But not until 2006 was it ever mentioned that every estimate of life expectancy which include Asian Americans live longer than anybody else, including the Japanese who are generally given credit for the longest in the world. Mormons also have a longer life expectancy than the Japanese, according to economist Thomas Sowell.
They also neglect to mention that Hispanics also live longer than Whites, even though both Asians and Hispanics have very high rates of lacking health insurance, and Hispanics have very low per capita incomes and high poverty rates. A San Francisco news report slammed lower life expectancy for city blacks, but completely overlooked that at 80.2 years, city Latinos rank among the longest living of any group anywhere in the world. In 2010, the US government made "the paradox" of high Hispanic life expectancy an official statistic.
This evidence is counter to the common wisdom that the Japanese live longer, or that Asian Americans lose their longevity when they assimilate, and the general assertion that racism and povery is to blame for shorter life expectancy. There have been other reports that show poor health outcomes for Blacks even with equal incomes and education which indicates something other than racism and poverty may be at work to explain shorter life expectancy.
This has been ascribed by some, such as Phillipe Rushton as genetic as part of a patter of better health and higher intelligence. However, this does not hold up if you observe that among Asian countries, only highly developed Japan and Hong Kong are equal or better than the United States.
"Asians have the longest life expectancy on earth - Crowded Hong Kong residents can expect to live to 76": "Muck and Brass" Economist May 5, 1990 p. 43
"Family Support Credited for Asian's Longevity": Asian Week April 1, 1988 p. 3 "The Japanese live longer than anybody else in the world. That is, until they move here." Newsweek May 27, 1991 p. 49 "Japanese men have the highest life expectancy in the world" San Francisco Chronicle Aug 22, 1990 p. A11 "Japanese Americans in Hawaii Live Longest" Asian Week Sept 1, 1995
Life Expectancy Spectrum ----------------------------------- 200-500 Old Testament heros. 92 US Affluent Asian American 1997 86 US Mormon 1997 80 Japan 1998 78 Italy 1998 76 US 1998 74 Mexico 1998 70 US Black 1997 56 India 1992 47 US 1900 44 Italy 1900 44 Japan 1900 35 Mexico 1900 30 Stonehenge Culture 5000 BC LONG LIFE SPECTRUM http://www.arthurhu.com/index/ahealth.htm#worldlife MORMONS AND RICH ASIAN AMERICANS LIVE THE LONGEST \doc\95\14\worllife.wk1 Life Expectancy by Nation Data taken between 1989 and 1992 depending on country It has been commonly reported that the Japanese live longer than anyone else in the world, however, this does not take into account breaking out Asians Americans separately, as it is the 1st best kept secret that Asians have the longest life expectancy of any American race, and that it is even longer than the Japanese by any known study. In the United States, Asian Americans live the longest, and Hispanics live slightly longer than whites. Worldwide, only Asians in Japan and Hong Kong live longer than Americans. US Blacks lag whites, but are no worse than South Korea. Nation Male Female Average Wealthy AsAm 89.5 95.0 92.0(s1) Asian-American women in Bergen County, N.J. 91.0 (3) US Mormon 86.0 US Asian 82.1 87.4 84.8 (3) Japan '97 80.0 85.3 83.2 US Asian 83.0 CA Asian 79.2 85.8 82.5 HI Chinese 78.4 81.7 80.2 SF Latino 73.9 86.5 80.2 Hawaii 80.0 (3) SF Asian 76.5 83.5 80.0 HI Japanese 77.7 81.5 79.7 Men Utah 77.0 Japan '06 84.4 Japan '96 76.4 82.8 79.0 US Hispanic 78.0 Iceland 76 80 78.0 Sweden 75 80 77.5 Cuba 95 CIA 74.9 79.4 77.1 France 73 81 77.0 Australia 74 80 77.0 Netherlands 74 80 77.0 Switzerland 74 80 77.0 Hong Kong 74 80 77.0 Israel 75 78 76.5 Italy 73 80 76.5 Norway 73 80 76.5 Spain 73 80 76.5 US Born 1996 76.1 US White 76.0 Shanghai China 75.5 United States 72 79 75.5 Germany 72 78 75.0 Denmark 72 78 75.0 Finland 71 79 75.0 United Kingdom 72 78 75.0 New Zealand 72 78 75.0 CA White 78 71 74.5 Luxembourg 71 78 74.5 Greece 72 76 74.0 Ireland 71 77 74.0 New York 73.8 (china wakes) Kuwait 71 75 73.0 Singapore 69 74 71.5 S. Korea 67 75 71.0 US Black 70.0 N. Korea 66 73 69.5 China 68 71 69.5 Black rural south 67.7 Black Urban US 66.7 CA Black 65 65 65.0 Phillipines 63 66 64.5 Mexico 62 66 64.0 Thailand 64 59 61.5 Blacks DC 57 AmerIndians S.Dakota 65 (3) Guatemala 55 59 57.0 India 55 56 55.5 US 1900 47 (2) Italy Japan 1900 44 (2) Mexico 1900 35 (2) Source: Nations from Statistical Yearbook 1992 (2) Time 100 (1900) Dec 1998 (3) "Location, race and income affect life spans in U.S." Seattle Times Sept 12, 2006 study by Dr. Christopher Murray of the Harvard School of Public Health. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/health/2003254679_longevity12.html (s1)Daily Herald (Chicago) AP story 12/4/97 Life expectancy in parts of U.S. comparable to third world \clip\97\29\lifeexpe.txt http://www.dailyherald.com/d/newsfront/national/dhhtm/8rest.htm Mormon - "How About It Hillary?" Thomas Sowell, Forbes Jan 3, 94 p. 80 NY: United Nations 1994 US race - US Census estimates CA race - State of California estimates HI race - 1984 Hawaii State Dept of Health PHS report, The Facts (1988) p. 191, as appears in "Asian Americans: A Status Report" GAO (Wash DC) March 1990 Blacks DC, Wealthy Asian, Utah men - affluent New York and Mass counties, Daily Herald (Chicago) AP story 12/4/97 Life expectancy in parts of U.S. comparable to third world - Japan #1 Life Expectancy, but US Asians and Mormons still even longer - US has the longest life expectancy if you're already 80 National Center for Health Statistics Male Female '99 '00 '99 '00 All 73.9 74.1 79.4 79.5 Black 67.8 68.3 74.7 75.0 White 74.6 74.8 79.9 80.0 http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr49/nvsr49_12.pdf Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2000. Vol. 49, No. 12. 40 pp. (PHS) 2001-1120. No life expectancy for Asians, but does have age-adjusted death rates ... the lowest mortality was reported for the API and Hispanic populations whose preliminary age-adjusted death rates were 42 percent and 33 percent lower,respectively,than those for the white non-Hispanic population.In contrast,the age-adjusted death rate for the black population was 30 percent higher than that for the white non-Hispanic population. Mortality for races other than white and black and Hispanic origin may be seriously understated due to under- 10 reporting of some race groups and Hispanic origin on death certificates and to undercounts of those population groups in the census (9,10). Age Adjusted Death RatesRatio 2000 1999 2000 1999 Black 1124.8 1147.1 -1.32 -1.33 WNH 863.4 869.4 -1.01 -1.01 White 853.2 860.7 1.00 1.00 NatAm 697.7 716.1 1.22 1.20 Hisp 582.5 601.0 1.46 1.43 Asian 502.0 517.5 1.70 1.66 Note Asian rate is only 1/2 black rate @@Asian (Longest) Asian Americans not only live longer than other Americans, they live longer than other Asians. Before 2006, only one Knight Ridder series has EVER printed that Asian Americans have the longest life expectancy. Even then, the headline was that the healthy image of Asians was misleading. Why is this such a closely guarded secret? LONGEVITY GAP FAVORS ASIANS ANYWHERE IN US ASIAN WOMEN LONGEST LIVING IN THE WORLD \priv\2006\09\racelife.txt http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2003254679_longevity12.html Location, race and income affect life spans in U.S. Seattle Times Sept 12, 2006 picture: wash13.gif - lowest in missippi and appalacia Dr. Christopher Murray of the Harvard School of Public Health. Murray said the longevity gap has persisted for two decades "despite the efforts made by public-health programs." Highest were Asian-American women living in Bergen County, N.J., who have an average life expectancy of 91 years, according to the report published in the journal of Medicine. At the other extreme are American Indians in South Dakota, whose average life expectancy is only 58 years. "That's comparable to the life expectancy in Southeast Asia and in sub-Saharan Africa," According to the state data, Hawaii is the healthiest, with an average life span for men and women of 80 years.[note, majority asian state] "Black Middle America" — African Americans who live outside inner cities and the rural South — have a life expectancy five years shorter than those in "Middle America," which encompasses the vast majority of urban and suburban whites. A farmer from a Great Plains state such as North Dakota is likely to live four years longer than a farmer living in Appalachia or the Mississippi Valley Asians have by far the longest life expectancy: 87.4 years for women and 82.1 for men. Black urban men have the shortest, at 66.7, followed by Southern rural black men, at 67.7. Indian men in the West are next, at 69.4. ASIAN AMERICAN WOMEN LIVE LONGER THAN WOMEN IN JAPAN Asian women in the United States — many of whom are second-generation and have spent their whole lives here — have a life expectancy that is three years longer than Japanese women, who, as a national group, are the longest-living in the world. WHITES VARY AS MUCH AS BLACK-WHITE The gap in life expectancy between [[north plains vs Appalacia and Miss. valley]] in 2001 was 4.2 years for men and 3.8 years for women. This is not far off the overall gap of 6.4 years between black men and white men, and the 4.6-year gap between white women and black women. EIGHT MAJOR GROUPINGS Tuesday, September 12, 2006 Location, race and income affect life spans in U.S. By Seattle Times news services
WASHINGTON — Where people live, combined with their race and income, plays a huge role in the nation's health disparities, differences so stark that a report issued Monday contends it's as if there are eight separate Americas instead of one.
