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Asians, Race and AIDS: Index of Diversity

Contents | My Columns on Asians and AIDS | AIDS FAQ

(c) Arthur Hu, please cite when using data from here arthurhu @ hufamily.com (no space) on how to get more complete data or complete text of these references

ASIANS ARE THE MOST AT RISK FOR AIDS (*NOT*)

It's a fairly well kept secret that in the US, Asians and Asian Americans have very low rates of AIDS, and that Native Americans also have relatively low AIDS rates compared to whites. If you ask most AIDS experts, they'll say there isn't any data on Asians, and that's a load of bull. Every city with a significant Asian population tracks AIDS, often down to the individual ethnic group, and 99 times out of 100, the numbers are ignored precisely because they are substantially LOWER than whites.

Another tactic is to say that AIDS rates vary between different Asian ethnicities, and indeed, the Japanese and Filipinos are the highest. But even when broken down, every ethnic group is still substantially lower than whites in every city. Anyone who says that AIDS is higher for persons of color is making a false statement unless they exclude Asians and Native Americans. While it appears cultural reasons should be sufficient to explain low rates of AIDS due to sex between men, it is interesting that Asians and Native Americans are genetically similar, if there is a genetic basis for these low rates.

When broken down by transmission factor, the only causes where Asians are at or near parity with whites are hemophiliacs and blood transfusions, and the least are gay and drug users. That means when culture is not involved, Asians are just as likely to get AIDS. Most tests of gay men show Asians to be just as HIV positive as other gay men. When you solve the paradox of Asian men having just as much AIDS, but few AIDS cases overall, it basically means there are few Asian gay men!.

Summary - for almost every cause, for every sub-ethnic group, in every city, state, county, nationally, and internationally, Asians have the lowest rate of AIDS of any racial group from a factor of 3 nationally to 20 in San Francisco. This has almost never been reported. Even less reported is that rates for Native Americans is also much lower than for whites. Despite this, headlines proclaim that Asia is the #1 danger area for AIDS, and there are articles that say that Asian women are especially at risk for AIDS even though they are at the LOWEST risk for any race / gender group.

The only exceptions are rural areas where there are few white homosexuals, and in Asia, countries with regions with high rates of IV drug use (Ruili Chian, Northern Thailand) This appears to be explainable only by low rates of drug use and homosexuality (see gay, sex and drug entries) Experts are claiming very high rates of AIDS and HIV, and Asia already having half of new HIV infections worldwide, far exceeding US cases on the basis of only a few hundred reported cases. Much could be learned about AIDS prevention if people wanted to study why Asian Ameiricans have such low rates of AIDS, but it is a political taboo. Not one dime has been spent to explain low AIDS rates for Asians, but much has been spent trying to paint a picture of Asians at risk



Frequently Asked Questions About Asians and AIDS

Q. IS THE RATE OF AIDS LOWER FOR ASIANS?

According to experts, the figures may say that Asians are
underrepresented, and that the per capita rates are lower, but "rates
are much higher for specific groups" and "we may be underestimating
or undercounting" in these communities. But AIDS is lower for almost
every subgroup except the most distressed PI communities, and lower
by a factor of 3 to 10 in every city, county and state for every year.
So yes, the rate is a LOT lower. Period.

Q. IS ASIAN AIDS IMMUNITY A MYTH?

Q. Is it true that Asians get just as much AIDS as anyone else, and
that it is a myth that Asians are "immune" to AIDS? A. The "myth"
arises out of the rarely mentioned, if not outright banned fact that
documented rates of AIDS for Asian Americans in every city and state
are much lower than for whites, for almost every cause, and every
ethnic subgroup. Asians really aren't immune, evidently, they simply
don't do the things you need to do to get AIDS as much as other
groups, and in fact gay Asians have just as much AIDS as other gay
men. In fact, Asians suffer from AIDS just as much for non-behavioral
causes such as blood transfusions. By contrast, for Blacks,
non-behavioral causes are the LOWEST AIDS rate, indicating that
between the races, Asians have the lowest, and Blacks the highest
rates of risky behaviors that will get you AIDS. This also means that
if you're searching for HIV free gay sex, don't look to gay Asian men.

HOW DO ASIANS GET AIDS?

Q. How are Asians most and least likely to get AIDS compared with
Whites?  Asians are least likely to get AIDS compared to whites due
to gay sex, and drug injection. The only categories equal or higher
than whites are blood transfusion, and immigration from countries
like Africa.

Asian AIDS risk factors vs. White
Exposure category
Risk Factor                    Rate    Sex
 Born in Pattern-II(2) country    9.72 M
 Born in Pattern-II(2) country    5.19 F
Sex with infected transfusion     1.62 F
 Sex with injecting drug user     1.16 F
Transfusion, Blood, Tissue        1.09 F
Risk not identified(3)            1.05 F
---------- equal to white or greater ------------
Risk not identified(3)           -1.11 M
 Other het sex with HIV infecte  -1.16 F
Hemophilia/coagulation disorder  -1.33 F
Transfusion, Blood, Tissue       -1.35 M
Sex with infected transfusion    -1.39 M
Total                            -1.73 F
Sex with Men + Drugs             -1.85 F
Heterosexual contact:            -2.12 F
Heterosexual contact:            -2.20 M
 Other het sex with HIV infecte  -2.47 M
 Sex with injecting drug user    -2.58 M
Hemophilia/coagulation disorder  -2.59 M
 Sex with person with hemophili  -2.70 F
Total                            -3.05 M
Men who have sex with men        -3.05 M
Injecting drug use               -5.06 F
Injecting drug use               -6.18 M
Sex with Men + Drugs             -8.09 M
 Sex with person with hemophili   0.00 M
Sex with Pattern II               0.00 M
Sex with Pattern II               0.00 F

AIDS AFFLICTS PERSONS OF _SOME_ COLORS

Q. Is it true that persons of color have higher rates of AIDS? A.
Only African Americans have consistently and significantly higher
rates of AIDS than whites, and this is not even true in places like
San Francisco where AIDS is still mostly a white gay phenomenon.
Hispanics are higher primarily in the Northeast because of drug
injection among Puerto Ricans. Native Americans are lower in AIDS in
most cities and nationally, and this is the only place on the planet
where you can read this in print.

Asian Americans have much lower rates of AIDS case than whites in
amost every documented locality, though this has rarely been reported
by any newspaper. There appears to be an unwritten rule that only
whites are allowed to have the appearance of the lowest AIDS rates to
maintain the appearance of the traditional racial ranking of
discrimination.

USA 12/95
Demographic characteristics of cumulative reported AIDS case
White rate = 1.00 per population
Black       4.40
Hispanic    3.30
---- higher -----
White       1.00
---- lower-------
AmInd      -1.76
AsianPI    -3.17

Plausible ranges of HIV prevalence in California by
demographics and modes of exposure on January 1, 1996

Ranges of HIV Prevalence Ranked by Population Rate

                 Number              Percent             Pop       Rate
                 Low       HIgh      Low       HIgh
California          94,300   130,500     100.0%    100.0%    100.0%
Gender
Gay/Bisexual IDU       7300     10000      7.7%      7.7%      1.0%     76.30
Gay/Bisexual          63600     88000     67.4%     67.4%      3.0%     22.48
Injection Drug Us     12000     16700     12.7%     12.8%      1.0%     12.80
African American      17900     25000     19.0%     19.2%      7.4%      2.59
Male                  85500    117600     90.7%     90.1%     50.0%      1.80
White                 53000     73300     56.2%     56.2%     56.4%      1.00
Latina/o              20600     28000     21.8%     21.5%     25.8%     -1.20
Native American         500       700      0.5%      0.5%      0.8%     -1.49
Asian/Pacific Isl      2200      3000      2.3%      2.3%      9.6%     -4.18
Female                 9300     12900      9.9%      9.9%     50.0%     -5.06
Heterosexual Cont      5200      7200      5.5%      5.5%     90.0%    -16.31
Asians are almost as safe as a group as females. Gays are at 22 times
if they are 3% of the population


WHERE IS ASIAN AIDS DATA?

Q. Is it true that there is a lack of AIDS data for Asians? A. Every
city, county and state with any Asian population reports AIDS by
race.  It appears however than government authorities and the press
choses not to highlight Asians because they are the only group
consistently lower than whites. The lack of data is solely due to
editorial choice, not a lack of basic data. This web page is one of
the only place where you'll see numbers with Asians, and certainly
the only one that will tell you in so many words that Asians are the
lowest.

Q. IS ASIAN AIDS DATA UNDER-REPORTED BECAUSE THEY DON'T WANT TO 
ADMIT TO HAVING AIDS OR BEING GAY?

A. There has never been any evidence to support the assertion that
actual AIDS rates are much higher than reported rates. The
percentages of AIDS cases attributed to homosexuality in fact are
sometimes higher for Asians than for other groups because the rate of
relative drug use is even lower than measurable rates of
homoexuality. If Asians were reluctant to admit they were gay, then
they would report other causes for their condition, but the
percentage of gay AIDS cases is just as high or higher for Asians
than Whites, and the rates for blood transfusions are exactly as high
as whites, so the likely rate of under-reporting for that cause is
zero. 

In my review of the literature, there is no evidence to support the
notion that the actual rate of AIDS among Asians is significantly
higher than reported rates. This is also suspect due to low HIV rates
among those tested blindly, such as mothers, military recruiters, and
health clinics. If the rate of AIDS among Asian gays is equal to
other groups, but the rate of AIDS among Asians in general is lower,
algebra tells us that this means a smaller number of Asian gays.

Ranked by US AIDS cases caused by sex between men, male adults and
adolescents: Asian gay cases are just as high as whites as a
percentage of total cases.

         Rate  Index
White    71%   1.00                         
Asian/PI 69%  -1.02                     
AmInd    53%  -1.33                     
Total    51%  -1.32                          
Hispanic 39%  -1.82
Black    34%  -2.09

Q. Is it true that homosexuality and sexual activity are the same for
all races and all cultures? 

A. This is a popular political assertion which has no basis in actual
statistics. Homosexuality does exist in all cultures and races,
however that does not mean they occur at the same rates. Most
statements of racial parity are based on number of Blacks, and most
figures are close to whites. However, by every possible method of
counting Asians and surveys of sexual behaviorss in the gay
community, Stanford University is the only place I have documented
with rates of homosexual participation or self-identification
comparable to whites. Heterosexual activity by any measure is also
lower in most cases.

see http://www.arthurhu.com/index/agay.htm#summary

Index is representation of race relative to actual population, 1.00
equal to white, 2.00 twice -2.00 half

Rank by Index      Black  Hisp   Asian
Stanford Health        2.3    2.0    2.7
Overlooked USA wome   -2.2    1.2   -1.5
Overlooked USA men    -3.4   -1.1   -2.7
SF Young Men's Surv   -1.1    1.0   -3.1
Seattle Gay STD 88-    1.7    1.6   -3.3
San Jose Metro Pers   -2.9    0.0   -4.9
Los Angeles Rand      -3.6   -3.2   -8.2
San Francisco EMT F   -4.2   -4.5  -11.4
San Francisco EMT M   -3.1   -5.6  -14.6
San Francisco Gay S   -1.2   -1.6  -16.0
Gay Parade SF         -4.8   -6.2  -32.1


Q. Is it true that the rate of AIDS varies greatly and Filipinos have
much higher rates of AIDS than other Asian groups? A. Yes, but this
statement is used to hide the fact than even when split out
individually, every Asian sub-ethnic group still has much lower rates
of AIDS than whites. For example, in Los Angeles, Thais have the
highest rate for Asians, but it's still only 1/3 the rate of whites.
The rate for Koreans is only 1/60 that of whites in Los Angeles or
San Francisco.  However, Asian AIDS rates in cities like San
Francisco is higher than for whites elsewhere in the country like
North Dakota.

AIDS by ethnicity by city, 1992
Data from respective city health departments
Ranked by AIDS rates in Los Angeles

 Index: White = 1.0, -2.0 = 1/2 rate of whites

 Index      Hawaii   LA       SanFran  SClara   NYC      USA
 White         1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00
 Black       -15.71    -1.06    -1.38     1.55     1.73     3.40
 All          -2.85    -1.53    -1.08    -1.29     1.23     1.41
 Hispanic    -47.14    -2.81    -1.70    -1.42     1.43     2.57
 Thai         #N/A     -3.30    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 AmIndian     #N/A     -6.00    -2.21    -1.08    -6.38    -3.36
 Japanese    -16.50    -8.38    -5.77    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Filipino     -8.25    -8.71    -7.93    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 OtherAs      -8.88    -9.42    -5.60    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Chinese     -10.04   -11.02   -33.85    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Asian        -8.19   -11.07   -15.07    -9.85    -8.46    -3.35
 Vietnam      #N/A    -13.93   -20.80    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Cambodian    #N/A    -24.33   -20.80    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Korean       #N/A    -55.15   -59.69    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 PacIs        #N/A    -57.95    -3.24    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 As Indian*   #N/A    #######   #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Hawaiian     -6.42    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Mix NonH    -28.88    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A



Q. DOES ASIA HAVE THE GREATEST AIDS PROBLEM? 

A. Why do people insist on pointing the finger at populations at the
least risk? The truth is that Asia, with the exception of a couple of
locations, has by far the lowest rates of AIDS for most nations in
the world, and projections that Asia will have 50% of AIDS cases by
last year are based on extrapolations with no reasonable basis in
fact, or confirmed cases of AIDS. 
WHO Data:

http://data.unaids.org/pub/GlobalReport/2006/Annex2_Data_en.xls
2006 UN report
Country	             HIV        Pop	        Rate	Vs US
Cambodia	 130 000	8,900,000	0.01461	3.66
Thailand	 580 000	63 360 000	0.00915	2.29
India (2)	5 700 000	1,129,866,154	0.00504	1.26
United States	1 200 000	301,139,947	0.00398	1.00
Viet Nam	 260 000	85,262,356	0.00305	-1.30
Malaysia	  69 000	24,821,286	0.00278	-1.43
Canada (4)	  60 000	33,390,141	0.00180	-2.21
Singapore	    5500	4,553,009	0.00121	-3.29
Australia	  16 000	20,434,176	0.00078	-5.08
Indonesia	 170 000	234,693,997	0.00072	-5.50
China	         650 000	1321 851 888	0.00049	-8.10
Republic of Korea 13 000	 49044790	0.00027	-15.0
Mongolia	     500	2,951,786	0.00017	-23.5
Japan	          17 000       127,433,494	0.00013	-29.8
Philippines	  12 000        91,077,287	0.00013	-30.2
Note that most of the Asian population lives in China
Only India has more cases than the USA, either nation is less than
one half of one percent.
HIV estimates from United Nations vs population from CIA, other sources
-30 means rate is 1/30 the rate of the USA

Year                 Cases  Index
Africa                 20.2%  1.28
America                58.4%  1.00
Oceania                 0.2% -2.50
TOTALS                100.0% -3.22
Europe                 14.6% -5.32
Asia                    6.7% -28.73

Contents

Hu's On First Columns on AIDS

Aids Links
For big CDC summary see CDC summary
Growth House Asian AIDS


AIDS Risk Spectrum

Also see HIV Rate Spectrum

Aids Spectrum by risk relative to whites
---------------------------------------------------------
-------- equal to white -----------------------------------

