TEACHERS

Teachers are a very important part of education, but the educationalists put "teaching" ahead of actually knowing the content being taught, so those with credentials can be worse than those with math backgrounds.

Contents



@@Accreditation

Also see Certification

The government funded NCATE would like you to require your teachers
to pay fees for accreditation to prove your teachers are true
educationalists and believers in "lifelong" outcome based education.
There is little or no evidence that accreditation produces better
teachers, or that it is worth the expense or time.


NO LONGER WEEDING OUT STUDENTS WHO CAN'T CUT IT \doc\web\99\10\tecred.txt Don
Crawford: "Education courses often require a lot of assignments but
tend to pass students who do all their assignments, even though they
may be below average in intelligence and insight"

www.elibrary.com
\clip\99\07\coltea.txt
Denver Rocky Mountain News 01-17-1999
WHAT MUST TEACHERS KNOW? THE ISSUE: TEACHER LICENSING IN COLORADO OUR                 
VIEW: IT PUTS TOO MUCH EMPHASIS ON IRRELEVANT TRAINING, NOT ENOUGH                    
ON KNOWLEDGE [Hire people who know their field, not passed a PC 
progressive education reform allegience test]

www.elibrary.com search: podgursky \clip\99\07\natlexp.txt ROBERT
GREENE, NATIONAL BOARD MOVES QUIETLY, EXPENSIVELY TO PICK TOP
TEACHERS., The Columbian, 01-02-1998, pp A 6.  "Critic Michael
Podgursky, a University of Missouri economist, said the process takes
evaluation out of the hands of people closest to the teachers:
parents and principals. With pay raises or better jobs increasingly
becoming the reward, certification could lose meaning, he suggested.

If President Clinton has his way, the number of teachers certified by
the nonpartisan National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
would multiply more than 100 times by the year 2006.  At Clinton’s
request, Congress raised the federal subsidy for the board to $18.5
million this year from the previous $5 million. 

www.elibrary.com \clip\99\07\acred.txt Tamara Henry, National
association pushes accreditation., USA Today, 12-23-1998, pp 09D.
Many educators complain of the cost of the NCATE process, which
ranges from $3,000 to $6,000 for the five-year accreditation visit,
with an annual fee of $1,430 to $2,750, based on the number of
graduates.  
    
@@Applications

BETTER SCHOOLS GET MORE APPLICANTS Seattle PostIntell Oct 8, 2000 e3
Marguerite Roza Wedgewood in Seattle gets 40 to 60 applicants per
teacher ML King gets abput 6


@@Attitude

PC TEACHER SCREEN
Z48\CLIP\2001\02\attsurv.txt 2/2001
http://www.mredco.com/Clover%20Park.html This form letter was
developed by the Clover Park School District in Lakewood, Washington
"The UTP Interview process is designed to identify those teachers who
possess a system of beliefs and values that are shared by teachers
within culturally and economically diverse school systems like Clover
Park School District."



@@Black

Some districts have policies that directly or indirectly favor
African Americans. It has been loosely stated that blacks benefit
when they have black role models, but there is little or not evidence
of this compared to evidence that effective teachers are more
important than having black teachers.


%%Baltimore

35% OF BALTIMORE TEACHERS AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTED FROM 2 BLACK COLLEGES
\clip\99\06\edclip01.txt 
Teacher recruiting criticized Abell study says city does poor job of
hiring best prospects; By Liz Bowie Baltimore Sun 2/10/99
The study is critical of a school policy of accepting all graduates
of [predominantly black ] Coppin State College and Morgan State
University who meet the application requirements.. other universities
with higher academic standards. [much lower than the average of 1,092
at other state universities and colleges] ...the school
system's sensitivity to hiring African-American teachers because the
majority of pupils are black About 35 percent of teachers hired in
1996 and 1997 from colleges and universities in Maryland came from
Morgan and Coppin

Coppin US news: least selective, regional university lowest 4th tier
http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/college/rankings/norunivs/ noru_4.htm
Coppin SAT = 837 grad rate=22% 
Morgan State 25/75 SAT = 840-1040


@@Certification

Teacher certification does more to serve to limit the supply and
raise the cost of teachers, plus enforce harmful progressive
politically correct teaching practices rather than improve teacher
quality. There is little evidence that certified teachers perform
signifiantly better than those who have not been certified.

%%Against

ABELL: GET RID OF COLLEGE COURSE REQS FOR CERTIFICATION
z53\clip\2001\10\dropcert.txt Assessing certification Teachers: Abell
Foundation says academic requirements should be dropped.  Education
Beat: Mike Bowler Oct 10, 2001 In a long-awaited 109-page report
released Monday, the Baltimore-based foundation said there is no
evidence that teachers who take the required college courses for
certification perform better in the classroom than those who don't.

MATH TEACHERS BEST, CREDENTIALS OR NOT \clip\99\14\cred.txt Clinton
Criticized for Teachers Plan By ANJETTA McQUEEN AP Education Writer
http://www.newsday.com/ap/rnmpnt1c.htm the studies show that students
whose teachers possess a bachelor's or master's degree in math
outperform other students in math, regardless of the teacher's
certification. .. findings contradict the President Clinton's
proposal, to make states and school districts phase out
emergency-certified teachers.  The Fordham report is available at
http://www.edexcellence.net/better/teachers.html

TEACHER CERTIFICATION PROMOTES BAD "INNOVATIONS"
 THE PUBLIC INTEREST / SUMMER
1998 The case against teacher certification DALE BALLOU AND
MICHAEL PODGURSKY Pgs. 17-29

New Teacher Certification
Everything is based on a fictional crisis that they produce, so
called reports to validate more meddling into the system for total
transformation of the educational system.  reforming teacher training
and recruitment: { A Critical Appraisal of the recommendations of the
National Commission on Teaching and America's Future} by Dale Ballou
PH D and Micael Podgursky PH. D

%%Black

NEW YORK BLACK TEACHERS 28 VS 10 PERCENT NOT CERTIFIED
z55\clip\2002\03\teacgap.txt
http://www.nypost.com/news/regionalnews/44747.htm
RACIAL GAP IN TEACHER TESTS BRINGS ALARM
By CARL CAMPANILE
---------------------------------------------------------------
March 31, 2002 --
EXCLUSIVE
Board of Education figures reveal 10 percent of white teachers are
uncertified. By comparison, 28 percent of black instructors are
unlicensed. (3 to 1 ratio)

There's another racial divide in educational performance - among
teachers.

%%General

Possibilities for Transforming Teaching
http://www.tc.columbia.edu/~teachcomm/brief6.htm
In addition to these school-based reforms, important initiatives are currently
underway to develop and implement more meaningful standards for teaching,
including the move toward performance-based standards for teacher
licensing, companion efforts to develop more sophisticated and authentic
assessments for teachers, and the development and integration of national
standards for teacher education, licensing, and certification. These
national efforts are being led by the new National Board for Professional
Teaching Standards (NBPTS), established in 1987 as the first professional
body in teaching to set standards for the advanced certification of
accomplished teachers; by the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support
Consortium ( INTASC), a consortium of more than 30 states working together
on "National Board-compatible" licensing standards and assessments; and by
the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), which
has been strengthening standards for teacher education programs, recently
incorporating the performance standards developed by INTASC.