Millions of the worst-off Americans have life expectancies typical of developing countries, concluded Dr. Christopher Murray of the Harvard School of Public Health.
Murray said the longevity gap has persisted for two decades "despite the efforts made by public-health programs."
The reason, he said, is that many programs have been aimed at addressing infant mortality, violence and HIV/AIDS, while the real problems unearthed by the study are diseases of the heart, lung and liver, including cancer, taking a toll on people between 15 and 65.
"This is a surprise," Murray said. "Despite a decade or longer of programs to reduce disparities in the U.S., the longevity gap is not getting any smaller, and in fact may be getting worse for males." These findings are "a pretty strong indictment on these efforts. We are clearly not doing enough."
At one end of the scale are Asian-American women living in Bergen County, N.J., who have an average life expectancy of 91 years, according to the report published in the journal PLoS Medicine.
At the other extreme are American Indians in South Dakota, whose average life expectancy is only 58 years. "That's comparable to the life expectancy in Southeast Asia and in sub-Saharan Africa," said Dr. Richard Suzman, associate director of the National Institute on Aging, which partially funded the study.
According to the state data, Hawaii is the healthiest, with an average life span for men and women of 80 years.
Washington state ranked 13th, at 78.2 years.
The District of Columbia had the lowest life expectancy, 72 years. It is followed by Mississippi, 73.6; Louisiana, 74.2; Alabama, 74.4; and South Carolina, 74.8.
A black man living in a high-crime American city can expect to live 21 fewer years than a woman of Asian descent in the United States.
Inhabitants of what the report calls "Black Middle America" — African Americans who live outside inner cities and the rural South — have a life expectancy five years shorter than those in "Middle America," which encompasses the vast majority of urban and suburban whites.
Murray and his colleagues looked at life expectancy in 2,000 geographical units — counties or groups of counties. They then divided them into eight groupings based on ethnicity, race and income.
The Eight Americas were:
• Asians, scattered throughout the country
• Rural whites in the Northern Plains and Dakotas
• White Middle America, consisting of 214 million people not assigned
to other categories
• Low-income whites in Appalachia and the Mississippi Valley
• Western Indians (the smallest group, with 1 million people)
• Black Middle America
• Low-income rural Southern blacks
• High-risk urban blacks (those living in places where a person has a 1 percent or greater risk of being killed between ages 15 and 74)
This study did not cover Hispanic who were noted by US govt as higher than whites or blacks
\clip\98\10\asiheal.txt http://www.seattletimes.com/news/health-science/html98/asia_080398.html Seattle Times August 3, 1998 Healthy image of Asian Americans can be misleading by R.A. Zaldivar Knight Ridder Newspapers " Overall, Asian Americans have the longest life expectancy, the lowest infant mortality and the lowest death rates from heart disease and cancer compared with other Americans. Stroke is the only major illness for which Asian death rates are higher than those for whites. " LIFE EXP VARIES BY COUNTY, INCOME, RACE: NY ASIANS LIVED LONGEST TO 90S Daily Herald (Chicago) AP story 12/4/97 Life expectancy in parts of U.S. comparable to third world \clip\97\29\lifeexpe.txt http://www.dailyherald.com/d/newsfront/national/dhhtm/8rest.htm "Yet male Asians living in affluent counties in New York and Massachusetts lived to be 89.5, Asian women into their mid-90s." "high-income whites lived only about two years longer than poor whites." [Finally somebody else notices low Asian American life expectancies] ASIAN INDIANS LONGEST, HAWAIIANS AND BLACKS SHORTEST EXPECTED LIFE \doc\web\99\04\aslife.wk1 http://www.arthurhu.com/99/04/aslife.txt http://www.cdc.gov/nchswww/data/mvs46_1s.pdf Monthly Vital Statistics Report, Vol 46, No 1 Supplement (8/14/97) National Center for Health Statistics Table B: Life expectancy by age and race: Total of 7 selected reporting States, 1992 [Extreme caution should be exercised in interpreting these estimates, particularly those for specified groups other than white and black. Estimates from abridged life table] * Small population size limits the reliability of life table values. August 14, 1997 7 Group Life Expectancy AmIndian 91.1 1.21 Guamanian* 85.5 1.14 AsIndian* 85.1 1.13 Korean 82.3 1.10 Japanese 82.1 1.09 Chinese 81.7 1.09 Filipino 80.6 1.07 Total 80.3 1.07 Vietnamese* 78.8 1.05 Allraces 75.2 1.00 White 75.1 1.00 Other API 71.4 -1.05 Black 68.3 -1.10 Hawaiian 68.3 -1.10 Samoan* 68.3 -1.10 A CONTRARY OPNION - ASIANS NOT ALWAYS THE LONGEST LIVED. From: juan pablo montoya sangliasuga hotmail.com Sent: Saturday, July 31, 2004 7:45 PM Subject: incorrect dada arthur "East Asians also have lower life expectancies(longest lived humans are Albanian,ms. Hoxa and French ,Ms Jeanne Louise Calment women) than European states(andorra is the longest lived state, and the mean of korea, japan, china, taiwan is lower than the mean for any four nations in west europe) and much higher 5rates of hepetitis infection." @@Black PROGRESS, BUT STILL LAGGING Blacks are well known to have lower life expectancy than whites, but there is evidence that black death rates are lower than whites at very high ages, thus the very old black women effect. The gap in life expectancy has shrunk from 30% at the start to 12% at the end of the 20th century. Cochran on "crossover" effect This is a very interesting phenomenon--called the "black-white crossover" in the literature of demography. Black mortality rates are higher than those of whites in the US until about age 70 when the hazard curves cross. At age 85 or 90 the annual risk of death is a lot lower for blacks than for whites. A good source is a monograph by Manton and Stallard, but I am on the road and don't have the full reference at hand. BLACKS ARE 2X TO BE 105 OR OLDER COMPARED TO GENERAL POP Jim Chapin con1453#aol.com notes: Well, the 1990 census gave Blacks 12.3% of the population. They continue to die at higher rates than Whites until they reach their 80's -- then look at what happens: Of the 30,947 people between 100 and 104, 13.6% were Black. Of the 6,359 people 105 and older, 26.2% were Black. This is the very end of the Bell Curve of life expectancy, but it suggests, at least, that, were it not for the unhealthy life styles of many Blacks, they might have a longer life expectancy than Whites. BLACKS LIVE LONGER, ASIANS SHORTER AT EXTREMES Henry Harpening: A good discussion of this race difference is Manton and Stallard, 1984, Current Trends in Mortality Analysis. This black-white mortality crossover in old age is IMHO well established. There are also data from older censuses suggesting that it is mirror-imaged in Asians. The censuses of Taiwan and Japan in the 60s showed very poor survivorship in the 70s and 80s. Black Life Expectancy Gap Shrinks in 20th Century Year Gap in Years % Difference* 1900 14.6 31% 1910 14.7 29% 1920 9.6 17% 1930 13.3 22% 1940 11.1 17% 1950 8.3 12% *Percent shorter than whites Source: National Vital Statistics Reports, 12/24/98 From table in Wall Street Journal Dec 26, 2000 z47\clipim\2001\01\02\life\life.htm @@Centenarians z54\clip\2001\12\cent.txt http://cgi.newsobserver.com/standing/help/tools/_scripts/friendly-print.cgi Raleigh News & Observer December 16, 2001 Race,longevity may be linked through genes "[African Americans ] make up 31 percent of all Tar Heel centenarians. But only 21 percent of the state's population is black. And African-Americans are only about 15 percent of North Carolinians in their 60s, 70s, 80s and 90s. " @@County LIFE EXP VARIES BY COUNTY, INCOME, RACE: NY ASIANS LIVED LONGEST TO 90S Daily Herald (Chicago) AP story 12/4/97 Life expectancy in parts of U.S. comparable to third world \clip\97\29\lifeexpe.txt http://www.dailyherald.com/d/newsfront/national/dhhtm/8rest.htm Men in a swath of South Dakota as well as in the eastern cities of Baltimore and Washington live about as long as men in such developing countries as India and Bolivia, a Harvard scientist reported Wednesday. @@Hispanic http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/14/us/14brfs-HISPANICSOUT_BRF.html New York Times Oct 13, 2010 National Briefing | Health Hispanics Outlive Whites and Blacks in U.S. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Published: October 13, 2010 * Hispanics in the United States can expect to outlive whites by more than two years and blacks by more than seven * report first to calculate Hispanic life expectancy in the nation, instead of included with white and black * “Hispanic paradox” — longevity for a population with a large share of poor, undereducated members. * theory immigrants are healthier * A Hispanic born in 2006 could expect to live about 80 years and seven months. Life expectancy for a white person is about 78, and just shy of 73 for a black person. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704049904575554320137649894.html Wall Street Journal OCTOBER 16, 2010 Latino Aging Stumps Experts Miriam Jordan ...often poor, uneducated and without health insurance—live long and strong has long confounded health professionals, scholars and other experts. This week, the first official life-expectancy data released for U.S. Hispanics shows they outlive whites by 2.5 years and blacks by almost eight years. The life expectancy for Hispanics is nearly 81 years, compared with 78 years for whites and almost 73 for blacks. As a whole, people in the U.S. can expect to live 77.7 years, according to the report from the Centers for Disease Control. "The findings can imply the Hispanic population is healthier overall" than whites and blacks despite its low socio-economic status, said Elizabeth Arias, lead author of the report ... "Hispanic epidemiological paradox" coined in 1986 by Kyriakos Markides, a professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Texas, ....among Hispanics in the Southwest. Back then, "it seemed paradoxical that a population so disadvantaged could live so long and be relatively healthy," he said... studies in California by David Hayes-Bautista, a professor at the UCLA Medical School's Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture, found similar patterns. Source: CDC/NCHS national vital statistics system and centers for medicare & medicaid services, medicare data Life expectancy at birth by race and sex in US in 2006 (table leaves out Asians) Female Male White 80.4 75.6 Black 76.2 69.2 Hispanic 83.1 77.9 ------------------------- Asian 87.4 82.1 (2) SOURCE (2) - did not cover Hispanics http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/health/2003254679_longevity12.html September 12, 2006 Location, race and income affect life spans in U.S. By Seattle Times news services According to the state data, Hawaii is the healthiest, with an average life span for men and women of 80 years. (Highest Asian) Washington state ranked 13th, at 78.2 years. The District of Columbia had the lowest life expectancy, 72 years. It is followed by Mississippi, 73.6; Louisiana, 74.2; Alabama, 74.4; and South Carolina, 74.8. As previous studies have shown, Asians have by far the longest life expectancy: 87.4 years for women and 82.1 for men. Black urban men have the shortest, at 66.7, followed by Southern rural black men, at 67.7. Indian men in the West are next, at 69.4. @@History Time http://cgi.pathfinder.com/time/time100/timewarp/timewarp.html Life expectancy 1900 vs now 1900 1998 US 47 76 Italy 44 78 Japan 44 80 Mexico 35 74@@Immigrant IMMIGRANTS LIVE LONGER, ASIANS LIVE LONGER THAN ANYBODY \clip\2004\06\immlife.txt http://www.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2004/5/26/172416.shtml *Immigrants Outlive Native Americans* */Wednesday, May 26, 2004/* Life Expectancy: 78 Immigrant (3 more than US more) 77 US Overall 75 US Born 73 Immigrant African (9 years longer than US born) 64 US Born Black 50 African in Africa Obese adults 22% immigrant, 28% US born, 30% all US .. misconception that immigrants have poorer health, .. [facts show] better than their U.S.-born counterparts," says Gopal K. Singh, an NIH statistician. His research, published this month in the Canadian Journal of Public Health.. .. Asians/Pacific Islanders, the group with the longest life expectancy.
