Emil Guillermo of Asian Week named them "our Beverly Hillbillies" as the backwards rural people of the range of Asian Americans / Pacific Islanders. USA Today says they are the most primitive immigrants to ever have hit our shores. If the Chinese, Indians and Japanese are at the top, these guys are at the very bottom of every census measure, just barely beating out Cambodians and Laotians. Any of these groups make African Americans look positively middle (well, maybe lower middle) class by comparison. The incorrect stereotype of blacks is that most are poor and on welfare. But this is actually true for most SE Asian refugee groups.
[stereotype warning!] They have a reputation for marrying daughters and getting them pregnant at age 13, kidnapping wives and high rates of poverty and illiteracy. Not many heard about the mother who strangled 6 of her kids after being abused by her ex-husband. They were recruited by the US to help fight the communists in SE Asia for $3 a day, but they became refugees when we pulled out and left them holding the bag. Their "primitive" culture is ill-suited to the "advanced" US culture.
On the bright side, their kids do very well in school, and they have healthier babies than other poor Amerians since they don't smoke, drink, get high or get fat. They don't show up much in stories about gangs or crime. A Disney special was done on a child who one the state spelling bee. They are revitalizing inner cities, and reviving farms that have been abandoned by whites who don't want to work as hard as it takes to make a living by farming near urban areas like Seattle. They also make really cool dazzling frog and lizard beanies.
Here's a nice summary of history from one fellow: firstname.lastname@example.org Oral traditions of mongol type people knew them as *the* proto- chinese. Matter of fact, hmongs were the original nomadic agricultural peoples. The hmongs were agricultural, non-warrior nomadic asians. The han probably spawed from hmong/korean/tungusic races.
There was a hmong kingdom at one time. But they wanted to turn the steppes into farmland. As a result, they were virtually wiped out in battle, close to 100 million hmongs were obliterated. The rest moved to the mountains to farm in fertile volcanic soil.
============================================================== Hmong spectrum ==================== Note most figures are worse than average, often 2 times worse than the black figures. -2.20 1990 Median Income -2.23 Labor force participation 1990 (about 1/2 black) -2.78 US citizen -2.50 High School graduate 1990 (about 1/2 black) -3.65 1990 unemployment aunemp.htm -4.39 4 year college 1990 -5.18 Unmarried birth rate (about = blacks) -5.28 Birth rate -6.68 1990 Family on Public Assistance -9.00 Family in poverty 1990 Good News - Healthy babies: Said of the Hmong "They don't smoke, drink, or get fat during pregnancy," - In 1994, 3 of 7 valedictorians in St Paul public schools were Hmong chidren - Reviving inner cities and working abandoned farmland Bad News - High levels of poverty - Lowest levels of education, typically 1/2 black rates - No written language until the 1950s - 80% speak little or no engish, few have job skills - girls married and pregnant by 13 - low rate of citizenship \doc\95\12\asiark90.wk1 Citizen 1990 born or naturalized Group Rate US 95.3% 1.00 Hmong 40.8% -2.34 Cambodia 34.4% -2.77 Laotian 34.3% -2.78 - lowest rate of labor force participation 1/2 blacks Persons 16 years old and over, 1990 Labor force Participation Group Index United States 65.3 1.00 Black 62.7 -1.04 Hmong 29.3 -2.23 - lowest rate of college 1/2 black rate 1990 Census \doc\95\12\asiark90.txt 4 or more years of college, over 25 Group Rate Index White=1.00 Indian 58.1 2.70 best Asian 37.7 1.75 Asian Average White 21.5 1.00 Black 11.4 -1.89 Hmong 4.9 -4.39 last - lowest rate of high school graduate 1/2 black \doc\95\12\asiark90.wk1 - 1990 US Census Adults over 25 Percent high school graduate or higher Race Percent Index White 77.9 1.00 Black 63.1 -1.23 Hmong 31.1 -2.50 worst - highest rate of poverty apoverty.htm Families in Poverty, 1990 Over 2X black rate Group Families in Poverty % White 7.0 Black 26.3 Hmong 61.8 last \doc\96\02\aswelf.wk1 Legal Permanent Residents Receiving Public Assistance Income Ethnicity Receiving Public Assistance Number Percent Cambodian 21,535 22.0 2nd last Hmong 14,425 25.5 last \doc\96\02\pubass.txt - Public Assistance by Race / Ethnicity Ranked by Households with Public Assistance Income Source: 1990 Census Analysis Ethnic Percent Index NHwhite 5.3% -1.00 Black 19.7% -3.72 Hmong 35.4% -6.68 4th last before NatAm, Camb, Laotian @@Birth \priv\95\15\wasau2.txt 4/94 THE ORDEAL OF IMMIGRATION IN WAUSAU Atlantic Magazine. Hmong have lower infant-mortality rates than African-American natives because they have better access to social services and their culture encourages positive prenatal behavior. "They don't smoke, drink, or get fat during pregnancy," he says. NO SINGLE MOTHERS, BUT 35% OF