\doc\web\index\biling.htm Index of Diversity Top of Index | Home


@@Bilingual Education

Is the goal of bilingual education to transition students into
english, or preserve the language and culture of language minorites?
Does it work if students never pick up english and are segregated
away from english speaking classes?

Bilingual education is actually mostly native language instruction
with only a fraction of the day spent speaking English. Since English
is the language of success, many parents have objected to exposing their
children to so little english.

A related item is new "research" which suggests that non-english
speakers should NOT be taught to read and write in english until they
are proficient in speaking english. Since it takes 3 to 5 years to
transition students out of bilingual ed, is it really a good idea to
delay teaching of written english for up to 5 years?


@@asians for

text of bill
web http://www.leg.wa.gov/pub/billinfo/1999-00/house/1325-1349/1335_01211999.txt
disk \clip\99\10\hb1335.txt

Briefing

WA Bilingual Education 1999: HB1335 would change transitional
bilingual education programs into English lanaguage proficiency
programs and in effect eliminate bilingual education. HB1336 would
give parents the option to decline having their children in
binlingual education programs. The OSPI already has a policy in place
allowing parents to have a choice. VOTE NO. Asian Pacific American
Legislative Day position papers. International Examiner Feb 17, 1999

Coalition Opposes California English Only Initiative -- Asian 
Pacific Americans for Educational Equality says that
20% of bilingual Californians are Asian
70% of Field Poll said Asians favor, only 10% opposed.
5-6% of voters are Asian Asian Week Feb 19, 1998 p. 8

z39\clipim\99\12\12\sfchin1.gif 2.gif 3.gif S.F. Chinatown School
Faces New Challenges Frances Leventhal Asian Week Mar 10, 1989
Commodore Stockton Elementary started as segregation era Chinese then
Asian school. Now controversy over native-emphasis bilingual ed vs.
transition to English.

@@asians against 

http://www.asianweek.com/092498/opinion.html \clip\98\13\learneng.txt
Asian Week newspaper September 24 - 30, 1998 Let Us Learn English BY
LEE CHENG "By high school, I was far more comfortable with my verbal
skills than with my math or science aptitude.  Advocates of
native-language instruction, which has been commonly and often
purposefully mislabeled "bilingual education," no doubt would call my
experience atypical."

@@ban

California's prop 227 in 1998 repealed mandatory native-lanaguage
instruction. Arizona followed in 2000

http://www.onenation.org/ Ron Unz's "English for The Children"
http://www.onenation.org/aztext.html Text of Arizona act
http://www.onenation.org/fulltext.html Text of California 

\clip\98\09\billose.txt 

http://www.latimes.com/HOME/NEWS/FRONT/t000051707.html Wednesday,
June 3, 1998 Bilingual Ed Initiative Wins Easily By MARIA L. LA
GANGA, Times Staff Writer Unlike racially charged predecessors on
previous California ballots, Proposition 227 was favored by 62% of
registered Latino voters, not much different from the 64% of
registered white voters who supported it. 

http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/1998/06/03/MN79691.DTL
Big Victory for Measure To End Bilingual Education Opponents say
they'll file suit today Nanette Asimov, Chronicle Staff Writer
Wednesday, June 3, 1998 San Francisco and Alameda were the only
counties in the state where the measure was failing last night. 



@@beneficial

\clip\98\05\newscl01.txt 2/16/98 Chicago Tribune BILINGUAL SCHOOLING
BECOMES HOT TOPIC By Janita Poe Tribune Education Writer at
Hibbard--an ethnically diverse school where students with no English
background are taught 30 percent of the time in English and they
finish bilingual education in an average of 2.8 years ..bilingual
education coordinators in the public school districts serving New
York, Los Angeles, Houston and San Francisco all have programs that
do not allow students to move out of bilingual education until they
have passed a battery of proficiency exams.  ..MALDEF--say no change
is needed because two-thirds of all students in the current program
leave bilingual education after three years. Others contend that
students need more time in bilingual instruction, up to seven years,
so they can learn to think in English, as well as speak it.

