Summary - Nationally, Asian poverty is slightly worse than whites, however poverty rates in some urban areas are equal or worse than blacks. Asian poverty in many census tracts ranges in the ghetto definition range from 40% up to 70%. Per capita income is often comparable or worse than blacks in urban area. In general, overall poverty rate equal to average where whites are below and other minorities are above average. In San Francisco, poverty rates are equal to blacks for equivalent family structure, single or married.
NATION'S POVERTY RATE PLUNGES TO A 21 YEAR LOW poverty line: 1999 FAM,OF 4 $17,029 1999 FAM OF 3 $13,290 Poverty rates reach historic lows except for white 23.6 27,910 Af Am 22.8 30,375 Hispanic 10.7 51,025 Asian PI 7.7 44,366 NonH white Black Hispanic poverty about the same, Asians higher poverty but also higher household income vs whites \doc\web\96\07\incpov.txt Median household income 1994, 1995 and 1995 poverty rate by group 1994 1995 95 pov Race NHwhite 35766 36121 8.5 black 21623 22393 29.3 hisp 24085 22860 30.3(2) asian 41629 40614 14.6 all 34076 13.8 Immigration status native-born 13.0 for-born 22.2 naturalized 10.7 for-noncit 27.8 (2) first time Hispanic poverty is higher than black \doc\96\01\pov94.txt Table F. Persons and Families Below Poverty Level by Selected Characteristics: 1993 and 1994 (Numbers in thousands) ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ | Below poverty | |__________________ __________________| 1994-93 | 1994 | 1993 | difference Characteristic |__________________|__________________| ________________ | | | Number Poverty | Number Percent| Number Percent| of poor rate ___________________________________________|__________________|__________________| ________________ PERSONS Ranked by 1994 poverty rate White Not of Hispanic origin............... 18,110 9.4 18,883 9.9 -773 -0.5 White...................................... 25,379 11.7 26,226 12.2 -847 *-0.5 Total.................................. 38,059 14.5 39,265 15.1 *-1206 *-0.6 Asian and Pacific Islander............... 974 14.6 1,134 15.3 -160 -0.6 Other races................................ 2,484 21.0 2,162 18.8 322 2.2 Black...................................... 10,196 30.6 10,877 33.1 * -681 *-2.5 Hispanic origin1........................... 8,416 30.7 8,126 30.6 * 290 0.1 @@areas \doc\96\01\povarea.wk1 Bureau of the Census Statistical Brief Poverty Areas SB/95-13 Issued June 1995 Percent distribution of persons living inside poverty areas and percent distribution of those living outside poverty areas, by race and Hispanic Origin: 1990 White Black AmInd Asian/PI Hispanic Poverty areas 56 30 2 3 19 Nonpoverty areas 87 7 1 3 6 Ratio 0.64 4.29 2.00 1.00 3.17 Index 1.00 6.66 3.11 1.55 4.92 Asians equal to average, but 1.6 times higher than Whites in poverty areas. @@behavior d:\doc\94\20\calfcen2.txt David Hayes Bautista, professor in Chicano studies at UCLA says "Latinos are poor, but they do not have underclass behaviors" Two parent families are still the norm, and welfare rates are low compared to the poverty rates. They have a strong work ethic @@Black \clip\97\20\blakwhit.txt BOOK REVIEW: A NEW GROUND ZERO IN THE RACE DEBATE? AMERICA IN BLACK AND WHITE One Nation, Indivisible By Stephan Thernstrom and Abigail Thernstrom BY PAUL MAGNUSSON "Half of U.S. blacks in a 1991 Gallup poll said they believed that three-fourths of their number were both poor and living in inner cities. The reality: Only one-fifth are" @@Character 2 STUDIES: JUST GIVING MONEY TO THE POOR WON'T MAKE THEM MIDDLE CLASS \CLIP\97\14\POVVALU.TXT tip: firstname.lastname@example.org Believe it or not, new objective study by "Liberal Scholars" finds that income per se has a smaller impact on how poor children fare than middle class Americans. Of course, it is still politically incorrect to mention that poor Asian kids do surprisingly well. But Arthur Hu should feel vindicated with this new study. - Dave Chiang "Parents' character--their skills, diligence, honesty, and good health--probably matter more to children's prospects than money. "Although children's opportunities are unequal," she writes, "income inequality is not the primary reason." http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/970602/2pove.htm Is lack of money the reason kids stay poor? Liberal scholars reach surprising conclusions BY DAVID WHITMAN US News and World Report 6/2/97 Novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald once wrote that the very rich "are different from you and me," which provoked a famous rejoinder from Ernest Hemingway: "Yes, they have more money." @@children \doc\95\02\cens301.txt - In 1993, African American children in families were nearly three times as likely as White children (46 percent versus 17 percent) to live in poverty. @@China AGRICULTURE ONLY 19% OF CHINA GDP The Urbanization of China Wall Street Journal Dec 22, 1997 p. A20 chart - Ag from 28 to 19.7% of GDP, services from 28.5 to 31.3 0.4% urban poverty, 11.5% rural poverty (what does that mean when per capita gnp is <$1000/yr???) \images\972\1228\china.tif @@chronic poverty \clip\96\02\chronpov.txt Date: Tue, 20 Aug 1996 02:30:49 -0400 