Arthur Hu's Index of Diversity

(c) Arthur Hu, please cite when using data from here arthurhu @ hufamily.com (no space) on how to get more complete data or complete text of these references

Contents


Note the many categories, notably AIDS, cancer, and infant mortality
that are actually better for Hispanics than whites, in contrast to
economics and education. This is similar to poor Asians and Native
Americans. Some statistics such as AIDS deaths are skewed by East
coast Hispanics who tend to be Puerto Ricans rather than Mexicans.

Hispanic Spectrum
----------------------------------------------------------
Hawaii AIDS 92             W1.00 B 15.7 H47.10A 8.2                                                                               
CA heart disease 93        W1.00 B 1.2  H 4.30A 3.4                                                                               
MA Deaths                  W1.00 B 1.56 H 3.90A 4.8   O4.2                                                                        
CA Suicide                 W1.00 B 1.8  H 3.00A 2.70                                                                              
LA AIDS 92                 W1.00 B 1.06 H 2.80A11.1                                                                               
CA breast cancer death     W1.00 B-1.18 H 2.00A 2.04  \doc\94\17\breastca.w                                                       k1
CA Develop Breast Cancer93 W1.00 B 1.18 H 2.00A 2.04                                                                              
CA Cancer Risk, Women 93   W1.00 B-1.15 H 1.87A 1.84                                                                              
AIDS CA Death  93          W1.00 B-1.6  H 1.80A 6.1   O3.04                                                                       
MA Pregnant Smoker         W1.00 B 1.51 H 1.79A 3.8                                                                               
SF AIDS        91          W1.00 B 1.38 H 1.70A15.1   N2.21 \doc\94\17\scar                                                       aai.wk1
SF alchohol treatment            B10.4  H 1.60A 2.90                                                                              
KingCo Infant Mort 95      W1.00 B-1.90 H 1.57A 1.34                                                                              
College men, # of drinks   W1.00 B 2.50 H 1.55A 3.00                                                                              
US Women smoking           W1.00 B 1.11 H 1.49A 2.23                                                                              
US SIDS 1995               W1.0  B-2.52 H 1.49A 1.42  N-2.91                                                                      
WA 3 Strikes               W1.00 B-21.1 H 1.46A 0.00 N-1.58                                                                       
US Coronary Heart Death 95 W1.00 B-1.36 H 1.42A 1.68 N1.37                                                                        
US birth rate 35-39        W1.00 B-1.10 H 1.40A 1.60                                                                              
Binge Drinking 91          W1.00 B 2.08 H 1.38A 2.17                                                                              
US Pregnant Drug Use       W1.00 B-2.00 H 1.33A 1.71                                                                              
SantaClara AIDS            W1.00 B-2.08 H 1.22A 6.0   N-1.3 \doc\94\17\scar                                                       aai.wk1
CA liver disease death 93  W1.00 B-1.08 H 1.20A 3.1                                                                               
CA deaths      93          W1.00 B-1.08 H 1.20A 3.1   O3.1                                                                        
US Men Smoking             W1.00 B-1.12 H 1.11A 1.26                                                                              
US Men overweight          W1.00 B 1.21 H 1.08A 2.39                                                                              
CA UCDavis Firearm Injury  W1.00 B-6.19 H 1.08A 1.23  N-1.51                                                                      
SantaClara AIDS/IVDU       W1.00 B-10.3 H 1.06A23.7                                                                               
--- better than whites -----------------
--- equal to whites --------------------
Disabled                   W1.00 B-1.18 H 1.05A 1.84                                                                              
WA AIDS Male-Male Sex      W1.00 B-1.90 H 1.02A 1.80  \doc\94\17\seataid.wk                                                       1
US Life Expectancy         W1.00 B-1.10 H 1.02A 1.09                                                                              
CA Infant Mortality        W1.00 B-2.34 H-1.01A 1.15                                                                              
US 1992 Teen 4+ Partner    W1.00 B-2.29 H-1.04                                                                                    
US Chinese Infant Mort     W1.00 B-2.07 H-1.05A 2.00                                                                              
Wash. teen G12 drinking          B 1.07 H-1.05A 1.80
--- worse than whites ------------------
Seattle Student Drinking 93W1.00 B-1.04 H-1.08A 1.72                                                                              