Ranked Data Points by Asian:
------ best relative to white -----
World                               W1.00 B-1.28       A28.7
(10) San Francisco Ca 96            W1.0  B  1.3 H 2.3 A19.0 N 1.3
(14) IVDU AIDS Ca 80-95             W1.0  B -4.6 H 1.3 A10.0 N 1.0
New York City 1992                  W1.0  B -1.7 H-1.4 A 8.5 N 6.4
(3) Santa Clara Co. CA              W1.0  B -3.5 H 1.5 A 7.0 Women -6.48
(6) CA Death rates, 1993            W1.0  B -1.6 H 1.8 A 6.1 N 3.04
(11) CA 1995                        W1.0  B -1.8 H 1.7 A 5.8 N 2.4
(9) Seattle/Kingco 1995             W1.0  B -1.7 H-1.3 A 5.7 N 1.01
(16) Female SF AIDS 1997            W1.0  B -5.3 H-1.2 A 5.0 N-4.8
(1) Hawaii 90-94                    W1.0  B -1.1 H 3.1 A 4.8 (Chinese)
(9) WA 1995                         W1.0  B -2.8 H-1.0 A 3.4 N 1.2
(15)Seattle STD Clinic Gay 88-96    W1.0  B -1.7 H-1.6 A 3.3 N-2.54
(9) US 1995 CDC cases               W1.0  B -3.3 H-3.3 A 3.2 N 1.76
(4) US Death Rate                   W1.0  B -4.5 H-3.0 A 2.7 N 1.6
(18) US Job Corps Applicants        W1.0  B -6.4 H-1.6 A-2.5 N-1.6    
(12)SF Alchohol Treatment           W1.0  B  1.0 H 1.8 A 2.3 N 2.3
(13)CA women 1986-85                W1.0  B -6.7 H-1.2 A 2.2 N-1.2
(18)US Military Recruits 93-97      W1.0  B -7.0 H-2.0 A 2.0 N 2.0
(3) WA Job Corp Entrants 1988-84    W1.0  B -3.0 H 2.0 A 2.0
(15)%HIV Seattle STD Clinic         W1.00 B  1.9 H-1.0 A 2.0 N-1.5
(8) US Military Recruits            W1.0  B -7.0 H-3.4 A 1.7
(2) Childbearing Women King Co      W1.0  B-10.7 H-1.3 A 1.6 N-1.3                          
    US Miltary Recruits 96          W1.00 B -7.0 H-3.3 A 1.3 N-1.25
(15)Seattle STD Clinic Hetero 88-96 W1.00 B-34.5 H-14.3A 1.3 N-21.6
% of cases MSM Seattle              W1.00 B1.34  H1.12 A 1.1 N1.12
------- equal to white -----------------------
------- worse than white ---------------------
(15)%HIV Seattle Het STD Clin 88-96 W1.0  B -4.1 H-5.8 A-1.1 N-8.1
(15)%HIV Seattle Gay STD Clin 88-96 W1.0  B  1.0 H 1.4 A-1.1 N-1.4
(17)WA Military Recruits 99         W1.00 B -7.7 H-3.7 A-1.3 N 0.00
(8) WA Military Recruits 97         W1.0  B -7.0 H-5.0 A-3.0
(5) US Rate of Increase 89-94       W1.0  B -5.6 H-4.3 A-3.9 N-6.5
-- worst relative to white - only when risks are equal, or rate 
-- of increase

Only HIV rates within heterosexual or gay risk groups are comparable,
the lower rate of Asian homosexuals almost entirely explains the low
overall rate of Asian AIDS. The rate of increase is higher than
whites, but the overall rate of AIDS is still much lower, and not
likely to ever equal or exceed whites. Note that you will never find
this interpretation from official agencies. The official position on
Asians and AIDS is either (A) the rate of AIDS is just as high for
Asians as any other group (very false) or (B) while the rate is low,
it is getting worse (but will never get close to rates for other
groups)

Ranked Data Points by Native American: Nearly every
city and state has a lower rate than whites.

New York City 1992                  W1.0  B -1.7 H-1.4 A 8.5 N 6.4
Los Angeles 1992                    W1.0  B -1.1 H 2.8 A11.1 N 6.0
(6) CA Death rates, 1993            W1.0  B -1.6 H 1.8 A 6.1 N 3.0
(11) CA 1995                        W1.0  B -1.8 H 1.7 A 5.8 N 2.4
(12)SF Alchohol Treatment           W1.0  B  1.0 H 1.8 A 2.3 N 2.3
San Francisco 1992                  W1.0  B  1.4 H 1.7 A15.1 N 2.2
(9) US 1995 CDC cases               W1.0  B -3.3 H-3.3 A 3.2 N 1.8
(4) US Death Rate                   W1.0  B -4.5 H-3.0 A 2.7 N 1.6
(10) San Francisco Ca 96            W1.0  B  1.3 H 2.3 A19.0 N 1.3
(9) WA 1995 cases                   W1.0  B -2.8 H-1.0 A 3.4 N 1.2
(9) Seattle/Kingco 1995             W1.0  B -1.7 H-1.3 A 5.7 N 1.0
-------------------------------------------------------------------
(2) Childbearing Women King Co      W1.0  B-10.7 H-1.3 A 1.6 N-1.3                          
(16) Female SF 97                   W1.0  B- 5.3 H-1.2 A 5.0 N-4.8
(5) US Rate of Increase 89-94       W1.0  B -5.6 H-4.3 A-3.9 N-6.5

Native Americans much lower than whites in almost every city, not just
"under-reported", but this has been reported even less often than low
Asian AIDS rates.

(1) Hawaii Health Department
(2) \doc\95\14\chilbear.wk1 Seattle King County Health Department
(3) \doc\94\19\SACAHIV.wk1 - Santa Clara county CA 1994 health department
(4) \doc\95\05\aidsdeat.wk1 AIDS Death Rates by Race CDC 12/94
(5) \doc\95\07\gayaids.wk1 CDC MMWR 2-Jun-95
(6) \doc938\death1.xls California Department of Health
(7) \doc\95\14\jobcaids.txt Seattle King County Health Department
(8) \doc\94\17\hivmilit.wk1 Seattle King County Health Department
.(9) \doc\96\03\kgcoad95.wk1 King County / Washington AIDS 1995
(10) San Francisco Health Dept, cumulative March 1996
(11) California Health Dept Dec 1995 cumulative
(12) \doc\95\02\alchaids.wk1 San Francisco Health Dept
(13) \DOC\96\07\CAAIDS.TXT California AIDS Department 1/96
(14) \doc\web\97\03\ivaids.wk1 California AIDS Dept July 1996
(15) Seattle HIV/AIDS 1stQ 1997
(16) March 1997 San Francisco AIDS report
(17) Seattle HIV/AIDS 4thQ 1999
(18) HIV Prevelence Trends in Selected Populations in the 
United States 1993-1997 CDC Dept Health and Human Services
Aug 2001


@@Africa

%%Exaggerated
AIDS IN AFRICA COMPUTER GENERATED EXAGGERATION
z75\clip\2003\12\afraid.txt
http://www.lewrockwell.com/spectator/spec192.html
Africa isn't dying of Aids
'In 1993 Botswana had an estimated population of 1.4 million. Today
that figure is under a million..may soon become the first nation in
modern times literally to die out.' Really? ..census shows population
growing at about 2.7 per cent a year..  has risen to 1.7 million in
just a decade. If anything, Botswana is experiencing a minor
population explosion.
Epimodel estimated 250,000 Aids deaths in 1999, but there were only
375,000 adult deaths in total that year - far too few to accommodate
the UN's claims on behalf of the HIV virus.  In short, Epimodel had
failed its reality check.

%%General

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/daily/july00/aidsgraphic.htm
z48\clipim\2001\02\02\afaid\afaids.htm July 2000
14-35% HIV+ vs. 0.6% USA, 0.7% India, 2.15% Thailand

%%Nigeria

z38\clip\99\21\nigaids.txt
12/1/99 Nigeria on verge of AIDS explosion Study shows HIV infection
rising 20 percent in some areas REUTERS LAGOS, Nigeria, Dec. 1 -
Nigeria is on the verge of an AIDS explosion with overall HIV
infection rates of 5.4 percent climbing as high as 21 percent in some
areas, a new study showed on Wednesday. 

%%Senegal

z48\clip\2001\03\senegal.txt In AIDS-Ravaged Africa, Senegal is a
Beacon of Hope Health: United Nations hails the country as a success
story for its sweeping efforts to combat the disease.  By ANN M.
SIMMONS, LA Times Staff Writer
http://www.latimes.com/news/nation/20010309/t000020779.html The
prevalence of the disease here stands at about 1% of adults [very low
for Africa] 92% Muslim, 6% pagan, and only 2% Christian

%%Uganda

z45\clip\2000\10\uganaid.txt Uganda-AIDS: More than 800,000 Ugandans
have died of AIDS Agence France-Presse - October 5, 2000 HIV Up to 7%
of nation is infectd,but infection rates from the major surveillance
sites continued to decline.  "In major urban areas, where this trend
has been observed since 1992, ante-natal prevalence rates have
continued to decline respectively from 13.4 percent and 14.2 percent
in 1998 to 12.4 percent and 10.5 percent in 1999 

HALF OF SOME AFRICAN HOSPITALS HIV+
\doc\web\99\14\swazaids.txt In
1998 a baseline HIV/AIDS survey was conducted in Swaziland's four
regional hospitals in two urban and two ru-ral areas.' This found
that 49.5% of in-patients were infected with HIV, and reaffirmed the
serious threat posed by HIV and AIDS to the Kingdom of Swaziland.

ADULT AFRICAN MEN 24-40% HIV??  \clip\99\18\afaid.txt The Wall Street
Journal September 15, 1999 In Parts of Africa, AIDS Epidemic Spreads
Aggressively to Teenage Girls By MICHAEL WALDHOLZ "in two of the
towns -- one in Kenya and one in Zambia -- between 15% and 23% of
girls ages 15 to 19 were infected by HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
The infection rate among similarly aged boys was only about 3% to 4%
in those two towns,... the rate of infection in men over the age of
25 was found to be between 26% and 40%.  "

SOME AFRICAN CITIES 50% HIV+ AMONG SEX-ACTIVE ADULTS
\clip\97\26\afraids.txt
http://www.seattletimes.com/extra/browse/html97/aids_111797.html
Seattle Times Company Monday, Nov. 17, 1997 U.N. sees sharp rise in
HIV/AIDS infection by David Fox Reuters NAIROBI, Kenya - The United
Nations will release new data next month showing that global
infections with the AIDS virus have been significantly
underestimated, U.N.  officials said today.

\priv\96\20\unaids.txt Newshound 6/8/96 U.N. Says AIDS Cases Rose by
25 percent in 1995 1.3 milion worldwide AIDS cases, 21 million cases
of HIV. Women are 42% of cases, number of children not agreed upon.
90% of deaths are under 49. Botswanta, Zambi and Zimbabwe are 17-18%
HIV. US HIV infections have fallen from 100,000 / yr to 40,000.
Thailand cases have dropped among military recruits

\priv\96\17\aidssum.txt "Zimbabwe: AIDS Orphans on Farms" AIA/GIN
News Service (05/29/96) At the current rate of HIV infection in this
population, at least 200,000 children could be orphaned in the next
ten years. 

\priv\96\08\aidssum3.txt "63,000 AIDS Cases Reported in Kenya" Xinhua
News Service (04/17/96) Kenya has reported 63,000 AIDS cases since
1964

\priv\95\14\aidssum.txt "100,000 Zimbabweans Face AIDS Deaths in 18
Months" Reuters (10/22/95)

\doc\95\10\hivprev.txt "Prevention of HIV Infection" JAMA April 12,
1995 p. 1143 In Zaire, mutual fidelity increased from 28.9% to 45.7%

\priv\95\09\aidssum.txt "Zambia Frees Prisoners with AIDS Virus"
Reuters (08/08/95)  Zambia, which has one of the highest number of
recorded cases of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa, has diagnosed
an estimated 30,000 cases of full-blown AIDS since the beginning of
the epidemic. (Hmm, China gets the headlines with fewer than 100
cases of full-blown AIDS)

d:\priv\95\09\aidsaf.htm - Ebola gets more attention than AIDS,
despite only 300 deaths.

\priv\95\05\aidssum.txt "The Right Not to Know HIV-Test Results"
Lancet (04/15/95) Vol. 345, No. 8955, P. 969;  Temmerman, Marleen;
Ndinya-Achola, Jackoniah;  Ambani, Joan et al. In Kenya, 5,274 women
were tested, 324 tested positive or 6%

d:\doc\94\19\aidspop.txt SJM EPIDEMIC WILL NOT 'TAKE CARE' OF
POPULATION PROBLEM  8/28/94

Africa has more than half the 17 million known cases worldwide of HIV
infection, the virus that causes AIDS. But even in such places as
Kampala, Uganda, where 25-30 percent of adults are infected with HIV,
the infection rate would have to be twice as high to produce
''negative growth'' in the city population, say international
specialists who assessed the demographic impact of AIDS.

asian.aids.alchohol
@@alchohol

\doc\94\16\alchaids.wk1 Alchohol and AIDS study in San Francisco
doc\95\02
Asians and Native Americans have lowest rate
HIV rate of alchohol treatment clients in San Francisco:
Pct   W1.00 5.9% B-1.03 5.7% H-1.76 3.3% A/NA -2.34 2.5%



@@Asians Ignored

http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/297/15/1647
Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Diagnoses of HIV/AIDS—33 States, 2001-2005
JAMA. 2007;297:1647-1649. 
MMWR. 2007;56:189-193 
Report highlights higher aids for blacks, hispanics vs whites, no mention
of any groups with lower AIDS rates than whites, including Asians.

"The No. 1 Health problem [aids]" Whille African Americans and
Hispanics..both groups are over-represented in just about every
aspect of the AIDS epidemic" Tony Pugh Seattle Times Aug 2, 1998 A2
Blacks 45% of new AIDS cases, 60% of female patients, Hisopanics 21%,
blacks 62% of pediatric, b=84 per 100k, 28 hisp 10.4 white [Asian
about 1/3 white, not mentioned]

HIV AIDS survellance report Vol 17 by CDC

Highlights of Analyses

Cases of HIV/AIDS Race/ethnicity: 

* blacks accounted for 49% (about half) of all HIV/AIDS cases diagnosed in 2006

In 2005, rates of HIV/AIDS cases were
72.8 per 100,000 black <--- nearly 10x white rate
28.5 Hispanic
10.6 American Indian/Alaska Native <--- Same as white, despite hi poverty
 9.0 white
 7.6 asian/Pacific Islander <---- lowest. But never noted. No longer 1/3 white rate, about same order of magnitude now.