HIGH SCHOOLERS ALREADY PREGNANT They calculated that 35 percent were pregnant or already had children. That, of course, didn't include the Hmong mothers who had dropped out of school. Few kids marry without having children immediately, and the Hmong culture of arranged marriages ensures that pregnant girls get married to somebody. Single-parent families--are virtually nonexistent among the Hmong. - Highest Asian rate of unwed births, about = to blacks \doc\96\09\nmbirth.wk1 Births to Never Married Young Women US Children Ever Born April 1990 US Census CP4-1-194 September 1996 Women 15-24 Native Born, Never Married Group Births per Index White=1.00 1000 Black 429 -5.96 Hmong 373 -5.18 White 72 1.00 - highest birth rates "Making babies" Asian Week Nov 8, 1996 F011497-1 Asians have varying fertility rates. Established groups have low rates, new refugees are high. Number of children ever born per woman 15 years and older for selected races: 1990 Rate White 1.8 1.00 Hmong 9.5 -5.28 (highest) Nov 8, 1996 "Making babies" Hmong figure from: "Early marriages of Hmong continue" San Jose Mercury May 24, 1993 3B (Los Angeles Times) see abirths.htm#hmong @@Crime %%Child Abuse \clip\96\03\hmonmols.txt Date: Thu, 29 Aug 1996 01:48:59 -0400 Sentence in Molestation Case Upsets Victims By DIANNA BISSWURM Associated Press Writer LA CROSSE, Wis. (AP) -- A Southeast Asian immigrant who molested his young stepdaughters was sentenced to English lessons instead of prison, shocking the girls' relatives and members of the community. they expressed outrage at the suggestion from Sia Ye Vang's lawyer that sex with girls is accepted in Vietnam, where the Hmong immigrant came from. %%Murder \clip\97\14\hmong.txt US News 05/22/1997 23:55 EST Immigrant is Convicted of Murder WAUSAU, Wis. (AP) -- A Hmong immigrant who boycotted much of his murder trial because he had no faith in the U.S. justice system was convicted Thursday of killing his estranged wife and another woman. @@Farming Hmong farmers add color to Snoqualmie z45\clipim\2000\10\09\drexel\drexel.efx Eastside Journal Oct 9, 2000 A3 Hmong farmers are leasing land to grow crops, sell in local farmers markets. @@General \priv\95\15\wasau2.txt - Atlantic 4/94 THE ORDEAL OF IMMIGRATION IN WAUSAU (part 2) Total public assistance (AFDC, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing and energy subsidies) for a Hmong family can be worth more than $20,000 a year, according to local officials. z40\clipim\2000\04\10\hmong.efx Laotians Teach U.S. How Not to Resettle Refugees Wall Street Journal April 4, 2000 Dipersed to Various States, Hmong Clans Didn't Thrive Until Reunion in Minnesota hmong.txt \clip\98\14\hmong.txt USA Today search Promised land yields bitter fruit for some By Daniela Deane Wed., Oct. 7, 1998 FINAL EDITION Section: NEWS Page 10A "Promised land yields bitter fruit for some" USA Today Oct 7, 1998 p. 10A Hmong Immigrants from Laos wrestle with great difficulties, assimilating to life, laws in U.S. 1/3 live in Minnesoata. Most are still on welfare, 80% speak little or no engish, few have job skills Khoua Her, 24 strangled her six chidren age 5 to 11. They are "the most primitive group ever to immigrate here". "an ancient hill tribe who lived an isolated, simple life mostly in the mountains between Laos and Vietnam" No written language until the 1950s 3 dozen young healthy laotians died in sleep in 80s. Routinely deny treatment to epileptic children because they are revered as healers. Most have never seen cars telephones, televisions or water faucets. 10 children common. CIA recruited them to fight communists Girls married off in early teens. Her was married and pregnant by 13. 13 yr olds are getting married in middle school. Help has kept them dependent, backfired. In 1994, 3 of 7 valedictorians in St Paul public schools were Hmong chidren "CIA recruited Hmong" Starting in 1961, 40,000 Hmong were recuited to 1974, paid rice and $3 per month. 30,000 soldiers and civilians were killed before 1974 Congress Hears Hmong Vets Plea The Associated Press, June 26, 1997 By PHILIP BRASHER \clip\97\16\hmong.txt From: email@example.com (Mark Krikorian) Subject: Easy naturalization for the Hmong? [For CISNEWS subscribers: Though the AP story below doesn't mention it, I was the wet blanket at this hearing, pointing out the potentially harmful implications of bending the rules for a specific ethnic group, no matter how sympathetic. My testimony follows the AP story. -- Mark Krikorian] " Hmong immigrants have rehabilitated a decaying area of St. Paul and become political leaders, lawyers, doctors and teachers in the city; their children are some of its best students, she said." "Hmong Hold War Recognition in Washington" Asian Week May 23, 1997 p. 9 The Hmong were used by US CIA in a secret war as proxy fighters against communist forces. A bill is being sponsored which would waive some citizenship requirements for the Hmong and restore some lost benefits. F060497 Hmong Resources Page A postive