Nearly half chronically poor are children WASHINGTON (AP) -- Children make up nearly half of Americans living in chronic poverty, the Census Bureau says. During all of 1992-1993, chronically poor: 3.1% of whites 15.1% of blacks 10.3% of Hispanics @@city - Asian poverty rates in many cities are comparable to or sometimes higher than African Americans, sometimes exceeding the 40% definition of a ghetto in some census tracts [[city \doc\96\01\povarea.txt - 40% is "extreme poverty" Does not mention Asians in extreme poverty such as Chinatowns While 56 percent of poverty-area residents were White, 30 percent were African American, and 19 percent were persons of Hispanic origin. In non-poverty areas, 87 percent were White, with only 7 percent African American; persons of Hispanic origin represented 6 percent. [[california \doc\94\20\calfcens.wk1 - California Census results CA 90 Poverty Rate W1.00 B2.32 H2.37 A1.57 O2.62 CA 90 Household Income W1.00 B-1.49 H-1.43 A-1.02 O-1.54 [[Los Angeles RICH LA IS WHITE DEMOCRATIC RICH VS HISP / BLACK DEMO POOR z45\clip\2000\08\richla.txt http://www.thenation.com/issue/000821/0821cooper.shtml August 21/28, 2000 The Two Worlds of Los Angeles by MARC COOPER Los Angeles In South Central LA's ZIP code 90059 Here the median household income is just over $20,000 a year. In 90210, 84 percent of the inhabitants are white and 50 percent of them have four years or more of college. In 90059, 0.00 percent are white (48 percent are black, 51 percent Latino) and only 5 percent have four years or more of college; 53 percent haven't completed high school. In 90210, the median home value is $501,000; in 90059, it's about $100,000--still only $20,000 or so under the national median, reflecting LA's inflated housing market. inhabitants of 90210 had given about a half-million dollars in presidential campaign contributions. From 90059 only $250 had been raised--not enough to get you dessert at a DNC fundraising dinner. [[seattle / king county Percent of children living below poverty line by race in King County (Seattle Times, Census and Northwest Harvest) W69% B9% A14% H/Other 7% Percent of children living below poverty Tukwila 13.5% Kirkland 7.4 Lynwood 11.9 Lake Forest Park 5.0 Redmond 4.1 Seattle 15.7 \doc\94\16\kingpov.wk1 Races ranked by King County Poverty KingCo King Co KingCo Pierce 25-34 Over 2Family Family PCIncome 4+CollegeLess GPoverty Poverty Hmong NA NA NA NA NA Guamanian NA NA NA NA NA Cambodian $4,539 8.7 40.9 51.9 68.9 Laotian $5,374 4.0 39.1 39.6 NA Samoan $26,750 13.7 1.1 32.2 17.0 Vietnamese $9,059 26.6 9.0 31.6 35.0 PacIsl $16,920 24.7 1.6 21.2 20.3 AmIndian $11,198 9.5 3.3 20.9 21.6 Black $11,277 15.9 1.9 19.5 Korean $10,108 40.2 4.3 16.2 20.7 AllAsian $12,945 40.8 7.2 12.7 23.9 Hispanic $13,304 12.4 7.0 11.4 Chinese $14,689 52.0 8.6 10.6 15.4 Thai $11,590 31.5 2.8 7.2 NA Hawaiin $15,515 35.4 NA 6.8 14.0 Filipino $12,233 28.7 4.6 4.1 8.9 AsIndian $15,178 54.4 5.3 4.1 NA White $19,713 33.9 0.5 3.9 Japanese $18,977 57.2 0.9 2.7 7.8 Korean Pierce County poverty = Black King Co [[seattle holly park d:\doc\94\17\hollypk.txt Median household income: $6,486 / year [[seattle rainier valley doc\94\12\rainier.wk1 W28.4 B29.4 H4.3 A35.1 NA2.8 poverty rates from 25% to 68% in many S and Central tracts asian.poverty.city.united-states united states - see @@national @@definition %%Government POVERTY RATE OF 13.7 WOULD BE 20% WITH NO TRANSFER, 10% WITH ALL TRANSFERS \doc\web\2001\01\povdef.txt http://landview.census.gov/income/histpov/tabled.txt The Cumulative Effect of Taxes and Transfers on Poverty Estimates: 1996 and 1997 1996: 13.7 Current def 21.6 Take away government income transfer 10.2 Add medicaid and other non-cash and cash transfers POVERTY LINES THEMSELVES INFLATE OVER TIME http://www.census.gov/hhes/poverty/povmeas/papers/elastap4.html#C2 z47\clipim\2001\01\17\povline\povline.htm Is There Such a Thing as an Absolute Poverty Line Over Time? Evidence from the United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia on the Income Elasticity of the Poverty Line by Gordon M. Fisher "the amount of high-protein foods (e.g., meat and milk) for a family of four per week rose from 21.7 pounds in 1908 to 32.2 pounds in 1935 and 54.7 pounds in 1960" No electricity in 1900. No transportation in 1900 More rooms "After adjusting the data for inflation, Kilpatrick found that the New York City "minimum comfort" level rose about 0.84 percent in real terms for each 1.0 percent increase in real disposable income per capita." The effects of the decision not to raise the poverty line in 1968-1969 (and the similar decision in 1973) may be summed up in the following comparison: o Over the 28-year period from 1937 to 1965, the level that was considered to be poverty or minimum subsistence for a family of four rose in real terms by 55 percent.