LIFE EXP VARIES BY COUNTY, INCOME, RACE: NY ASIANS LIVED LONGEST TO 90S Daily Herald (Chicago) AP story 12/4/97 Life expectancy in parts of U.S. comparable to third world \clip\97\29\lifeexpe.txt http://www.dailyherald.com/d/newsfront/national/dhhtm/8rest.htm "high-income whites lived only about two years longer than poor whites." [Finally somebody else notices low Asian American life expectancies]
@@Limit NO LIMIT TO LIFE EXPECTANCY, TO REACH 100 IN 60 YEARS z56\clip\2002\05\lifelim.txt Public release date: 9-May-2002 Contact: Katharine Neal Duke University Study indicates no natural limit to life expectancy May 10, 2002, Science. Data analyzed by the Duke university scientists indicate that the maximum human lifespan will reach 100 in about six decades, @@News z43\clipim\2000\06\21\staymarr.efx Quality Counts Economist June 10, 2000. Chart JAPAN, AUSTRALIA LEAD "full" LIFE EXPECTANCY z42\clip\2000\06\japnlife.txt Seattle Times Company June 05, 2000 Japanese are tops in long, full life by Geir Moulson The Associated Press Japanese can expect 74 1/2 years of healthy life, according to a WHO study that measures "disability-adjusted" life expectancy, subtracting years according to the prevalence and severity of ailments ranging from malaria to lung disease. Australia, at 73.2 years, came second, followed by France, Sweden, Spain and Italy. The United States, which spends the most on health, rated only 24th, with an expectancy of 70 years. Top countries: 1. Japan, 74.5 years; 2. Australia, 73.2; 3. France, 73.1; 4. Sweden, 73.0; 5. Spain, 72.8; 6. Italy, 72.7; 7. Greece, Switzerland, 72.5; 8. Monaco, 72.4; 9. Andorra, San Marino, 72.3 10. Canada, Netherlands 72. Worst countries: 186. Uganda, 32.7; 187. Botswana, 32.3; 188. Zambia, 30.3; 189. Malawi, 29.4; 190. Niger, 29.1; 191. Sierra Leone, 25.9 \clip\97\29\inftmort.txt http://www.bouldernews.com/BoulderNews/HealthScience/Discovery/html/X_9712020011.htm Boulder News December 2, 1997 Infant mortality rate in U.S. at new low By ALEXANDRA ZAVIS Associated Press CHICAGO life expectancy at birth has reached a new high, at 76.1 years. In 1996, there were 7.2 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, according to a summary of preliminary 1996 government statistics published in the December issue of Pediatrics, the journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. \clip\97\23\checkup.txt http://search.tribnet.com/archive/0997/0912a12.htm News Tribune Checkup finds nation is healthier Life expectancy is up, and infant mortality is down September 12, 1997 Marlene Cimons; Los Angeles Times \clip\97\05\eldrlife.txt NewsBank, inc. - The Seattle Times - 1995 - Article with Citation STUDY: ELDERLY AMERICANS LIVE LONGER THAN MOST Date: November 2, 1995 Section: NEWS Page: A9 Edition: FINAL DANIEL Q. HANEY AP "Americans who reach age 80 can expect to live about a year longer than elderly folks in four other industrialized countries." Source: New England Journal of Medicine Life expectancies for 80-year-old: Women Men USA 9.1 7.0 Japan 8.5 6.9 France 8.6 6.7 Sweden 8.3 6.5 England 8.1 6.2 ------------------------------------------------------------ HEADLINES DECLARE BLACK "CRISIS" BUT ASIAN MEN, LATINA WOMEN LIVE THE LONGEST IN SAN FRANCISCO. \doc\web\97\05\lifesf.txt 'Health crisis' for black men in S.F." Seattle Post Intelligencer June 18, 1997 p. B3 (AP) Dr. Thomas Aragon, city Health Department for the Bayview-Hunters Point Health & Environmental assessment Project Years Index Men Women Men Women White 64.9 79.5 1.00 1.00 Black 59.9 72.5 -1.08 -1.10 Latino 73.9 86.5 1.14 1.09 Asian 76.5 83.5 1.18 1.05 Analysis by Arthur Hu ----------------------------------------- US HAS LONGEST LIFE EXPECTANCY AT 80 \clip\97\05\eldrlife.txt NewsBank, inc. - The Seattle Times - 1995 - Article with Citation STUDY: ELDERLY AMERICANS LIVE LONGER THAN MOST Date: November 2, 1995 Section: NEWS Page: A9 Edition: FINAL DANIEL Q. HANEY AP "Americans who reach age 80 can expect to live about a year longer than elderly folks in four other industrialized countries." Source: New England Journal of Medicine Life expectancies for 80-year-old: Women Men USA 9.1 7.0 Japan 8.5 6.9 France 8.6 6.7 Sweden 8.3 6.5 England 8.1 6.2 p. 331 Shanghai Life expectancy is 76 compared to 73.8 in New York City Nicholas d. Kristof, Sheryl