Ed College loses accreditation over "diversity", not constructivism.
\clip\98\04\flaccr.txt
2/6/98 Miami Herald FSU teacher education program loses accreditation
By LEONORA LaPETER Tallahassee Democrat

%%Performance Based

Performance based teacher certification will suffer from the same 
problems as student tests - high failure rates, fuzzy standards, etc.

 Arthur Hu critic of performance based 
standards

z42\doc\web\2000\05\ncate.txt Chron Higher Education Tuesday, May 16,
2000 Accreditation Group Releases New Standards for Teacher-Education
Programs By JULIANNE BASINGER Washington "In NCATE's
performance-based system, accreditation is based on results."  The
colleges will have to prove that their graduates know their academic
subjects and can effectively teach them to help schoolchildren meet
their state's academic standards. 

WA ED SCHOOLS READY FOR PERFORMANCE BASED TEACHER STANDARDS New
Standards for New Teachers. Seattle Times 3/10/99 Roberto Sanchez
Also see Nov 8, 1998. State board of education wants to re-approve
teacher prep programs Aug 31, 2000. They will have to meet tougher
requirements and show "positive" impact on student learning. SPU
trains teachers how to put up portfolios on the web, and grade "Xena"
project as novice, apprentice, or expert. [This is the teacher
credentially component of outcome / standards based education 
committed to by 1209 state law]

WA Teaching Certification
also applies to private and religious teachers

WA state ESHB 1209 mandating teacher peformance assessment
http://cisl.ospi.wednet.edu/CISL/Legislative/All1209OLD.html# PART_VIII
PART VIII: EDUCATOR PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT
Effective May 1, 1996, the state board of education shall require
teacher certification candidates applying for initial certification
to pass an individual assessment before being granted an initial
certificate. The assessment shall include but not be limited to essay
questions. 

Next Steps: Moving Toward Performance-Based Licensing in Teaching
Author: Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC)
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers
http://www.stw.ed.gov/products/html/1488.htm .

I read recently in the National School Board Association "School News"
that the National Council of Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)
released draft performance-based standards and assessment guidelines for
use in elementary preparation programs Jan. 5.  The standards are being
sent "to the field for comment and review."
Based upon the article in the NSBA newsletter,

 http://www.nsba.org/sbn/sbn011299.htm#strengthen

%%Requirements

TEACHERS REQUIRED TO BE TRAINED IN REFORM METHODS
ghoffman@bellatlantic.net The administration also requires that the
teachers be trained in collaborative training, inclusion, process
writing, authentic assessment, learning styles, integrated
curriculum, computer skills including both Mac and Windows, and
portfolios.  




%%Testing

59% FAILURE RATE FOR UNCERTIFIED TEACHERS
47\clip\2001\01\nyflunk.txt New York Post CERTIFIABLY STUPID?
Tuesday,January 16,2001 By CARL CAMPANILE TESTY SITUATION: John
Hagan-Brown said fellow teachers who took a prep course with him
"were worse than elementary-school students. They were talking,
talking and talking."  - NYP: Jim Alcorn
Of 118 uncertified teachers who took subsidized prep courses at City 
College last year, 70 flunked one or both of the exams required to get 
their teaching licenses.
That's a 59 percent failure rate.

Charlotte-Observer: S.C. sets passing grade on teachers exam,
Published Thursday, December 10, 1998
\clip\98\18\edclip09.txt
S.C. sets passing grade on teacher's exam
Certification to require 65% score [50th percentile or better vs.
5th before]
By MARK PRATT Associated Press

AVERAGE TEACHER USED TO BE 98TH PERCENTILE???
\clip\98\19\teaciq.txt
LESSON PLAN Testing whether Silber shocker has basis in fact
By Beth Daley, Jordana Hart and Kate Zernike, Globe Staff, 12/22/98
Silber said three out of four teachers in 1960 had IQs of around 130,
which placed them in the 98th percentile. Today, he said, only one
out of four teachers has this ''superior IQ.'' Carlton said the IQ
information cited by Silber comes from the 1991 book ''Who will
teach: Policies That Matter,'' by R.J. Murnane, et al. [claim is 
likely bogus, top 2% is Harvard / Yale material]



@@diversity 
@@Race

One key to education reform is to hire teachers in proportion to
student ethnicity and race. Yet Asians have lowest teacher
representation, but best outcomes. Conversely, Blacks are
over-represented as principals in Seattle and Spokane, about equal as
teaching staff, yet they have the poorest test scores.

Ranked by Asian Representation: Asians always worse or as
poorly represented as blacks, yet perform as well or better
than Whites in every district and state.

Spokane WA Princip   W1.00 B  2.20 H  1.00 A  1.05 N 0.00
Seattle Principal    W1.00 B  2.00 
Spokane WA Elem Tea  W1.00 B -1.33 H -1.95 A -1.20 N-1.99
Seattle Teach/Pop    W1.00 B -1.06 H -3.86 A -1.54 N-1.39
Boston Teacher/Stu   W1.00 B -1.80 H -2.91 A -2.66 N-1.60
SF Principal (A=Ch)  W1.00 B -3.0  H -3.0  A -3.1  N 0.00
Seattle Employ       W1.00 B -2.47 H -3.72 A -3.74 N-3.74
WA Teacher vs Stu    W1.00 B -3.40 H -6.13 A -3.92 N-4.15
CA Teachers          W1.00 B -2.70 H -8.58 A -4.13 N-1.88
CA Staff             W1.00 B -2.50 H -8.23 A -4.16 N-1.85
Ca Principals        W1.00 B -1.72 H -6.20 A -5.25 N-1.67
SF Teacher (A=Chin)  W1.00 B -7.3  H-10.20 A -9.10 N-3.20
CA Superintendent    W1.00 B-13.4  H-17.2  A-27.5  N-1.80


Washington State
Washington staff vs. students
http://www.k12.wa.us/assessment/default.asp
\doc\web\99\17\waedrace.txt
Washington Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction 1999
1998 Total Enrollment         999,616

Racial/ Ethnic Balance Students vs Teachers 1.00 = White rate
                  October 1998
        Students        Percent         Vs Student
        Number  Percent CertifieNon     CertifiNon
American                Staff   CertifieStaff  Certified
White    759,991  76.02%  93.32%  88.25%   1.23    1.16
Black     50,662   5.07%   1.83%   2.77%  -3.40   -2.12
Indian    27,686   2.77%   0.82%   1.43%  -4.15   -2.25
Asian     70,450   7.05%   2.21%   3.27%  -3.92   -2.50
Hispanic  90,827   9.09%   1.82%   4.28%  -6.13   -2.47

White compared to student population, other groups ratio vs. white ratio.
Hispanics and high-performing Asians are least represented among teachers.
Blacks are poorest performing, but 2nd best represented among
teachers.