US child immz 1996         W1.00 B-1.05 H-1.10A 1.01 N1.01                                                                        
US teen birth 15-19        W1.00 B-1.20 H-1.11A NA                                                                                
US Women overweight        W1.00 B-1.74 H-1.22A 2.15  N-1.40                                                                      
WA G12 drug use 93         W1.00 B-1.07 H-1.25A 1.80                                                                              
WA G10 Drug use93          W1.00 B 1.00 H-1.25A 1.40  N-1.82                                                                      
Houston PSAT Verbal        W1.00 B-1.25 H-1.25A-1.25 N-1.08                                                                       
CBEST Teacher              W1.00 B-1.63 H-1.27A-1.22                                                                              
SF gay men STD clinic 93   W1.00 B-3.42 H-1.29A10.7   N2.94 \doc938\sfaids9                                                       3.xls
US Death in home by gun    W1.00 B-4.30 H-1.30A 1.30                                                                              
1995 US Death Row:         W1.00 B-5.13 H-1.40A3.67 N1.53                                                                         
US teen birth 15-17        W1.00 B-1.41 H-1.43A NA                                                                                
MA Infant Mortality        W1.00 B-2.98 H-1.44A 1.12                                                                              
MA Infant Mortality 95     W1.00 B-2.19 H-1.63A 1.46                                                                              
US Unwed mother  92        W1.00 B-3.70 H-1.70A 2.10                                                                              
CA Cancer risk, Men        W1.00 B-1.44 H-1.70A 1.51                                                                              
US Unmarried mothers       W1.00 B-3.00 H-1.70A 1.40                                                                              
Pasco WA math G11          W1.00 B-2.65 H-1.70A-1.20                                                                              
SF STD clinic  93          W1.00 B-3.42 H-1.73A 4.0         doc938\sfaids93                                                       .xls
US Bacterial Vaginosis     w1.00 b-3.00 h-1.80A 1.25                                                                              
California 1989 dropout          B-2.0  H-1.80A 1.16   N-1.3
Seat 95 Vid  Police        W1.00 B-5.42 H-1.85A-5.86                                                                              
King Co D.Viol Service Use W1.00 B-3.92 H-1.92A1.25 N4.08                                                                         
US 15-19 birth rate 91     W1.00 B-2.20 H-2.00A 1.90  N-1.60                                                                      
NAEP Sci G12               W1.00 B-2.58 H-2.14A-1.24 N-1.36                                                                       
NAEP Sci G8                W1.00 B-2.77 H-2.23A-1.17 N-1.27
Vote 1994 Congress         W1.00 B 1.00 H-2.30A-5.90 
NAEP Sci G4                W1.00 B-2.75 H-2.35A-1.23 N-1.46                                                                       
Seat 94 Writ Police        W1.00 B-4.65 H-2.37A-2.76                                                                              
US Gonorrhea               W1.00 B-39.8 H-2.68A 1.58                                                                              
NYC child Asthma  92       W1.00 B-2.42 H-2.75A 1.20                                                                              
92 CA   prison system      W1.00 B-9.0  H-2.90A 3.7                                                                               
US Local jails 1994        W1.00 B-6.00 H-2.90A1.38                                                                               
AIDS death US  95          W1.00 B-4.49 H-2.98A 2.70                                                                              
NYC cocaine births 93      W1.00 B-6.90 H-3.00A 0.0                                                                               
US 4yr deg 25-29  1998     W1.0  B-2.0  H-3.0 A1.7
US AIDS rate   93          W1.00 B-5.48 H-3.15A 2.89  N1.66
US Congress 1995           W1.00 B-1.66 H-3.48A-5.91  N0.00                                                                    
US Syphillis               W1.00 B-58.8 H-3.74A 1.33                                                                              
1997 NYC Domestic Murders  W1.00 B-5.84 H-4.10A0.00                                                                               
                                                                                                      
Data compiled by Arthur Hu


@@activism

CHICANO ACTIVIST PROFESSOR DISMISSED OF RACISM OR BECAUSE HE WAS
AWFUL, HATEFUL?  \clip\98\13\sanchez.txt
http://www.newtimesla.com/1998/100198/faultlines1.html New Times L.A.
Brown Out Ex-Brown Beret leader David Sanchez claims politics was
behind his dismissal from a local college teaching job. But
administrators -- and some students -- tell a different story "In an
attempted counterattack that backfired badly, he wrote a letter to
the Campus News in response to Espinoza's story. But the letter was
filled with grammatical errors and the paper printed it unedited."