Cases of AIDS
"increased among all ethnic groups"
in 2005
59.0 black per 100,000
19.8 Hispanic
 8.0 Am Indian
 6.3 white
 4.0 Asian/Pacific Islander

However, estimated cases and rates per 100,000 for HIV /AIDS, table 5b

Adult Female
 61.4 Black
 16.1 Hispanic
  7.6 American Indian
  3.9 Asian/Pacific Islander *** Asians 30% more than white
  3.0 White

Children less than 13 yrs
1.9 Black *** Black 20x white
0.4 Hispanic
0.4 Asian *** Asians 4x White??
0.1 White
0.0 American Indian

Males
127.6 black
 57.6 Hispanic
 19.5 American Indian
 18.5 White
 14.9 Asian /PI

@@Asians lowest

Table 3 Estimated numbers and rates per 100,000 of
new HIV infections in adults and adolescents, 2006
50 states and DC

Ranked by total rate
        Male     Female    Total
Race    Rate
1 Asian     18.0    3.0      10.3
2 White     19.6    3.8      11.5
3 AmInd     15.5   12.8      14.6
4 Hispanic  43.1   14.4      29.3
5 Black    115.7   55.7      83.7
HIV AIDS surveillance Report Vol 19
cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States, (CDC)

BLACK HIGHEST, ASIANS LOWEST RATE OF AIDS CASES IN 2007
In 2007, rates of AIDS cases were (per 100,000)
47.3 black
18.3 Native Hawaiian/otehr Pac Islander
15.2 Hispanic Latino
 6.9 American Indian/Alaska Native
 5.2 white
 3.6 Asian population (table 6b)

ONLY API INCREASED IN AIDS DEATHS
estimated numbers of deaths decreased for
amind, black, hispanic, white
increased for Asian and Native Haw/other PIslanders



@@Black

AIDS is highest for African Americans in the US, especially among
women and children compared to whites. Higher rates for blacks is
always reported in the press, lower rates for Asians is almost never
reported.

z87\clip\2005\02\blaids.txt
Subject: In America black HIV infection rate 13 times that of whites
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A54612-2005Feb25.html
  U.S. Survey Indicates Blacks Hardest Hit by HIV Infection
    In 2001, Rate for Those Ages 18 to 59 Is 13 Times That of Whites
By David Brown
Washington Post Staff Writer
Saturday, February 26, 2005; Page A03

z47\clip\2001\01\gayblak.txt January 26, 2001 New York's Gay Black
Men Hit Hard by AIDS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The AIDS virus is
striking hardest in New York City today among young black men, a new
survey has found, with 33 percent of gay or bisexual black men ages
23 to 29 testing positive for HIV. vs 2% for NY white, 25% SF white

PROJECT21 SUPPORTS CONSERVATIVE AIDS TACTICS FOR BLACKS
\doc\web\98\06\p21aids.txt Date sent: Fri, 3 Jul 1998 01:22:37 -0400
(EDT) From: Amy Ridenour  Black
Leadership Drops the Ball on Minority AIDS Epidemic, Devastating
Families and Communities


@@childbearing women

\doc\95\14\chilbear.wk1 AIDS in Childbearing Women in King County 1989-94                           
Source: HIV/AIDS report Aug 1995, analysis by Arthur Hu                         
Seattle Childbearing Women HIV+ W1.00 B-10.7 H-1.3 A1.6 N-1.3                           
Blacks highest, Asians lowest                           

asian.aids.city
@@city


%%California 

cahiv.prn 1996 HIV estimates by
race, AIDS cases by cause

\doc\web\97\06\cahiv.wk1 Contents 1 - HIV prevelance 2- Adult AIDS
cases by cause Comparitive Analysis by Arthur Hu

Summary: Asians have the lowest HIV prevelance, nearly as low as
women overall The highest relative rate of AIDS for Asians is for
blood transfusions, about parity with whites. For blacks,the LOWEST
rate is for blood transfusions, and that's still twice as high as
whites. This supports the theory that Asian "immunity" to AIDS is
cultural, not genetic since hemophiliacs and blood transfusions are
largely involuntary, and the AIDS rates are about the same for these
causes. Since Asians have the lowest rate of AIDS due to male-male
sex, this strongly implies a very low rate of this activity.

Source: California HIV/AIDS Update Jan 1997 p. 4
Department of Health Services Office of AIDS

Plausible ranges of HIV prevalence in California by
demographics and modes of exposure on January 1, 1996

Ranges of HIV Prevalence Ranked by Population Rate

                 Number              Percent             Pop       Rate
                 Low       HIgh      Low       HIgh
California          94,300   130,500     100.0%    100.0%    100.0%
Gender
Gay/Bisexual IDU       7300     10000      7.7%      7.7%      1.0%     76.30
Gay/Bisexual          63600     88000     67.4%     67.4%      3.0%     22.48
Injection Drug Us     12000     16700     12.7%     12.8%      1.0%     12.80
African American      17900     25000     19.0%     19.2%      7.4%      2.59
Male                  85500    117600     90.7%     90.1%     50.0%      1.80
White                 53000     73300     56.2%     56.2%     56.4%     -1.00
Latina/o              20600     28000     21.8%     21.5%     25.8%     -1.20
Native American         500       700      0.5%      0.5%      0.8%     -1.49
Asian/Pacific Isl      2200      3000      2.3%      2.3%      9.6%     -4.18
Female                 9300     12900      9.9%      9.9%     50.0%     -5.06
Heterosexual Cont      5200      7200      5.5%      5.5%     90.0%    -16.31
Asians are almost as safe as a group as females. Gays are at 22 times if they are 3% of the population



AIDS Cases reduced to representation index:

Index White=1.00
Adult/Adoles exp White     Black     Hispanic  Asian/PI  NativeAm
Homosexual/bisexu      1.23     -2.71     -1.15      2.70      1.42
IDU (hetero)           0.67     -9.76     -1.35      6.55     -1.47
Homo/bi IDU            1.15     -4.40     -1.02      7.17     -2.00
Lesb/bi IDU            0.73     -8.15     -1.35      5.25     -9.14
Coagulation disor      1.20     -1.92     -1.32      1.29      2.26
Heterosexual           0.67     -7.46     -1.90      1.76      1.06
Blood transfusion      1.05     -2.69     -1.53     -1.33      3.35
Other/Undetermine      0.53     -6.79     -2.60      1.82      1.16
Subtotal               1.12     -3.84     -1.24      2.78      1.11
                 vs. averagvs white  vs white  vs white  vs white

The only categories where Asians are at parity is Blood Transfusion,
with Coagulation disorders only half population. The only categories
where Blacks are not above parity are Homosexual/bisexual, Blood
transfusion and Coagulation disorders

Ranked by Asian Percentage Ranked by Asian Index
Adult/Adoles exp Asian/PI  Adult/Adoles exp catAsian/PI
Blood transfusion      7.2%Blood transfusion        -1.33
Coagulation disor      4.2%Coagulation disorder      1.29
Heterosexual           3.1%Heterosexual              1.76
Other/Undetermine      3.0%Other/Undetermined        1.82
Homosexual/bisexu      2.0%Homosexual/bisexual       2.70
Subtotal               1.9%Subtotal                  2.78
Lesb/bi IDU            1.0%Lesb/bi IDU               5.25
IDU (hetero)           0.8%IDU (hetero)              6.55
Homo/bi IDU            0.8%Homo/bi IDU               7.17
1990 Population       9.60%
The lowest categories for Asians are homosexual and homo/bi IDU
Index depends on white percentage, not just a low Asian percentage

Ranked by Black Percentage
Adult/Adoles exp Black     Adult/Adoles exp catBlack
IDU (hetero)          40.7%IDU (hetero)             -9.76
Lesb/bi IDU           34.0%Lesb/bi IDU              -8.15
Heterosexual          31.1%Heterosexual             -7.46
Other/Undetermine     28.3%Other/Undetermined       -6.79
Homo/bi IDU           18.4%Homo/bi IDU              -4.40
Subtotal              16.0%Subtotal                 -3.84
Homosexual/bisexu     11.3%Homosexual/bisexual      -2.71
Blood transfusion     11.2%Blood transfusion        -2.69
Coagulation disor      8.0%Coagulation disorder     -1.92
State Pop              7.4%

%%Hawaii

HIGH HAWAII AIDS RATES DUE TO GAY WHITES, NOT ASIANS

Hawaii's high AIDS rates has been blamed on its being a gateway to the pacific as evidence of high AIDS rates in Asia, but AIDS is mostly a gay white problem in Hawaii where whites are in the minority. Many cities claim there are not enough Asians to get an accurate number of AIDS cases, but Asians are in the majority of the population, yet most cases are among Caucasians.

A 1997 report states: Whites and Blacks are overrepresented. Every East Asian group is far below parity.

--------------------------------------------------------------

Blacks slightly more, but E Asian 4-7X less
hawaids.wk1
    \doc\web\2000\10\hawaids.wk1
    AIDS cases by race/ethnicity
    Hawaii 5 yr 1995-2000
    Group    C/100k   Index
    Af           28.7    -1.31
    Wh           21.9     1.00
    OthAs        15.3     1.43
    Hisp         11.1     1.97
    State        12.8     1.71
    Hawaiian     10.7     2.05
    Filipino      5.3     4.13
    Chinese       4.4     4.98
    Japanese      3.2     6.84

    82% MM or IVDU
    Risk     state    white
    MM sex         68      294
    IVDU            9       33
    MM & IVDU       5       26
    Other          18
    Stereotyp      82
    total         711      353
                          49.6%
    Half Hawaii AIDS cases white MM or IVDU
z45\clipim\2000\10\24\hawaids.efx

z39\clipim\2000\01\31\hawaids.efx state report 12/1999 Whites and
gays still majority of AIDS cases.

zip36\images\99\07\26\hwaids.tif
AIDS Cases by Race / Ethnicity Five Year July 1994-June 1999
5 year average reporting rate per 100,000
Most Asians are 1/4 to 1/8 the rate of Caucasians

    Rate  Ratio Race
    30.2 -1.10 AfricanAm
    27.4  1.00 Caucasian
    19.6  1.40 AmIndian
    18.5  1.48 Other API
    13.6  2.01 Hawaiian/Pt
    13.5  2.03 Hispanic
     6.7  4.09 Chinese
     6.3  4.35 Filipino
     3.9  7.03 Japanese

AIDS Surveillance Quarterly Report Cases to June 30, 1999

Female AIDS Cases in Hawaii
AIDS Surveillance Quarterly Report  H. Dept of Health
Hawaiians, Caucasians and African Americans were 
over-represeted, all others were under (mostly Asians)

1983-1997 N=120
6% Japanese
7% Hispanic
12% Others
22% Hawaiian 
4% African Am
10% Filipino
40% Caucasian

Risk behaviors
Perinatal 4%
Transfusion 5%
IDU 33%
Not Identified 6%
Heterosexual 52%
  Partner
  IDU 19%
  HIV+ 18%
  Bisexual Male 9%
  Others 6%

hawaid.wk1
\doc\web\98\05\hawaid.wk1
AIDS Surveillance Quarterly Report March 31, 1998

ASIANS UNDERREPRESENTED, MOST CASES ARE WHITE IN HAWAII
(rare admission that Asians less prone to AIDS)
Whites have the most cases and are overrepresentee
Blacks are the only other overrepresented group
Hawaiians are close to population
All other ethnic groups [mostly E Asian] have low
numbers and rates, but increasing

         88-92    93-97    State PopRatio    Index
AfAm          3.8%     4.5%     2.5%    1.80     1.00
White        69.7%    58.6%    33.4%    1.75    -1.03
Haw          10.0%    11.8%    12.5%    0.94    -1.91
Chin          4.0%     5.2%     6.2%    0.84    -2.15
Hisp          3.6%     5.7%     7.3%    0.78    -2.31
Other         3.0%     5.7%     8.1%    0.70    -2.56
Filip         4.3%     5.8%    15.2%    0.38    -4.72
Japanese      1.7%     2.8%    22.3%    0.13   -14.34

Most Asian only 1/2 white rate of AIDS
Japanese about 14 times less

ASIANS AT RISK - NOT!  AIDS IN HAWAII IS MOSTLY GAY WHITES, ASIANS
HAVE LOWEST RATE OF AIDS
One recent health report attributed high rates of AIDS in Hawaii to
its being the gateway to the Pacific. But the fact is that AIDS at
the start "almost all of Hawaii's AIDS cases were in Caucasians who
were MSMs (men sex with men). During the last 5 years 1992-96, about
half of Hawaii's cases continued to be in this group" even though gay
white men are a tiny percentage of the population. "Collectively,
Asians and Pacific Islanders have Hawaii's lowest race-specific AIDS
rates at 9.9% of the population and 26% of the AIDS cases" (even
though they are 2/3 of the population). Unlike the mainland, Asians
are the majority population and the common excuse that there aren't
enough Asians to provide a statistically valid rate doesn't wash
here.  While the ban on reporting that Asians have the lowest rate of
AIDS still applies in general, it does appear in this AIDS
Surveillance Quarterly Report from the Hawai'i Department of Health
Feb 1997 Supplement

Hawaii Ethnic Specific AIDS Rates 1992-1996
cases per 100,000 population
                    rate  index  Relative rate
African American    39.0 -1.03   =
Caucasians          37.7  1.00   =
Other               19.7  1.91   --
Hawaiian            19.5  1.93   --
Hispanic            15.2  2.48   ---
Asian/PI             9.9  3.81   ----
Chinese              9.0  4.19   ----
Filipinos            7.2  5.23   -----
Japanese             4.5  8.37   --------

1990 census   Pop
Caucasian     27.9%
Asian/Pacific 61.8%
African Americ 2.5%
Hispanic       7.3%
American India 0.5%

hawaids.prn
WHITE AIDS RATE FALLS TO LESS THAN 3 TIMES HIGHER THAN ASIAN RATE, BUT
ASIAN 5 YR AVG STILL 1/4 RATE OF WHITES

Hawaii AIDS Surveillance Quarterly Report
Cases to September 30, 1997
Hawai'i Department of Health
Analysis by Arthur Hu

              82-88 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
Caucasian       211  146  102  133   85  225  140  143  104   37
Asian/Pacific    58   35   28   46   37  108   76   50   70   31
African Americ    9    2   10    7    5   17    9   13    9    3
Hispanic         12    7    6    8    4   21   11   16   10    6
American India    1    0    3    0    0    2    2    0    0    0
Total           291  190  149  194  131  373  238  222  193   77

Percent       82-88 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
Caucasian     72.5%76.8%68.5%68.6%64.9%60.3%58.8%64.4%53.9%48.1%
Asian/Pacific 19.9%18.4%18.8%23.7%28.2%29.0%31.9%22.5%36.3%40.3%
African Americ 3.1% 1.1% 6.7% 3.6% 3.8% 4.6% 3.8% 5.9% 4.7% 3.9%
Hispanic       4.1% 3.7% 4.0% 4.1% 3.1% 5.6% 4.6% 7.2% 5.2% 7.8%
American India 0.3% 0.0% 2.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 0.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%

Pop Index     82-88 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
Caucasian      1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Asian/Pacific -8.06-9.24-8.07-6.40-5.09-4.61-4.08-6.34-3.29-2.64
               ^ 8x                                    ^3x
African Americ-2.10-6.54 1.09-1.70-1.52-1.19-1.39 1.01-1.04-1.11
Hispanic      -4.60-5.46-4.45-4.35-5.56-2.80-3.33-2.34-2.72-1.61
American India-3.78 0.00 1.64 0.00 0.00-2.02-1.25 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cauc vs. avg   2.60 2.75 2.45 2.46 2.33 2.16 2.11 2.31 1.93 1.72

The Caucasian relative AIDS rate is falling, and the Asian rate
rising so that the ratio has fallen from 8 times less in 1982-88 to
1/2.68 in 1987

\doc\95\14\hawaids.wk1  W1.0 B-1.1 H3.1 A4.8 (Chinese)
Incidence of AIDS in Hawaii 1990-94 by Race per 100,000                 
Source: Hawaii Department of Health, Sept 1995 Supplement                   
Analysis by Arthur Hu                   
                    
        Rate    Index           
White       37.1    1.0         
Black       35.3    1.1         
Hawaiian    18.4    2.0         
Hispanic    12.0    3.1         
Chinese      7.8    4.8         
Samoan       6.6    5.6         
Filipino     5.1    7.3         
Japanese     4.0    9.3         

90% of AIDS cases are due to gay sex or 
gay IV drug uses.

"Hawaii Health Care is Called a Model for US" New York Times May 19,
1993 (based on JAMA article) Hawaii is #2 in TB, #10 in AIDS said by
reserachers to be because "Hawaii is the gateway to the Pacific". TB
maybe, but AIDS is due to gay whites since rate of AIDS of Whites and
Asians is no different than Los Angeles.