Colorado State
---------------
Fall 1996 Membership and Fall 1995 Teacher Counts By Ethnic/Racial Group                                                     
 
                                                                   
Ethnic/Racial Group        Membership   Percent     Teacher     Percent  
                                Count                 Count              

American Indian                 7,305       1.1         225         0.6  
Asian                          17,388       2.6         277         0.8  
Black                          37,219       5.5         666         1.8  
Hispanic                      126,330      18.8       2,141         5.9  
White                         485,196      72.0      33,082        90.9  

Total                         673,438     100.0      36,391       100.0  

Co Dept of Education
http://www.cde.state.co.us/facts96.htm




http://www.elibrary.com/
\clip\99\04\blackteac.txt downloadable from www.elibrary.com
Doug Cumming, GEORGIA'S TEACHERS: LICENSING EXAMS: Black failure rate
disturbs educators: Search for reasons: Does poor instruction in
lower grades leave black: teacher candidates at disadvantage?., The
Atlanta Journal and Constitution, 01-31-1999, pp A01. 
Experts say black children are more likely to become engaged in
learning if they have at least some black teachers.

IOWA TO OFFER MINORITY-ONLY SCHOLORSHIPS FOR TEACHERS
\doc\web\97\06\iowateac.txt
Date sent: Tue, 22 Jul 1997 16:33:21 -0600 From: cati@inav.net (Ken
Wessels) The Iowa City School District is set to offer a program that
pays the tuition of minority students if they agree to teach in the
Iowa City School District upon graduation. So you have a guaranteed
job as well paid tuition for just being an Afro-American.  The school
District claims it needs more men and minorities to gender balance
its teaching staff. That means Afro-American men are to be recruited
in this program.

CLINTON CALLS FOR WASTING MONEY ON TEACHERS FOR POOR, MAY TARGET
MINORITIES AS "DEMOGRAPHIC NEED" \clip\97\18\poorteac.txt Clinton to
Ask $350 Million to Train Teachers for Poor New York Times July 17,
1997 By JAMES BENNET 

"A teacher might also be intended to match a district's "demographic
needs" for, say, black or Hispanic educators to provide role models,
said an official familiar with the plan's details." Comment - What
teacher shortage? In what other labor field is the US intervening to
subsidize the supply? There is no such thing as a demographic need
for teachers of any particular color, and no evidence that there is
any additional benefit to hiring a teacher of one color over another,
especially if you trade off academic qualifications and ability for
skin color.


\clip\96\08\mostteac.txt AP 16-Oct-1996 Study Says Most Teachers
White Of the 11 percent nonwhite teachers listed in the study, 7
percent identified themselves as black, 2 percent Hispanic, 1 percent
American Indian or Alaskan, and 1 percent Asian.  [comment, compared
to 4 yr college educated population, these numbers really aren't that
bad except for Asians, and Asians consider school teaching to be a
low-paid relatively low-status profession compared to engineering,
medicine and law. The title missed that most Americans, not just
teachers are white.]


\doc\95\07\castaff.wk1 - California Public School Staffing and Administration
Certified Staff in California Public Schools
By Ethnicity and Gender 1989-90

Superintendent           Principals
White NonH          1.00 White NonH         1.00
AmInd / Alas Nat   -1.80 AmInd / Alas Nat  -1.67
African Am        -13.42 African Am        -1.72
Hispanic          -17.22 Asian             -5.25
Asian             -27.46 Hispanic          -6.20
Filipino          -31.06 Pac Islander     -10.21
Pac Islander        0.00 Filipino         -10.84


Teachers                 Total Staff
White NonH          1.00 White NonH         1.00
AmInd / Alas Nat   -1.88 AmInd / Alas Nat  -1.85
African Am         -2.70 African Am        -2.50
Asian              -4.13 Asian             -4.16
Filipino           -5.73 Filipino          -5.83
Pac Islander       -7.79 Pac Islander      -7.99
Hispanic           -8.58 Hispanic          -8.23

Asians are worse in Superintendent and Principal,
only one notch up as teachers.


\doc\95\05\seateach.wk1 - Seattle School Employees by Race                     
Index W1.00 B-2.47 H-3.72 A-3.74 N-3.74 Chinese -2.45                       
Chinese equally, Asians overall much less likely to be represented among school                  
employees than Blacks, relative to student population                       

asian/ed/teachers doc934:teacher.xls 

asian/ed/teachers doc935:racteach.xls

d:\doc\94\18\seateach.txt - Teachers in Seattle
Asians less than Black, Black equal to overall population
Vs. population W1.0(1.07) B-1.06 H-3.86 A-1.54 NA -1.39
Vs. students W1.0(1.88) B-4.26 H-13.89 A-5.77 NA -6.00

doc\94\13\ca87ed.wk1 - Teachers in California State vs students
 1987 Public School Staf AmIn     Asian    Black    White    Filip    Hisp     W/A
   Teachers                #N/A     -3.76    -2.41     1.00    #N/A     -7.36   1.6
   Prinicpals              #N/A     -5.65    -1.69     1.00    #N/A     -5.78   1.6
   Superintendent          #N/A    -24.39   -11.38     1.00    #N/A    -18.83   1.9
 Asians -24 less than black -11.4 or Hisp -18 superintendent

priv\95\01\bosteach.txt - Boston Globe article
 bilingual, court order to reflect student population

doc\94\15\bosteach.wk1 - Teacher and Student population Boston area
 Teacher vs. Students 
                White     Black     Hispanic  Asian     AmInd     Total
 Boston             3.19     -1.80     -2.91     -2.66     -1.60    1.00
 Brookline          1.29     -2.16  #DIV/0!      -5.16  #DIV/0!     1.00
 Cambridge          1.89     -2.52     -6.56     -5.99     -1.09    1.00
 Somerville         1.38     -7.16    -17.82    -13.29  #DIV/0!     1.00
 Asians less represented than blacks in all locations, tied
 with Hispanic for least

doc\94\11\spokteac.wk1 Spokane Schools

        Population Parity     92.0%   1.9%   2.1%   2.0%   1.9%
                               White  Black  Hisp   Asian  NatAm
         Admin and Managers     1.01  #####  #####  #####   3.72
         Principals             1.00   2.20  -1.00   1.05  #####
         Asst Principals        0.98  #####   2.31   2.42  #####
         Elementary Teacher     1.03  -1.33  -1.95  -1.20  -1.99
         Secondary Teacher      1.02  -1.26  -3.14   1.17  -1.42
         Other ClassroomTeache  1.05  -2.47  -1.36  -2.60  -4.94
         Guidance Staff         1.04   1.38  -1.60  #####  #####
         Psychologists          1.09  #####  #####  #####  #####
         Librarian Audiovisual  1.09  #####  #####  #####  #####
         Consulants/ Sup of In  1.05  #####  #####  #####   1.51
         Other Professional     1.07  #####  #####  -1.35  #####
         Professional Total     1.03  -1.43  -2.13  -1.23  -1.84

Asians comparable to black representation, NAACP demanding hiring of
more blacks and principals, but Asian Americans are not. Note Black
principals and guidance staff are over-represented

%%Reason

\clip\99\06\edclip10.txt February 22, 1999 Retiring black teachers
leave void BY DANA DiFILIPPO The Cincinnati Enquirer We have 35
percent black children in this district, said Elmer Jenkins. They
need to see role models who look like them in classrooms. It doesn't
take a rocket scientist to figure out that is important.


[[San Francisco
d:\doc\94\17\sfschool.wk1 SF School grades etc.

Only Japanese are better represented than Blacks in
principal or teacher positions.


