@@Airlines @@Helicopter" @@Air-travel @@Blood Clot ECONOMY CLASS SYNDROME KILLS BY BLOOD CLOT ON LONG DISTANCE FLIGHT z45\clip\2000\10\flight.txt Seattle Times Oct 23, 2000 A10 Airline passenger dies after long-distance flight LONDON A passenger collapsed and died from a condition known as "economy class syndrome" just minutes after getting off a flight from Australia to London, British newspapers reported yesterday. @@General Aviation GENERAL AVIATION 7 TIMES MORE DANGEROUS THAN DRIVING 12 safety myths richard collins flying october 2001 Best estimate is 7 times more dangerous than driving in general aviation. 50 acquaintances died flying vs only a few in cars. 615 DIE PER YEAR IN GENERAL AVIATION VS 0 COMMERCIAL Yahoo! News July 17 1999 Kennedy Bought 4-Year-Old Aircraft In April NTSB statistics show that 615 people died aboard general aviation aircraft in 1998 in the United States, while none died on scheduled commercial flights. Piper said there were over 7,500 Piper Saratogas in service around the world with over a half a million hours flown every year. @@Gyrocopters 4 DEATHS PER YEAR IN GYROCOPTERS Over 5 yrs between 1996 and 2001, there were 19 deaths in 55 crashes of gyrocopters. Popular Science August 2001 "Radical Rotorcraft" Jim Wilson. @@Mail 75% OF FIRST MAIL PILOTS DIED ON THE JOB 3/4 first US Mail pilots killed. Of the 1st 40 hired in 1919 31 killed by 1925 in crashes Source: History channel The Century: Charles Lindbergh jumped out in a parachute 3 times. @@Volume http://www.icao.org/icao/en/nr/pio9516.htm MONTREAL, December 1995 - The world's airlines carried record levels of over 1,250 million passengers and over 20 million tonnes of freight on scheduled services in 1995, @@Regional Regional Airline Safety Record REGIONAL AIRLINE SAFETY In 1997, more than 66 million passengers were provided safe air transportation on regional airlines. 96% 2/9/99 http://www.raa.org/newsdesk/page22.htm REGIONAL AIRLINE SAFETY In 1997, more than 66 million passengers were provided safe air transportation on regional airlines. Regional airlines are constantly examining their training, maintenance and operating procedures to identify changes that can be made to achieve improvements in safety and efficiency. Source: Derived from NTSB statistics Total Fatal Departures Accidents Year Accidents Accidents (millions) Accidents (per 100,000 departures) 1992 11 6 3.90 1/0.28 0.15 1993 16 4 4.21 1 /0.38 0.10 1994 11 3 4.22 0.26 0.07 1995 8 1 4.54 0.18 0.02 1996 12 1 4.10 0.29 0.02 1997 19 2 4.01 0.47 0.04 1/ Estimated Source: Derived from NTSB statistics. Note: These figures include both scheduled part 121 and 135 operations. http://flight.thetrip.com/strategies/all/0155txt.html So Should You Be Afraid of Flying? Statistically, airline travel is still very safe. One study of the risks of various activities came up with the following rough estimates of deaths per million participant hours: This strategy is from "The Airline Passenger's Guerrilla Handbook," by George Albert Brown. Climbing Motorcycle Racing 35.000 Private Flying 30.000 Canoeing 10.000 Skiing 0.700 Amateur Boxing 0.500 Scheduled Airline Passenger 0.004 According to the Federal Highway Safety Administration, the rate of US automobile deaths per hundred million miles driven is roughly 2.41. According to the National Transportation Safety Board, the rate of scheduled commercial airline passenger deaths per hundred million aircraft miles for the last ten years has varied between zero and 0.2. In other words, looking at the worst year for aircraft, the risk of death in an automobile on a per-mile basis was still twelve times larger than in a plane. even in the worst year in the last ten years, the chances of you having a fatal accident on a given flight were one in a million. The Air Safety Home Page \clip\96\01\flysafe.htm Fatalities per Billion Passenger/Miles Air Motor Vehicle Rail 1991 2.81 11.54 87.68 1992 2.69 10.53 87.24 1993 2.16 10.60 97.35 1994 2.60 10.49 N/A Cars are about 4 times more dangerous per mile, but not per hour. Rail is more dangerous than air, probably because of ground traffic and broken tracks. Injuries per Billion Passenger/Miles Air Motor Vehicle Rail 1991 