"The benefits of being bilingual" Parents May 1996 p. 104. McGill
University study suggests that compared to students enrolled in
bilingual french immersion, the bilingual children did better. But
children need to be fluent in another language to make a difference.

@@Dual Language

IF ALL ANGLOS KNOW SPANISH, WE ARE GIVING AWAY OUR ADVANTAGE
z62\doc\web\2002\11\duallang.txt

Harvard Educational Review (volume 67, no. 3, Fall 1997) titled
"Dual-language immersion programs: A cautionary note concerning the
education of language -minority students" by Guadalupe Valdes.  Being
bilingual has given members of the Mexican American community, for
example, access to certain jobs for which language skills were
important.  Taken to its logical conclusion, if dual-language
immersion programs are successful, when there are large numbers of
majority persons who are also bilingual, this special advantage will
be lost."

the NEW long-term study by Virginia Collier and Wayne
Thomas, of George Mason U:
A National Study of School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students'
Long-Term Academic Achievement Final Report: Project 1.1
http://www.crede.ucsc.edu/research/llaa/1.1_final.html
Here's the older study:
School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students
http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/ncbepubs/resource/effectiveness/thomas-collier97.pdf
The upshot is that they find that dual-language immersion programs are the
most effective method of closing the achievement gap between language
minority students and native speakers of English. See the very nice chart on
page 53 of the older study.
~PM



@@Effective

COLLIER THOMAS IS ONLY STUDY THAT SHOWS NATIVE-LANG BILING WORKS, AND
IT'S BOGUS, THEREFORE NO VALID STUDIES.  \clip\97\24\ctbilin.txt
From: TibTerry@aol.com Date: Wed, 15 Oct 1997 11:42:32 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: Two-Way Immersion/Biling Ed A study released in 1995 is
being touted as PROVING children must first learn to speak, read and
write in their PRIMARY language before learning English.  Total B.S.
The study, "Collier-Thomas Study", supposed demostrated that the best
way for LEP (Limited English Proficient, not being called "English
Learners" by some), perform best if they study in their native
language for 6 years and EVEN BETTER, study in a "two-way" or
"double-immersion" program in which American children who only speak
English comprise 30-50% of the students, and ALL kids study in
Spanish and English.  


@@english immersion

CA prop 227 requires teaching in english immersion, contrary to fears, it
usually works pretty well.

link
Ron Unz (CA candidate and english for immigrants activist) 
sent this out, he claims that english instruction compared
to the now outlawed bilingual instruction is responsible for huge
test score gains. Interesting to note that Math is way the heck up
as well, that shows that english may have helped math out, plus this
coincides with the re-introduction of traditional math standards 
courtesy of the Mathematically Correct crowd. Whatever you might think
of the effect of tying graduation to too-high proficiency levels, at 
least the instruction appears to be improving test scores from below
to above average overall, and 23 to 33rd percentile for LEP. Ron
adds at the end that by comparision, class size reduction may be 
responsible for at most a 3 out of 30 point increase in test scores,
negligible compared to the effects of english and traditional math
instruction.

STAR test scores and gains for elementary grades in selected
districts, 1998-2000 All scores are NPR mean percentiles for grades
(2-6) in Reading, Math, Language, and Spelling

Entire State of California (All Students)           													         
        Read.   Math    Lang    Spell   Overall     													 
1998    39.6    42.6    42.8    38.0    40.8        													 
1999    42.2    48.0    46.0    41.6    44.4        													 
2000    45.6    54.8    50.2    46.6    49.3        													 
Gain    +6.0    +12.2   +7.4    +8.6    +8.5        													 
PCT     15%      29%     17%     23%     21%        													 

Limited English (LEP)                                
Read    Math    Lang    Spell   Overall				 
15.6    23.6    20.8    18.0    19.5				 
18.4    28.6    24.0    21.8    23.2				 
21.0    33.8    27.4    26.0    27.1				 
+5.4    +10.2   +6.6    +8.0    +7.6				 
35%     43%     32%     44%     39%                  

\clip\99\02\edclip04.txt Los angeles times Wednesday, January 13,
1999 L.A. Students Take to English Immersion By LOUIS SAHAGUN, Times
Staff Writer At elementary schools scattered across Los Angeles,
teachers are delivering promising reports that their students are
learning English more quickly than anticipated six months after the
implementation of the anti-bilingual education law, Proposition 227. 