         Ranked by Representation
         Principal             Teachers
         Japn            1.5   White=4.2       1.0
         White=2.5       1.0   Japn           -1.9
         Hispanic       -3.0   Native Am      -3.2
         Black          -3.0   Black          -7.3
         Chin           -3.1   Chin           -9.1
         Fil            -7.3   Hispanic      -10.2
         SEAS          -35.0   Fil           -11.5
         Kor             0.0   Kor           -23.3
         Native Am       0.0   SEAS          -25.3

Note that every Asian group gets as good or better grades
than whites, despite representation in staff

asian.education.teacher.experience
\doc\95\02\teacfail.txt - Poorest schools have least experienced teachers
Poor children are absent, question value of education

[[Survey


"Education: More Reform, Please" Business Week Dec 9, 1997 p. 178
F032097 Shows test scores on NAEP are up (1970-1994, Age 9: Science
225-231, Math 219-231 Reading 208-211 Writing 204-205), Prince George
County lifted enrollment of minority 9th graders in advanced math
from 53% to 90% since 1991. Oriole Park in Chicago went from 224/472
to 67th based on test scores. www.businessweek.com



@@effective

"Teacher Quality is the key to lifting minority students" Seattle
Times Aug 12, 1998 p. B6 E.J. Dionne Jr. The Education Trust found
Tennesee study found least effective teachers produced gains of 14
percentile points vs 53 among low achieving students. Texas found 43%
of student achievement depended on teacher quality and test scores.
Boston public schools found top 1/3 of teachers producing 6 times as
much learing as the bottom third.


@@Experience

Washington teacher experience in yrs
0-9   19,077
10-19 13,605
20-29 11,714
30-39  1,995
40-49     31
  50+      2
Office Superintendent of Public Instruction
SeaTimes 3/10/99 b1


@@Foreign

z57\clip\2002\08\forteach.txt
A small net positive for the U.S. gene pool.
http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-filipino10aug10.story
The New Import: Teachers
First it was nurses. Now recruiters are tapping the Philippines to help fill
a void in American classrooms.
IN Los Angeles Times, 10 viii 02
By JOE MATHEWS, Times Staff Writer
Foreign teachers pay the job agencies about $7,500, which covers the
costs of passage and recruitment--and provides recruiters with a
profit of up to $1,000 a head.  The lure was clear: Many U.S. teachers
get starting pay of $30,000 or more, while their most experienced
counterparts in the Philippines are lucky to earn $5,000 a year.


@@Housing

Many districts are building or subsidizing housing so that teachers
can live in the disrict, but San Jose Mercury found that even in
expensive Silicon Valley, most teachers lived close by, and owned home
at a greater rate than many professions.

z75\cd\clip\2004\02\teachhous.txt
http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/living/education/
7854560.htm?template=contentModules/printstory.jsp
Mon, Feb. 02, 2004	
Teacher housing crisis a myth
By Tracey Kaplan and Griff Palmer Mercury News
"• Contrary to popular belief, about two-thirds of the teachers who
lived and worked in Santa Clara County owned homes here, compared with
51 percent of the overall workforce age 21 and older living in the
county and 61 percent of those with at least a bachelor's degree.
• Teachers also owned homes at a higher rate than many other
professions, including software engineers, network administrators and
accountants."


@@job

\CLIP\97\02\washavg.txt Copyright © 1997 The Seattle Times Company
Jan. 29, 1997 State's school system gets `average' grades 
http://www.seattletimes.com/topstories/browse/html97/stud_ 012997.html

-- Only about half of the new teachers who graduate with teaching
certificates each year find regular jobs in Washington. An additional
30 percent enter the profession as substitutes. 

@@Leaving

SEATTLE TEACHERS FLEEING STANDARDS BASED REFORM / RESTRUCTURING
Stuter on why teachers are leaving
"Some potential and practicing administrators are just not appropriate for
restructuring schools and no amount of education and training will make
them so.  Many of the skills and behaviors required of leaders of
restructuring schools are either too costly to develop or unresponsive to
traditional training.  ......  


@@Literacy Rating 


TEACHERS SMARTER THAN MOST ADULTS, ON PAR WITH COLLEGE GRADS
\doc\web\99\06\teachlit.txt
ETS Reports Favorable Comparison of Teachers to Other Professions
In "How Teachers Compare: The Prose, Document, and Quantitative Skills of
America’s Teachers," Educational Testing Service authors Barbara A.
Bruschi and Richard J. Coley report that "contrary to popular media
accounts, teachers perform about as well as other adults with similar
levels of education" and "significantly higher than the general adult
population."  The analysis utilizes statistics from the 1992  National
Adult Literacy Survey (NALS), 

* About half of teachers score in the two highest levels [out of five] on
the three literacy scales, compared to about 20 percent of other adults
nationwide. * On average, teachers perform as well as other
college-educated adults across all three literacy scales. * There are
large differences in earnings between teachers and other college graduates
at each level of literacy.  

Visit http://www.ets.org/research/pic/compare.html to download a copy of
How Teachers Compare: The Prose, Document, and Quantitative Skills of
America’s Teachers.
ftp://etsis1.ets.org/pub/res/204911.pdf

Comment - being 4 year college grads, they are above average, but
they are far from being the smartest profession. Especially
Superintendents of Public Instruction who can't pass their own 4th
grade assessments such as Washington's Terry Bergeson.


@@military

FEDERAL PROGRAM TRAINS SOLDIERS TO BE TEACHERS
\clip\98\12\milteac.txt The Education Intelligence Agency COMMUNIQUÉ
September 8, 1998 the federal Troops to Teachers program seems to
indicate a rousing success. The program trains former military
personnel to become classroom teachers.  About 29 percent of the
program's teachers teach math, compared to 13 percent of other
teachers. They were twice as likely to teach biology and chemistry
and nearly three times more likely to teach physics. Nearly 24
percent teach in inner-city schools, compared to 16 percent of other
teachers. They also help public education's demographic problems.
Nearly 29 percent of the program's teachers are minorities, compared
to 10 percent of other teachers. They are also overwhelmingly male, 
90 percent  as compared to 26 percent of other teachers.

@@NCATE

National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)

Head isleader of Kentucky reforms.

@@Performance Pay

UK term for merit pay

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/education/correspondents/newsid_718000/718407.stm
\clipim\2000\04\17\perfpay\perfpay.htm 18 April, 2000, 17:01 GMT
18:01 UK The year of performance pay Teachers who are already on the
top of the classroom pay scale (currently worth almost £24,000) are
eligible to apply.  They will then be assessed by their head teachers
against five performance standards. These include, most
controversially, a requirement to show that their teaching has led to
their pupils making progress at least as good as similar pupils
elsewhere in the country


@@Podgursky, Michael

Primiary ed reform critic who says that teacher credentialing isn't
the answer. Search for his name on elibrary.com, and get tons of hits.