Wudunn "China Wakes" 1994 Random House \doc\97\02\chined.txt \clip\96\09\stayoung.htm Time - NOVEMBER 25, 1996 VOL. 148 NO. 24 Can We Stay Young \clip\96\04\alivcent.txt Date: Tue, 10 Sep 1996 21:18:08 -0400 From: NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) Number of People in Japan Alive a Century Tops 7,000 TOKYO (AP) -- There will be 7,373 Japanese 100 years or older at the end of September -- 955 more than a year ago, the Health and Welfare Ministry said Tuesday. Of those who have lived a century, 80 percent are women, it said. Comment - Japan has the highest life expectancy of any nation, but Asian and Mormon Americans live even longer. \clip\96\02\japnlife.txt 10 Aug 1996 From: NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) Quake, flu outbreak trim Japanese life expectancy TOKYO, Aug. 10 (Kyodo) women 82.84, men 76.36 years, both longest in the world, followed by Sweden 81.38/76.08 and Hong Kong 81.16 / 75.84 Comment: Japan still lags California Asians at 85.8 (vs 82.8) for women and 79.2 (vs. 76.36) for men. They also lag US Asians at 83 yrs, and US Mormons at 86 years. \doc\96\02\mmwr1.txt From 1992 to 1993, overall life expectancy (LE) at birth declined from 75.8 years to 75.5 years. As in 1992, LE at birth continued to be highest among white females (79.5 years), followed by black females (73.7 years), white males (73.1 years), and black males (64.6 years). Although LE declined for all four racial-sex groups during 1992-1993, the overall race-specific difference in LE for blacks and whites increased slightly, from 6.9 years in 1992 to 7.1 years in 1993. \priv\95\20\oldest.htm Oldest confirmed woman in world is 120 in Italy \doc\95\18\jplife.doc \priv\95\18\jplife.doc "Japanese Americans in Hawaii Live Longest" Asian Week Sept 1, 1995 p. 7. David Curb of the Honolulu Heart Program found that Japanese Americans in Hawaii had the longest known life expectancy of any group in the world. d:\priv\95\17\clinplan.txt No Exit The New Republic Feb 7, 1994 p. 21 The nation's high infant mortality rate and lower life expectancy reflect not health care, but the epidemic of low-birth-wieght babies born to tennage and drug-addicted mothers, as well as the large number of hommicides in American cities and drug related deaths (not to mention AIDS) \priv\95\16\amovr80.txt Americans older than 80 have longer life expectancy than in other countries Tacoma News Tribune 11/1/95 \doc\95\11\hawalife.txt Life Expectancy at Birth Adapted from Robert W. Gardner Life Tables by Ethnic Group for Hawaii R&S Report Issue No. 47 March 1984. Research and Statistics Office Hawaii State Department of Health As appeared in Asian Week Jan 20, 1995 Ranked by combined life expectancy Chinese and Japanese in Hawaii have the longest life expectancy - both outlast Japanese in Japan. Both Male Female Chinese 80.24 78.41 81.73 Japanese 79.66 77.74 81.54 Filipino 78.78 77.34 81.04 Other 76.85 72.60 78.05 All 78.02 75.04 81.45 White 76.38 74.15 79.08 Hawaiian 74.01 70.86 76.02 \priv\95\05\lifespan.txt - disparity in life by race, healthy lifespan is 64 years. JAMA 4/12/95 \priv\95\05\aidssum.txt "Billions Suffering Needlessly, Study Says" New York Times (05/02/95) P. C5; Leary, Warren E. the WHO survey noted that global life expectancy has increased to 65 years from 61 years in the last quarter of a century. "U.S. Population in 2050 Will Be Half Minorities" San Francisco Chronicle Dec 4, 1992 p. A1 Ramon G. McLeod U.S. Census projections Life expectancy: W76 B70 H78 A83 1.0 -1.1 1.02 1.09 Life Expectancy, 1960 study in California, 1980 Study in Hawaii, both sexes White Japanese Chinese Filipino California 71 78/1.10 73/1.03 NA Hawaii 76 80/1.05 80/1.06 79 Source: R.W. Gardner, R Robey, and P.C. Smith, "Asian Americans: Growth, Change and Diversity," Population Bulletin (1985) as presented in the PHS report, The Facts (1988) p. 191, as appears in "Asian Americans: A Status Report" GAO (Wash DC) March 1990 asian.health.life-expectancy.centennial "More Celebrating Their Centennial" Wall Street Journal Jan 27, 1995 p. B1. The number of people reaching the age of 100 has doubled every 10 years in most countries. doc938\lifexpec.xls - US and CA figures show Asians live longest CA Male W78 B65 HNA A85.8 CA Female W71 B65 H72 A79.2 "Who Lives Longest" The Economist