@@english speakers

Some english-only speaking students are forced to learn in foreign
language immersion. If it's not acceptable to teach Spanish speakers
in English, why is it acceptable to force english speakers to learn
in Cantonese???

BLACK MAN OBJECTS TO SON BEING FORCED TO LEARN IN CANTONESE
\clip\98\08\chinbil.txt Group Helps Oakland Dad Fight Son's Bilingual
Class Kindergartner taught partly in Chinese Lori Olszewski,
Chronicle Staff Writer Saturday, April 11, 1998 ©1998 San Francisco
Chronicle URL:
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/1998/04/11/MN88921.DTL&

``I don't want his brain being clogged with Cantonese at the time he
is supposed to be increasing his vocabulary and learning in English.
Why shouldn't my son have an instructional assistant who speaks his
own language?'' said Louie, echoing the sentiments of some other
African American parents in Oakland who have questioned why bilingual
students get extra support that is often not available to their
children. " [Why are they teaching Kindergarteners in Cantonese at
all?]


@@Federal Government

OFFICE OF CIVIL RIGHTS SUES TO KEEP INEFFECTIVE BILINGUAL ED
z47\clip\2001\01\civribi.txt
http://www.newtimesla.com/issues/2001-01-25/stewart.html
01/25/2001 
Uncivil Rights 
The feds have become a hard-core pressure group desperate to preserve
a "bilingual" education policy that's a tragic failure. 
By Jill Stewart 
Can Rod Paige be worse than Riley?


@@Foreign Government

MEXICO PROMOTING BILINGUAL ED IN US TO PROMOTE HISPANIC CULTURE
"We must use multiculturalism and multilingualism to change the
dominant culture of the United States...."
\doc\web\98\08\northbor.txt

@@general

\clip\97\24\latch.txt Los Angeles Times Monday, October 20, 1997
Latina Teacher Pushes Fight Against Bilingual Education Schools:
Educator seeks a ballot measure requiring instruction in English for
children not fluent in the language.  By NICK ANDERSON, Times Staff
Writer [S] ANTA ANA--Gloria Matta Tuchman, the poster teacher for the
English-first movement in California, jokes that she was born on
neither the right side nor the wrong side of the proverbial tracks.


MA PROPOSES REQUIRING ENGLISH AFTER 1 ONE YR, MAX 3 YEARS ON
BILINGUAL VS. 6 YEARS NOW.
http://www.boston.com/globe/met/cgi-bin/retrieve.cgi?%2Fglobe%2Fbgc%2F134%2Fmet%2F009
\clip\97\13\biling.txt Bilingual education research debated: Report
says most studies slanted By Kate Zernike, Globe Staff, 05/14/97 The
debate over bilingual education, brought to the fore by the state
Board of Education's call Monday for a strict limit to the time
students spend in the program. Proponents claim catch-up with native
speakers takes 5-7 yrs in native lanaguage with some english vs. 7-10
years in english only.


@@harmful


\clip\98\05\chibil.txt SCHOOLS' BILINGUAL PLAN IS CHALLENGED By
Janita Poe Chicago Tribune Education Writer February 18, 1998. test
scores on La Prueba, a Spanish-language test of grammar school
pupils' reading and math skills that is given to students in
bilingual education show 1st and 2nd graders are grade level, but 7th
graders test at grade 5, they lag the longer they stay in.

http://www.reasonmag.com:80/9801/fe.garvin.html
\clip\98\04\loco.txt
 Loco, completamente Loco (Crazy,
completely Crazy!)  The many failures of "bilingual education" Glen
Garnes Reason Magazine Jan 1998 p. 18 1-888-reason-8

- Parents often object to having children placed in transitional
bilingual education, but are not allowed to opt out
- Children placed if surname is spanish, spanish is spoken at home,
or test below average even if child speaks only or prefers english
- Every comparison shows immersion and even nothing has higher 
success rate in mainstreaming than TBE.