\doc\94\17\hawaid.wk1 - Hawaii AIDS statistics 1994

%%Los Angeles

doc923:LAAIDS.WK1 Asian AIDS by ethnicity Los Angeles

%%Massachusetts

\clip\97\18\massaid.txt Boston Globe Online July 24, 1997 Mass. shows
a sharp drop in AIDS deaths By Dolores Kong, Globe Staff In a major
turning point in the AIDS epidemic in Massachusetts, deaths from the
disease dropped by a startling 35 percent in 1996, according to
figures released yesterday. 

%%New York

doc\94\14\priv\nyaids.txt 93 API with AIDS, 1,092 HIV+


%%Orange County

ASIANS ONLY 1/5 AIDS RATE AMONG AIDS CASES IN ORANGE COUNTY
http://www.latimes.com/sbin/my_iarecord.pl?NS-doc-path=/CNS_DAYS/970430/t000038714.html&NS-doc-offset=11&NS-collection=970430&NS-search-set=/var/tmp/3367b/aaaa005Db67bc35&
\clip\97\11\oranaids.txt Los Angeles Times Wednesday, April 30, 1997
Countywide Getting AIDS Message Across By ENRIQUE LAVIN

Aids Cases Orange County through Jan 1 1997 White: 72% Latino: 21%
Black: 45% Asian: 2% Other unknown: 1% 

Percentage:
       W    B    H    A
AIDS  72    4.5   21   2
Pop   64.3 1.7   23.1 10.4

Rate  1.12 2.6   .913 .192
Index 1.00 -2.32 1.23 5.83

Ranked by Relative Aids Rate
- Indicates worse, postive, better than white.

-2.32  Black
 1.00  White
 1.23  Hispanic
 5.83  Asian

Source: Orange County Health Care Agency Population Analysis by
Arthur Hu 4/30/97

%%San Francisco
@@San Francisco

http://phd.dph.sf.ca.us/AIDS.htm
http://www.dph.sf.ca.us/Default.htm

Reports:
http://204.68.210.4/Reports/HlthAssess.htm

San Francisco has a very large Asian population, but not very well
assimilated into the large percentage of white gay men.  San Francisco
is one of the few cities where blacks still have not exceeded the
white AIDS rate - which is over 5% of the white population! San
Francisco has the lowest relative Asian AIDS rate of any US city,
1/20, compared to 1/3 nationally.  Asian HIV rates are either zero or
much lower than every other race in every HIV survey, risk category
and study in every year.

Asian AIDS rates are much lower than whites in the city, but higher
than whites in low AIDS areas. Asians are the only minorities with
dramatically lower AIDS rates, but this has never been noted or
studied, presumably for political reasons.

Quarterly  AIDS Surveillance Report AIDS
cases reported through Sept 2007
http://204.68.210.4/PHP/RptsHIVAIDS/qrpt092007.pdf
Table 8. AIDS Cases and Cumulative Rates per 100,000 by Race/Ethnicity and Gender, San Francisco
                Male             Female        Total (2)
Race/Ethnicity  No. (Rate)       No. (Rate)    No. (Rate)     Vs. White
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
White            19208 (11099.5) 366 ( 223.1) 19574 ( 5806.3) 1.00
African American  2854 ( 7656.6) 511 ( 1308.0) 3365 ( 4407.7)-1.31
Latino            2927 ( 5704.2) 149 ( 301.6)  3076 ( 3054.1)-1.90
Asian/Pacific Is   764 ( 773.8)   64 ( 59.8)      828 ( 402.6) -14.4
Native American    125 ( 9097.5)  13 ( 1030.9)   138 ( 5237.2)-1.1
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Total         (1) 25913 ( 7148.5) 1108 ( 306.5) 27021 ( 3732.4)
Asians are 14 times less likely than whites to have HIV.
Other minorities are within factor of 2.

3
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Quarterly Surveillance Report
Summary of San Francisco Residents with AIDS*
Reported as of 09/30/2007
Table 3. AIDS Cases by Transmission Category and Race/Ethnicity, San Francisco, 1980-2007
Asian/
African Pacific Native
Transmission White American Latino Islander American
Category (1) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Adult/Adolescent
Gay or bisexual male 15808 (80.3) 1523 (43.8) 2346 (73.7) 658 (76.8) 66 (46.5)
Injection drug user (IDU) 719 ( 3.7) 1029 (29.6) 230 ( 7.2) 44 ( 5.1) 21 (14.8)
Gay or bisexual male IDU 2863 (14.5) 650 (18.7) 416 (13.1) 66 ( 7.7) 49 (34.5)
Lesbian or bisexual IDU 21 ( 0.1) 14 ( 0.4) 5 ( 0.2) 2 ( 0.2) 1 ( 0.7)
Hemophiliac 8 ( 0.0) 2 ( 0.1) 5 ( 0.2) 1 ( 0.1) 0 ( 0.0)
Heterosexual (2) 115 ( 0.6) 154 ( 4.4) 85 ( 2.7) 34 ( 4.0) 3 ( 2.1)
Transfusion recipient 69 ( 0.4) 26 ( 0.7) 26 ( 0.8) 22 ( 2.6) 0 ( 0.0)
Risk not reported/Other (3) 69 ( 0.4) 70 ( 2.0) 62 ( 1.9) 25 ( 2.9) 1 ( 0.7)
Pediatric (0-12 years) (4) 8 ( 0.0) 13 ( 0.4) 10 ( 0.3) 5 ( 0.6) 1 ( 0.7)
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Total 19680 ( 100) 3481 ( 100) 3185 ( 100) 857 ( 100) 142 ( 100)

76.8% are in gay or bisexual male category, 5.1% injection drug user,
7.7% are gb male IDU, 89.6% or nearly all in those categories.
similar to white.

Female % is twice as high as male %
Female = 64/1108 =5.86% Male = 764/25913 2.94%
Asians up from 2.7% before 1997 to about steady at 6% since 2001,
Asians about 1/3 the population
58% On July 1, 2004, the percentage of San Francisco’s white
population. Thirty-four percent were Asian, 14 percent Hispanic (of
any race) and 8 percent black.


http://www.dph.sf.ca.us/PHP/RptsHIVAIDS/qrtrpt0302.pdf  San Francisco Dept of Public
Health AIDS Surveillance Quarterly Report, March 2002 Table 8. AIDS
Cases and Cumulative Rates per 100,000 by Race/Ethnicity and Gender,
San Francisco (1) Male Female Total Race/Ethnicity No.(Rate) No.
(Rate) No. (Rate) White 18053 (10432.1) 308 ( 187.7) 18361 (
5446.5)5.4% African American 2560 ( 6867.9) 431 ( 1103.2) 2991 (
3917.8)3.9% Latino 2517 ( 4905.2) 119 ( 240.9) 2636 ( 2617.2)2.6%
Asian/Pacific Islander 634 ( 642.1) 50 ( 46.7) 684 ( 332.5) .3% Native
American 112 ( 8151.4) 11 ( 872.3) 123 ( 4667.9)4.6% Total 23876 (
6586.5) 919 ( 254.2) 24795 ( 3424.9)

SF HIV Seroprevalence Report May 1996
Asians are consistently the lowest, even in risk groups

1994 Gay Bi-Men STD Clinic
W 27.7, B 52.8 H 32.5 A 14.9 Tot 30.7

Heterosexual Men STD Clinic
W1.0 B 3.8 H 1.0 A 0.3

Het Women STD Clinic 1994
W 1.5 B 0.8 H 0.6 A 0.5


  \doc\web\98\04\sfhiv.wk1

  HIV Seroepidemiology Report 1989 to 1996
  Analysis by Arthur Hu 3/98

  1997 Consensus Report HIV Prevalence
     33.00%gay men over 30
     15.00%gay under 30
     12.00%IDU
      0.06%het male SF
      0.06%infant or child

  HIV Rates                 W     B      H      A
  STD Clinic 1996             9.9%   6.8%   6.8%   3.7%
  Young Men Survey MSM 94-95  4.3%  13.3%   5.6%   1.8%
  Blood donors 85-95        0.004% 0.055% 0.000% 0.000%
  Homeless Youth 96          12.7%   6.9%  13.0%   6.0%
  Detox Program 92            5.5%  12.1%   6.0%   0.0%
  Women Fam Plan Clinic 89    0.8%   0.6%   0.2%   0.0%
  Newborn Infants 95         3.35   9.01   3.34      0
    Tested                    597    222    598    602
    Rate per 1000 births - Asians most births but no HI

  Sorted by Asian relative prevalence white=1.0
  Index HIV Rates           W     B      H      A
  Women Fam Plan Clinic 89   1.00   1.33   4.00   0.00
  Detox Program 92           1.00  -2.20  -1.09   0.00
  Newborn Infants 95         1.00  -2.69   1.00   0.00
  Blood donors 85-95         1.00 -13.75   0.00   0.00
  STD Clinic 1996            1.00   1.46   1.46   0.00
  Young Men Survey MSM 94-95 1.00  -3.09  -1.30   2.39
  Homeless Youth 96          1.00   1.84  -1.02   2.12
  2.0=2 times better -2.0=worse 0.0=none
  Asian HIV is either 2X better or nonexistent in
  every category of risk in San Francisco


\doc\web\97\05\sfaids.wk1
Reported Through March 31, 1997
AIDS Surveillance Report San Francisco Department of Health
Comparitive Analysis by Arthur Hu

Summary of comparitive rates by race
SF Male W1.00 B1.63 H2.22 A17.7 N1.63
SF Female W1.00 B-5.25 H-1.16 A4.95 N-4.82

San Francisco AIDS Cases and Cumlative Rates per 100,000
by Race/Ethnicity and Gender, San Francisco (Residents only)

Ranked by Male AIDS case rate
           No.     Rate    Index
White         16028  9261.9    1.00
Native Am        92  6695.8    1.38
total         20895  5764.2    1.61
AfricanAm      2121  5690.1    1.63
Latino         2136  4162.7    2.22
Asian/PacIs     518   524.6   17.66

Ranked by Female AIDS case rate
           No.     Rate    Index
AfricanAm       304   778.1   -5.25
Native Am         9   713.7   -4.82
total           673   186.2   -1.26
Latino           85   172.1   -1.16
White           243   148.1    1.00
-------- asians better -------------
Asian/PacIs      32    29.9    4.95

Asian men are 20 times less likely than San Francisco White men to
have AIDS Asian women are the ONLY group better than white women, 5
times less likely.  Black women 5 times more likely than white women
to have AIDS.


----------------------------------------
\doc\96\06\aidssfrt.wk1 AIDS Rates by Race / Gender in San Francisco

Surprise finding: Women generally have lower rates of AIDS than men,
however in San Francisco, Asian men have lower AIDS rates than Black 
and Native American women.

Asian women have the lowest AIDS rate of any group, despite headlines
of special risks for Asians.

The moderators of sci.med.aids considers this observation to be
"racist" and unacceptable, and turned it down as in informational
post.

Source: Analysis of AIDS Surveillance Report Through June 1996
San Francisco Department of Public Health Office of AIDS

This chart appears in the original report without comment
Table 8: Cumulative Rates of AIDS per 100,000 population
        Male    Female  Total
White     8986.3   139.6  4680.9
Black     5395.0   706.5  2995.7
Hispanic  3960.0   153.8  2093.0
Asian      484.1    29.0   247.5
NatAm     6040.8   713.7  3491.5

Here are the groups ranked by AIDS rate
Index of -2.00 means 1/2 the reference group
rate.

                Rate    Index White Male=1.00
White   Male      8986.3    1.00
NatAm   Male      6040.8   -1.49
Black   Male      5395.0   -1.67
White   Both      4680.9   -1.92
HispanicMale      3960.0   -2.27
NatAm   Both      3491.5   -2.57
Black   Both      2995.7   -3.00
HispanicBoth      2093.0   -4.29
NatAm   Female     713.7  -12.59
Black   Female     706.5  -12.72
Asian   Male       484.1  -18.56<-----
Asian   Both       247.5  -36.31
HispanicFemale     153.8  -58.43
White   Female     139.6  -64.37
Asian   Female      29.0 -309.87<-----

With all the headlines of Asian Americans being at special risk to
AIDS, why hasn't anyone been looking into why AIDs rates for Asians
remain astonishingly low compared to other groups?

------------------------------------------------------------

\doc\96\03\sfaids95.wk1 AIDS in San Francisco by Race
Asians have the lowest rate of AIDS in SF, only 1/20 the
rate of Whites.


AIDS Cases and Cumulative Rates Per 100,000
by Race/Ethnicity and Gender, San Francisco
(counting only city residents)
        Rates
        Male    Female  Total   Index
White     8877.0   136.5  4623.3    1.00
NativeAm  6040.8   634.4  3453.5   -1.34
AfricanA  5263.6   688.5  2922.3   -1.58
Total     5481.1   167.7  2828.2   -1.63
Latino    3884.0   149.8  2052.3   -2.25
Asian/PI   475.0    29.0   243.1  -19.02

Asian AIDS cases are only 1/20 the rate of whites per
population, despite common reports of under-reporting, or
denial that any data exists on Asian Americans

Source: AIDS Surveillance Report, cases reported through March 1996
San Francisco Department of Public Health AIDS Office
Analysis by Arthur Hu

----------------------------------------------------------------

%%San Jose - See Santa Clara

%%Santa Clara County

Santa Clara County has the highest rate of Asian AIDS on the mainland
US (3-4%) even though San Francisco has a higher pecentage of Asians.
This is probably due to a smaller proportion of gay whites than San
Francisco, and a higher proportion of Asians who are gay, vs. San
Francisco whose Chinatown has a high proportion of traditional
Asians.

Asian.AIDS.City.Santa-Clara-County
    \doc\95\01\SCLAIDS.WK1 - SANTA CLARA COUNTY AIDS, 1994 BY RACE

    AIDS Cases
    Santa Clara County Ending Dec 31, 1994 (San Jose California)

    Number          White  Black  Hisp   Asian  NatAm  total
    Current Quarter     28      8     16      2      0     54
    Cumulative        1361    180    442     65     11   2059

    Percent         White  Black  Hisp   Asian  NatAm  total
    Current Quarter   51.9%  14.8%  29.6%   3.7%   0.0% 100.0%
    Cumulative        66.1%   8.7%  21.5%   3.2%   0.5% 100.0%

    Index           White  Black  Hisp   Asian  NatAm  total  W/Avg
    Population        58.1%   3.5%  21.0%  16.8%   0.4% 100.0%
    Current Quarter  -1.00   4.74   1.58  -4.05    ERR   1.12     0.89
    Cumulative        1.00   2.20  -1.11  -6.05   1.17  -1.14     1.14

    Summary: Hispanics cumulatively have lower AIDS rates than
    than whites, but they were higher in the last quarter. Blacks
    were 2X cumulative but are 5X in last quarter. Asians
    were 1/6 the rate of whites, which is very small, but
    much closer than the 1/10 rate of Los Angeles or Seattle
    or 1/20 in San Francisco

d:\doc\doc934\gayscla.xls - Gay survey

d:\doc\94\17\sclaraai.wk1 - AIDS in Santa Clara County 1994
Summary:
Only Asians are substantially (-6) less than whites, -6 gay and -23 IVDU
Blacks are 2X overall, 10X IVDU, 6X parent at risk
Latino -1.23 overall, but 5X parent at risk
Urban Native Am 7X IVDU, but only 1.35 overall. Low NativeAm probably due to isolation on
reservations Asians 3% cumulative, 7% of current quarter is highest ever, highest in continental
US, but only 62 total cases! No asian pediatric cases
Asians have doubled from 2.5% of first cases to 500 of latest 250

Cumulative
                 White       Latino       AfricanAm   Asian/PI     NativeAm
Adult            No    %     No    %      No    %     No    %      No    %
Homosexual/Bi      974  75.5%  257   68.0%   71  44.1%   50   80.6%    6   54.5%
IV Drug User        82   6.4%   28    7.4%   51  31.7%    1    1.6%    4   36.4%
Homo/Bi IVDU       109   8.4%   38   10.1%   15   9.3%    0    0.0%    1    9.1%
Hemophiliac         27   2.1%    2    0.5%    0   0.0%    0    0.0%    0    0.0%
Heterosex           53   4.1%   29    7.7%   11   6.8%    5    8.1%   0    0.0%
Transfusion/Blood   25   1.9%    5    1.3%    3   1.9%    2    3.2%    0    0.0%
None                20   1.6%   19    5.0%   10   6.2%    1    1.6%    0    0.0%

Sub total         1290         378          161          62           11

d:\doc\94\17\sclarad2.wk1 - most recent
             1st 500    2nd 500 3rd 500 Last 250
    White    74.2%  65.8%   68.2%   59.4%
    Afri-Am  5.0%   8.4%    10.2%   10.8%
    Hispanic 18.2%  21.6%   18.4%   24.5%
    Asian/Ot 2.6%   4.2%    3.2%    5.2%

d:\doc\94\19\SACAHIV.wk1 - HIV in Santa Clara county CA 1994
Asians are as under-represented as women!
W1.0(1.15) B3.47 H-1.51 A-7.02 Women -6.48

%%San Francisco

\doc\doc938\sfaids93.xls HIV survey
\doc\95\07\sfaids93.txt

%%Seattle/ King Co

Epidemiology Reports online:
http://www.metrokc.gov/health/apu/stats/epi/epimenu.htm
   The fourth
quarter 1999 should be listed within a few days. 