Change Of Pace, The Good News About Teaching Score: 100; The
Christian Science Monitor; Gail Russell Chaddock, Staff writer of The
Christian Science Monitor; 07-14-1998 "There is no evidence that
board-certified teachers are actually better in the classroom, " says
Michael Podgursky, an economist at the University of Missouri-
Columbia who works on teacher quality issues. (The Education Testing
Service in Princeton, N.J., is preparing a study on this issue.)

www.elibrary.com search: podgursky
\clip\99\07\natlexp.txt
ROBERT GREENE, NATIONAL BOARD MOVES QUIETLY,                                           
EXPENSIVELY TO PICK TOP TEACHERS., The Columbian,                                      
01-02-1998, pp A 6.                                                                    
"Critic Michael Podgursky, a University of Missouri                                     
economist, said the process takes evaluation out                                       
of the hands of people closest to the teachers:                                        
parents and principals. With pay raises or better                                      
jobs increasingly becoming the reward,                                                 
certification could lose meaning, he suggested.                                        
"

www.elibrary.com \doc\web\99\04\teaprep.txt TEACHER
PREPARATION:DALE BALLOU & MICHAEL PODGURSKY ( Congressional Testimony
) Training and Licensing the Nation's Teachers: Why We Should Not
Follow the Recommendations of the National Commission on Teaching and
America's Future 

www.elibrary.com
\clip\99\07\acred.txt
Tamara Henry, National association pushes accreditation., USA Today,
12-23-1998, pp 09D.  Michael Podgursky, chairman of the economics
department at the University of Missouri, also is critical of NCATE,
noting that his research finds little difference between graduates
from teacher colleges with and without national certification.
Podgursky repeats complaints that teaching candidates are weak no
matter who accredits the schools.  


www.elibrary.com
\clip\99\07\taskis.txt
RICHARD WHITMIRE, Task is urgent; More than 2 million teachers to be
hired in next 10 years., Gannett News Service, 05-18-1998, pp ARC.  
handing more power to groups such as NCATE, is wrongheaded, argues
Michael Podgursky, chairman of the economics department at the
University of Missouri.  The problem is not weak college
accreditation or even weak state certification requirements, argued
Podgursky, but rather weak candidates entering teaching.

USA Today 2/18/99 Tests won't guarantee quality.  Wants to get rid of
inflexible pay and promotion policies, national certification is
unproven and limited, problem is that all candidates have to go
through "education" college programs which attract the least capable.
The only way to measure performance is how well they teach, not tests.


@@Quality


TEACHERS NOW MUCH MORE LIKELY TO BE AVERAGE, LESS OUTSTANDING.
z75\clip\2004\03\teachq.txt
Economic Scene: Getting the Most Out of the Nation’s Teachers
March 25, 2004
 By VIRGINIA POSTREL 
paper at http://www.csus.edu/indiv/c/corcorans/research.htm
Through the entire period, the average female
teacher scores below the average female college graduate.
But the teacher score falls only modestly over time. On
average, teachers score about the same today as they did a
generation ago. 

[Unionization tends to compress salaries] The best female students -
those whose test scores put them in the top 10 percent of their high
school classes - are much less likely to become teachers today.
"Women who went to a top 5 percent college earned about a 50 percent
pay premium in the 1960's and earn about the same as other teachers
today," Mr. Leigh said. "By comparison, somebody who went to a bottom
25 percent college earned about 28 percent below the average teacher
in the 1960's, and they have the earnings of about the average teacher
today." 


@@Quit

\clip\99\04\quit.htm
Teachers' dreams go sour No 'economic respect' By Jeanne Russell San
Antonio Express-News Jan 31, 1999
http://www.expressnews.com/pantheon/news-bus/education/ 0101alja.shtml
National experts say teachers are most likely to leave the profession
in the first five years. Texas loses 30 percent of its teachers
within the first two years and 50 percent within the first five


@@Reform

TEACHERS LEARN POLITICS, NOT HOW TO TEACH MATH OR READING
z48\priv\2001\02\dumbteac.txt
http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/980803/3john.htm>
BY JOHN LEO Dumbing down teachers Apparently they went into ed
schoolwithout knowing much about anything, then came out the same
way. But atleast they are prepared to drill children in separatism,
oppression, anderroneous beliefs

Jan Flury One only has to look
at all the technical achievements of the 20th Century to gauge the
effectiveness of public education during that era.  Remediation was
unheard of; still, by the end of the year, over ninety percent of
students passed a promotion test and made it to the next
grade.Successful teaching was made possible through the use of fixed,
sequential curriculums, taught from matching standardized textbooks.
Students all learned the same way, covered the same material,
practiced the same exercises, and were assigned the same homework.
There was no need for preparation time, searching out new resource
materials, awkward scheduling, and all students were routinely tested
on the curriculum covered.

z39\clipim\2000\03\03\teach.efx


@@SAT scores
@@Test scores

The SAT scores of education graduates are actually worse than average
for all college students. That makes teachers smarter than most
parents, where only 25% have 4 year degrees, but worse than the
average college grad, especially elementary school teachers.

http://www.collegeboard.org/sat/cbsenior/yr1999/NAT/natmaj99.html			 
zip36\doc\web\99\13\natmaj99.htm											 
College Plans																 
    Intended College Major													 
       Rank by Math SAT       SAT I Test TakPercent    SAT I Mean Scores	 
                              Number PercentMaleFemale  Verbal   Math		 
Mathematics                    5,461    1    55   45     555     631		 
Physical Sciences             14,799    1    60   40     570     590		 
Engineering                   88,706    8    81   19     526     572		 
Language and Literature       14,289    1    32   68     607     548		 
General or Interdisciplinary   2,892    0    39   61     570     547		 
Biological Sciences           57,962    6    36   64     545     545		 
Philosophy, Religion, or Theol 5,971    1    60   40     561     540		 
Foreign or Classical Languages 5,501    1    28   72     554     536		 
Computer or Information Scienc59,402    6    77   23     500     528		 
Library and Archival Sciences   377     0    45   55     545     524		 
Architecture or Environmental 25,907    2    60   40     494     522		 
Undecided                     66,134    6    52   48     511     519		 
Social Sciences and History   109,978  10    31   69     533     511		 
Military Science               5,096    0    80   20     506     510		 
Business and Commerce         144,859  14    52   48     487     506		 
Health and Allied Services    172,117  16    27   73     497     503		 
Communications                43,984    4    35   65     526     502		 
Arts: Visual and Performing   75,808    7    41   59     520     501		 
Agriculture or Natural Resourc16,416    2    47   53     491     485		 
Education                     92,880    9    23   77     483     479		 
Home Economics                 3,674    0    20   80     464     463		 
Public Affairs and Services   27,414    3    49   51     458     450		 
Technical and Vocational      10,133    1    66   34     441     448         

TEACHERS SCORE ONLY AT 35-40TH PERCENTILE ON SAT
zip39\clip\99\21\satteac.txt
http://www.toledoblade.com/editorial/jkelly/9l24jkel.htm
Jack Kelly: Public education doomed by greed
December 24, 1999
Professor Robert Strauss of Carnegie Mellon University analyzed the SAT 
results for the fall of 1996. He found that high school seniors planning to 
major in education had a combined math and verbal percentile of just 37.7, 
compared with 85.3 for students planning to major in math, 84.1 for 
students planning to major in a physical science, and 80.9 for students 
planning to major in language and literature.
In Pennsylvania, prospective teachers scored just 35.3 on the SAT.

\clipim\99\12\10\k16.pdf
http://www.edtrust.org/K16.pdf Education Trust Thinking K-16
Harvard's Ronald F. Ferguson found relationship between teacher
performance onf Texas Examination of Current Administrators and
Teachers 1986, and student ITBS scores with higher scoring teachers
more likely to produce gain in student achievment.

bracey SAT scores not good measure
of teacher skills.  A study this year found that teachers read as
well as any other adults with comparable education.  They read much
better than the general public.