Reprint distributed by Education for the Children (Unz anti-bilingual
ed initiative) info@onenation.org 1-213-627-0005 call for copy of
reprint http://www.onenation.org/

Mothers are shocked to find that their students are taught almost
entirely in spanish. TBE = transitional bilingual education, the most
common form of bilingual ed. Boston even invented an alphabet so that
children could be taught in their own language even though they had
no native written language. One teacher found herself asking a student
who responded in english to use spanish instead.

Tests put children into TBE if they are below the median (but no
worse than other english-only minorities), even if their english is
better or their preferrerd language. Sometimes put in if spanish is
spoken at home, or even if child has a spanish surname. Linda Chavez
with the Office of Civil Rights found her child assigned to bilingual
classes in DC schools.

Parents are not allowed to take their children out of TBE if they want
out. TBE is generally on for Spanish, in other languages it is merely
a formality, example of Armenian classs taught entirely in English.

Cuntre Rosid and Kevin Baker of the US Dept of Education found only
72 of 300 studies comparing bilingual approaches were sound. English
immersion beat TBE scores 83% to 0. Even nothing at all beat TBE 64%
to 0. 

In 1994, NY city, rate of mainstreaming after 3 years:
bilingual: K=50%   2nd=22%  6th=7%
immersion: K=80%   2nd=68%  6th=33%

1985 Boston, 50% stay in TBE more than 6 years, Seattle 1993, only
10.6% graduate, CA less than 6%.

James Lyons of National Association of Bilingual Educators says that
children won't be able to speak to their grandparents without TBE.

\clip\97\25\illimpl.txt Illegal Immigrants Remain a Concern Despite
Economy Los Angeles Times, Sunday, November 2, 1997 By DARYL KELLEY,
Times Staff Writer [Ventura County poll] "My son was in a bilingual
class, and it was bad," said Deborah Thayer, 44, a graphic designer
from Oxnard. "The teacher even told me at the end of the second
grade, 'Don't ever let him be in a bilingual class again, because
this class learned half of what the other second-grade class
learned.' And I've had friends with the same experience."


KOMO Town meeting 2/96 - Wash state critics say bilingual students
don't meet expectations because they do not meet standard for
learning english in expected time period.


IMMIGRANT CHILDREN MUST PASS 40-50 PERCENTILE TO ESCAPE BILINGUAL
EDUCATION (BLACKS, NATIVE ENGLISH AVERAGE 20-40)
\clip\97\09\biling.doc
Immigrants and The Bilingual Barrier
Investor's Business Daily March 27, 1997
BY JORGE AMSELLE

\doc\96\03\biling.txt "Bilingual Ed's Abolitionists" Wall Street
Journal April 10, 1996. Bethlehem PA gets excellent results by
replacing segregated bilingualed with integrated english immersion
with ESL, transitions no longer take 7 years instead of 3.

\priv\95\14\bilinla.txt - Los Angeles Times 10/17/95 Bilingual
Students Post Gains in English -- Education: District officials credit
teacher training, effort to move children through program faster.
Bilingual education has improved in Los Angeles, but critics say they
deserve credit, and native language approaches still show the worst
results.


@@immersion

Immersion is a widely favored method of teaching exotic languages
like French Spanish, and Mandarin, but it is absolutely not
acceptable for teaching English to Latino kids 

Mandarin-English Program Draws Applause, Hate mail. Chinese parents
propose immersion Mandarin, english, intense criticism for locals who
fear that their community is being overrun by Asian influence.  Asian
Week April 2, 1998 p. 18 \clip\98\08\mandarin.tif

z45\doc\web\2000\09\immers.txt Center for Equal Opportunity
http://www.ceousa.org September 14, 2000 English Immersion Works, NYC
Study Shows ESL students perform better, exit sooner than bilingual
students

(NEW YORK)-A nine-year study of 16,500 New York City English-language
learners shows that students enrolled in English as a Second Language
(ESL) programs outperform their bilingual education counterparts on
districtwide exams and exit those programs sooner. The study,
conducted by the New York City Board of Education, is the longest and
largest of its kind.


