and 150 minutes for seniors. @@Lifelong Learning GOAL IS TURNING CHILDREN INTO *LIFELONG LEARNERS* \clip\98\13\homework.txt Published Friday, October 2, 1998, in the Miami Herald Students tackle growing piles of homework " ``The goal for homework is different at this age,'' Cooper said. ``It's not to achieve dramatic changes in their test scores overnight. It's not going to happen. Instead, it's taking the long-term developmental approach of turning our children into independent lifelong learners.'' " HOMEWORK FROM HELL IS PART OF LIFELONG LEARNING CONSPIRACY! "HOMEWORK REFLECTS CHANGES IN EDUCATIONAL THINKING, RELATING TO LEARNING AS A LIFELONG PROCESS." \doc\web\99\09\ukhome.txt \clip\99\13\summary.pdf Summary of findings from the OFSTED research study: see http://www.dfee.gov.uk/homework/index.htm Homework: Guidelines for Primary and Secondary Schools (Britain) "Increasingly, good practice in homework builds upon and reflects broader changes in educational thinking, relating to learning as a lifelong process." @@Minority Time article mentions poor kids have too many responsibilities to family and job to put any priority on homework. Don Crawford "Because many children lack the necessary infrastructure at home to accomplish much in the way of homework, reliance on homework can be seen as a regressive policy. Those who don't have the cultural supports won't progress as much, so the poor in family-support remain poor in educational attainment." @@Parent Role Some schools ask parents to teach kids lessons before school or drill them on times tables. PARENTS ARE DOING MORE OF THE HOMEWORK z60\clip\2002\10\momhome.txt October 29, 2002 PERSONAL JOURNAL Schools Face Up to Reality: Mom Is Doing the Homework By ANNE MARIE CHAKER Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL A growing number of schools are openly acknowledging that parents are doing more and more of the work. Some teachers are formally changing policies to take into account the fact that the penetrating report on the Peloponnesian War was largely written by someone with a Ph.D., not a fifth-grader. One Connecticut teacher says a few children have turned in homework in their parents' handwriting. @@Sample Useless social studies homework @@Simple Mediator can bridge gap between teachers who assign bad homework, the union and parents. Homework should not have to be taught by the parents. @@Staffing Teacher needs assistant to process all this homework @@Statistics \doc\web\99\01\fedhome.txt From: cassidy
I was poking around the National Center for Education Statistics website and discovered statistics for homework issues if anyone cares to look... website: http://nces.ed.gov/ Reference page: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/condition98/index.html (homework in listed in section D) (one)homework page: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/condition98/c9836a01.html @@Too Much CONSERVATIVES OK WITH LOTS OF HOMEWORK The Education Intelligence Agency http://members.aol.com/educintel/eia The December 19 1999 San Francisco Examiner has a lengthy panic attack on the amount of homework our kids get. Replete with stories of students working by candlelight into the wee hours, the article cites research from the University of Michigan that 6- to 9-year-olds are doing an average of 2 ours of homework per week, while kids 9-12 are doing 3 hours per week. That's 24 minutes per school night, and 42 minutes per school night, respectively. [watch less than 4 hr tv per night abd it is ok] SF Chron Parents complain about too much homework - Oprah early 1999 http://www.oprah.com/show/archives/past_shows.html http://www.oprah.com/show/archives/months/1999/199904.html 4/1/99 Does Your Child Have Too Much Homework? http://www.oprah.com/show/archives/days/1999/19990401.html \clipim\99\05\25\oprah\oprah.htm oprah.txt @@World The Japanese often don't assign any homework at all. German homework varies from a half-hour to over 3. Americans generally do homework at school. US kids study as hard and do more homework, yet scored relatively poorly at grade 8 and 12 compared to other nations. 8th graders over 3 hrs homework / night 28% Japan 24% US 17% Germany http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2000/1225/6616108a.html Too Much Homework? Peter Brimelow, Forbes Magazine, 12.25.00 http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/education/newsid_422000/422081.stm \clip\99\16\homewarn.txt Tuesday, August 17, 1999 Published at 16:04 GMT 17:04 UK Heads' homework warning Quality is more important than quantity, says union * Japanese 14-year-olds average eight and a half hours a week, while children in Taiwan do even more. * Teenagers in Hungary, Poland, the Netherlands, Israel and Italy also do between eight and nine hours a week. * At present, 14-year-olds in Britain average only six hours a week, with some believed to spend as little as 15 minutes a week at home on some subjects. US DOES MORE HOMEWORK, PERFORMS WORSE THAN OTHER NATIONS \clip\99\07\edclip04.txt Teaching methods examined Saturday, February 27, 1999 By JOHN C. KUEHNER PLAIN DEALER REPORT [on the TIMS] Eighth-graders did not fare as well. They ranked about in the middle of the pack. And high school seniors did poorly. They came in near last. Yet American students spend as much time or more studying as students in other countries and do more homework. A Study of Three Cultures: Germany, Japan, and the United States An Overview of the TIMSS Case Study Project http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kste9803.htm \clip\98\08\timss\timss.htm Phi Delta Kappan Magazine March 1998 one might ask high school students how many hours they spend doing homework each day. The answer often given by Japanese students is unexpected: none. Only by pursuing the topic further does the actual state of affairs become clear. Additional discussion and questioning reveals that homework is often not assigned, but high school students are expected to spend several hours a night reviewing the day's lessons and anticipating the lessons for the following day most - college-bound Gymnasium students. Realschule total of one or two hours each night The Hauptschule students we spoke with spent between half an hour and an hour each day on homework, It is increasingly common in both middle schools and high schools in the U.S. that homework is done in school and simply represents work that teachers expect to be done before the next class meeting.