Many other statistical reports are available at this next web site.
http://www.metrokc.gov/health/apu/menustat.htm
  
http://www.metrokc.gov/health/apu/stats/epi/epimenu.htm

    \doc\web\99\01\kingaids.wk1
    Analysis by Arthur Hu
    Seattle King County HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Report

    AIDS cases diagnosed in 1995-1997 abd
    average annual rates per 100,000 by race/ethnicity

    Rank by index
    index    male     female   total
    asian/pi      4.7      1.6      4.3
    white         1.0      1.0      1.0
    total        -1.0     -1.7     -1.1
    amind/an     -1.8    -11.6     -2.2
    hispanic     -2.2     -3.7     -2.4
    black        -2.3    -12.2     -2.7

    Asians are only 1/4 as likely to be diagnosed with AIDS


\doc\96\03\kgcoad95.wk1 King County / Washington AIDS 1995
Demographic characteristics of cumulate reported AIDS case
Ranked by index relative to population
King Co             USA
Black          1.71 Black       4.40
Hispanic       1.32 Hispanic    3.30
White          1.00 White       1.00
AmInd         -1.01 AmInd      -1.76
AsianPI       -5.76 AsianPI    -3.17

Asian Americans only 1/6 in Seattle / King County
and only 1/3 as likely to have contracted AIDS per
population as Whites. Native Americans are only equal
in King Co, and slightly over 1/2 nationally, which
has _never_ been directly reported.

%%Survey



ASIANS HAVE THE LOWEST RATE OF AIDS FOR EVERY CITY AND EVERY
ETHNIC SUBGROUP

doc\94\17\aidscity.xls doc924:aidscity.xls
 AIDS by ethnicity by city, 1992
Data from respective city health departments
Ranked by AIDS rates in Los Angeles

 Index  - White = 1.0, -2.0 = 1/2 rate of whites
 Index      Hawaii   LA       SanFran  SClara   NYC      USA
 White         1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00
 Black       -15.71    ó-1.06    -1.38     1.55     1.73     3.40
 All          -2.85    -1.53    -1.08    -1.29     1.23     1.41
 Hispanic    -47.14    -2.81    -1.70    -1.42     1.43     2.57
 Thai         #N/A     -3.30    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 AmIndian     #N/A     -6.00    -2.21    -1.08    -6.38    -3.36
 Japanese    -16.50    -8.38    -5.77    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Filipino     -8.25    -8.71    -7.93    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 OtherAs      -8.88    -9.42    -5.60    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Chinese     -10.04   -11.02   -33.85    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Asian        -8.19   -11.07   -15.07    -9.85    -8.46    -3.35
 Vietnam      #N/A    -13.93   -20.80    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Cambodian    #N/A    -24.33   -20.80    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Korean       #N/A    -55.15   -59.69    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 PacIs        #N/A    -57.95    -3.24    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 As Indian*   #N/A    #######   #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Hawaiian     -6.42    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A
 Mix NonH    -28.88    #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A     #N/A

 Rate of AIDS in Hawaii are 1/2 LA, but rates for races about same.
 SF = 10X Los Angeles.
 NatAm much less than white in LA, SF.

doc933:AIDPOLL2 TXT AIDS poll - reducing number of partners

%%United States


http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/hiv_aids/stats/hivsur82.pdf
\clip\97\18\hivsur82.pdf 1996 CDC HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report


CDC AIDS/HIV Reports 1993-96 pdf format

\doc\96\03\kgcoad95.wk1 King County / Washington AIDS 1995
Demographic characteristics of cumulate reported AIDS case
As of      12/31/95
USA
Black       4.40
Hispanic    3.30
White       1.00
AmInd      -1.76
AsianPI    -3.17

2001: ASIANS STILL LOWEST AIDS RATE BUT CLOSER TO PARITY
Aids Cases United States HIV/AIDS Surveillence Report Vol 13, No. 2
Table 18, AIDS cases and annual rates per 100,000 population by race /
ethnicity and sex, reported in 2001, United States
Year-end 2001 Edition, Volume 13, Number 2
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats/hasr1302.htm


                                             Adult
                       Total              Male   Female
                       No.    Rate       
Asian/Pacific Islander    480  3.8  1.73   8.6    1.5
White                  13,237  6.6  1.00  13.7    2.4
AmIndian / Alask Nat      194  9.0 -1.36  18.8    4.9
Total                  43,158 14.9 -2.25  28.1    9.1
Hispanic                8,209 20.7 -3.14  43.3   12.9
Black                  21,031 59.6 -9.03 109.2   47.8

z60\clipim\2002\11\06\table18\table18.htm
Note that Blacks are the largest number of AIDS cases, nearly half,
although AIDS was once stereotyped as a white gay disease.  Black
females have higher rate than any group than black males. Asians have
by far the lowest rate, now about 2/3, it was once as low as 1/3 the
white rate.

%%Washington DC

"District's AIDS Rate Again Tops the Nation" Washington Times
(04/19/96) P. A3; Sheets, Gary Washington, D.C., again has the
nation's highest AIDS rate, far higher than even New York and San
Francisco, according to statistics released Thursday by the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  The 1995 D.C. rate of
185.7 AIDS cases per 100,000 residents dropped from 246.9 per 100,000
in 1994 but was still almost half again as high as the nearest
city's.  Puerto Rico was second with a rate of 70.3 cases per
100,000, followed by New York, Florida, and New Jersey. 



doc\94\1\priv\ashealth.txt - Low Asian AIDS in WA state


asian AIDS doc913:portal2.b20 Asians get less AIDS


@@deaths

--------------------------------------

AIDS DEATHS DOWN 19%, MOSTLY AMONG GAY
WHITES, BUT EVEN AMONG WOMEN
http://search.tribnet.com/archive/0715a11.htm
\clip\97\18\aidsdown.txt Tacoma News Tribune Death toll from AIDS
continues its decline Improvement attributed to prevention efforts
and expensive new drugs July 15, 1997 Marlene Cimons; Los Angeles
Times "Deaths among whites dropped 28 percent, compared to 10 percent
among blacks and 16 percent among Hispanics."

-------------------------

gopher://cdcnac.org:72/00/4/yearend95/table14.txt

Table 14. Deaths in persons with AIDS, by race/ethnicity, age at 
death, and sex, occurring in 1993 and 1994; and cumulative totals 
reported through December 1995, United States1
     
     
Males
Race/ethnicity                                  Cumulative 
and age at death2               1993     1994     total
     
White, not Hispanic                 
Under 15                          50       50       466 
15-24                            189      157     2,249 
25-34                          5,563    5,265    45,618 
35-44                          8,180    8,568    62,791 
45-54                          3,728    3,810    27,418 
55 or older                    1,352    1,366    11,798 
All ages                      19,062   19,216   150,540
     
Black, not Hispanic                 
Under 15                         141      131     1,054 
15-24                            211      185     1,991 
25-34                          3,202    3,366    25,181 
35-44                          4,987    5,512    33,507 
45-54                          2,028    2,371    12,824 
55 or older                      819      968     5,434 
All ages                      11,388   12,533    80,107
     
Hispanic                            
Under 15                          66       60       496 
15-24                            103      104     1,094 
25-34                          1,945    1,963    15,714 
35-44                          2,579    2,818    18,482 
45-54                            962    1,202     6,935 
55 or older                      399      461     2,819 
All ages                       6,054    6,608    45,598
     
Asian/Pacific Islander              
Under 15                           2        3        16 
15-24                              6        2        28 
25-34                             71      105       553 
35-44                            110      120       801 
45-54                             50       79       385 
55 or older                       17       27       161 
All ages                         256      336     1,945
     
American Indian/Alaska Native       
Under 15                           2        2        10 
15-24                              3        4        20 
25-34                             46       40       260 
35-44                             43       47       226 
45-54                             14       13        73 
55 or older                        6        3        31 
All ages                         114      109       623
     
All racial/ethnic groups            
Under 15                         261      246     2,043 
15-24                            513      452     5,387 
25-34                         10,837   10,749    87,428 
35-44                         15,920   17,082   115,976 
45-54                          6,793    7,479    47,696 
55 or older                    2,599    2,829    20,278 
All ages                      36,923   38,837   279,190
     
     
Females
Race/ethnicity                                  Cumulative 
and age at death2               1993     1994     total
     
White, not Hispanic                 
Under 15                          46       40       340 
15-24                             45       43       365 
25-34                            446      563     3,291 
35-44                            553      615     3,084 
45-54                            202      229     1,169 
55 or older                      129      126     1,346 
All ages                       1,421    1,616     9,614
     
Black, not Hispanic                 
Under 15                         141      155     1,070 
15-24                            135      155       959 
25-34                          1,053    1,220     7,866 
35-44                          1,397    1,713     8,602 
45-54                            413      565     2,498 
55 or older                      184      247     1,220 
All ages                       3,323    4,055    22,253
     
Hispanic                            
Under 15                          54       64       444 
15-24                             54       41       373 
25-34                            417      529     3,196 
35-44                            507      579     2,992 
45-54                            165      186       963 
55 or older                       76       84       462 
All ages                       1,273    1,483     8,443
     
Asian/Pacific Islander              
Under 15                           3        4        11 
15-24                              1        -         5 
25-34                              6       13        48 
35-44                             13        7        69 
45-54                              8        7        41 
55 or older                        4        3        31 
All ages                          34       34       207
     
American Indian/Alaska Native       
Under 15                           1        1         7 
15-24                              _        _         2 
25-34                              4        7        39 
35-44                              4        8        28 
45-54                              _        1         7 
55 or older                        1        _         5 
All ages                          11       17        88
     
All racial/ethnic groups            
Under 15                         245      266     1,877 
15-24                            235      239     1,705 
25-34                          1,926    2,333    14,450 
35-44                          2,481    2,925    14,800 
45-54                            788      989     4,687 
55 or older                      394      461     3,067 
All ages                       6,069    7,213    40,658
     
     
Both Sexes3
Race/ethnicity                                  Cumulative 
and age at death2               1993     1994     total
     
White, not Hispanic 
Under 15                          96       90       806 
15-24                            234      200     2,614 
25-34                          6,009    5,828    48,909 
35-44                          8,733    9,183    65,875 
45-54                          3,930    4,039    28,587 
55 or older                    1,481    1,492    13,144 
All ages                      20,483   20,832   160,154
     
Black, not Hispanic                 
Under 15                         282      286     2,124 
15-24                            346      340     2,950 
25-34                          4,255    4,586    33,047 
35-44                          6,384    7,225    42,110 
45-54                          2,441    2,936    15,322 
55 or older                    1,003    1,215     6,654 
All ages                      14,711   16,588   102,361
     
Hispanic                            
Under 15                         120      124       940 
15-24                            157      145     1,467 
25-34                          2,362    2,492    18,910 
35-44                          3,086    3,397    21,474 
45-54                          1,127    1,388     7,898 
55 or older                      475      545     3,281 

\doc\95\05\aidssurv.txt - AIDS surveillance report

\priv\95\05\skincanc.doc Seattle PI article text

\doc\95\05\aidsdeat.wk1 AIDS Death Rates by Race CDC 12/94
US AIDS Death Rate W1.0 B-4.5 H-3.0 A2.7 N1.6

Asians and Native Americans have the lowest AIDS death rates. Rate of
AIDS for Asians is only twice rate of melanoma among whites.

Analysis by Arthur Hu, CDC figures for deaths by race
          Surveillance Report 12/94 Table 14

                                            Rate /
                     1,993    90 pop         100,000  Index
         asian         288      7,273,662       3.96      2.70
         nativeam      129      1,959,234       6.58      1.62
         white      19,978    187,136,858      10.68      1.00
         total      43,865    248,709,873      17.64     -1.65
         hispanic    7,113     22,354,059      31.82     -2.98
         black      14,364     29,986,060      47.90     -4.49

         Note for comparison, the death rate for melanoma skin cancer
         is 2.2 per 100,000 So the rate of death for Asians by AIDS is
         only twice the rate of skin cancer among White Americans
         (85% of melanoma deaths are to whites)

California: 

doc938\death1.xls CA B1.6 H-1.8 A-6.1 O-3.04
doc\census\cadeath.wk1 (old, replaced by death1.xls)



@@decline

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/1997-02/28/092L-022897-idx.html
\clip\97\06\aidsdecl.txt U.S. Deaths From AIDS Fall Sharply Better
Therapies Get Part of Credit for Dropt

Decline in AIDS 1995-6
13% overall
32% American Indians
21% Non-Hispanic White
10% Hispanic
 6% Asian
 2% Non-Hispanic Black
15% Men
+3% Women


@@filipino
>>\doc\95\15\apaaid.txt "APAs with AIDS" AW dec 15, 95 For the past
15 years AIDS has "devasted our community" cites Filipinos have the
highest API AIDS rate, 205 reported cases of AIDS and 1000 living
eith HIV in San. Francisco. Filipino Task Force on AIDS started in
1987. Out of 42,600 Filipino, AIDS rate is 1 in 208, or 0.5%, HIV
rate is 1 in 42, or 2%

@@Foreign Born

\doc\web\2005\09\aidsforeign.xls
Persons presumed living with HIV/AIDS by race / ethnicity and place of birth as of 6/30/05 King County

                          King County                     Washington State
                          U.S. Born       Foreign born    U.S. Born       Foreign born
                          No.     %       No.     %       No.     %       No.     %
White, non Hispanic           3864   98.1%      74    1.9%    6093   98.2%     111    1.8%    6093
Black, non-Hispanic            638   71.2%     258   28.8%     934   74.8%     315   25.2%     934
Hispanic                       194   43.2%     255   56.8%     296   41.1%     424   58.9%     296
Asian & PI non-Hispanic         46   38.7%      73   61.3%      76   39.8%     115   60.2%      76
Native American, non-Hispa      84   97.7%       2    2.3%     161   98.2%       3    1.8%     161
Multiple or unknown race        34   89.5%       4   10.5%      48   84.2%       9   15.8%      48
Total                         4860   87.9%     666   12.1%    7608   88.6%     977   11.4%

Blacks much more likely if foreign born - from Africa
Asian rate is consistent with percentage of foreign born, about 60%


http://www.arthurhu.com/aaids.htm#gay

@@Gay

Asians have the lowest rate of AIDS due to men having sex with men,
along with Native Americans. Since gay sex is the number one cause of
AIDS, this is also the largest reason for the low overall rate of
AIDS for /Asians. See Asian.gay to see that Asians have the lowest
rate of homosexuality by nearly any sample or criterion of
measurement. 