@@Income

Seattle Times May 24, 1997
"English pays"

Average earnings of foreign born men by english fluency 1989
Spanish  Other 
         $37,694  Only english
$26,155  $37,300  Very well
$19,653  $27,681  Well
$14,438  $20,683  Not Well
$11,316  $15,604  Not at all


How foreign born rate their own fluency
21% only english
32% Speak english very well
22% well
17% not well
 8% not at all

Census bureau, Barry R Chiswick, U Illinois


@@opinion

http://www.bakersfield.com/top/i--1313655677.asp Questions follow
disparity in Hispanic vote on bilingual education Filed: June 21,
1998 By MICHELLE LOCKE Associated Press Writer Although the measure
sailed through with 61 percent of the overall vote, Los Angeles
Times-CNN exit polls indicated that Hispanics turned it down by a
decisive 63 percent.


\clip\98\07\aslang.txt
Los Angeles Times, Friday, April 10, 1998
By TINI TRAN, Times Staff Writer
"According to the latest statewide poll, in March by the Field Poll, based in 
San Francisco, 70% of voters are in favor of the initiative, with Asian 
Americans solidly backing the measure by a 6-to-1 ratio -- more than among 
whites or any other ethnic group."
Of the 1,178 voters surveyed, supporting:
75% Asians
71% whites, 
63% blacks
61% Latinos

"


MANY LATINO PARENTS FAVOR ONLY 1 YR OF NATIVE-LANG INSTRUCTION GEORGE LANSING OSBORN October 3,
1997 "California Republican Party Endorses English for the
Children Initiative" "Latinos say: End bilingual education" "An
independent poll by the Los Angeles Times of Orange County Latinos
shows that 83% favor English-language classes for all children when
they begin school.  Only 17% support the native-language instruction
methods used under bilingual education.  A 1994 Steinberg poll
clearly demonstrates that Latinos favor (by a ratio of two to one)
limiting non English-speaking students to no more than one year in
their native language and immersion in English thereafter."

New York Times March 15, 1998 Doglas Lasken, Woodland Hills CA
Teachers Reject Bilingual Education. Los Angeles Unified School
District found that 48% voted to support intiative to repeal
mandatory bilingual education, never mentioned in news.


@@News

11/08 Unz proclaims 203
victory despite lack of party support, Bush barely wins the 
state

z45\clip\2000\10\stra.txt "Straight Talk for Immigrant Kids"
Editorial, New York Daily News, Tuesday, October 24, 2000 Of the
youngsters who begin bilingual ed in kindergarten, only 73% are
mainstreamed after three years, the state-set deadline. For ESL
students, the figure rises to 84%. Not great, certainly, but enough
to see that ESL is superior... while Cortines seems to support
Hispanic parents' desire for English, Mayor Giuliani and his
appointees have merely proposed reforming or trimming Spanish-only
programs

z45\clip\2000\10\biaz.txt "Bilingual Education in Arizona May Soon
End" Sandra Hughes, CBS Evening News, Tuesday, October 17, 2000 DAN
RATHER, anchor: 

"American way to save bilingual ed" Richard Ruelas, Arizona Republic,
Wednesday, October 18, 2000 Supporters of bilingual education finally
have decided to play politics.

"'Republic' editorial is wrong" Bilingual education is an utter
failure Maria Mendoza and Hector Ayala, Arizona Republic, Wednesday,
October 11, 2000 On Sept. 17, The Arizona Republic published a long
editorial denouncing Proposition 203, our initiativ


@@Placement 

Study: 1 in 6 California Students are Foreign Born Judith A Lyongs
Asian Week Jan 29, 1988. Students commplain of being placed in 5th
grade by age when they had not mastered ABCs and numbers. Other
complained about being placed in 10th instead of 12 because of
english, but could not get the courses needed for college. 40 percent
of students interviewed report felt they were not properly placed.
z39\clipim\99\12\12\biling1.gif ,biling2.gif



@@Teachers

In California 1998, overall there is 
1 in 92 overall
1 in 77 spanish
1 in 535 vietnamese
bilingual teachers per non-fluent student

Los Angeles Times web page "The Impact of Immigration" 8/98


@@Texas

z46\clip\2000\11\teximm.txt "Language 'immersion' not likely in
Texas, officials say" Kristine Hughes, Dallas Morning News, Thursday,
November 16, 2000 Texas' 61st Legislature, meeting in 1969, passed
the state's first bilingual education bill after repealing the
"English Only" statute of 1918.  That statute made it illegal for
teachers and administrators to use any language other than English
except in foreign language classes.  