(220) o Over the 28-year period from 1965 to 1993, by contrast, there was no change in real terms in the level of the U.S. poverty line. %%Living Wage z45\clip\2000\09\notpov.txt Family Needs Far Exceed the Official Poverty Line By NINA BERNSTEIN NYT, 0.9.13 Carol Williams did not need an economic study to prove that her $24,000-a-year job as an administrative assistant could not support three children in New York, even when squeezed into a one-bedroom, $600-a-month apartment in the Bronx. %%Middle Class Dismal Scientist http://www.dismal.com/todays_econ/te_012301_2.asp z47\clipim\2001\01\31\mid\mid.htm Membership in the Middle Class By Toni Horst 01/23/01 12:00 PM ET Over the last quarter century, a reliable 45% of the U.S. population has identified itself as middle class. Moreover, claims of middle-class status rise with income. Of those earning less than $15,000 a year, 36% call themselves middle class. Among those with incomes of $35,000 to $49,999, 49% claim to be middle class, and for those with incomes of $75,000 or more, it is 71%, according to a regular survey conducted by the National Center for Opinion Research. 90% OF AMERICANS THINK THEY ARE MIDDLE CLASS z45\clip\2000\10\midclas.txt Slate Explainer: Are You Middle-Class? By Emily Yoffe Posted Tuesday, Oct. 24, 2000, at 1:13 p.m. PT ".. 30th percentile of income and the 80th--which would make those households earning between about $30,000 and $75,000 a year middle-class....at three times the poverty rate for the low end and seven times the poverty rate for the high end, putting households with between $50,000 and $120,000 of yearly income But being middle-class is more a state of mind than money. When surveyed, about 90 percent of Americans say that's what they are." %%Not Not So Poor National Review Oct 25, 1999 p. 28 Robert Rector (Heritage Foundation) 35 million or 13% of Americans are poor, but that person probably has a car, air conditioniing, regrigerator, stove, VCR, microsave, stereo, color TV overeats, does not live in overcrowded conditions. Adjusted for inflation, the average poor person spends as much now as the average person in the 1970s. 41% of the poor own their own homes, 3 bedrooms with 1 1/2 baths, median value of $65,000, 70% of the value of all homes. 1/4 of poor minority students in Central Harlem obese, 1/2 of these "super" obese. Total personal income in 1996 was $6.8 trillion, but census only counted $4.8 trillion. %%world CHINA HAS LOWER POVERTY THAN USA?? http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ch.html China Population below poverty line: 10% (1999 est.) US Population below poverty line: 12.7% (1999 est.) @@education Asians get good grades and high test scores even in high poverty areas or groups. @@extreme poverty / ghetto \doc\96\01\povarea.txt - 40% is "extreme poverty" Does not mention Asians in extreme poverty such as Chinatowns @@family structure The poverty rate is highly correlated with family structure. Despite the common position that all families structures are equal, single parents, particularly single mothers have very high rates of poverty, and this explains much in poverty differences between races. "Kids Worse Off If Mom Has Never Married" Wall Street Journal Jan 27, 1995 p. B1. University of Maryland study says income of divorce mother is double never-married at $17,500 vs. $8,600. Two-thirds of divorced mothers work, vs. only one-third of never married. 3/4 of divorce mothers get some support from father, vs 1/4 of never-married. 2/3 of children living with never-married live under poverty vs. 1/3 with divorced. Children headed by single fathers do better than single mothers, but not as well as two-parent families. MARRIAGE BEATS JOB, EDUCATION TO ESCAPE POVERTY FOR POOR SINGLE MOTHERS A success story that's hard to duplicate. Isabel Wilkerson NY Times June 12, 2005 p. 24 56% of poor single mothers who marry come out of poverty 39% if hired into a job 35% if get a 2 year degree Only 1.4% marry in a year. SINGLE MOTHERS 3X 2MO POOR, 8X 2 YRS, BUT ONLY 5.3% POOR 2+ YRS http://archives.seattletimes.com/cgi-bin/texis/web/vortex/display?storyID=56146&query=poverty Seattle Times August 10, 1998 Study shows complex picture of U.S. poor by The Associated Press \clip\98\10\longpoor.txt "From 1993 through 1995, 30.3 percent of the population lived below the poverty line for at least two months. But just 5.3 percent of them stayed poor for two full years. In 1994, nearly half of the female-headed households lived in poverty for at least two months in a row, more than three times the poverty rate of married couples. among the chronically poor. Single mothers were eight times as likely to live in poverty for two years than married couples were to be poor for at least two years. @@High Tech z40\clipim\2000\03\06\downout.efx Down and out in Silicon Valley: Seattle Times 2/17/2000 @@jewish poverty 25% of US JEWS IN POVERTY (????) file: \doc\95\06\asjew.txt paper: asian.history.jew reference: "Asians, Jews foster ties forged in WWII" Seattle Times May 22, 1995 by Alex Tizon About one-quarter of all Jews in the United States of 6 million total live in poverty, or just above it, according to the Seattle Chapter of the American Jewish Committee (I don't THINK so...) @@Length of Poverty SINGLE MOTHERS 3X 2MO POOR, 8X 2 YRS, BUT ONLY 5.3% POOR 2+ YRS http://archives.seattletimes.com/cgi-bin/texis/web/vortex/display?storyID=56146&query=poverty Seattle Times August 10, 1998 Study shows complex picture of U.S. poor