However, the Asian rate of AIDS due to gay sex as a percentage of all
causes in some cities has been as high or higher than other groups,
which pretty much destroys the notion that Asian gays are simply in
the closet, or won't admit it. A 2001 CDC survey says even Asian gay
men have lower HIV rates than other gay men, which may indicate that
even Asian gay men may be more risk averse than other men.


HIV Rates for Asians vs. White within risk group

27.7% 1994 White SF gay men in STD clinic
24.0% SF Asian men in STD clinic 89-94
20.0% Seattle Asian MSM STD 88-96 (15)
18.5% Seattle White MSM STD 88-96 (15)
 6.4% White SF IDU Drug clinic
 4.7% Asian SF IDU 90-94
 .28% White SF Newborn 1993
  .2% Seattle White&Asian Wom/HetMale STD 88-96
.003% Asian SF newborn 1988-1993

HIV Rates for gay men with STD, IDU, and women / heterosexual men STD
are the same in Seattle and San Francisco.

-------------------------------------------------

2001 BLACKS HIGHEST, ASIANS LOWEST RATE OF GAY HIV+ IN US
z50\clip\2001\07\blakgay.txt The Seattle Times Company July 08, 2001
Black gay men being hit especially hard by HIV By David Olson CDC
study, released May 31 % of 2,942 gay/bi men 23-29 in Seattle, NYC,
Dallas, Baltimore, Miami

HIV+ rate 
32% -5.0 black
14% -2.0 hispanic
 7%  1.0 white
 3%  2.0 Asian American

24% of blacks vs. only 6% of whites who have sex as men identify has
heterosexual

z48\clip\2001\02\gayaids.txt
http://dailynews.yahoo.com/htx/ap/20010205/hl/young_aids_3.html
Monday February 5 5:52 PM ET
AIDS Rampant Among Young Gay Blacks 
By DANIEL Q. HANEY, AP Medical Editor 
The study found that among young gay men [in cities], 3 percent of
Asians, 7 percent of whites, 15 percent of Hispanics and 30 percent
of blacks are infected with the virus.

----------------------------------

La Griffe du Lion 2/2001
http://www.lagriffedulion.f2s.com adds:
augment the table with gonorrhea rates:

                                % of general pop
           % Gays HIV infected   with gonorrhea
Black           0.3                 1.4081
Hispanic        0.15                0.0952
White           0.07                0.0354
Asian           0.03                0.0224

HIGH BLACK GAY AIDS RATE CONSISTENT WITH OTHER STD RATES
Using the method of thresholds
(http://www.lagriffedulion.f2s.com/fuzzy.htm) the gay-straight
promiscuity gap for each group is:
             gay-straight promiscuity gap (SD)
Black           1.7
Hispanic        2.1
White           1.9 
Asian           1.6

Across racial and ethnic boundaries, gays are about 2 SD more
promiscuous than straights. 

Arbitrarily setting the 'promiscuity' of whites to zero, we find:

           promiscuity gap     promiscuity gap
             for gays (SD)    for general pop. (SD)
          (from AIDS data)   (from gonorrhea data)
Black           1.0                  1.2
Hispanic        0.44                 0.28
White           0.0                  0.0
Asian          -0.41                -0.13

Viewed in this way, against the white rate, the rate for black gays
isn't any higher than it is for gonorrhea. The only surprise is that
Asian homosexuals have a lower rate of AIDS than might be predicted
from their gonorrhea rate in the general Asian population.

--------------------------------------------------------

\clipim\99\08\18\seaaids.efx
link
Seattle King County AIDS 1st Quarter 1999
STD Clinic 1988-1998 Seattle King County
Asian gays are infected at same rates as whites, about the same
percentage of AIDS cases are from men having sex with men (anal)

HIV STD Seattle Gay     W1.00 B-1.06 H1.48 A-1.12      
% of cases MSM Seattle  W1.00 B1.34  H1.12 A 1.08 N1.12

ASIAN MEN WITH AIDS AS LIKELY TO BE GAY AS WHITE
Male AIDS exposure due to hoosexual/bisexual

83% white
82% asian
72% hispanic
64% native american
59% black
July 1998 California HIV/AIDS Update

If Asians are far less likely to report they are gay, why
is the %of gay cases the sane as whites?


ASIAN HIV RATES EQUAL BETWEEN HET AND GAY STD PATIENTS BUT
OVERALL AIDS IS LOWER
file: \doc\web\97\05\seahiv.wk1
Data from the latest Seattle / King County STD Clinic HIV survey and
AIDS reports show that Asians have only 1/4 as many AIDS cases
relative to their population compared to whites. They have slightly
more than half as many STD clinic patients.  But HIV rates are
comparable between white and Asian heterosexuals in STD clinics, and
betwen whites and Asian men who have sex with men. This means that
the lower rate of AIDS and HIV infection is due almost entirely to
lower rate of Asians who have sex with men.

This is directly counter to the commonly held but unproven belief
that male homosexuality is equal across all races. Asian men who had
sex with men were only 1/3 their population compared with whites
among STD clinic patients. No one else has made this analysis, or for
that matter, any sensible explanation or even observation of the low
AIDS rate for Asians.

Data: Seattle King-County HIV/AIDS 1st Quarter 1997 p. 14
Analysis by Arthur Hu Kirkland WA June 1997

HIV Prevalence Among Seattle-King County STD Clients
1988-96

        Female/Het Male             Men / Sex with Men      %gay IndexAll
        HIV+   Number %HIV+  RR     HIV+  Number%HIV+  RR             HIV+RR
Male         38   8017  0.47%    1.0   222  1251 17.75%
Female       18   4994  0.36%    0.8
White        14   7287  0.19%    1.0   179   975 18.36%  1.0 2.4% 1.002.3%1.00
Black        29   3722  0.78%    4.1    18    99 18.18%  1.0 0.5% 4.981.2%1.90
Hispanic      7    639  1.10%    5.8    10    78 12.82%  0.7 1.5% 1.562.4%-1.01
Asian/PI      1    479  0.21%    1.1     5    25 20.00%  1.1 1.0% 2.321.2%1.96
AI/AN         4    261  1.53%    8.1     6    25 24.00%  1.4 2.2% 1.073.5%-1.50
Other         1    573  0.17%    0.9     4    44  9.09%  0.4 0.7% 3.460.8%2.88
Total        56  12961  0.43%     21   222  1246 17.82%  5.6 1.7% 1.422.0%1.19
RR=risk ratio
%HIV Seattle STD Clinic W1.00 B 1.9 H-1.01 A1.96 N-1.5
%STD Clinic Gay Men W1.00 B4.98 H1.56 A2.32 N1.07
%HIV Seattle Hetero STD Clinic 88-96 W1.0 B-4.1 H-5.8 A-1.1 N-8.1
%HIV Seattle Gay STD Clinic 88-96 W1.0 B1.0 H1.43 A-1.1 N-1.4

Percent of population vs. King County
        Female + Het Male           Men / Sex with Men      STD total
        STD Cli1990 PoRate   Index  STD Cl1990 PRate   Index
White       25%  83.3%   0.30   1.00   81% 83.3%   0.97 1.0058.2%83.3%0.701.00
Black       52%   5.0%  10.36 -34.51    8%  5.0%   1.62-1.6826.9% 5.0%5.38-7.70
Hispanic    13%   2.9%   4.31 -14.36    5%  2.9%   1.55-1.60 5.0% 2.9%1.74-2.49
Asian/PI     2%   7.7%   0.23   1.29    2%  7.7%   0.29 3.31 3.5% 7.7%0.461.52
AI/AN        7%   1.1%   6.49 -21.64    3%  1.1%   2.46-2.54 2.0% 1.1%1.83-2.62
Other        2%   0.1%  17.86 -59.50    2%  0.1%  18.02-18.6 4.3% 0.1%43.4####
Seattle STD Clinic H+G    88-96 W1.00 B-7.7 H-2.5 A1.52 N-2.6
Seattle STD Clinic Hetero 88-96 W1.00 B-34.5 H-14.3 A1.29 N-21.6
Seattle STD Clinic Gay 88-96    W1.00 B-1.68 H-1.60 A3.33 N-2.54

Cumulative Reported AIDS Cases, King County 3/31/97
        Number Pct    Pop    Rate   Index
White      4255  82.3%  83.3%   0.99  1.00
Black       480   9.3%   5.0%   1.86 -1.88
Hispanic    272   5.3%   2.9%   1.81 -1.84
Asian/PI     97   1.9%   7.7%   0.24  4.05
AI/AN        64   1.2%   1.1%   1.13 -1.14
Other
Total      5168
King County AIDS Cum97 W1.00 B-1.88 H-1.84 A4.05 N-1.14

Asians have only 1/4 the number of AIDS cases as Whites relative to
population nearly the same ratio as the 1/3 as many gays in the STD
clinic population

Asians are 30% under-represented in heterosexual STD clinic 1988-96,
blacks 34 times over

Asians are 3 times under-represented in gay STD clinc 1988-96, blacks
1.7 times over

\doc\96\03\aidscaum.wk1 Aids by Race and Cause, 1995                    
for women see aidscauw.wk1                  

Ranked by AIDS cases caused by sex between men, male
adults and adolescents.
         Rate  Index
White    71%   1.00                         
Asian/PI 69%  -1.02                     
AmInd    53%  -1.33                     
Total    51%  -1.32                          
Hispanic 39%  -1.82
Black    34%  -2.09

Asians have 2nd highest percentage of AIDS cases transmitted by
male-male sex Low rate of Asian AIDS is most commonly blamed on low
rate of reporting of gays, however, the rate of AIDS due to men sex
with men is just as high as among whites, which is inconsistent with
this explanation.  

Analysis of CDC Table 4, Male adult / adolescent AIDS cases by
exposure category and race / ethnicity reported in 1995, United
States 

-----------------------------------------------

\doc\96\02\jan23.txt "APAs and AIDS: We Are Not Immune" Asian Week
Jan 6, 1996 p.7 Ignatius Beau API American Health Forum 75% of 3,457
AIDS cases in US are gay / bisexual men, but this is not the fastest
growing category.

 \doc\95\07\gayaids.wk1
US Rate of Increase 89-94 W1.0 B-5.6 H-4.3 A-3.9 N-6.5

 CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION Morbidity and Mortality
 Weekly Report 2-Jun-95 Vol. 44, No. 21

 Rates for AIDS defining opportunistic illnesses for Men having Sex
 with Men per 100,000 population

 Ranked by Race                                    Ranked by Increase
 Men over the age of 13 years
                                  1994   1989-94
                1989      1994    Index  Increase            Increase
 Black          20.8      37.3      3.06     79.3% AmIndian      91.7%
 Hispanic       14.0      22.6      1.85     61.4% Black         79.3%
 All            12.1      15.9      1.30     31.4% Hispanic      61.4%
 White          10.7      12.2      1.00     14.0% Asian         55.0%
 AmIndian        3.6       6.9     -1.77     91.7% All           31.4%
 Asian           4.0       6.2     -1.97     55.0% White         14.0%

 Even though Asians and Native Americans have a higher rate of
 increase in AIDS from sex between meen (55% Asian, 92% Native America
 over 5 years), they still have an incidence of AIDS defining
 illnesses that is about one-half the rate of whites, which is almost
 never directly reported by the press.

-------------------------------------------------------

\doc\95\02\gayaids.txt - Asians have just as high or a higher
percentage of cases due to male-male sex compared to whites. If
Asians refuse to admit they are gay, why is it the #1 choice of
telling authorities how they got AIDS?

Cumulative Percentage of Adult AIDS cases due to sex with gay men:
                          White   Asian
California          7/94   81%    77%
Santa Clara County  9/94   75%    81%
San Francisco       6/92   87%    81%
Seattle/King County 9/94   84%    91%
Washington State    9/94   80%    91%

AIDS cases among adult men:
USA (CDC)     10/92-9/93   73%    72%

Source: HIV/AIDS reports from respective health departments

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
@@hiv

\doc\95\05\aidssurv.txt - HIV estimates
for male, female, pediatric

@@immunity
Asian.Aids.Immune

There is a belief that Asians are immune from AIDS Kevin Fong, AIDS
coordinator for Asian Health Services of the East Bay said that
anyone, regardless of race or gender is susceptible to contracting
AIDS, being heterosexual or refraining from intravenous drug use do
not shield a person from contracting it [note - for all practical
intents and purposes they DO shield you.]

@@increase

A common saying is that "Asians are the fastest growing AIDS group"
Wrong. Asians are increasing about as fast as other minorities, but
50% increase in 3 to 5 years is nearly offset by 25-30% increase in
population. Relative to population, Asians are not the 'fastest
growing' AIDS group. In terms of absolute AIDS rates, Blacks are
highest, Native Americans and Asians the lowest rates of AIDS
relative to population.

\doc\95\07\gayaids.wk1

 CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION Morbidity and Mortality
 Weekly Report 2-Jun-95 Vol. 44, No. 21

 Rates for AIDS defining opportunistic illnesses for Men having Sex
 with Men per 100,000 population

 Ranked by Increase 1989-1994

Race          Increase
AmIndian      91.7%
Black         79.3%
Hispanic      61.4%
Asian         55.0%
All           31.4%
White         14.0%

 \doc\95\05\aidsincr.wk1 - Increase in AIDS by Race
 Source: 1994 CDC AIDS Surveillance Report, Analysis By Arthur Hu

 Aids Ranked by Relative AIDS rate, White=1.00
 Race/ethnicity         1993
 Black, not Hispanic     5.48
 Hispanic                3.15
 White, not Hispanic     1.00
 AmIndian               -1.66
 Asian/Pacific Islan    -2.89

 Relative Change 90-93  W-15% B18% H6% A15% N16%
 Increase 90-93 W14% B58% H42% A53% N55% All 34%
 Percent Race 1990 W49.2 B32.0 H17.6 A0.7 N0.2
 Percent Race 1993 W42.1 B37.8 H18.8 A0.8 N0.3
 1990 Index W1.00 B4.08 H3.00 A-2.90 N-2.18
 1993 Index W1.00 B5.48 H3.15 A-2.89 N-1.66



@@IV Drug use IVDU

GAYS HIGHEST, ASIANS LOWEST IN IVDU AIDS RATES

\doc\web\97\03\ivaids.wk1

Source: California HIV AIDS Update July 1996
Injection Drug Use Associated AIDS cases in California 1980-95
Index Summary: (Ratio, white rate=1.00)
Percent of IVDU AIDS: W1.0 B-4.6 H1.3 A10.0 N 1.0
AIDS due to IVDU:   W1.0  B-1.29 H1.07 A2.54

Cases by cause / group ranked by population rate
% case  Pop     Index
   44.1%    1.5%    33.1Gay/bisexual men
   30.3%    7.4%     4.6Black
    0.7%    0.8%     1.0Native American
   50.1%   56.4%     1.0White
   38.8%   50.0%    -1.1Heterosexual men
   17.8%   25.8%    -1.3Hispanic
   17.1%   50.0%    -2.6Women
    0.9%    9.6%   -10.0Asian
     70%                Diagnosed with AIDS under age 40
                     0.9White vs. avg

Compared to population, Gay/Bisexual men are 33 times their population (assuming 3%
of men are gay) By contrast, Asians are only 1 / 10 their population. Not only are
Asians the least affected because of few gays, but of all races, they have the smallest
proportion of AIDS cases due to IV drug use as well.