introduction to the Hmong People. HMONG IN CARNATION WA TRY TO KEEP TRADITIONAL CULTURE "Keeping a Culture Alive" Seattle Times May 8, 1997 p. B3 F052997 Article tells about Hmong who settled in rural Carnation WA, and keep some customs like agriculture and teen arranged marriages. \clip\96\04\lasthmon.txt Date: Sun, 15 Sep 1996 13:02:04 -0400 From: NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) Last of America's Forgotten Hmong Allies Head for U.S. By JIRAPORN WONGPAITHOON Associated Press Writer The family is joining in a new flow of Hmong to the United States that is intended to close out an unfinished chapter from the war in Indochina -- settling the fate of the primitive hill tribesmen who fought for the CIA in Laos. \priv\96b\01\hmonquil.txt Quilt tells how Hmong used to live in China but fled drive to wipe out their language into se asia. Date: Tue, 18 Jun 1996 16:05:55 -0400 From: NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) AP WEEKEND ENTERTAINMENT AND ARTS The Artists: Modern Version of Ancient Craft Tells of Hmong Journey to U.S. ARTISTS Logo By JEAN H. LEE >>\priv\96\01\hmongwed.doc Death Focuses Attention on Young Brides Asian Week Dec 1, 1995 A8 Hmong youth may have committed suicide because the state does not allow marriages of 12 - 15 yr olds under minimum age of 18. There are stories of forced child weddings and kidnappings. \priv\95\16\actbetry.doc 24 NATIONAL REVIEW / OCTOBER 23, 1995 ON THE Scene Acts of Betrayal MICHAEL JOHNS MENOMONIE, WISC. The Hmong made tremendous sacrifices for Americans, and are now being turned away by the American government. \priv\95\15\wasau1-4.txt - Atlantic Magazine Article, generally negative 4/94 THE ORDEAL OF IMMIGRATION IN WAUSAU (part 1) Since 1970 the majority of population growth in the United States has come from immigrants and their descendants. Demographers predict that this trend will intensify in the new century if federal laws remain unchanged. For a look at a possible American future, consider the fate of a small midwestern city by Roy Beck Seventy percent of the immigrants and their descendants are receiving public assistance, because the local labor market has not been able to accommodate them. Religious and other private agencies--which, through federal agreements, create most of the refugee streams into American communities--are pledged to care for the newcomers for only thirty days. @@History z45\clipim\2000\10\18\hmonghist\hmonghist.htm http://www.atrax.net.au/userdir/yeulee/History/ETHNIC%20MONIRITIES%20AND%20NATIONAL%20BUILDING%20IN%20LAOS.html Gary Yia Lee Ethnic Minorities and National Building in Laos: The Hmong in the Lao State (School of Behavioural Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, Australia. Published in: Peninsule , No.11/12, 1985/86, pp.215-232) @@Income doc937\asianrnk.xls Asian 1980 census by Rank Median household (dollars) $17,680 White 1.10 1.00 $10,943 Black -1.47 -1.61 $5,277 Laotian -3.05 2nd last $4,977 Hmong -3.24 Last doc\95\12\asiark90.txt Median income, 1989 dollars Group Income Index (1980) White NonH $31,672 1.01 Black $19,758 -1.59 (-1.47) Hmong $14,276 -2.20 Last @@Marriage \priv\95\14\hmonmarr.txt - complete article text "Early marriages of Hmong continue" San Jose Mercury May 24, 1993 3B (Los Angeles Times) 125,000 Hmong are in the United States Over 62% rely on public assistance, highest rate of any group The rates are higher in Fresno and Merced areas, where 45,000 Hmong live (36%) 30 % to 50% of hmong girls marry before age 17 according to clan elders Up to 70% of hmong girls marry by 17 according to some girls Hmong fertility is 9.5 children per woman Roughly 3 Hmong male high school graduates per female @@Welfare \priv\95\15\wasau2.txt - Atlantic 4/94 THE ORDEAL OF IMMIGRATION IN WAUSAU (part 2) Total public assistance (AFDC, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing and energy subsidies) for a Hmong family can be worth more than $20,000 a year, according to local officials. (The Hmong are not unusual in this regard. A 1991 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services study indicated that nationwide about two thirds of all Southeast Asian refugees who have arrived since 1986 remain on public assistance.) In June of 1980 the paper reported that 80 percent of the city's refugees became self-supporting within about three years: @@Unemployment \doc\96\03\usunem.wk1 US Unemployment 1990 Census "We The Asian Americans" US Census Bureau Asian Ethnic Percent Group Unemployed Index White 5.2 1.00 Black 12.9 -2.48 Hmong 19.0 -3.65 Last @@Violence z47\clip\2000\12\hmonviol.txt Hmong Leaders Try To Curb Violence Hmong American Partnership: http://www.hmong.org/ ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) -- Hmong leaders are looking for ways to curb domestic violence after a rash of shootings that have killed several Hmong adults and left more than two dozen children without one or both parents. Lao Family Community of Minnesota: http://www.laofamily.org/