by The Associated Press \clip\98\10\longpoor.txt "From 1993 through 1995, 30.3 percent of the population lived below the poverty line for at least two months. But just 5.3 percent of them stayed poor for two full years. In 1994, nearly half of the female-headed households lived in poverty for at least two months in a row, more than three times the poverty rate of married couples. among the chronically poor. Single mothers were eight times as likely to live in poverty for two years than married couples were to be poor for at least two years. @@lunch - see asian education lunch for free lunch program eligibility @@national poverty http://www.arthurhu.com/index/apoverty.htm#national Families in Poverty, 1990 Group Families in Poverty % Japanese 3.4 Filipino 5.2 Melanesian 6.5 White 7.0 NHwhite 7.0 AsIndian 7.2 US 10.0 Thai 10.8 Chinese 11.1 Asian 11.4 AsPI 11.6 Guamanian 12.3 Hawaiian 12.7 Micronesian 14.4 Korean 14.7 PacIs 15.0 Polynesian 15.3 OtherAs 15.6 Other PI 18.7 Tongan 20.6 --------------------------------------------- Foreign-born (total) 22.2% -------------------------------------------- Hispanic 22.3 Vietnam 23.8 Samoan 24.5 Black 26.3 NatAm 27.0 Laotian 32.2 ------------------------------------------------ Foreign-born arriving after '90 33.3% ------------------------------------------------- Cambodian 42.1 Hmong 61.8 Source: US Census, We the Asian Americans Immigrant Poverty: \CLIP\97\13\founder.txt Foundering In a Wave of Immigrants U.S. Prosperity Eludes Millions of Newcomers The Washington Post, Saturday, May 10 1997 By William Branigin and Pamela Constable Washington Post Staff Writers 1996 Census Data \clip\98\13\povdown.txt http://www.nytimes.com/yr/mo/day/news/national/census-poverty.html New York Times, September 25, 1998 Black and Hispanic Poverty Falls, Reducing Overall Rate for the Nation By ROBERT PEAR "The poverty rate for non-Hispanic whites was unchanged at 8.6 percent last year. But the rate for blacks declined to 26.5 percent, the lowest since the government began collecting data on poverty among African Americans in 1959. The rate among blacks was 28.4 percent in 1996 and 33.1 percent in 1993. And the poverty rate for Hispanic Americans declined to 27.1 percent, from 29.4 percent in 1996 -- the largest one-year drop in Hispanic poverty since 1977. In addition, the bureau said that the poverty rate for noncitizens, 25 percent, was double the rate for people born in the United States. \doc\96\01\pov94.txt - US Census Poverty in 1993/1994 by race \doc\94\19\incpov.wk1 - Income and Poverty by Race US 1990 Median Household Income W1.00($32,960) B-1.69($19,532) H-1.44($22,886), A1.04($34,387) US 1990 Poverty Rates W1.00(12.2%) B2.71(33.1%) H2.51(30.6%) A1.25(15.3%) 1980 d:\doc\95\01\asianrnk.txt Families in Poverty, percent 4.2 Japanese -1.67 6.2 Filipino -1.13 7.0 White 1.00 7.4 AsIndian 1.06 9.6 US 1.37 10.3 Asian 1.47 10.5 Chinese 1.50 10.5 Pakistani 1.50 10.7 Asian/PI 1.53 11.5 Melanesian 1.64 11.6 Guamanian 1.66 13.1 Korean 1.87 13.1 Micronesian 1.87 13.4 Thai 1.91 14.3 Hawaiian 2.04 15.2 Indonesian 2.17 16.1 PacIsld 2.30 16.6 Polynesian 2.37 18.0 Tongan 2.57 21.3 Hispanic 3.04 23.7 Native Am 3.39 26.5 Black 3.79 27.5 Samoan 3.93 35.1 Vietnamese 5.01 46.9 Cambodian 6.70 65.5 Hmong 9.36 67.2 Laotian 9.60 \doc\95\03\cens301.txt - The 1989 poverty rate for all African American families was about 27 percent. In families where the householder worked, the rate declined to 16 percent and, if the householder worked full-time (i.e., 35 hours or more per week), it declined to 12 percent, and was even lower--6 percent--when the householder worked full-time, year-round. @@health insurance You are poor if you can't cover food, shelter, and medical care. see @@history As time goes by, the standard of living goes up and % of income spent on basics goes down. %%Century 20th century one of truly amazing changes US Census Seattle Times Dec 13, 1999 1900 1997 Household size 4.8 2.6 Death rates /k 17.2 8.6 Life expect men 46 74 Life expect wom 48 79 Influenza death 202 33 Phones 20(1920) 98(1998) Rural 60 25 Urban 40 75 z50\clip\2001\08\richup.txt Aug 5 NYtimes.com Census Data Show a Large Increase in Living Standard By ERIC SCHMITT WASHINGTON, Aug. 5 American standards of living increased markedly throughout most of the country in the 1990's, bringing gains in education, housing and mobility along with higher incomes, according to comprehensive new census data being released on Monday. 