MILITANT CHICANOS WANTS WHITES TO COME BACK AFTER CHASING THEM AWAY
\clip\98\13\milit.txt
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/1998-10/02/087l-100298-idx.htm
l Capital of 'Chicano Power' Wants to Shed Militant Political Image
By William Branigin Washington Post Staff Writer Friday, October 2,
1998; Page A03


  @@book

\priv\96\03\wallmirr.txt review of Gutierrez Walls and Mirrors

  mexhist.txt - book reviews  becoming mexican american
  Mario T. Garcia, BERT CORONA: MEMORIES OF CHICANO HISTORY: THE LIFE
AND NARRATIVE OF BERT CORONA. University of California Press, 1994.
Forward by David Montgomery; Introduction by Mario T. Garcia. pp.
xviii, 369, notes, photos


@@black relations

\clip\98\11\midlat.txt
http://www.mercurycenter.com:80/premium/front/docs/impact17.htm
August 17, 1998, in the San Jose Mercury News Middle America grapples
with an influx of Latinos BY BEN STOCKING AND EDWIN GARCIA Mercury
News Staff Writers `They need to go back to where they came from,''
said Headen, 35, who recently called the police to complain that her
Latino neighbors were blasting their music at a deafening pitch.
``They're getting all the jobs, and you can't find houses to rent
because they're getting those, too.'' tensions intensified last year
after a series of robberies and assaults in which Latinos identified
African-Americans as their attackers.

@@crime

%%low


RON UNZ PIECE SAYS HISPANIC CRIME IS RELATIVELY LOW
"His-Panic: The Myth of Immigrant Crime"
The American Conservative, March 2010
http://amconmag.com/article/2010/mar/01/00022/

Tyler Cowen, New York Times economics columnist, at Marginal Revolution
"An excellent article, full of good information."

http://www.marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2010/02/latino-immi
grants-and-crime.html

Heather Horn, The Atlantic Monthly/Atlantic Wire
"Unz debunks the high Hispanic crime rate myth...the piece requires a
full reading."

http://www.theatlanticwire.com/features/view/feature/The+Myth+of+Hispani
c+Crime+Rates-786

Radley Balko, Reason Magazine/Hit & Run, with 98 comments
"One of the more courageous endeavors I've seen from a political
magazine in a long time."

http://reason.com/blog/2010/02/19/his-panic

Top stories of the day, Slate/The Slatest
"Ron Unz takes on, and takes down, one of the far-right's most cherished
doctrines"

http://slatest.slate.com/id/2245145/?wpisrc=newsletter

David Freddoso, Washington Examiner/Beltway Confidential
"If there is a problem of too much immigration, it doesn't appear to be
in the realm of violent crime."

http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/blogs/beltway-confidential/Myt
hs-about-crime-and-immigration-84787202.html

USA Today, Et Cetera - Smart insights on the news of the day

http://blogs.usatoday.com/oped/2010/02/et-cetera-smart-insights-on-the-n
ews-of-the-day-11.html

Much of this coverage seems to have been initially prompted by RSS feeds
sent out by Felix Salmon of Reuters and Ezra Klein of The Washington
Post.

Meanwhile, the article sparked something of a flame war between two
prominent columnists at The Nation, although they both actually agreed
with the substance of my claims:

Alexander Cockburn and Katha Pollitt, The Nation
"Probably naÝvely, I thought it encouraging that a magazine founded by
Pat Buchanan should devote its March cover and a substantial number of
pages to a persuasive assault on right-wing hysteria about the
supposedly astronomic crime rates of Hispanics in America."

http://www.thenation.com/doc/20100301/cockburn_pollitt

http://www.thenation.com/blogs/anotherthing/529001/ron_unz_latinos_liber
als_and_scholarship

http://www.thenation.com/doc/20100222/cockburn

However, the response among paleoconservatives has been more mixed:

Roger D. McGrath, Chronicles
"Kris Jensenĺs moderately successful 1962 recording of 'Torture' kept
running through my brain."

