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Arthur Hu's Education Reform Index

@@Charter Schools

I'm for good charter schools and against bad ones. How's that for a position?

Charter Schools are funded or partially run by public schools, but don't run according to normal rules or control. In Texas, charter schools have lower test scores, but more poor and minority students. Some other schools run into financial and management problems. Far conservatives are against charters because they are government funded but not accountable to the taxpayers, liberals oppose competition for union backed government schools. Personally I am for good charter schools and against bad ones.


@@Against

Top reasons to hate charter schools
- conservative: STW/OBE in charter school clothing, requires
    conforming to OBE standards and testing
- conservative: they are not accountable to government but
  government funded
- many are poorly managed and or funded
- liberal: they are really elite private academies that do not serve
  children with special needs
- liberal: they are a threat to government monopoly on schools
- lower test scores

@@For

- Some give very good academic results
- Takes away from crummy public schools

%%CER

CER: 85% OF CHARTER FAMILIES ARE SATISFIED
Center Education Reform By Jeanne
Allen, President, The Center for Education Reform [See:
http://edreform.com/] Families of nearly 580,000 children have chosen
charter schools and surveys show they are satisfied. A survey of
parent satisfaction with Arizona charters had nearly 85 percent giving
their children's charter schools a B or above and only 5.8 percent a D
or below.


@@Accountable

http://www.EducationNews.org for article links February 29, 2000
Arizona Republic Charters' future tied to AIMS results Charter
schools will have to ensure their students improve on AIMS and other
statewide testing if they hope to stay open, the state's top
education official said Monday. 


@@Against

DO TEXAS CHARTER SCHOOLS EXPLOIT POOR MINORITIES TO OVERPAY
ADMINISTRATORS?
Garner
As widely reported in yesterday's newspapers, a charter school in
Houston called Prepared Table has been paying its superintendent (no
college degree), Rev. Harold Wayne Wilcox, $210,000 a year and his
wife $50,000 for being a secretary.
- 57.6% of charter school students are economically disadvantaged
students and take federally subsidized lunches. 
- "Afro-American students comprise 39.7% and whites 20.5% of the
students enrolled in charter schools."
- the average salary for administrators in Texas' public schools is
$62,782, and the average teacher's salary is $39,230.

EXPERIMENTAL CHARTER SCHOOLS - FLYING WHILE IT'S BEING BUILT?
z56\clipim\2002\05\07\chart\chart.pdf
TCRecord for the Week of May 6th, 2002 -- http://www.tcrecord.org
>From the April 2001 issue of the Teachers College Record: One
administrator explained: We limped through the first year in our
approach to math--we had no textbook, no formal curriculum, and no one
in charge of making those decisions.  In the second year, we set up a
formal math task force that included teachers, parents, and board
members to address the issue of a math curriculum for the school.
This group looked around and identified several different math
approaches, and this year we're piloting several of them." [Why not
just pick a traditional book that's beeen proven, and dispense with
the task force and piloting???]

Noelle C. Griffin and Priscilla Wohlstetter consider this and other
issues in starting a school in: Building a Plane While Flying It:
Early Lessons from Developing Charter Schools
tp://www.tcrecord.org/pdf/10722.pdf
http://www.tcrecord.org/ExecSummary.asp?ContentID=10722

TEXAS CHARTER SCHOOLS SCORE BELOW AVERAGE, NO MORE RECOMMENDED
Texas eyes poor charter-school results (AP) Seattle Times Dec 29,
2000 state lawmaker panels says no more new charter schools, and
putting limit on charters for at risk students which don't have a
limit now. 7 charter schools have been shut down for various
problems. There are 193 operating costing $218 million. 59% charter
school students passed TAAS vs state average of 78.4% statewide

Malone says charter schools are
for left wing reformers. Questions Marva Collins Academy, says he 
knows of no "good" charter schools.

WALDORF CHARTER USES WACKO JUMPING JACK MULTIPLICATION
z45\clip\2000\08\waldorf.txt Journey students on different path
EDUCATION: Charter school's unorthodox approach may seem strange to
traditional thinkers.  August 15, 2000 By KEITH SHARON The Orange
County Register SAN JUAN CAPISTRANO - The students will learn their
multiplication tables while doing jumping jacks. The alphabet by
lying on the floor and contorting their bodies into letters.

Go to cure web site.  Click on "56th Legislature".  Then click on
"BillSummary III: Bills newly introduced in the 2000 session".  Then
go to 2415.  There is a hyperlink on "Charter schools" to an article
about it.  It should answer most of your questions. 