1.43 849.16 1723.43 1992 1.24 811.89 1594.44 1993 1.15 812.62 1455.40 1994 1.32 816.95 N/A Car are much more dangerous in terms of injuries. Note: Information from the U.S. Department of Transportation. "Air" includes all air travel: commercial carriers, commuter airlines, unscheduled air taxis and other aviation. "Rail" includes Amtrak and commuter rail, but not municipal rapid transit. "Motor Vehicle" includes highway travel only. As cited by Washington Post 7/19/96 \clip\96\01\flysafe.htm \priv\96\16\deregul.htm "Deregulation rears its ugly head as a factor in ValuJet crash By Robert Kuttner Boston Globe 05/20/96 The ValuJet crash last week is in part a casualty of airline deregulation. Before deregulation, flying gradually became cheaper over time because regulated airlines were guaranteed a profit; with those profits they could buy new generations of more efficient planes, passing the savings along to customers... "Despite a Safe Record, Corporate Jets have Higher Fatality Rates" Wall Street Journal April 18, 1997 p. 1. F042397 Fatal accidents per 100,000 hours flown 1991-96 were only 0.025 for major scheduled carriers, but .048, about twice as high for corporate jets, accoriding to Robert Breiling, aviation-safety consultant in Boca Raton Fla. \doc\96\04\airsafe.txt "Air travel safer, cheaper since industry deregulated" Michelle Malkin May 28, 1996. In the 16 years before deregulation, there was 1 fatal accident for every 814,000 flights according to the Air Transport Association, in the 16 year since the rate has declined by over half. Secretary Fredrico Pena has pointed out that new airlines saved American travellers $6.3 billion and attracted 47 million passengers, who didn't have to drive which is far more dangerous. \doc\96\04\valusaf.txt "Valujet's Accident Rate Highest Among Low Cost Airlines" Aviation Week May 27, 1990 p. 36 The accident rate of small carriers is much higher if Southwest Airlines is removed. Accidents per 100,000 departures Overall Serious All less SWA 1.157 0.643 Valujet 3.056 All low cost 0.42 0.12 Major airlines 0.30 0.08 \doc\95\07\travsafe.txt Source: US Department of Transportation As cited in Seattle Times June 4, 1995 p. A17 Fatalities per year 1981# 1993 Motor vehicle 50,000 40,115 Railroad 1,300 715 General Aviation 600 653 Air carrier* 200 67 # approximate, reading from chart * including commuter and air taxis An airline passenger dies once every 2 billion passenger miles. \priv\95\07\babyseat.txt NYT 6/8/95 FAA Calls Baby Safety Seats a Bad Idea FAA calculates appropriate would save 5 lives in 10 years, but if fares forced families to drive, fatalities would increase by 82, so they won' issue an order that result in more fatalities. \priv\95\01\airsafe.txt - 1994 toll 264, 1988 306 general aviation 706 air taxis 64 charter airlines 0 Major carriers .049 accidents per 100,000 trips Commuter carriers .097 accidents per 100,000 4 of 20 accidents were fatal, killing 239 people or 10 per accident ->so major carrier suffers 0.5 deaths per 100,000 trips, or one death per 200,000 trips. If each trip is 4 hrs long, then that's one death per 1 million flying hours, or 0.1 per 100,000 hrs d:\doc\95\01\safe737.txt 737 safety: 1 accident per 2 million flights, half the industry average 2,500 jets make 17,000 flights per day 8 unsolved crashes around the world in past 5 years 2 US crashes killed 157 "Helicopter Tours can be dangerous" Seattle Times 1/8/95 p. K9 50 deaths in Hawaii in past decade, 24 people killed in 5 accidents in 3 years, and same number in 10 years before 1991. About 400,000 people flew helicopter tours in Hawaii alone. ULTRALIGHTS CHEAP BUT DANGEROUS "The lure of ultralights" Seattle Times Aug 8, 1997 p. A18 FAA estimates in 1997 there were 15,000 to 40,000 ultralights. An AP review of databases found about 30 people died in the past year in ultralight accidents in the US. In 1983 and 1984, the last year available, government estimated the fatality rate for ultralights was six times higher than for single piston-engine general-aviation planes according to the National Transportation Safety Board. One flyer says his plane only costs $4 an hour to fly compared to $50 for an airplane.