The Great School Debate Which Way for American Education Edited by
Beatrice and Ronald Gross (c) 1985 Touchstone book ***! "Weak
Arguments, Poor Data, Simplistic Recommendations" Putting the Reports
under the Microscope Lawrence C. Stedman and Marshall S.  Smith p.
100: teachers have always had lower scores than other majors, this
suggest teacher quality is not the cause of falling test scores,
studies show only a TINY relationship between teacher test scores and
student achievement (Jencks et al) studies have NOT found higher
salaries means higher achievement. Teachers without credentials do
not do worse than those with credentials. Jencks C. Smith M, Acland
H. Bane M.M. Cohen D. Gintis, H. Heyns B S. Inequality. New York
Wiley 1967


MIDDLE/HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS OK, BUT ELEMENTARY + PE TEACHER FROM
BOTTOM OF SAT CURVE \clip\99\11\techsat.txt Los Angeles Times
Thursday, May 13, 1999 Boosting Teacher Standards May Backfire, Study
Finds Schools: Raising the academic bar for future educators could
aggravate shortage. It may cut ranks of minority instructors too,
testing groups say. By RICHARD T. COOPER, Times Staff Writer

"Instead [of high school senior scores], the researchers based their
comparisons on students who took and passed two other standardized
tests: the widely used set of exams for admission to colleges of e
those seeking licenses to teach, known as Praxis II.  When SAT and
ACT scores of these students--who were much more likely to become
teachers--were compared with their peers', the results showed that
many teachers are, in fact, well qualified academically, especially
those moving into junior and senior high schools. The results were
less encouraging among prospective teachers heading for elementary
schools, physical education or special education classes.  For these
students, about 45% of the sample, average SAT scores did lag behind
those of comparable students in other fields."

www.elibrary.com \clip\99\07\coltea.txt Denver Rocky Mountain News
01-17-1999 WHAT MUST TEACHERS KNOW? THE ISSUE: TEACHER LICENSING IN
COLORADO OUR VIEW: IT PUTS TOO MUCH EMPHASIS ON IRRELEVANT TRAINING,
NOT ENOUGH ON KNOWLEDGE The academic profile of ed-school students is
discouraging. Nationally, their average SAT score in 1997 of 964 was
actually below that for all students (1016). 

 "A Critical Look at Texas Colleges of
Education," psychology professor Joe Horn found that undergraduates
majoring in education rank at or near the bottom in SAT verbal and
math scores -- while, true to form, telling researchers they prefer
K-12 instruction be oriented to poorer learners at the expense of
more able students. In schools of education, mindless egalitarianism
rules."


@@Science

%%Award

LINDBERGH AND NELSON SCIENCE TEACHERS GET AWARDS
z45\clip\2000\10\sciteac.txt
http://seattlep-i.nwsource.com/local/teac13.shtml Two science
teachers are tops Renton high school and middle school educators win
big state awards Friday, October 13, 2000 By LISA STIFFLER SEATTLE
POST-INTELLIGENCER REPORTER Dawn Wakeley of Lindbergh High School
will be crowned state high school science teacher of the year. Right
behind her is Steven Turner, the middle school science teacher of the
year from Nelsen Middle School.


@@Sexual Assault

z45\clip\2000\09\femassa.txt Poteet coach charged with sexual assault
San Antonio Express-News - September 27, 2000 The [female] coach of
the ninth-grade Poteet volleyball team was charged with a sexual
offense early Wednesday after being found with a 14-year-old [female]
student in a parked car.



@@Shortage

SHORTAGE? ONLY HALF OF NEW TEACHER GRADS FIND JOBS
z40\clip\2000\04\teacshor.txt
©Investor's Business Daily
April 3, 2000
IS AMERICA RUNNING OUT OF TEACHERS?
Data Show Shortage is Exaggerated
by Tyce Palmaffy
the nation already produces more new teachers than it needs each
year. In 1996, colleges and universities handed out 105,000
bachelor's degrees in education.  But, in any given year, only about
45,000 freshly minted teachers are hired. Of the 139,000 teachers
hired in 1993, only 42% had just graduated from college. Another 24%
were first-time teachers, but had been out of college for more than a
year. The rest were teachers who returned to the profession after a
hiatus.


@@Standards

Goff: CA Teacher standards based
on unproven progressive whole language ideas.

@@strike

Kids are required by law to
go to school, but teachers don't have to??

Kids get hurt Its not
hurting stockholders, transit strike you can drive but...


@@Supply and Demand


NYC HIRES UNLICENCED, WHILE OVERSUPPLY OF LICENCED TEACHERS
\clip\99\08\edclip05.txt Ed Week Teacher Staffing By Ann Bradley 
Connecticut, Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin
consistently produce many more teachers than their schools hire, In
Wisconsin, a study from last fall showed that only 32 percent of the
3,986 education students who received licenses in 1996-97 were
working full time as teachers in public schools in the state by the
1997-98 school year. New York licensed 21,500 teachers in 1996-97,
but only 5,900 were hired. Still, New York schools employed 9,000
unlicensed teachers that year, the vast majority in New York City. 

Only 54 percent of college graduates trained between 1994 and 1996 to
teach math actually were teaching that subject by 1996, the SREB
study found.  Starting teachers earn just $24,060, while math majors
can earn $40,000 to $50,000 in the computer field fresh out of
college. 

@@Teach for America

Federal program for outstanding
non-teachers, but 50% quit because not enough prep time.

@@teacher mentor

\doc\web\97\08\teacment.txt 10/7/97 From: James Burts
 In Todays Eastside Journal front page article
called teachers teaching teachers. The purposal is a new program the
first in washington State (makes sure teachers teach to state
directed latest teaching fad)

@@teacher qualification

kaybrooks@juno.com 7/98 I am quoting from page 211 of \"NEA: Trojan
Horse in American Education\" by Samuel L. Blumenfeld copyrite 1985 n
Houston in 1983 the school board was shocked to discover that 62
percent of the 2,437 teachers tested had failed a standard
reading-skills test; 46 percent flunked in math, 26 percent in
writing.  From page 245: \"Only one state, Arkansas, has dared
mandate testings it\'s 24,000 teachers to see how well they can read,
write and do math. Teachers who fail will have to improve their
skills or face loss of certification.\"

Third of would-be Massachusetts teachers fail literacy test Seattle
Times July 1, 1998 p. A4. 56% failed before standard was lowered,
then 44%.  Test seemed to be 8th grade level, some were writing at
5th grade level, some could not define a noun or verb, some
misspelled words, sentences without nouns or berbs.

HS TEACHERS SCORE WORSE THAN THE STUDENTS THEY TEACH
\clip\97\30\teacher.txt NATIONAL REVIEW December 8, 1997 p. 40 Rotten
Apples JONATHAN LEAF When it comes to teaching teachers how to teach,
America's schools of education are failing miserably. (they have the
lowest SAT scores of any major)

\clip\96\04\techhire.txt Date: Thu, 12 Sep 1996 21:38:41 -0400 From:
NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) Report Urges Overhaul of Teacher
Recruiting, Training, Rewards By DEB RIECHMANN AP Education Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Too often, unqualified and ill-prepared teachers
are recruited and dispatched to the classroom, according to a report
that calls for higher standards and better training for America's
teachers.