The original article noted high rates of AIDS among "minorities", but did not make note
of the very high percentage of gays, or the very low percentage of Asians, consistent
with the unspoken taboo against recognizing low rates of AIDS or drug use or any other
risk behavior / outcome among Asians.

Percentage of AIDS cases due to IV drug use in heterosexuals
Percent                 Index
        Men     Women   Men     Women
NatAm       81.4    75.7    1.36    1.37
AfricanA    77.1    67.9    1.29    1.23
White       59.8    55.1    1.00    1.00
Latino      55.9    41.3   -1.07   -1.33
AsianAm     23.5    27.2   -2.54   -2.03


@@Job Corps

Asians have lowest HIV rate among Job Corp applicants, blacks
highest.

chart
CDC National HIV Prevalence surveys 1997 summary
Asian 0% HIV among Job Corp applicants
Male / Female
W 0.02/0.02 B 0.2/0.5 H0.1/0.7 N0.1 0.3 A0.0/0.0 
All 0.1/0.3

ASIANS LOWEST, BLACKS HIGHEST HIV IN JOB CORP APPLICANTS
Job Corps 1993-97
           Tested   HIV 
Black        49     .32  6.40
Hispanic     15     .08  1.60
AmInd         4     .08  1.60
White        31     .05  1.00
Asian         2     .02 -2.50
Unreported  < 1

HIV Prevalence Trends in Selected Populations in the 
United States 1993-1997 CDC Dept Health and Human Services
Aug 2001

\doc\95\14\jobcaids.txt
Job Corp Entrants, Washington State 1988-84
(+2.00 better) W1.00 B-3.00 H2.00 A2.00

@@national
@@United States


Early 90s: Asians are the least affected race, 1/3 whites, Native
Americans are only slightly less, Hispanics are 3 times and blacks 6
times higher

2005 report, revised June 2007
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/2005report/default.htm
2005 new cases of AIDS by year of diagnosis  population
                                Cases  %    Pop 2000 Rate
white                           11,559 30.9  63.1  1.0 (0.5)
black                           18,121 48.5  12.1  8.19
hispanic                         6,782 18.1  12.5  2.96
Asian/Pacific Islander             417  1.12  4.0 -1.75
American Indian/Alaska Native      195   .52  0.7  1.52
Total                           37,367
Est living with HIV            475,871
country                       HIV cases rate    vs USA
USA  301,139,947              475,871   0.0016   1.0 (2007)
China POP 1,321,851,888       650,000   0.0005  -3.2 2007
total US Asian population 11,898,828= 3.95%
Asians are only group with lower incidence of AIDS, but gap is less than 2 to 1

2003: Asians are still the lowest rate of AIDS, but by 1/1.5 instead
of 1/3. Native Americans statistically within 30% of white rate.
Blacks are 10 times higher than white, 25 times for women and
children.  White are 2nd highest on Hawaii, Asians 3-20 times lower
rates than whites.


aids2003.xls
AIDS by Race and Sex in 2003: African Ams highest, but Asians lowest
Analysis by Arthur Hu Kirkland WA 3/2005

Source: HIV AIDS Surveillance Report Cases of HIV and AIDS 2003
 Vol 15 Dept of Health and Human Services CDC
Summary: Blacks 10X white, women and children 25X higher
but Asians are 1.5 times lower than white, up from 3X lower
Whites are 2nd highest AIDS in Hawaii after blacks.
Japanese, Chinese, and Filipino are 10, 4 and 3 times lower than whites


Estimated numbers of cases and rates (per 100,000 population) of AIDS by race / ethnicity,
age category, and sex, 2003 - 50 states and the District of Columbia

                                [Adults or adolescents                            ]
                                Males            Females            Total
Race / Ethncity                 No      Rate     No         Rate    No.     Rate
White, not Hispanic              10,450      12.8     1,725        2 12,175      7.2
Black, not Hispanic              13,624     103.8     7,551     50.2 21,174     75.2
Hispanic                          6,087      40.3     1,744     12.4  7,831     26.8
Asian/Pacific Islander              408       8.3        86      1.6    494      4.8
American Indian/ Alaskan Native     150      16.2        46      4.8    196     10.4
Total (incl unknown, multiple -  30,851      26.6    11,211      9.2 42,062     17.7

                                Children (<13 yrsTotal
Race / Ethncity                 No.     Rate     No.        Rate
White, not Hispanic                    9       0     12,184      6.1
Black, not Hispanic                   40      0.5    21,214     58.2
Hispanic                               7      0.1     7,839       20
Asian/Pacific Islander                 0        0       494        4
American Indian/ Alaskan Native        0        0       196      8.1
Total                                 58      0.1    42,120     14.5
(incl unknown, multiple - 193)




Relative rates vs white
Race / Ethncity
White, not Hispanic             AdMale      1.00 AdFem         1.00
Black, not Hispanic             AdMale     -8.11 AdFem       -25.10
Hispanic                        AdMale     -3.15 AdFem        -6.20
Asian/Pacific Islander          AdMale      1.54 AdFem         1.25
American Indian/ Alaskan Native AdMale     -1.27 AdFem        -2.40
Total (incl unknown, multiple - 193)

Relative rates vs white
Race / Ethncity
White, not Hispanic             Adult       1.00 Child         1.00 Total      1.00
Black, not Hispanic             Adult     -10.44 Child       -28.00 Total     -9.54
Hispanic                        Adult      -3.72 Child        -5.60 Total     -3.28
Asian/Pacific Islander          Adult       1.50 Child         0.00 Total      1.53
American Indian/ Alaskan Native Adult      -1.44 Child         0.00 Total     -1.33
Total (incl unknown, multiple - 193)

Ranked by Relative rates vs white
Race Ethnicity by category
Asian/Pacific Islander          Child       0.00 No Asian child AIDS cases reported.
American Indian/ Alaskan Native Child       0.00
Asian/Pacific Islander          AdMale      1.54 Asians are only group lower than
Asian/Pacific Islander          Total       1.53 whites, by 1.5. In early 90s the
Asian/Pacific Islander          Adult       1.50 gap was 3 to 1
Asian/Pacific Islander          AdFem       1.25
White, not Hispanic             AdMale      1.00
White, not Hispanic             AdFem       1.00
White, not Hispanic             Adult       1.00
White, not Hispanic             Child       1.00
White, not Hispanic             Total       1.00
American Indian/ Alaskan Native AdMale     -1.27 AmerIndians are comparable to whites,
American Indian/ Alaskan Native Total      -1.33 despite high poverty
American Indian/ Alaskan Native Adult      -1.44
American Indian/ Alaskan Native AdFem      -2.40
Hispanic                        AdMale     -3.15
Hispanic                        Total      -3.28
Hispanic                        Adult      -3.72
Hispanic                        Child      -5.60
Hispanic                        AdFem      -6.20
Black, not Hispanic             AdMale     -8.11 Blacks over all 10x higher
Black, not Hispanic             Total      -9.54 Female and child AIDS 25 times higher than white
Black, not Hispanic             Adult     -10.44
Black, not Hispanic             AdFem     -25.10
Black, not Hispanic             Child     -28.00

Source: HIV AIDS Surveillance Report Cases of HIV and AIDS 2003
Vol 15 Dept of Health and Human Services CDC

Hawaii Department of of Health HIV/AIDS Surveillance Semi-Annual Report Cases to Dec 31, 2004
Whites are 2nd highest AIDS group after African Americans
Japanese are only 1/10 rate of whites, Chinese, Filipino 1/3-1/4


                                Rate/10kVsWhite  2004 cases pct
Caucasian                           23.1    1.00          68
African American                    40.9   -1.77           9
Hispanic                            19.4    1.19          17
Hawaiian / or part                   7.5    3.08           6
Filipino                             5.3    4.36           8
Chinese                              7.1    3.25           3
Japanese                             2.3   10.04           8
Other API                            3.2    7.22           9
Multiple Race                        2.3   10.04           4
Total                               10.6    2.18         1340.029851

                                Rate/10kVsWhite
Japanese                             2.3   10.04
Multiple Race                        2.3   10.04
Other API                            3.2    7.22
Filipino                             5.3    4.36
Chinese                              7.1    3.25
Hawaiian / or part                   7.5    3.08
Total                               10.6    2.18
Hispanic                            19.4    1.19
Caucasian                           23.1    1.00
African American                    40.9   -1.77
Afri-mericans are the ony group with higher AIDS rates than whites



\doc\96\03\USAIDS10.wk1 - AIDS in the USA 1995 By Race                      

Index Summary: Asians lowest, Blacks highest, Hisp 2nd highest, Native                      
Americans slightly lower                        
Over 13   W1.00 B6.47 H3.36 A-2.37 N-1.12                       
under 13 W1.00 B16.00 H5.75 A-1.33 N1.00                        
overall W1.00 B6.01 H3.00 A-2.48 N-1.25                     

asian.aids.national
\doc\95\05\aidsurv.txt 93/94 aids figures
\doc\96\05\aidsincr.wk1

Table 19. Estimated AIDS-opportunistic illness incidence, by
race/ethnicity and year of diagnosis, 1990 through 1993, United
States1

                                       Year of diagnosis

Race/ethnicity           1990        1991        1992        1993
White, not Hispanic    22,600      25,200      26,800      25,800
Black, not Hispanic    14,700      17,600      21,300      23,200
Hispanic                8,100       9,500      10,600      11,500
Asian/Pacific Islander    300         360         420         460
American Indian/
  Alaska Native           110         140         160         170

Total2                 45,900      52,800      59,400      61,300

1 Estimates are adjusted for delays in the reporting of AIDS cases,
but not for incomplete reporting of cases. Estimates of less than
200, 200 to 499, 500 to 999, and 1,000 or more are rounded to the
nearest 10, 20, 50, and 100, respectively.  See Technical Notes.
2 The sum of race/ethnicity estimates may not equal the total annual
estimates because of rounding. Totals include estimates of persons
whose race/ethnicity is unknown.


 \doc\95\04\ADRACESM.WK1 - Summary of Relative AIDS Prevalence by Race, 1994
 United States

 Only persons of SOME colors have higher rates of AIDS than Whites.

 Indexed Ranked by Relative Prevelance of AIDS, 1993-94 and
 Cumulative Through 1994

           Men               Women             Pediatric
           93-94    Cum      93-94    Cum      93-94    Cum
 Black         4.33     3.24    14.97    13.16    19.04    13.22
 Hisp          3.95     4.00     6.32     5.60     7.97     5.80
 White(1)      0.64     0.71     0.31     0.34     0.22     0.29
 NatAm        -2.01    -2.86     1.25    -1.01    -2.35    -1.07
 Asian        -3.10    -4.08    -2.94    -2.66     1.01    -2.55

Asians have the lowest incidence for Men, Women, but pediatric is
comparable to whites for 93-94, which may be a statistical fluke
compared to the cumulative figure due to very small numbers.


@@gay

doc933:SFYMS.xls 93 Young Mens' Survey AIDS
SFYMS    XLS     10819 06-14-93  10:45p
doc938:SFAIDS93.xls - HIV survey for SF

@@hiv rates

SF Chron 6/29/93 Population Shift Indicated in SF HIV Infection Rate

Of estimated 28,000 HIV infected in SF, survey found
W61% B16% H14% A8% NA1%

Note - this is much higher than 2% with AIDS, so I question accuracy
of 8% estimate.


@@Late Intevention

ASIANS HAVE HIGHEST RATE OF "LATE-INTERVENTION"
z48\clip\2001\02\asaids.txt Asian-Americans have the highest rate of
late intervention, meaning that patients are already infected with an
AIDS-related disease by the time they get a diagnosis.  The latest
study, released in February by the New York City Department of
Health, shows that of a sample of 118 people made up mostly of
Asian-Americans and a few Native Americans with AIDS in 1997 and
1998, 44 percent were cases of late intervention. That is in contrast
to 28 percent for blacks, 24 percent for Hispanics and 21 percent for
whites.

@@lesbian
doc938:lesbaids.xls San Francisco survey
  HIV rate   W.74% B3.57% H1.35% A0 (<1.7) NA 0(<11%)
  testing rate W71.4 B76.2 H54 A54.2 NA 88.9

@@life expectancy

\priv\95\11\aidslife.txt - AIDS has halted the natural increase in
life expectancy.


@@lowest rate
@@underrepresentation

ASIANS HAVE THE LOWEST RATES OF AIDS/HIV BUT YOU'LL NEVER SEE ANYBODY
ADMIT IT

- Summary, there almost no mentions in any AIDS reference that Asians
have the lowest incidence of AIDS, although every report that
mentions race highlights that minorities in general have a higher
rate of AIDS. There likely has never been any mention of the low rate
of AIDS among Native Americans. Only rarely are there instances where
Asians have a higher rate of AIDS than whites.

z53\doc\web\2001\10\seaaids.txt
June 2001 
HIV/AIDS epidemiology profile for community planning
by Public Health Seattle & King County
p. 8 Table 4
ASIANS LOWEST AIDS RATE OF ANY RACE, GAY, GAY+IDU HIGHEST
Estimated percent of King County residents with HIV infection
Gay men IDU           20-40%
Gay men non-IDU       14-21%
Het IDU, M&F          1-3%
African Am            1.2%
Hispanic              1.0%
American Indian       1.0%
White (15-69)         0.4%
Asian/Pac Islander    0.1% <--------- Lowest race
Women 15-44           0.04-0.1%       
Het non-IDU M&F       0.03% <-------- Joe average

p. 18
"It is important to note that with the _EXCEPTION OF ASIAN/PACIFIC
ISLANDERS_ the average annual rates for each non-white racial/ethnic
group continue to be significantly higher than that for whites" [Does
not note that Asian rate is significantly lower]


YES ASIANS AND NATAM ARE LOWER BUT "WE REALLY DON'T KNOW"
z46\clip\2000\11\asaids.txt Aids could devastate blacks , latinos in
USA .  Date: 10/05/2000 
American Indians/Alaskan Natives and Asian Americans/Pacific
Islanders are under-represented in the figures. ``The problem that we
have to be concerned with here,'' Satcher said, ``is that...the
reporting systems for these populations are not good...and we may be
underestimating the impact of the AIDS epidemic among these
populations.'' 

Phillipe Rushton notes the low rate of AIDS, he believes it is part
of a controversial evolutionary pattern theory which puts whites
between blacks and Asians in physical, sexual and intellectual
patterns.

Fumento, Myth of Heterosexual AIDS - Asian cases are less than the
population. The only book printed before 1994 which ever mentions
this fact.