Who will get left behind with charter schools? Rosemary McAuliffe
Special to the times May 2, 2000 B7. Takes money away from remaining
public schools, not accountable to elected, accused of being the
roadblock. Chair of Senate Education Committee, John Stanford
Lifetime of Leadership award, photo.

@@Arizona

LOTS OF CHARTER SCHOOLS HAVE LOW PERFORMING MINORITY AND EVEN SOME 
LOW PERFORMING WHITE SCHOOLS.
Five Year Charter School Survey: An Overview
Goldwater Center for Market Based Education
http://www.goldwaterinstitute.org/pdf/1100ci.pdf
z47\clipim\2000\12\29\azchart.pdf

"More than half of charter schools report most students enter below
grade level. Average level of high schools students is 6th grade."

G8-G2 Grade Range 23 18  Math percentile rank on Stanford 9

Black
AZ CAREER ACADEMY                   B40% W49% G9-11= 27 33 23
ATOP ACADEMY COLL PREPATORY PHOENIX B86%
TEEN CHOICE LEADERSHIP              B91% G8-G2= 23 18 26 20 23 28 32

Hispanic
CALL A TEEN YOUTH                   H64% G9-11= 31 28 16
ESPERANZA MONTESSORI ACADEMY        H89% 
AZTECH HIGH                         H79% G9-11= 17 17 20

White
CASEY COUNTRY DAY SCHOOL            W92% G2-4= 90 86 86
BEN FRANKLIN                        W90% G2-6= 67 80 80 74 88
---------------------------- underperforming ------------------------
AZ MONTESSORI CHARTER PRESCOTT      W90% G2-8= 20 16 21 27 50 30 37
CARMEL COMMUNITY INTEGRATED ARTS    W71% H28% G5-9 11 36 27 36 28
DRAGONFLYE                          W80% H11% G2-8 12 22 21 28 27 24 60

Native American
NORTHERN AZ ACAD WINSLOW            N48% W22% H26% B2% G9-11 39 30 20

Many of the schools are mostly minority. All predominantly minority
schools have poor scores (20-39). Some predominantly white schools
also did poorly. Charter schools clearly don't transform
underperforming kids, even if low test scores don't prove they do a
worse job, and many mostly white schools are also underperforming.


@@California

6/2000 The progressive forces are on the rise. Last night the
students of Oakland and their supporters--made up of many teachers,
community activists, parents, et al--convinced our school board to
REJECT [ex gov] Jerry Brown's military charter school.

z42\clipim\2000\06\06\calchar.efx
z42\clipim\2000\06\06\calchar.rtf Wall Street Journal Defying
Convention, Superintendent Takes A Chance on Charters Mr. Shalvey
envisions chain of schools to shake up the system in California.
Angels from Silicon Vallye June Kronholz April 11, 2000


CA IMPLEMENTS OBE CHARTER SCHOOLS
http://www.ncrel.org/ncrel/ncrel/ncrel/ncrel/sdrs/areas/issues
/e
nvrnmnt/go/93-2new.htm
The article explains how the charter school concept in CA is really about
implementing outcome-based education without worrying about procedure and
process.

@@Closing
@@Failing

Some charter schools have been shut down because they were poorly run.

\clip\99\02\edclip10.txt Charter school fails the test, shuts door
Chicago Sun January 17, 1999 BY ROSALIND ROSSI EDUCATION REPORTER
"marijuana smoking was common in washrooms, students were allowed
``therapeutic'' cigarette breaks, and reading scores were the worst
in the city, former students and Chicago public school officials say.
"

z46\clip\2000\11\techwo.txt D.C. Board to Close Techworld School
Thursday , November 16, 2000 ; Page B03 The Washington Post The D.C.
Board of Education voted last night to begin the process of shutting
down the Techworld Public Charter School because the board concluded
that the school has engaged in a "pattern of fiscal mismanagement"
and failed to follow basic accounting practices.

SUCCESS ACADEMY CLOSES EARLY AFTER BIG DEFICIT
z45\clip\2000\08\charclos.txt Troubled St. Paul Charter School Closes
Early Education Week June 14, 2000 By Darcia Harris Bowman The school
year ended early for nearly 600 Minnesota students when their charter
school buckled under mounting financial and political pressure last
month and abruptly closed its doors. 


@@Decline

z63\clip\2003\01\charter.txt
January 21, 2003
POLITICS AND POLICY  CHARTER SCHOOLS
Charter-School Movement Sputters as Applicants Drop
By ROBERT TOMSHO
Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL
[chart shows peak and decline in schools started and operating]
There are now
about 2,700 schools in 39 states and the District of Columbia, educating
600,000 students.