1990 2000 75 82 High school grad 20 25 Bachlor degree 90 Households owned a car 18 3 or more vehicles 73 76 Drove to work 26+ 7 or more rooms in home 20+ 1 in 5 new houses larger than 3,000 sq ft 1,307 average mortgage 13 11 Car pooling 5 5 Public Transportation DC 35 NY 27 NJ 11 http://www.nytimes.com/2001/08/06/national/06CENS.html?ex=998091264&ei=1&en=c0eb828f5c6525a0 100 Years Ago Only 14 percent of the homes in the United States had a bathtub. Only 8 percent of the homes had a telephone. A three minute call from Denver to New York City cost eleven dollars. There were only 8,000 cars in the US and only 144 miles of paved roads. The average wage in the U.S. was twenty-two cents an hour. The average U.S. worker made between $200 and $400 per year. A competent accountant could expect to earn $2000 per year, a dentist $2500 per year, a veterinarian between $1500 and $4000 per year, and a mechanical engineer about $5000 per year. More than 95 percent of all births in the United States took place at home. Most women only washed their hair once a month and used borax or egg yolks for shampoo. The five leading causes of death in the U.S. were: 1. Pneumonia and influenza 2. Tuberculosis 3. Diarrhea 4. Heart disease 5. Stroke There were about 230 reported murders in the U.S.annually. %%England 1500's saved by the bell canopy bed raining cats and dogs %%Food The amount of money spent on food has declined, now it is only 1/10 of income. %of income spent on food 1930 25% 1940 21% 1960 17% 1980 13% 2000 11% Source: American Farm Bureau Federation as posted on USATODAY.com 3/2/99 Agriculture Dept Economic Research Service USAToday 8/2/2001 %%Housing [[Progress see housing size Seattle Times May 8, 1999 Homeonership under 25 up 20% from 1993-98 from 15-18.2 % 25-to 29 up from 34 to 36.2 percent %%income income is way, way up compared to the old days baby boomers are more propsperous than parents were Seattle Times aug 4, 2000 a6 genaro c armas ap median family income for 45-54 increased from 3,440 in 1947 to 61833 in 1998 by census estimate, 23,170 in 1998 dollars. More likely to have more wealth than income %%Race \doc\web\2001\01\pov6799.txt http://landview.census.gov/income/histpov/hstpov04.txt Table 4. Poverty Status Status of Families, by Type of Family, Presence of Related Children, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1959 to 1999 White Black Hispanic 1999 7.3 21.9 20.2 1989 7.8 27.8 20.3 1979 6.9 27.9 na 1969 7.7 27.9 na 1959 15.2 na na Note: o Over the 28-year period from 1937 to 1965, the level that was considered to be poverty or minimum subsistence for a family of four rose in real terms by 55 percent.(220) o Over the 28-year period from 1965 to 1993, by contrast, there was no change in real terms in the level of the U.S. poverty line. http://www.arthurhu.com/apoverty.htm#homeless @@homelessness Summary - Asians have consistenly the lowest rates of homelessness in US cities, as little as 1/16 in SF and less than 1/8 in LA, even 1/1.5 nationally in cities, even though Asians are concentrated in cities with high rates of homelessness, so national comparison is not as favorable. Summary -2.00 = 1/2 Ranked by Asian ------------------------------------------------------ 93 US homeless W1.0 B13.00 H 4.0 A-1.10 N12.0 96 US Mayors W1.0 B11.84 H 2.77 A-1.40 N7.12 94 US homeless W1.0 B 8.86 H 3.69 A-2.71 N9.49 93 SF homeless youth W1.0 B-1.14 H-2.53 A-3.83 N2.50 93 LA homeless W1.0 B 9.15 H-2.61 A<-8.0 N8.77 %%City [[Seattle 1999 SURVEY FINDS 1,109 HOMELESS ON SEATTLE STREETS, DOORWAYS More homeless living downtown, new survey says. Seattle Times Oct 23, 1999 p. A14. 1,019 total, 433 men, 87 women, 477 unknown 22 children, 156 doorways, 131 under roads, bridges, 97 in cars trucks. filed: zip38\clipim\99\10\23\homeless.gif %%Politics \images\98\01\010897\p01.tif The Homeless Don't Need Outreach WSJ Nov 17, 1997 %%Race doc938\sfaids93.xls SF HIV survey of homeless youth W 1.63/1.0 B-1.14 H-2.53 A-3.82 N 2.50 d:\doc\94\18\ushmls.txt - homeless in america W1.00(.45) B8.86 H3.69 A-2.71 NA9.49 US Conference of Mayors 1992 doc938\homeless.xls US White Black Hispanic Asian NativeAm US Index 0.55 6.21 2.65 -1.58 4.59 SF Index 1.18 2.82 -2.05 -16.76 98 Los Angeles HIV survey of homeless Men 0.70 8.05 -2.59 0<-7.00 9.71 Women 0.39 19.43 -2.78 0< 1.33 0 Both 0.65 9.15 -2.61 0<-7.75 8.77 doc93B\ushomels.wk1 US Index W(0.36)1.0 B13.0 H4.0 A-1.1 NA 12.0 \clip\97\09\homeless.txt *National Coalition For The Homeless Fact Sheet #7; on Homeless Families published 3/97* \doc\web\97\03\homeless.wk1 Analysis by Arthur Hu 1997 source: National Coalition For The Homeless Fact Sheet #7; on Homeless Families published 3/97 Waxman and Hinderliter, 1996 In a 1996 survey of 29 cities, the US Conference of Mayors found that the homeless were White Black HispanicAsian NatAm City Homele 30.0% 57.0% 10.0% 1.0% 2.0% US Populati 74.8% 12.0% 9.0% 3.5% 0.7% Rate 0.40 4.75 1.11 0.29 2.86 Index 1.00 -11.84 -2.77 1.40 -7.12 Note that even comparing city population with the national population, where Asians are concentrated in cities, Asians are still 40% less likely than whites to be homeless. "Study: Millions have known homelessness" SPI Dec 28, 1994 Columbia University study says 13.5 million have been homeless for at least a few days, and 12.5 million have had to move in with family or friends in American Journal of Public Health, phone survey of 1,507 adults. Total is 26 million. Comment: That's like saying unemployment is 98% when it's actually only 5-10% at any given moment. census homeless counts by city %%Veteran VETERANS ARE LESS POOR THAN GENERAL POPULATION Seattle Times May 25, 2003 Poverty rate for veterans is 1/2 general population, 6% vs. 11% in 2000 according to Census Bureau. \clip\96\08\homevet.txt Mike Fumento comments on AP claim that 1/3 of homeless are veterans - this is unverified and