Dec 14, 1991 p. 111 The Japanese live longer than any other nation, 79 years, and biggest improvement of any industual nation (from 68 in 1960) Approx Top 1990 1960 Japan 79 68 Holland 77 72 Spain 77 69 Canada 77 71 France 75 70 Los Angeles Times Aug 28, 1990 H5 Male Female North Korea 67 73 South Korea 66 73 San Francisco Chronicle Aug 22, 1990 p. A11 "Japanese men have the highest life expectancy in the world" "Death by Fried Chicken", Newsweek Sept 24, 1990 p. 36 1890 1990 Men 35.0 75.5 Women 37.0 82.0 "Chinese Grow Healthier From Cradle To Grave" New York Times April 14, 1991 Nicholas D Kristof Life Exp Infant Mort per 1000 live births Shanghai 75.5 10.9 White NYC 73.0 NonWhite NYC 70.0 All NYC 13.3 All US 76.0 9.0 Thailand (no source) 67 male 71 female "Japan's Declining Birthrate" Wall Street Journal June 6, 1991 Average Life Expectancy set a new record: Men 75.91 Women 81.77 "Pity Those Poor Japanese" Economist Dec 24, 1988 p. 48 1987 Life Expectancy Men Women Japan 75.6 81.4 United States 71.3 United Kingdom 71.8 West Germany 71.5 Source: World Health Organization -------------------------------------- CA Asian Am 79.2 85.8 CA White 72.3 79.3 AsAm - Japan edge +3.6 +4.4 Asian Americans live 4 years longer than Japanese according to California State Center for Health Statistics Differing Ills Deaths per 100,000 people, 1985 Heart Lung Stomach Disease Strokes Cancer Cancer Suicide Japan 45.0 123.6 25.0 42.9 19.6 USA 229.8 62.8 52.0 6.1 12.2 Britain 243.3 104.3 57.7 16.0 8.5 France 74.4 79.8 31.7 11.6 21.3 W Germany 167.0 104.5 34.6 18.8 18.6 "Report Details Death Risks Around the World" San Francisco Chronicle April 26, 1991 (AP) World Health Organization Report "Japanese women live the longest" Men Women Japan 76.5 82.5 US 71.6 78.6 Newsweek May 27, 1991 p. 49 "The Japanese live longer than anybody else in the world. That is, until they move here. The Japanese have one fifth to one sixth the rate of breast cancer that we do, says Dr. Peter Greenwald, director of the Division of Cancer Prevention and Control at the National Cancer Institute. "When they move to Hawaii, the rate goes up". Note - this is false, life expectancy is higher for Asians in California than Japan "Family Support Credited for Asian's Longevity" Asian Week April 1, 1988 p. 3 source: California State Center for Health Statistics Men Women Index Asian 79.2 85.8 8.2 7.8 Hispanic 72 #N/A 1 #N/A White 71 78 0 0 Black 65 65 -6 -13 Asians live longest, Hispanics outlive Whites as well These two groups are most likely to be without health insurance "Muck and Brass" Economist May 5, 1990 p. 43 "Asians have the longest life expectancy on earth - Crowded Hong Kong residents can expect to live to 76" "U.S. Population In 2050 Will Be Half Minorities" Ramon G. McLeod San Francisco Chronicle Dec 4, 1992 p. 1 U.S. Census Projection White Black Hispanic Asian NativeAm Years 76 70 78 83 78 Difference 0 -6 2 7 2 Index 1.00 -1.09 1.03 1.09 1.03 1995 Life Expectancies Years White Black Hispanic Other Male 73.9 66.9 76.4 80.2 Female 80.2 75.2 83.7 85.6 Both 77.0 71.0 80.0 83.0 Index White Black Hispanic Other Male 1.00 -1.10 1.03 1.09 Female 1.00 -1.07 1.04 1.07 Both 1.00 -1.08 1.04 1.08 California Department of Finance, 1993 Note: Most of "Other" are Asian Americans / PI * Mormons live a decade longer than other whites.
"How About It Hillary?" Thomas Sowell, Forbes Jan 3, 94 p. 80 @@Primitive Henry Harpending 2/2001: There are pretty good data from a few technologically primitive human groups without medical care nor any sort of public health. Among Bushmen survival from birth to 15 was about .71, birth to 65 about .51, so the probability a 15 year old reached 65 was about 70%. Ache are foragers in the Amazonian forest. Survival from birth to 15 was .61, birth to 65 was .28, so survival from 15 to 65 was 45% or so. The difference may be that the Ache experienced more violence, their food was not as good, or there were more pathogens in a humid forest. Greg Cochran: Actually, those are pretty good numbers - useful, too. The Bushmen numbers are close to those of Massachusetts in 1850: the expectation of life at age 20 was 40.1 years, so if anything the Bushmen lived _longer_. Civilization is overrated. modified 4/10/2011 http://www.arthurhu.com/index/lifeexpe.htm \doc\web\index\lifeexpe.txt