@@Washington

INTRO SAYS BILINGUAL IS BEST, ENGLISH IS WORST
z48\clipim\2001\02\13\September2000v1i3.pdf
http://www.capaa.wa.gov/pdf/September2000v1i3.pdf Introduction to
Bilingual Ed in WA by CAPAA "research findings show featuring english
instruction slows down academic learning in the long run"

http://www.onenation.org/0101/010301.htm Growth Rate Slows for
Bilingual Education Enrollment But state still faces a shortage of
those teachers, report finds.  Rebekah Denn Seattle
Post-Intelligencer Wednesday, January 3, 2001 The number of students
in Washington's bilingual education programs rose last year, but at a
slower rate than the previous year, according to a new report by the
state superintendent's office. 

http://www.k12.wa.us/Press/BilingualAnnualRpt2000.asp
z47\clipim\2001\01\11\wabiling.pdf
OSPI releases annual report on bilingual education
OLYMPIA – Jan. 2, 2001 The annual report, prepared for Governor Locke
and the Legislature, presents research showing that students who are
taught in both their primary language and English do better
academically over the long-term.  

About half of all LEP students are in kindergarten-grade 3 programs.
Most students stay in the program for two years or less.  About 10
percent stay in the program beyond five years. 

* Most instruction for LEP students in Washington is provided by
instructional aides who often lack much formal training in second
language learning strategies. These aides typically provide intensive
instruction in English-as-a-second language (ESL) in a classroom
setting but provide little or no instruction in the students’ primary
language.
* most LEP students in the state receive little or no instruction in
    their primary language.
* $38million funding 																										  					   																										  
* In 1999-2000, 66,281 students were enrolled in bilingual or English as a Second					                         																										  
     Language (ESL) programs, a 6.7 percent increase over the previous year. 						                          																										  
* Students spoke 159 different languages, with Spanish spoken by 62 percent, more					                         																										  
     than all other languages combined. 																                         																										  
* 185 of Washington’s 296 school districts (62.5 percent) had bilingual or ESL					                          																										  
     programs. 																						                          																										  
* The major objective of the transitional bilingual instruction program
is for students to develop competence in English language skills.
* Although the program is for “bilingual instruction,” relatively few
students in the program actually receive much formal instruction in
their primary language. Thus, the program could more accurately be
called an ESL program.
*Most (68%) LEP students receive little or no instruction in their primary
language, according to district reports.

* Most research suggests that continued development of the first
language plays a positive and significant role in successful
second-language development.

* Instructing LEP students only in English does not in and of itself
result in superior achievement in English.

* The citizens of California recently passed a proposition that
effectively eliminated bilingual education. Texas has taken the
opposite approach, expanding bilingual education in light of recent
research findings (see

* Providing Primary Language Instruction: ... to the extent possible,
schools need to provide..  LEP students with cognitively complex
academic instruction through their first language for as long as
possible, while providing cognitively complex instruction through the
second language for part of the school day in increasing amounts as
English proficiency increases.

Table 2-3: Enrollment by Type of Instructional Focus (School Year 1999–00)
Instructional Focus  

Focus                                      Number Pct
Primary Language Development                3,034  4.5%
Academic Language Development              10,471 15.6%
--------- sheltered english ---------------------------
Limited Assistance in the Primary Language 26,623 39.9%
No Primary Language Support                18,781 28.1%
Other                                       7,813 11.7%

Numerous studies have found that it takes more than three years for
LEP students to achieve academic proficiency in English.

Table 5-5 shows how test scores decline with LEP
Passing         State  < 5   5-10  10-15 15-20 20-25 25+
WASL G4 Math    41.6  44.7  40.9  42.0  30.5  24.6  18.4
     G4 Read    65.4  69.2  65.5  62.3  53.9  49.3  38.3
Pct Low income  31.1  25.3  34.1  42.2  48.8  58.5  65.7