http://www.chroniclesmagazine.org/index.php/2010/02/18/response-to-unz/

John Derbyshire, National Review/NRO
"...an impressive analysis...Data talks, b-s walks..."

http://corner.nationalreview.com/post/?q=NGI4ZmI2NjUzNmUxOGY2ZDkwYWI1NGU
xZTllYWI3NDk=

Steve Chapman, Chicago Tribune Columnist
"In Los Angeles, which is half Hispanic...the murder rate has plummeted
to levels unseen since the tranquil years of the early 1960s"

http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2010/02/21/illegal_immigrants_
not_so_scary_104487.html

Finally, the public reaction among White Nationalists has been uniformly
negative:

Hunter Wallace, Occidental Dissent, 62 comments
"An important corollary is that Jews should be totally excluded from our
media and organizations."

http://www.occidentaldissent.com/2010/01/26/jews-and-theamerican-conserv
ative/


 @@census

1998:
The Census Bureau's latest report on the Hispanic population of the U.S.
is available at the following web address:
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hispanic.html

The address for the data tables is
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hispanic/ho97-1.html

Go to http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hispanic/ho97-2.html
for links to four selected summary tables.


doc938\hisp92.xls Census survey of hispanics

@@cinco de mayo

MINOR MEXICAN DAY IS HUGE PARTY DAY IN AMERICA
Z67\clip\2003\06\cinco.txt
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A10844-2003May3.html
Cinco de Mayo Isn't Just For Mexicans Anymore
Popularity, Parties Proliferate North of the Border
By Mary Jordan Washington Post Foreign Service Sunday, May 4, 2003;
Page A26 On May 5, 1862, the ragtag Mexican army defeated a larger
French force in the Battle of Puebla. so the 5th of May, the Cinco de
Mayo, lives on in the history books.



@@civil rights

\priv\96\12\chicano.txt Chicago Tribune April 12, 1996 Source: By
Teresa Puente, Tribune Staff Writer.  SHOW REMEMBERS `CHICANO'
STRUGGLE "Chicano!  The History of the Mexican-American Civil Rights
Movement," is the first television production to explore this era of
American history from 1965 to 1975. It will air over two nights,
Friday and April 19 on PBS.In 1968, more than 15,000 Mexican-American
students walked out of high schools in East Los Angeles in protest of
an educational system they said did not meet their needs, the
documentary shows.

  @@college


@@Definition

\doc\web\98\06\hispdef.txt Investors Business Daily: Hispanics'
clout--how big is it?
http://www.investors.com/stories/IF/1998/Aug/10/96.html HISPANICS'
CLOUT: HOW BIG IS IT?  Census' Racial Mixing Clouds Minority's
Numbers Investors Business Daily Date: 8/10/98 Author: John Berlau
Hispanics will become the largest minority within seven years, the
Census Bureau says. There's just one problem with that forecast: The
bureau has no clear way to define who Hispanics are.


@@Disadvantage

HISPANICS LAG IN EDUCATION, HOME OWNERSHIP, POVERTY ETC.
\clip\97\18\hisplag.txt Economy Surges But Hispanics Lag The
Associated Press, July 22, 1997 By PAUL SHEPARD CHICAGO (AP) -
Hispanic Americans, who are expected to be the largest minority in
the United States within 10 years, are struggling to find ways to
share in the nation's economic boom.  A study of Hispanic economic
status indicates that a third of all Hispanic Americans live in
poverty and trail other ethnic groups in educational levels, home
ownership and health insurance protection.



@@discrimination (between Hispanics)

MEXICANS DISCRMINATE AGAINST NEWER LATINO IMMIGRANTS

Mix of Hispanic Groups Creates Workplace Tension, Study Finds The
Wall Street Journal, California edition, March 26, 1997 By JULIO
LABOY \clip\97\09\hispdivr.txt

(comment - And they still teach that only white men can be racist)


@@dog

http://www.seattletimes.com/news/lifestyles/html98/chih_032798.html
\clip\98\07\hotdog.txt Seattle Times Company March 27, 1998
Chihuahuas are hot dogs [originally a hairless Asian dog, now
associated with Mexico] by Marc Ramirez Seattle Times staff reporter
Chihuahuas are huge. 