is said just to get sympathy. "One-third of homeless seeking shelter are vets" Rocky Mountain News, Denver CO: By Beth Powell Associated Press WASHINGTON -- A third of homeless men seeking shelter are veterans, mostly combat veterans from the Korean, Vietnam or the Persian Gulf conflicts, according to a Veterans Day survey released Saturday. http://www.insidedenver.com/news/1109home8.html - size 10.8K "The survey of 11,000 men seeking shelter in 58 missions in late October showed 32 percent were veterans. By comparison, Veterans Affairs figures show about 19 percent of the male population are former members of the armed forces. " (International Union of Gospel Missions) @@Housing Projects Government housing projects have become synonymous for warehouses for the nonworking welfare poor, mostly black, but also for other races such as Asians and poor whites. In the 90's, many are being torn down in favor of low-rise mixed income projects. While it is well publicized that whites are known to attack blacks in their projects, Blacks in San Francisco have also harrassed and attacked Asians, but that never made the NY Times. [[Chicago 4 OUT OF 5 CABRINI GREEN RESIDENTS ACTUALLY LIKES IT THERE c:\doc\web\97\02\cabgren.txt US News and World Report Dec 26, 1996 "I'm Ok, You're Not" [[Seattle "Holly's Loss" The Stranger April 10, 1997 p. 7 F041597 Seattle's Holly Park, originally built as tempory defence worker housing will be bulldozed in favor of mixed income housing. Critics say it will destroy one of the better developments (but it is openly regarded as the worst and most troubled development in the city) Most new low-income units cost $100,000 to $120,000 to build, the new Holly Park will cost $157,000 not including the land which the housing authority already owns. @@hunger \doc\94\19\sfhunger.wk1 - Hunger by race in San Francisco W1.00(10%) B2.60(26%) H1.60(16%) A1.20(12%) N2.10(21%) "S.F Hunger Rampant, Report Says" San Francisco Chronicle Nov 22, 1994 p. 1 @@Immigrant children 22 IMMIG CHILDREN POOR VS 7 US OF 2-PARENTS z67\clip\2005\02\immpov.txt Young Children of Immigrants in Two-Parent Families Have Triple the Poverty Rate of Children With U.S.-Born Parents http://www.ascribe.org/cgi-bin/behold.pl?ascribeid=20050208.080138&time=08%2048%20PST&year=2005&public=1 Tue Feb 8 08:47:58 2005 Pacific Time Young Children of Immigrants in Two-Parent Families Have Triple the Poverty Rate of Children With U.S.-Born Parents WASHINGTON, Feb. 8 (AScribe Newswire) -- One in five young children of immigrants in two-parent families lives below the federal poverty level-triple the rate for children with U.S.-born parents, new research from the nonpartisan Urban Institute shows. Twenty-two percent in the first group are poor versus 7 percent in the latter. @@income: Asians tend to have higher household incomes, but lower per capita incomes. Nationally, the difference is small, but in many major cities Asian per capita income is as low or lower than blacks, and about half that of whites. Incomes for southeast Asians is much lower than even blacks. %%education doc933\wagegap.xls - Blacks make less, but Asian men gap is even more! %%immigration ASIAN IMMIGRANTS HIGHEST INCOME, MOST IMMIGRANTS BELOW NATIVE \clip\99\19\prosimm.txt http://www.suntimes.com:80/output/news/immi15.html Asians most prosperous immigrants October 15, 1999 BY RANDOLPH E. SCHMID ASSOCIATED PRESS WASHINGTON--Asian immigrants are the best-off financially of all foreign-born Americans, with median incomes higher even than native-born Americans, the Census Bureau says. $42,900 asian immigrant $36,100 native $31,300 european imm $30,000 foreign born $24,100 Latin America A. Dianne Schmidley, co-author of "Profile of the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1997." poverty rate was 21 percent for the foreign-born population in 1996, compared with 12.9 percent for the native population. doc934\asmoney.xls - Money by race and immigration years. %%Scientist From: "Au Lac"Home | Top of Index
Subject: National Science Foundation on Asian American Salaries Date sent: Wed, 03 Nov 1999 11:24:12 CST The NSF did a survey some years ago on minority salaries as compared to whites. As expected, whites fared the best while AAs came in a close, but still behind, second. Interesting contrast with the high salaries of immigrant Asians though. http://www.the-scientist.library.upenn.edu/yr1991/sept/prof1_910916.html "The study also found that Asian Ph.D.'s earn less than whites in most disciplines." "One field in which minorities fared better is the environmental sciences, in which, the survey found, salaries for blacks and Asians are higher than those for whites." MEDIAN ANNUAL SALARIES OF DOCTORAL SCIENTISTS BY FIELD AND RACE/ETHNIC GROUP, 1989 Field Total White Black Native Asian Hispanic American All $52,200 $52,400 $47,200 $48,700 $51,700 $48,300 Scientists Physical 56,000 56,700 50,100 51,300 52,500 54,300 Scientists Chemists 55,000 55,700 45,600 -- 52,000 53,700 Physicists 58,600 58,700 57,200 -- 57,300 56,000 Math 51,600 51,900 44,500 -- 47,900 44,000 Scientists Mathe- 51,600 51,800 50,100 -- 48,600 42,700 matician Statis- 51,500 52,900 -- -- 47,700 -- ticians Computer/. 