@@For

z41\clipim\2000\05\10\ibd.efx Not Fish, Not Fowl, But Appealing:
Charter Schools Spread Across U.S. Chester E. Finn Jr, Bruno V. Manno
and Gregg Vanourek Investor's Business Daily May 8, 2000

z41\doc\web\2000\05\charter.txt THE WHITE HOUSE (Office of the Press
Secretary) May 4, 2000 PRESIDENT CLINTON VISITS NATION'S FIRST PUBLIC
CHARTER SCHOOL, ANNOUNCES NEW STEPS TO SUPPORT CHARTER SCHOOLS May 4,
2000 CHARTER SCHOOLS: IMPROVING PUBLIC EDUCATION AND EMPOWERING
PARENTS.  Public charter schools exemplify a standards-based approach
to education.  Every charter school works with a public authority to
establish clear performance standards.  A charter school that fails
to meet the terms of its charter is closed down.  The federal
government helps fund charter schools through the Department of
Education's Public Charter Schools Program. 

@@General

z42\clipim\2000\06\07\batchoice\batchoice.htm
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/vouchers/etc/script.html
FRONTLINE "The Battle Over School Choice" Air date: May 23, 2000 The
Battle Over School Choice Written and Produced by Stephen Talbot
Reported by Eve Pell Louis Freedberg NARRATOR: Tonight on FRONTLINE,
the politics of education. 

Notes: One charter school was all computers. Another was a boot camp
in a supermarket with no bathrooms or classrooms that shut down
quickly. the Islamic Academy was a private school set up to educate
black voucher kids. But it promised far more than it delivered.  The
founders of the school left town, owing more than $70,000 which they
had collected from the state for students who never actually attended
class. The school no longer exists

Florida Charter schools are just
a cover for OBE takeover.

CA CHALLENGE IS JUST STW/OBE STANDARDS, CIM LINK The initial Challenge school
districts will lead the way for all California districts in making
the fundamental changes needed to move to a high-performance,
standards-based system of public instruction for all students.  A
Golden State Achievement Certificate, beginning with the Class of
2004, will replace the current diploma. Students will earn the
certificate when they pass examinations to demonstrate mastery of the
curriculum. The Golden State Examinations (GSE) are the end-of-course
examinations approved by the State Superintendent of Public
Instruction for this purpose in English, history-social science,
mathematics, and laboratory science

http://www.cde.ca.gov/challen 
ge/elements.html

THEY ARE PRIVATE ACADEMIES WITH FINANCIAL PROBLEMS
z39\clip\2000\01\charfail.txt
http://www.gazettenet.com/02072000/columns/21627.htm Charter schools
fail promises By PAUL DUNPHY many charter schools have become
quasi-private academies, serving fewer poor children th an district
public schools, as well as fewer children with special physical,
emotional or language needs. The other study documents a pattern of
questionable business decisions and conflicts of interest,

z39\clip\99\21\charprob.txt 
CHARTER SCHOOLS HAVE LOWER SCORES, FINANCIAL PROBS, BUT MORE POOR/MIN
Critics rip charter test scores Backers undaunted by low TAAS marks
12/18/1999 By Terrence Stutz / The Dallas Morning News [TAAS scores
are lower for charter schools, but they have more poor and minority
students, some schools have shut down because of financial problems]

UCLA- CHARTERS DON'T SHOW IMPROVEMENT OR DIVERSITY
\clip\98\18\edclip03.txt Friday, December 4, 1998 Study Doubts
Charter School Success Claims By NICK ANDERSON, Times Staff Writer
According to the two-year study of 17 charter schools across the
state, most are not being held accountable for improving academic
performance. The study also found that, contrary to state
requirements, some schools have not taken steps to make their student
population reflect the ethnic and racial makeup of their surrounding
school districts. 

@@For

Some charter schools are well run, and produce very high 80-96th
percentile scores in urban areas.

z39\clip\2000\02\alchart.txt http://www.tribnet.com/ Tacoma Tribune
News 2/11/2000 Paul Allen aides work to pass bill creating charter
schools Joseph Turner; Charter school advocates have picked up a
valuable ally in their effort to persuade the Legislature to approve
their bill this year - billionaire Paul Allen.

FOR-PROFIT CHARTER SCHOOLS DELIVER 81-96 PERCENTILE SCORES
z39\clipim\2000\02\01\charter.tif
The Charter School Advantage Investor's Business Daily Feb 8, 2000
A24 Don Soifer. Advantage Schools is a for-profit charter based on
phonics and basic math skills. In Worcester Mass, Kindergarteners
scored in 96th and 93rd in reading on ITBS, 1st graders improved from
43rd (typical urban) to 81st percentile. Rocky Mount in North
Carolina 60% vs 36% state average in highest writing score, San
Antonio New Frontiers K= 94th percentile in 1st year, investors have
pumped in $35M as of March 1999.