@@education

The average Mexican leaves education at the age of 13, and so does
not continue school in the US. Barely over half now have hs diplomas,
not quite 1/3 have some college, 10% have a 4 year degree or more.

\doc\web\98\06\hisprept.txt

> Education
> ■   - Compared with a decade ago, the Hispanic population has made
>       gains in educational attainment. In 1997, 55 percent of the
> nation's
>       Hispanics, ages 25 and over, had earned at least a high school
>       diploma; 29 percent had at least some college training; and 10
>       percent had at least a bachelor's degree. Ten years earlier, the
>       respective figures were 51 percent, 22 percent and 8 percent.
>       
> 
> ■   - Among Hispanic subgroups, persons of Cuban descent were the most
>       likely to have a bachelor's degree in 1997   20 percent of those
>       ages 25 and over had a bachelor's or higher.
>       
> 
> ■   - About 450,000 Hispanics, ages 25 and over, had an advanced
> degree
>       (e.g., master's, Ph.D., M.D. or J.D.) in 1997.
>       



\priv\96b\06\rand.txt Hispanic immigrants are less likely to attend
high school than natives, not so much because more drop out as
because many Mexican newcomers never drop in.  In 1990, only 74
percent of Mexican immigrants age 15-17 were in school compared to
about 95 percent for natives and other immigrant groups.  "By age 15,
Mexican immigrants have already been out of school in Mexico for two
years on average," one of the studies observes.  "They do not enroll
in U.S. schools either by choice, because of inability to catch up
with others their age, or by economic necessity."


\priv\96b\06\hispsucc.txt Return-Path: 
Date: Wed, 3 Jul 1996 11:10:52 -0400 Hispanics not succeeding as
easily as others SANTA MONICA, Calif. (AP) -- Hispanic immigrants
enter the United States with less education and earning power than
immigrants from other countries and then continue to fall behind,
according to two new studies. ...  Immigrants from Asian countries
did especially well, entering the country with lower wages than
natives but then surpassing them over time. Asian immigrants also do
as well or better in schools than native-born students, the studies
showed. Hispanics who were educated in the US stayed in school much
more than those who immigrated after leaving school.


@@HEALTH

measles: 
\priv\96b\06\hisp2nd.txt Return-Path:  Date:
Tue, 2 Jul 1996 03:40:42 -0400 Hispanic kids 2nd largest group BY
RACHEL L. JONES in a study sponsored by the National Coalition of
Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations: more pre-school
Hispanics suffered measles infections than non-Hispanic blacks or
non-Hispanic whites.


Hispanic children have a higher death rate from injuries and accidents than 
either non-Hispanic blacks or non-Hispanic whites.

More Hispanic high school children say they fear attack when going to and from
 school than blacks or whites.


Approximately 31 percent of the children of working Hispanic adults are 
uninsured, compared with 20.1 percent of black children and 12.1 percent of 
white children. 

Hispanic children are least likely to see a physician, 

  [[experiment
  doc93b\radikill.txt - radiation experiment in cincinatti


@@History

THE ORIGIN OF THE MEXICANS AS A PEOPLE AND NATION
\clip\98\11\mexhist.txt Date sent: Fri, 28 Aug 1998 18:46:23 EDT
Subj: Revisionists among us by Raoul Lowery Contreras


ANTI CATHOLIC BIAS IN BEKA'S COVERAGE OF MEXICO \doc\web\98\06\beka.txt From:
"Catherine"  Originally to:



@@housing

  %%discrimination

\clip\97\19\addison.txt
>New York Times

August 8, 1997 In Illinois, Legal Settlement Resolves a Clash of
Cultures By PAM BELLUCK

"three years ago, the local government bulldozed the small apartment
building where Hernandez lived. It also razed seven other buildings
and condemned three more in Hernandez's neighborhood, saying those
and dozens of other buildings containing several hundred apartments
were blighted.  The Hispanic residents said Addison was trying to
force them out of town, or at least discourage more from coming. The
Justice Department agreed and sued, accusing Addison of intentional
discrimination."