@@Testing Certification

%%Chicago

Comment - the basic skills test could be passed by the a student who
mastered content at 6th or 7th grade level, but that's beyond the
level of many adults, I'd still leave it up to to the market by
hiring the best of who shows up, whether it be G6 or PhD level, and
not set any cut score.


KIDS SAY CHICAGO TEACHER TEST TOO EASY, WILL BE AT COLLEGE LEVEL
z51\clip\2001\09\teachts.txt
http://www.suntimes.com/output/news/cst-nws-kid06.html
ONE TEACHER'S EXPERIENCE
BY LESLIE BALDACCI
Some of my colleagues failed, and some failed for the second time.
Were those who failed poor teachers? Not from what I have seen.

Tests get tougher for teacher hopefuls 
BY ROSALIND ROSSI EDUCATION REPORTER 
Instead of being questioned about eighth-grade level reading
material, they will be asked to conquer "college-level'' texts.
and algebra, probability and geometry.

Kids take the test, say it's too easy 
September 6, 2001
BY ANA MENDIETA STAFF REPORTER 
[half of students failed the reading section]
Too easy for a teacher?  You bet.  That's what 10 students said after
taking a sample Basic Skills test at the request of the Chicago
Sun-Times.

Sample test - you'd need to be an A or B student at G6 or G7 to pass
the test, fractions, percent, spelling, capitalization, complete
sentence.

HIGH POVERTY AND CHICAGO STUDENTS TAUGHT BY TEST FLUNKERS
z51\clip\2001\09\chicteac.txt
5,243
Illinois teachers failed key exams This past spring, a group of
Chicago children learned their lessons from a teacher who had flunked
24 of 25 tests of teacher competence.In Elgin District 46, students
studied the English language with a teacher who had failed 21 of 21
tests for teachers. The state's neediest children--those in the
lowest-scoring, highest-minority and highest-poverty schools--are
roughly five times more likely to encounter teachers who stumbled in
efforts to pass the tests. And Chicago public school students are
3-1/2 times more likely than suburban ones to have such a teacher.
....... 


%%Drop

z42\clip\2000\05\praxis.txt Nevada Appeal VIEWS Thursday, May 18,
2000 2:51 AM 
Commission does right to eliminate part of test 
By Bill Hanlon 
The Professional Standards Commission in Education did the right
thing last week when it eliminated the Proofs and Models section of
the PRAXIS math test for teacher licensing.  

"In fact, not being able to pass the PRAXIS subtest was keeping
non-traditional candidates from entering the profession. Since there
is a teacher shortage in mathematics, this is a real problem.  "

%%English Proficiency

ENGLISH FLUENCY TESTS THREATEN BILINGUAL TEACHERS IN MASS
z69\clip\2003\07\fluneng.txt
http://www.townhall.com/columnists/richlowry/rl20030805.shtml
No English Spoken Here
Rich Lowry (archive)
August 5, 2003
Massachusetts recently began requiring bilingual-education teachers to
pass English-fluency tests to keep their jobs. In Lowell, Mass., four
Cambodian-born teachers who flunked have sued on grounds of
discrimination. Failing teachers in other Massachusetts cities are
consulting their lawyers, too.

%%Minority

CUNNINGHAM: PRAXIS IS LIKE IQ TEST THAT SCREENS MINORITIES
z62\doc\web\2002\12\teactest.txt
The PRAXIS tests are really difficult to distinguish from group
verbal intelligence tests.  They are not that different from the SAT
also published by ETS. There is probably no other test for which the
gap between minority and nonminority test takers is greater
Historically Black collges are ... way on the bottom.  Kentucky State
University was around 50 percent, while in most of the rest of the
state schools it was in the 80 and 90 percent range


Attorneys in Alabama's teacher testing case say settlement near
http://flash.al.com/cgi-bin/al_nview.pl?/home1/wire/AP/Stream- Parsed/BAMA_
NE WS/j0205_PM_AL--TeacherTesting By BILL POOVEY The Associated Press
03/04/99 2:29 AM Eastern "MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) -- An attorney involved in
a racial bias case that has blocked teacher testing in Alabama for more
than a decade says an agreement is near, but he wants some built in
safeguards to make sure the test works. Although declining to release any
details of their private settlement talks, State Department of Education
attorney Mike White said a proposed agreement in the dispute would conform
to the Legislature's 1995 mandate that teachers take the National Teachers
Exam, or its equivalent. No teacher test has been given in Alabama since
the state school board agreed in 1985 to develop a test with little
difference in the failure rate among blacks and whites."


Higher Standards on Teacher Tests Would Raise Quality but Hurt
Diversity, Study Finds
http://www.chronicle.com/daily/99/03/99030104n.htm By JULIANNE
BASINGER (Pay Site) "Raising passing standards on licensure tests for
teachers would lead to states' having teachers with greater academic
ability, but it also would dramatically decrease the ethnic diversity
of that population, according to data presented Friday at the annual
conference of the American Association of Colleges for Teacher
Education. "Policy makers will have to grapple with various tradeoffs
as they consider the course they will chart," Mr. Gitomer said.
"There can be little doubt that raising passing scores will influence
the academic caliber of the candidate group. At the same time, the
size and makeup of the pool is affected tremendously.""

%%Pass Level

\clip\99\07\teatest.txt
http://www.elibrary.com/
A fresh idea for locking weak teachers out of school., USA Today, 02-18-1999, pp 12A. 

- In Long Island, N.Y., a superintendent who decided to give
applicants an English test normally given to 11th-graders discovered
that only one in four could pass.  

- Among the 21 states using the Praxis I math test to screen
teachers, most set ''cut'' scores so low that would-be teachers could
miss 40% and still pass.  

(Comment - this level of performance is typical of ed school
graduates who generally are the least skilled of SAT career fields,
it doesn't mean they're not qualified to teach, especially elementary
school students)

%%Union

AFT asking for teacher testing??

z41\clip\2000\05\afttest.txt THE NEW YORK TIMES EDITORIAL April 24,
2000 The Politics of Teacher Testing the American Federation of
Teachers is rushing to cast itself as an agent of change instead of
an advocate of the status quo. A new report from the teachers' union
embraces stronger teacher training and breaks with a longstanding
union tradition by calling for more rigorous tests for prospective
teachers.

%%Washington

ONE THIRD OF TEACHER CANDIDATES FLUNK TEACHER SCREEN TEST
z60\priv\2002\10\west-b.txt www.seattletimes.com Local News: Friday,
October 25, 2002 Two-thirds pass skills test required to teach
students By Matthew Craft Seattle Times staff reporter Undergraduate
and graduate students hoping to become teachers must pass the
Washington Educator Skills Test-Basic — or WEST-B, instituted in
September

http://www.west.nesinc.com/ Home Page
http://www.west.nesinc.com/PDFs/WA_studyguide.pdf Study Guide
Comments - test appears to be at 7th grade level for the most part.
Cognitively, the questions are generally simpler than the 4th grade
WASL assuming the candidate is familiar with the basic concept being
assessed. Coordinate is just callling out x and y, not doing a
rotation or doing a tic-tac-toe game.