58,500 58,300 -- -- 60,100 56,900 Info. Spec Environ. 55,100 54,800 63,400 -- 55,900 49,300 Scientists Earth 55,700 55,400 63,400 -- 60,900 49,500 Scientists Oceano- 50,600 50,600 -- -- 55,100 -- graphers Atmos. 53,300 54,600 -- -- 48,100 -- Scientists Life 50,700 50,800 46,300 51,100 50,400 50,100 Scientists Biol. 50,200 50,200 46,700 -- 50,000 50,200 Scientists Agric. 48,700 49,000 40,200 -- 45,500 37,700 Scientists Medical 55,300 55,400 46,900 67,100 56,100 59,500 Scientists Psycho- logists 50,100 50,200 44,400 48,500 44,200 45,700 @@income effect on poverty "Can't buy me love" Economist June 21, 1997 p. 29 Review of "What Money Can't Buy" by Susan Mayer says that study shows that raising the incomes of the poor from $15,000 to $30,000 year would not have much effect on the outcomes of the children of the poor. High school drop out rates would only fall from 17.3 to 16.1% and teen mothers only from 20% to 18%. Chart ;shows behavioral index about same, reading about same, mathematics only up from 102 to 103, and vocabulary from 95 to 98. Revies mentions Chicago study that shows black students improved when they moved to the suburbs, which they might be able to do if they had more money. @@Net Worth Asians may be #1 in household income, but probably because most are immigrants, their net worth is much less than whites, but more than other minorities The Federal Reserve reported that median Latino household net worth fell by 24 percent between 1995 to 1998; median net worth (half of households have less, half have more) was $12,170 in 1995 and $9,200 in 1998. Most experts said that the reason for the drop was an influx of poor immigrants. Average Latino household income (total wealth per household) rose from $61,000 in 1995 to $86,000 in 1998. For more information: (www.federalreserve.gov/) The net worth (a household's assets--houses, cars, investments, bank accounts minus its debts) of a median household, in inflation-adjusted 1998 dollars: 1995 1998 Whites 81,243 95,610 All races 60,534 72,100 Other 32,710 42,800 Latinos 12,170 9,200 Blacks 10,620 15,000 Suggested citations: Census 2000; Bilingual Education. Migration News. April 2000. Vol. 7. No 4. http://migration.ucdavis.edu or Migration News. 2000. Census 2000; Bilingual Education. April. Vol 7. No 4. @@Race MOST TV POOR ARE BLACK, MOST REAL POOR ARE WHITE \clip\97\19\poor.txt Associated Press 08/18/1997 19:29 EST Study: Media Portrays Poor as Black NEW HAVEN, Conn. (AP) -- The media uses pictures of blacks more often than whites to illustrate stories about poverty even though most of the nation's poor are white, a Yale University study found. [blacks are 62% of poor on TV, but only 29% of actual poor population] @@survey \clip\96\04\rurlwhit.txt \clip\96\04\rurlwhit.txt The title of this story is misleading. Most poor are white is not the same as whites are the poorest. Blacks have the highest national poverty rate of the major races, in some cities, Asians and Hispanics are as poor or have even lower per capita incomes than blacks. In cities like Seattle, there are no predominantly white neighborhoods with poverty rates approaching the 40% definition of a ghetto. \clip\96\04\typpoor.txt Date: Tue, 17 Sep 1996 00:52:45 -0400 From: NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) Study: Typical Poor American Is White And Rural, Not An Urban Minority By RICHARD KEIL Associated Press Writer. most welfare recipients are white and live in the suburbs or rural areas -- and a third will lift themselves out of poverty within 12 months. Less than half the poor receive cash assistance, more than half the poors income from wages or job related pensions. Non-Hispanic whites make up 48 percent of the poor, followed by blacks, 27 percent, and Hispanics, 22 percent. 40% live in single parent homes, only 34% are in two-parent homes. @@Underclass \clip\99\05\badnews2.txt (http://www.aei.org/ps/psmurray.htm) The Underclass Revisited Charles Murray Bradley Fellow, American Enterprise Institute \clip\99\05\badnews.txt And Now for the Bad News By Charles Murray 02/02/99 The Wall Street Journal (Copyright (c) 1999, Dow Jones & Company, Inc.) Crime is down because we locked up all the criminals. As of 1996, 2 percent of white adults and 9 percent of black adults were under correctional supervision. The proportional increase from 1991=9696 was about equal for each race (21 percent for whites, 20 percent for blacks). Among 16- to 24-year-old black males not in school, the proportion who are not working or looking for work averaged 17% during the 1980s. It first hit 20% in 1992. As of 1997, it stood at 23%. The magnitude of dropout among white males the same age not in school is smaller, 9% in 1997. @@Unemployment also see economy WHITES LOWEST, BLACKS HIGHEST UNEMPLOYMENT file: Z79\DOC\WEB\2004\04\famunem.wk1 Families with unemployed members in the household W1.00 B-1.93 H-1.56 A-1.32 2002 2003 2002 2003 Total 7.8 8.1 -1.11 -1.14 White 7 7.1 1.00 1.00 Black 13.1 13.7 -1.87 -1.93 Asian 9 9.4 -1.29 -1.32 Hispanic 11.2 11.1 -1.60 -1.56 Seattle Post Intelligencer 4/26/2004 @@urban/rural d:\priv\94\19\subpov.txt Tufts University John Cook Children living in poverty 1973 1992 Change% suburb 7.8% 13.8% 77% urban 20.4% 31.9% 56% rural 16.6% 22.5% 36% 39.7% in 73 lived in suburbs vs. 47.5 now, nearly half @@welfare See @@welfare @@world Hunger spectrum % suffering from acute malnutrition 16% North Korea 1998 18% India Bangladesh %%Hunger Oxfam Hunger Banquets Every day, 60,000 people starve to death, or die of hunger-related disease. In the poorest countries, 15 million children die each year before they reach age 5, largely because they lack adequate nutrition and health care. Oxfam... 