\PRIV\95\08\HISPDRIV.TXT DRIVING HISPANICS OUT OF CHICAGO HOUSING
AP 7 Jul 95 15:24 EDT 

  [[injury
  DOC921:HISPWKIJ.WK1 - Hispanic worker injuries


@@identity 

 Origin of Hispanic and identity
of "Spanish" and "Hispania". Spanish never called themselves Hispanic
according to gonzalez@blue.usa.com ("Gonzalez, Francisco")


@@meat packer

80% OF NEBRASKA MEAT PACKERS LATINO \clip\98\11\midlat.txt
http://www.mercurycenter.com:80/premium/front/docs/impact17.htm
August 17, 1998, in the San Jose Mercury News Middle America grapples
with an influx of Latinos BY BEN STOCKING AND EDWIN GARCIA Mercury
News Staff Writers The IBP meat-processing plant in Lexington
[Nebraska], where about 80 percent of the line workers are Latinos,
pumped an estimated $1 billion into the local economy last year,
according to company officials. Before the plant opened, the town's
economy was in a slump.


@@middle class

\clip\96\06\hispmid.txt THE MIDDLE CLASS COMETH!  By Raoul Lowery
Contreras 11 OCTOBER 1996 "From Malibu's Pepperdine University
Institute for Public Policy comes a study of 1990 Census Bureau data
conducted by Gregory Rodriguez that discloses America's best kept
secret: There is a substantial Hispanic middle class, mostly
native-born, that is "settled"; that has high "household" income and
a home ownership rate (51%) that, though, less than non-Hispanic
Whites (61%) is substantially higher than that of Blacks (37%)."


@@Opinion

LATINOS USE TV AD TO PROMOTE POSITIVE IMAGE
http://www.latimes.com:80/CNS_DAYS/980402/t000031299.html Thursday,
April 2, 1998, Los Angeles Times In Their Own Images TV Ad Seeks to
Broaden the Public's View of Latinos By DENISE GELLENE A local
nonprofit organization has created a TV ad to improve opinions about
Latinos in what may be the first-ever image ad for an ethnic group. 
\clip\98\97\hispopin.txt

Attitudes About Latinos 

A slight majority of whites disapprove of Latinos. 
Approve: 46% 
Disapprove: 54% 
Hostile: 5% 
Disaffected*: 12% 
Conformist**: 14% 
Estranged***: 23% 
* Have negative stereotypes 

** Believe Latinos should blend into the "melting pot" but are otherwise
sympathetic. 
*** Don't expect Latinos to blend in and do not relate well to Latinos or
their culture. 
Source: Garcia Research Associates, from an October telephone survey of 600
white residents of Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, Orange and
Ventura counties.


@@Politics

%%Activism

\clip\98\08\latact.txt A New Tide of Latino Activism Stung by Props.
187 and 209 and emboldened by their growing numbers, immigrants in
the Southland are shifting political focus from their homelands to
their own backyards.  Los Angeles Times, Monday, April 13, 1998, page
1 By HECTOR TOBAR, Times Staff Writer

%%vote

HISPANICS 12% OF VOTERS VS 29% POP, OPPOSE BILING BAN 2 TO 1
\priv\98\04\mail0605.dlu
http://www.latimes.com/HOME/NEWS/STATE/t000052204.1.html Thursday,
June 4, 1998 Latino Voter Participation Doubled Since '94 Primary
Tuesday, amounting to 12% of all California voters--double the number
who voted in the 1994 primary, but not yet enough to determine the
outcome of issues crucial to the state's fastest-growing population
group, according to Times exit polls. ..compared to the group's 29.4%
share of the California population. Latinos polled Tuesday said they
opposed the initiative by a margin of 2 to 1, many describing it as
discriminatory, but it passed in an almost mirror image of that vote. 

@@Population

Hispanics are the largest minority in many states, and by 1996 were
the 2nd largest population among children

\priv\96b\06\hisp2nd.txt Return-Path:  Date:
Tue, 2 Jul 1996 03:40:42 -0400 Hispanic kids 2nd largest group BY
RACHEL L. JONES According to the bureau, there are 12 million
Hispanic children living in America, up from 9.8 million in 1990.
That compares with 50.8 million non-Hispanic whites and 11.4 million
non-Hispanic blacks.

>>\priv\95\18\hispup.txt U.S. HISPANIC POPULATION UP 37 PERCENT SINCE
1980 Seattle Times October 12, 1989 p. A16 Hispanics are 8.2% of the
US population, 50% of increase is due to immigration.