%%end

@@Test Scores

SCHOOLS WITH HIGHER SCORES HAVE HIGHER TEACHER PREP INDEX
z70\clip\2003\08\teacind.txt
Tuesday, August 26, 2003 - Page updated at 12:00 A.M.
Ruben Navarrette Jr. / Syndicated columnist
Teachers share the blame when poor students fail 
"Teacher Preparation Index" by combining
the percentage of teachers who are certified; the percentage certified
and teaching in their specialty; and the percentage with at least two
years' experience. The scale was from 1 to 10. 
Schools whose student body was more than 90 percent white had a rating
of 6.3. For schools that were largely Latino, the average was 4.6. For
those mostly black, the figure was 3.4 percent. 
In schools where less than 10 percent of the students were from
economically disadvantaged families, the Teacher Preparation Index was
6.2. But in those where over 90 percent of students were
disadvantaged, the rating was 4.3. 
In schools where more than 50 percent of students were proficient in
English, the rating was 5.7. But where less than half of students were
proficient, it was only 3.6


@@Training

Teacher training is often based on harmful progressive ideas like
whole language

%%History

In the days of the one room schoolhouse, they'd take girls right out
of high school (or middle school) and put them in charge of an entire
schoolhouse as teacher, staff and principal all in one.


----------
How many on the loop ever attended a rural school where one teacher, by
her/himself, taught several grades?
I started school in a one-room rural schoolhouse, 1-8 grade, 2 to 4 kids
each grade.  Now, not only did the teacher have 8 grades, but the teacher
had reading, writing, arithmetic, science, history, English, penmanship
(they did teach it in those days), music, PE, and whatever else to teach
EVERY day.
How do you suppose it is that we all managed to get an education?  The
teacher didn't attend workshops every other week; have in-service training;
have 1/2 days every third week or some such matter; the only time that
teacher was missing from the classroom was when he/she was sick!  We
started school the day after Labor Day and school was out around May 25th.
In those days, 94-100 was an A, 88-94 was a B, 80-88 was a C, and 70-80 was
a D, anything below that was failing.  If you maintained a 3.7 GPA, you
worked for it.  Equivalent now would be 4.0+++
LynnS

Mona McNee (UK)
"My mother "trained" as a teacher, by starting as a "pupil teacher" in
a classroom with 70 pupils and a teacher and the pupil teacher, in
Blackburn, UK.  She never went to college. I do not know how old she
was when she left school - not more than 14, certainly. I think she
stopped teaching when she got married, around WW I. Mona"

%%Modern

TEACHER TRAINING STILL PUSHES WHOLE LANGUAGE NONSENSE
\clip\99\15\teacher.txt Weekly Standard, Aug. 9, 1999 Who Teaches the
Teachers?  Lynne V. Cheney 
With its pictures of earnest schoolchildren busily learning, Regie
Routman's book doesn't look dangerous. But like many textbooks used
in colleges of education, Invitations Changing as Teachers and
Learners K-12 (Heinemann, 1994) may be keeping thousands of children
from mastering basic academic skills. Future teachers learn from
Routman, for example, that entirely too much attention has been paid
to phonics, with the result that "some children have difficulty
learning to read." In fact, research has repeatedly shown almost the
opposite Attending to phonics is important to preventing reading
difficulties.  



@@Pay
@@wage
@@Salary

Teachers always complain about low wages, but they're not really
_that_ low. Catholic school deliver excellent results with relatively
low teacher pay.

%%amount

FAQ on teacher salary by Kage

WA teachers make more than
police, firefighters, nurses, news reporters.

One Yard Below EIA study
\clipim\99\02\23\yard\salary.htm
http://www.calnews.com/Archives/1YB_II_sal.htm
Table 6 simply takes two sets of figures: NEA's average annual
teacher salary state rankings for 1995-96 and the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics average annual salary state rankings for all workers
in 1995

The United States as a whole paid its public school teachers 34.9%
more than its average workers earned. 

The starting teacher salary in the United States as a whole was
$24,507, with a climb of 53.6% to $37,642

The amount they earned was large enough to raise the average teacher
income by $2,345 that year.



 Quote of the Week: "Coming out of
college, why would I teach for $21,000 when I could go to
McDonald's, make the same thing, have better insurance, not have
homework to take home and grade, not have to worry about faculty
meetings and not have to put up with all the harassment that
sometimes comes with education?" — Mississippi Association of
Educators President Michael Marks.  An entry-level teacher in
Mississippi earns $113.51 per workday (87% higher), plus $27.47 per
workday in benefits.

\clip\98\20\techwage.txt
http://www.seattletimes.com/news/local/html98/wage_010499.html
January 4, 1999 Teachers say it's time for a raise by Linda Shaw
Seattle Times staff reporter
Beginning teachers with a bachelor's degree make close to $23,000
(qualifies for public housing if supporting child) Teachers with 15
years of experience, a master's degree and 90 additional college
credits earn about $50,000, roughly $20,000 more than the average
wage in the state.

%%Catholic

BLACK STUDENTS DO BETTER IN CATHOLIC SCHOOLS ON NAEP, EVEN AT =
INCOME \clip\99\19\cathblak.txt
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/1999-10/07/224l-100799-idx.html
Catholic School Blacks' Math Scores Exceed Public Students', Study
Says By Debbi Wilgoren Washington Post Staff Writer Thursday, October
7, 1999; Page B09 .. teachers and principals are paid much less than
are their public school counterparts.  

%%Differential pay

The market pays more for math and science skills, but teacher unions
oppose paying more for teachers in math and science where there are 
shortages. Differential pay is a very good market based idea.


The Quest for Smaller Classes The Christian Science Monitor; Gail
Russell Chaddock 02-03-1998 "The problem with the system is that it
is extremely inflexible. The way teachers are paid guarantees
shortages," says Mike Podgursky, a University of Missouri economist
who studies education. The solution, he says, is to raise salaries
for positions in short supply, not just pour more money into
education schools to get more graduates.

The Education Intelligence Agency
COMMUNIQUÉ February 22, 1999 "Our members are totally opposed to
it," said Annette Cootes of the Texas State Teachers Association. "We
need to pay everyone a decent wage before we start looking at
differential pay."  In Baltimore County, officials want to offer
$3,500 per year more to experienced teachers who agree to work in the
county's worst schools.

%%How it is set

In the state of NJ we negotiated with
the administration and the school board for a contract


%%Private

PRIVATE TEACHERS PAID HALF AS MUCH AS IN MILWAUKEE PRIVATE SCHOOLS
z42\clip\2000\05\techpay.txt
Low wages threaten private [voucher] schools, report says
Many teachers in UWM survey happy with schools but not pay
By Joe Williams of the Journal Sentinel staff
Last Updated: May 14, 2000
According to the survey, private school teachers on average are paid
$21,676 per year, compared with $42,639 in the Milwaukee Public Schools.
On average, the school year is longer in private schools than in MPS.

%%Tax 

CA TEACHERS PROPOSED TO BE TAX FREE 
educationnews.org 5/14/2000 Arizona Republic Calif. governor
wants teachers exempt from state income tax LOS ANGELES - In a
striking gesture of support for public education, Gov.  Gray Davis
proposed Saturday to exempt California public-school teachers from
the state's personal income tax, in what state officials said they
believed was the first such peacetime exemption for any occupation in
American history.





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