\clip\98\02\charter.txt Investor's Business Daily - National Issue
(01/23/98) Catering To Students' Needs Charter Schools Specialize,
With Some Success

CHARTER SCHOOLS HAVE MORE MINORITIES - HALF
\clip\97\30\reform.txt 9-2-97 Christian Science Monitor *15 Years of
School Reform: New Ideas, Modest Results* [some relation to middle
schools]
http://www.csmonitor.com/plweb-turbo/cgi-bin/fastweb?getdoc+web+WebArchive+2665+3++eighth%20grade
recent surveys show that charter schools are attracting a diverse
student body, particularly in areas where the schools are the worst
off. Half the children in the nation's charter schools are from
ethnic minorities; in conventional public schools, one-third of the
children are minorities.

@@KIPP

z75\clip\2004\01\kipp.txt
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/opinion/2001845033_matt28.html
January 28, 2004
Guest columnist
Charting a course toward school flexibility, accountability
By Matt Rosenberg Special to The Times
Typically, KIPP charter school days are 9-1/2 hours, with two
half-Saturdays a month, and three weeks in summer. 


@@Minority

NY VOUCHER SCHOOLS + 10 PTS, HALF THE B/W SCORE GAP
z56\clip\2002\05\blchar.txt
http://www.washtimes.com/national/20020509-33469.htm
Scores of blacks rise with vouchers by Cheryl Wetzstein
Washington Times, A10, Thursday, May 09, 2002
In New York City's privately funded voucher program, black students
had test scores substantially higher  more than nine percentile
points  than public school students.  This difference in the black
children's scores erased almost half of the "achievement gap" that is
found nationally between black and white students, Mr. Peterson said
yesterday.


@@Success

z63\clip\2003\01\succhar.txt
Christian Science Monitor
Charter schools 
Learning > Policy & Reform 
from the January 07, 2003 edition 
Charter schools build on a decade of experimentation
Ten years later, what have we learned?
By Marjorie Coeyman | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor 
Academy of the Pacific Rim Boston, Mass.
All students must study Mandarin Chinese and Tai Chi and read a play
by Shakespeare every year. The school's test scores are among the
highest in the Boston public schools.
New School for the Arts Tempe, Ariz.  NSA grads have gone on to some
of the country's most prestigious arts schools, as well as Ivy League
colleges.
Minnesota New Country School Henderson, Minn.
There are no courses. Learning is self-directed, with a heavy emphasis
on communication, technology, and service learning. 
North Star Academy Newark, N.J.  On state tests, North Star students
score twice the district average in language arts, and almost triple
the average in math.  
  


@@Test Scores

Some charter schools do very well, but DC found public schools
actually scored better, MA has found mixed results.

z46\clip\2000\11\charwo.txt D.C. Schools Say They Outscore Charters
By Justin Blum Washington Post Staff Writer Thursday, November 23,
2000; Page B01 "On the math test, for example, 72 percent of the
students in charter schools overseen by the school board scored below
basic, the bottom category, compared with 54 percent of the students
in charter schools overseen by the charter board. Among students in
traditional public schools, 37 percent tested below basic... better
at every grade" "

MA CHARTER SCHOOLS ARE ALL OVER THE PERFORMANCE SPECTRUM
\clip\98\19\edclip01.txt MCAS scores of charters fail to meet
expectations By Jordana Hart, Globe Staff, 12/14/98 the Renaissance
School, a highly touted Edison Project school that opened in 1995
with a longer instruction day and computers for all families, is
among the state's bottom-10 performers in grades 4 and 8 in English,
math, and science.  Charter schools, which are considered as their
own district for test-score purposes, appear on the lists of both the
top 10 and bottom 10 MCAS performers at each grade and in each
subject. Neighborhood House Charter School in Dorchester, which
opened in 1995, outperformed every other 4th-grade class in
Massachusetts in English and language arts. 

@@Wacko

HIGH TECH HIGH GETS RID OF CLASSES, HALF INDEPENDENT
z46\clip\2000\10\highte.txt NY Times November 1, 2000 CYBERTIMES EDUCATION San
Diego Charter School a Model for Technology Leaders BY REBECCA WEINER
"High Tech High students do not attend traditional classes. Their day
is broken up into two halves, one focusing on independent work,
another stressing group work. Students have their own workstations,
similar to what adults have in the workplace."