\priv\95\18\hispblak.txt "NEW MATH HISPANICS MAY OUTNUMBER BLACKS BY
NEXT GENERATION" Seattle Times June 22, 1995 p. A3

@@poverty

\clip\97\03\hisppoor.txt Hispanic Households Struggle as Poorest of
the Poor in U.S.  The New York Times, January 30, 1997

Hispanic income dropped by 14% overall, even for the American born.
Hispanic poverty now exceeds Black poverty rates 1990 Census figures
found that even among American-born Hispanics, only 78 percent
finished high school compared to 91 percent of whites and 84 percent
of blacks.
By CAREY GOLDBERG

@@Progress

\doc\web\97\07\leap.txt 28 September 1997 THE CONTRERAS REPORT
HISPANICS, THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD

\doc\web\98\06\edattain.txt Hispanic Population Shows Gains in
Educational Attainment, Census Bureau Reports see
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/educ-attn.html.  The
proportion of the Hispanic population ages 25 and over with a high
school degree or higher increased from 51 percent in 1987 to 55
percent in 1997. During the same period, the proportion of Hispanics
who had some college training increased about seven percentage points
(from 22 percent to 29 percent), and those with a bachelor's degree
increased about two points (from 8 percent to 10 percent).  The
number of Hispanic young adults completing a bachelor's degree or
higher rose from 9 percent in 1987 to 11 percent in 1997. 


@@Puerto Rican

	\clip\97\09\puerto.txt 28 March 1997 THE MEASURE OF CIVILIZATION-THE
TELEPHONE by RAOUL LOWERY CONTRERAS Summary - contrast between more
numerous Mexicans vs. the clout attributed to the small number of
Puerto Ricans SDRAOUL@@aol.com


@@Race

Census pegs Hispanics at about 60/40 white / indian with about 3
percent black. So why not have a category as non-white Hispanic race?


WHITE HISPANICS MORE REPUBLICAN, AFFLUENT
z68\clip\2003\07\hisprace.txt
The PEW Hispanic Center report: "Shades of Belonging"
http://www.pewhispanic.org/site/docs/pdf/SomeOtherRace-Final%2012-04.pdf
Executive Summary: Shades of Belonging
http://www.pewhispanic.org/site/docs/pdf/SOR%20Executive%20Summary%2012-04.pdf
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-latinos6dec06,1,3366819.story?coll=la-headlines-nation
What's in a Racial Identity? American Latinos All Over the Map, Study
Finds Identification as white varies by region, and is reflected in
education, earning and voting. By Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar Times Staff
Writer
December 6, 2004
WASHINGTON - Latinos who view themselves as white are more likely to
be better-educated, earn more, register to vote and vote Republican,
according to a national study to be released today on how Latinos
identify racially.
Income (men only)
$35,000 or more
White: 31% Some other race: 23%

50 WHITE 2.7 BLACK 47 OTHER RACE 97% OF "OTHER" ARE LATINO
Skin color affects Latino's jobs. Darryl Fears Wash Post
Seattle Times July 14, 2003
Census report "How Race Counts for Hispanic Americans" by Lewis Mumford Center
for Comparitive Urban and Regonal Research at State U NY Albany
White - highest incomes, lowest unemployment, live nr nonhisp whites
Black, mostly from Carrib, low inc, higher pov but more ed
Other inbetween
W39,900 B-5,000 H-2,500
W11 B12 O10 yrs ed
Unem W8 B12 O10
z68\clip\2003\07\hisprace.txt
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A51282-2003Jul13.html?nav=hptoc_n
Race Divides Hispanics, Report Says
Integration and Income Vary With Skin Color
By Darryl Fears
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, July 14, 2003; Page A03
"About 97 percent of all people who declared on the Census that they
are "some other race" were Latino. They range from light-complexioned
to dark."

TYPICAL HISPANIC RACE MIXTURE IN US
Shriver did Hispanics too, and Steve Sauiler covered those results.
Typical Hispanic numbers: 58 percent white ancestry, 39 percent New
World Indian, and three percent African.  Gregory Cochran 6/2002

CENSUS FRUSTRATED NEARLY HALF HISPANICS "OTHER"
Census Looks for New Ways to Identify Hispanics
Eduardo Porter Wall Street Journal Jan 21, 2003 A12
"having failed to get Hispanics to answer properly in the question on 
race in the 2000 census..." 
15.4M over 40% chose "some other race"
 3.0M chose other plus one or more races
97% of "other race" was Hispanic
... tempting solution is to eliminate "other" race 
[Silly if Census wants them to pick from white, black NatAm Asian if
they don't fit any, why not create Hispanic race?]