95% http://www.tufts.edu/as/stu-org/oxfam/banquet.html filed: \clip\98\18\unicef\underwt.htm UNICEF Map: Underweight Children Shows SE Asia (Vietnam, Cambodia Laos) and S Asia (India Pakistan), Central Africa over 30%, China, Iran/Iraq, rest of Africa 15-30, developed world, most of Americas < 15% 6 MILLION WORLDWIDE CHILD DEATHS PARTLY DUE TO HUNGER? http://www.seattletimes.com/extra/browse/html97/altfeed_121697.html \clip\98\18\malnut.txt The Seattle Times - Today's Top Stories Tuesday, Dec. 16, 1997 U.N.: Malnutrition plagues children by Craig Turner and John-Thor Dahlburg Los Angeles Times UNITED NATIONS - Despite a global decline in poverty in recent years, malnutrition plagues millions of the world's children and is partly responsible for more than half of all child deaths each year, the U.N. Children's Fund warns in a report to be issued today in Paris. Malnutrition is a factor in 55 percent of the estimated 12 million preventable deaths each year of children younger than 5, UNICEF says in its annual report on state of the world's children. http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/asia/121098nkorea-food.html \clip\98\18\nkorea.txt New York Times December 10, 1998 In North Korean Hunger, Legacy Is Stunted Children By ELISABETH ROSENTHAL 62 percent of children under 7 years old suffer from stunted growth. most experts agree that probably more than one million and perhaps as many as three million have died prematurely since the food shortages began. one limited study of 4,000 children hand-picked by the Government, and found 10 percent had a parent who was dead. 16 percent of children were suffering from acute malnutrition and were underweight for their height That figure is higher than in any country in East Asia and puts North Korea among the world's worst 10 countries in terms of malnutrition. India and Bangladesh are the worst in the world with an 18 percent rate, but they have pockets of poverty while all of N Korea is starving. [problems] linked to the collapse of the Soviet Union, which had long been North Korea's main supplier of food, fuel and fertilizer. %%poor \clip\97\19\apoverty.txt Copyright 1997 Associated Press 08/26/1997 Report: Asian poverty Declines By HARRY DUNPHY Associated Press Writer " ``This decline in poverty is probably completely unprecedented in human history,'' said Michael Walton, who helped edit the report. ``In the mid-1970s, six out of 10 households in east Asia lived in absolute poverty. In the mid 1990s that (figure) has declined to two out of 10.... Poverty has been largely eradicated in the four Asian ``tiger `` economies of Hong Kong, China; South Korea; Singapore and Taiwan and has sharply declined in Indonesia and Thailand,'' " UN: WORLD ON WAY TO ELIMINATING POVERY http://www.seattletimes.com/extra/browse/html97/poor_061297.html \clip\97\15\povdown.txt The Seattle Times Company Thursday, June 12, 1997 U.N. says poverty can be wiped out by John Omicinski Gannett News Service " ...in the past half-century, reducing the chronically poor by 1 billion people... optimism was based on economic growth over the past two decades that has raised the standard of living for 1.5 billion people. More than three-fourths of the world's population can expect to survive to 40 years of age. Adult illiteracy has been cut by nearly half, and infant mortality has been cut by nearly three-fifths. Global poverty fell faster in the past 50 years than in the previous 500, says the annual report of the UNDP." So much for alarms that the world we're all going to be starving and dying from overpopulation. Most notable was giant China, which cut the numbers of poor by 79 percent in the past 25 years. d:\doc\94\15\worlpov.wk1 Huddle Masses: % of Population in Poverty, 1980-90 Bangladesh 79% 19 Ethiopia 60% 41 Vietnam 55% 16 Philippines 55% 49 Brazil 45% 3 India 40% 7 Nigeria 40% 7 Pakistan 30% 33 Indonesia 25% 44 China 10% 28 Approx read from graph +/- 3 points Foreign aid per poor person $, 1992 Note that the US definition of poverty is about 11%. By the UN definition, it might be less than 1% since all but the homeless (about .5% of the population) get health care, housing and food. @@working poor e:\clip\96\03\workpoor.txt Date: Sun, 1 Sep 1996 03:27:54 -0400 From: NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) Study Finds Working Doesn't Help the Poor Escape Poverty By BURT HERMAN More than 2 million Californians live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level, despite the presence of one or more adults who have held jobs in their household, the study found