@@Religion

\clip\98\07\hispcath.txt Church's New Wave of Change Reflecting the
arrival of immigrants, Latinos are transforming L.A.'s Catholic
archdiocese. Parishes are providing more social services and learning
to deal with a more emotional style.  Los Angeles Times, Wednesday,
March 25, 1998 By ANNE-MARIE O'CONNOR, Times Staff Writer

@@Salsa

\clip\98\10\salsa.txt Raoul Contrares on Salsa

@@survey

z75\clip\2004\02\hispchal.txt
The Hispanic Challenge
By Samuel P. Huntington
Foreign Policy, 2004.3/4
http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_id=2495 et seq.
March/April 2004

ASIANS MORE LIKELY TO INTERMARRY THAN HISPANIC
Percentage of Asian and Hipanic Women Married Outside of their Ethnic Group
(1994)
                      Asian  Hispanic
First Generation (%)  18.6   8.4
Second Generation (%) 29.2  26.4
Third Generation (%)  41.5  33.2

Source: Gregory Rodriguez, "From Newcomers to New Americans: The
successful Integration of Immigrants into American Society"
(Washington: National Immigration Forum, 1999), citing "Current
Population Survey, June 1994" (Washington: U.S. Census Bureau, 1994)


\doc\web\98\06\hisprept.txt US
Census 1998 summary.

\clip\98\08\hispex.txt
http://www.usnews.com:80/usnews/issue/980511/11hisp.htm U.S. News
5/11/98 SPECIAL REPORT Hispanics' don't exist The fast-growing U.S.
ethnic group isn't an ethnic group at all. It's a mishmash of many
different groups.  Herewith, a guide to the nation's 17 major Latino
subcultures BY LINDA ROBINSON

http://www.prb.org/prb/media/pressrel.htm#hispanic
\clip\98\05\hispop.txt
1998 Population reference bureau report on Hispanics
Although the history of Americans of Spanish heritage predates the founding
of the United States, today about two-thirds of the U.S. residents who call
themselves Hispanics are immigrants or the children of immigrants,"

\priv\96b\06\hisp2nd.txt Return-Path:  Date:
Tue, 2 Jul 1996 03:40:42 -0400 Hispanic kids 2nd largest group BY
RACHEL L. JONES

From CISNEWS -- Mark Krikorian]
National Public Radio started a series on Hispanics in the United States 
yesterday. If you don't catch the radio broadcasts, you can listen to them 
on the Web, after downloading (for free) the RealAudio software. The URLs are:
Latino population trends --  
http://www.npr.org/news/national/970811.latinos.html
Latino entrepreneurs --   http://www.npr.org/news/ent/970812.latinos.html
I'm not sure how many parts will be in the series, but you can check 
http://www.npr.org/news to find out.

@@Television

UNIVISION HISPANIC TV NETWORK IS THE REAL FIFTH LARGEST NETWORK
\clip\97\19\fifth.txt Fortune August 18, 1997 Univision: The Real
Fifth Network Henry Goldblatt Text at url:
http://www.pathfinder.com/@@eg9CVgcAXfQnH1mF/fortune/1997/970818/fir4.html
"Univision usually attracts more than 80% of Spanish-speaking viewers
and among this group accounts for 15 of the top 20 shows."  

@@Work

HISPANICS MORE LIKELY TO WORK, HAVE FRIENDS WHO WORK, LIVE WITH
RELATIVES WHO CAN WATCH KIDS, HAVE BANK ACCOUNTS, PERSONAL NETWORKS
TO JOBS, TAKE ENTRY LEVEL LOW SKILL JOBS VS POOR BLACKS: "A Hidden
Advantage for Some Job Seekers" Los Angeles Times, Friday, November
28, 1997 Social networks help immigrant Latinos get a foot in the
employment door -- a little-noticed boon that low-income blacks don't
share, social researchers say.  By ABIGAIL GOLDMAN, Times Staff Writer

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