STUDY CONCLUDES CONDOM USE MAY CONTRIBUTE TO LOW ASIAN AIDS RATE
"Half of APA Men Practice Safe Sex, Study Finds: But most don't seek
reproductive health care" Asian Week June 3, 1999 p. 9 "Higher rates
of condom use have likely contributed to lower Asian HIV rates than
the population as a whole". Although Asians are only 1.45 percent of
the US population [that's wrong 1980 figure, is now over 4%] Asians
are only 0.8% of AIDS cases, and APA men are only 2% in CA, 0.5% in
New York. 80% of men believe they are not at risk to AIDS, 89% have
never received reproductive health services [Condoms are insignificant
compared to low rates of IVDU and male-male sex]

AP FINALLY ADMITS ASIANS HAVE THE LOWEST RATE OF AIDS
\clip\97\05\asia96.txt AIDS RISES AMONG BLACKS, WOMEN CUMULATIVE
CASES IN U.S. PASS HALF-MILLION MARK Date: April 19, 1996 (AP)
          rate index
White     15.4  1.00
Black     92.6  6.01
Hispanic  46.2  3.00
Asian      6.2 -2.48 (just over one-third the rate of whites)
"Asians and Pacific Islanders reported the lowest rate, 6.2"

doc\94\13\unitedwy.txt 
United Way report "Asians are a very low
percentage of AIDS cases: 2 percent of AIDS victims are Asians while
Asians are 12 percent of the population"

\doc\94\14\priv\nyaids.txt 
Only 0.65% national, 0.5% NYC


@@military recruits

BLACKS MARKEDLY HIGHER, ASIANS MARKEDLY LOWER THAN WHITE
HIV Prevalence Trends in Selected Populations in the 
United States 1993-1997 CDC Dept Health and Human Services
Aug 2001

1993-1997
White    .02  1.0
Black    .17 -7.0
Hispanic .04 -2.0
AsianPI  .01  2.0
AmInd    .01  2.0
"prevalence rates were markedly higher among black applicants of both
sexes than those who were Hispanic of White" [does not mention that
Asian and AmInd were just as markedly LOWER than white, a factor of 2]

MALE AIDS IN ASIAN COMPARABLE TO WHITE
z42\clipim\2000\05\11\aidsmil.efx
HIV Prevalenc among Military Recruit Applicants in Seattle,
Tacoma, and Washington State
HIV/AIDS report Seattle King County 4th Quarter 1999
Washington
White 0.03%  1.00
Black 0.23% -7.67
Hisp  0.11% -3.67
Asian 0.04% -1.33 4,498 2 positive
NatAm 0.00%  0.00 1,762 0 positive

NO HIV IN ASIAN OR NATIVE AMERICAN MILITARY RECRUITS
chart
CDC National HIV Prevalence surveys 1997 summary
m/f White 0.01/0.01, B0.15/0.5 H0.3/0.0 N0.0/0.0 A0.0/0.0 
All 0.3/0.2

HIV DOWN BY 10X IN 10 YEARS.
http://www.arthurhu.com/images/972/a112197/Page0001.html p09.gif
 Prevalence of HIV Among Civilian
Applicants for Military Service in California. "Other" usually as low
or lower than white in CA, trend for HIV+ is down over the 1990s,
females highest in SF bay, as well as males. In CA, blacks were 5
times more HIV+.

http://www.arthurhu.com/images/972/a112197/Page0001.html p13.gif
 Chart showing HIV falling from 0.23 in
1985 to 0.025 in 1996, or down by 10 times in 10 years.


d:\doc\96\07\hivmil.wk1
HIV Seroprevalance Among Military Applicants
Rate
        USA     WA      Seattle Tacoma
Black       0.28    0.21    0.20    0.27
Hispanic    0.13    0.10    0.12    0.21
Total       0.09    0.04    0.05    0.06
NatAm       0.05    0.00
White       0.04    0.02    0.03    0.02
Asian       0.03    0.06

Asians are higher in WA, but with only 2 Asians in Washington State,
not statistically valid

Source: HIV/AIDS 1st Quarter 1996 p. 16
Seattle / King County Department of Health

Index
        USA     WA      Seattle Tacoma
White       1.00    1.00    1.00    1.00
Black       7.00   10.50    6.67   13.50
Hispanic    3.25    5.00    4.00   10.50
Asian      -1.33    3.00
Total       2.25    2.00    1.67    3.00
NatAm       1.25

US  W1.00 B-7.00 H-3.25 A1.33 N-1.25
WA  W1.00 B-6.67 H-4.00 A3.00 

Cumulative rates since 1985
Note these rates "likely under-represent HIV prevalence due
to self-selection bias"

HIV Job Corp
White       0.11
Black       0.32
Other       0.05

d:\doc\94\17\hivmilit.wk1 HIV Prevalence Among
Military Recruits
US Military Recruits  W1.0 B-7.0 H-3.4 A 1.7
WA Military Recruits  W1.0 B-7.0 H-5.0 A-3.0


HIV Prevalence Among Military Recruit Applicants
Washington State Seattle KingCounty HIV/AIDS 4th
Quarter 93 p. 9 Alex Riggle MA and Sharon Hpkins
DVM, MPH

        HIV+          Index
        WA     USA      WA     USA
White     0.03%  0.05%  1.00   1.00
Black     0.21%  0.35%  7.00   7.00
Hisp      0.15%  0.17%  5.00   3.40
Asian/PI  0.09%  0.03% <3.00> -1.66
NAm          0   0.07%  0.00   1.40
Total     0.04%  0.10%  1.33   2.00

Asians higher than whites in Washington State, but still low overall
at .09% 3,908,840 persons tested nationwide between 10/85 and 6/93
83,015 Washingtonians tested

In US Asians just as likely as anybody else but this is a low risk
group overall (mostly heterosexuals)

@@Myth of low rates Asian AIDS

Michael de Groot says that low aids rates is 
a myth [but it's not!]

@@native americans - the only other group with a lower rate of
aids than whites, but it has _never_ been mentioned.

>>\priv\96\01\namaids.txt Native Americans battling onslaught of AIDS
January 14, 1996 CNN Web posted at: 7:45 a.m. EST The rate of AIDS is
higher for Native American Women than whites, but there is no mention
that the overall rate, and the rate for men is much lower than for
whites.

@@programs

d:\doc\94\17\priv\aaciaids.txt SJM 8/3/94 AACI Gets AIDS Money AACI
of San Jose got money last year to serve an average of 10 AIDS
patients a month, but managed to contact only an average of 3 or 4.
The Santa Clara county AIDS/HIV Consortium refused to continue a
$40,000 grant for a fourth year. AACI was refused a grant becuase they
could only find 3 or 4 instead of quota of 10 a month. But there are
only a dozen aids cases of API a year! Only 62 adult cases recorded
for all time, 7 in the lastest quarter, but they want 120 a year.

@@rank - 

%%diarrhea

d:\doc\96\06\diarrhea.txt F092396 "New diarrhea vaccine could stop
major childhood killer" In the US, the rotavirus, the leading cause
of diarrhea, causes 3.1 million cases, and 50,000 hospitalizations as
a result of dehydration, but rarely kills. Worldwide, it causes 1
million deaths a year, a major killer. (Comment, it was estimated in
1995 that AIDS would kill 300,000 to 600,000 per year, far less than
the rotavirus)

@@state

%%California

.LESS THAN 2% OF CA WOMEN AIDS CASES WERE LESBIAN /BISEXUAL

\doc\96\07\cafemaid.txt California HIV AIDS Update Jan 1996 Less than
2% of AIDS among women in CA were lesbian or bisexual, despite the
publicity given to the threat of AIDS to lesbian women.

Of 2,215 female heterosexual contact cases:
39.5% sex with IV drug user
36.3% sex with partners known to have HIV infection or AIDS

So much for lesbian AIDS theories
18.9% sex with bisexual women
------
94.7% subtotal

 5.3% sex with blood transfusion or hemophiliac, HIV+

Only 9% cause not identified
Only 1.5% were bisexual
Less than 1% were lesbian only
Only 2% were lesbian or bisexual women

Nearly all were IVDU or had sex with a male
IVDU.

\doc\96\03\caaids95.wk1

Dec 1995 California AIDS update is one of the first publications which almost
openly admits that AIDS rates are lower for Asians, Pacific Islanders, and
sometimes Latino men.

California HIV/AIDS Update Dec 1995 "Racial / Ethnic Differences in AIDS
Cases in California"

African Americans are significantly higher risk of AIDS than whites. Latino men
were similar or slightly lower than white men depending on age, while Latina
women were higher. The risk for AIDS among Asian / Pacific Americans
and Native Americans were lower than for whites

                         Risk
Rank by Race             Ratio
AfAm               579.5    1.84
White              314.8    1.00
Latino             184.5   -1.71
NatAm              126.8   -2.48
Asian/PI            54.0   -5.83
Other                4.9  -64.24

California HIV/AIDS Update December 1995 p. 35
Relative Risk of AIDS (Based on Cumative AIDS Rate per 100,000 population)
In California
                 13-24   25-29   30-49   50+
Male
White                1.0     1.0     1.0     1.0
AfAm                 2.5     2.1     2.1     2.4
Latino               1.0     0.8     0.7     1.0
Asian/PI             0.2     0.2     0.2     0.2
NativeAm             0.5     0.8     0.4     0.3
Female
White                1.0     1.0     1.0     1.0
AfAm                 6.3     6.4     9.1     6.3
Latino               1.7     5.4     1.6     2.1
Asian/PI             0.1     0.3     0.4     0.8
NativeAm             1.1     1.6     1.5     0.4


California HIV/AIDS Update December 1995 p. 35
Relative Risk of AIDS (Based on Cumative AIDS Rate per 100,000 population)
In California - converted to ratios > 1
                 13-24   25-29   30-49   50+
Male
White                1.0     1.0     1.0     1.0
AfAm                 2.5     2.1     2.1     2.4
Latino               1.0    -1.3    -1.4     1.0
Asian/PI            -5.0    -5.0    -5.0    -5.0
NativeAm            -2.0    -1.3    -2.5    -3.3
Female
White                1.0     1.0     1.0     1.0
AfAm                 6.3     6.4     9.1     6.3
Latino               1.7     5.4     1.6     2.1
Asian/PI           -10.0    -3.3    -2.5    -1.3
NativeAm             1.1     1.6     1.5    -2.5
Asian women nearly at parity over 50, but a very low rate for whites.
Statewide, Asian men are only 1/10 the rate of whites, Asian
women are also much lower from 1/3 (over 50) to 1/25 (13-24)

%%Washington State

\doc\96\03\kgcoad95.wk1 King County / Washington AIDS 1995
Demographic characteristics of cumulate reported AIDS case
Wash State Cumulative 12/31/95
Black        2.78 
Hispanic     1.04 
White        1.00 
AmInd       -1.21 
AsianPI     -3.38 

@@statistics

USA CDC summary gopher://cdcnac.org:72/11/4/yearend95


@@teen
\doc\95\07\massteen.txt - Asian teens are active later

@@testing

Asains are tested at the lowest rate, however, the groups at highest
risk generally test at the highest rates. This is consistent with the
low rate of AIDS among Asians.

\doc\96\03\testrate.txt
Seattle King County HIV/AIDS report Q4 1995 p. 11

HIV Testing Status - noted that groups with the highest risk had the
highest testing rates. Asians have the lowest rates of testing.
(that's probably good!) Random dial phone survey in King County asking
if people had ever been tested for HIV

88% - gay men in Seattle neighborhood 1992
83% - IV drug users in King County Survey 1990-92
56.9% - Black    1.72
43.7% - Hispanic 1.32
38.8% - Male
33.0% - White
29.3% - Female
28.5% - Asian    -1.15

\doc\95\11\aidstest.txt
Index - Asians are the only group less likely to be tested for HIV
than whites. But Asians are also the least likely to be infected, or
have AIDS symptoms. In general, a high rate of testing is associated
with higher risk groups.

Percent of Group tested for HIV, all adults
W1.00  B1.54 H1.14 A-1.12 N1.29

Medium to high risk
W1.00 B1.38 H1.04 A-1.04 N-2.11

Source: California HIV/AIDS Update April 1995 (Sacramento CA:
California Department of Health Services Office of AIDS)

asian.aids.tuberculosis
@@tuberculosis

Asians have one of the highest rates of TB in San Franciso and Los
Angeles, but have zero or nearly zero HIV rates in TB clinics. Whites
have the lowest rate of TB, but highest rate of HIV infection in TB
clinics, which indicates that HIV is probably a much more significant
cause of TB infection, compared to Asians and Hispanics who probably
brought it from home countries as immigrants.

\priv\95\09\aidssum.txt "New TB Cases Drop; Local Programs Cited"
American Medical News (07/17/95) P. 21 According to the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were 24,361 new cases of
tuberculosis (TB) in the United States in 1994--down nearly 4 percent
from the previous year.

d:\doc\94\17\laaidstb.wk1 - AIDS and TB in Los Angeles Co. 1992
TB case rate in LA County W1.00 B6.48 H5.10 A10.22
HIV rate of TB client W1.00 B-1.73 H-2.22 A0.00

\doc\95\07\sfaidstb.txt - Asians with TB only 1.5% HIV+ in San Francisco
San Francisco HIV Seroprevalence Report San Francisco Department of
Public Health, AIDS Office September 1993
Municipal TB clinic 1989-92

Index white=1.00

TB Rank            HIV Rank
9.19   NAm/ Other  1.00 White
5.34   Black      -1.15 NAm / Other
3.39   Hispanic   -1.57 Black
2.40   Asian      -2.07 Hispanic
1.00   White     -28.52 Asian

@@undercount

\doc\94\14\priv\nyaids.txt Asians thought to be misclassified and
 undercounted, but no hard evidence.

@@women

In California and Washington, Asian women closer to whites in risk
than Asian men, though the risk is still the lowest of any race and
gender group.

 \doc\95\05\aidswom2.wk1
         Summary W1.00 B16.50 H6.84 A-2.92 N1.53

         Source: Feb 9, 1995 CDC Statement on women and AIDS
         Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta GA

         AIDS Case Rate for women by race, 1994
                      Rate      Index
                      Per 100k  White=1.00
         White             3.8      1.00
         Black            62.7     16.50
         Hispanic         26.0      6.84
         Asian/PacIs       1.3     -2.92
         AmInd/Alas        5.8      1.53

Wednesday, May 29, 1996 · Page A13 ©1996 San Francisco Chronicle New
HIV Awareness Ads Aimed at Asian Women David Tuller.
\priv\96\17\ASWMAIDS.HTM A San Francisco AIDS group yesterday
unveiled an HIV awareness ad campaign targeting women of Asian
descent, particularly those who work in massage parlors. AIDS
increased by 150% in the past year [but overall levels remain the
lowest of any race or gender group in the state]

----------------------------------

\doc\96\03\caaids95.wk1 
California HIV/AIDS Update December 1995 p. 35

Relative Risk of AIDS (Based on Cumative AIDS Rate per 100,000 population)
In California - converted to ratios > 1
                 13-24   25-29   30-49   50+
Male
White                1.0     1.0     1.0     1.0
AfAm                 2.5     2.1     2.1     2.4
Latino               1.0    -1.3    -1.4     1.0
Asian/PI            -5.0    -5.0    -5.0    -5.0
NativeAm            -2.0    -1.3    -2.5    -3.3
Female
White                1.0     1.0     1.0     1.0
AfAm                 6.3     6.4     9.1     6.3
Latino               1.7     5.4     1.6     2.1
Asian/PI           -10.0    -3.3    -2.5    -1.3
NativeAm             1.1     1.6     1.5    -2.5

Asian women nearly at parity over 50, but a very low rate for whites.
Statewide, Asian men are only 1/10 the rate of whites, Asian
women are also much lower from 1/3 (over 50) to 1/25 (13-24)



@@world aids


%%general

     AIDS   AIDS    Tot  New
Year Cases  Deaths  HIV+ HIV+
2007                30m        2007 lower projection
2006                40M
2002                42M 2002 estimate 30M revised 2007
2000  10M           40M        '95 projection (?!)
-----------------------------------------------------
1997        2.3M    30M  5.8M
1996  
1995  1.3M          21M
1994  1.0M          18M

UN SAYS 33M INFECTED WORLDWIDE, DOWN FROM 2006 ESTIMATE OF 40M
http://www.latimes.com/news/science/la-sci-aids20nov20,0,4239134.story?coll=la-home-center
"UNAIDS estimated in a report to be issued today that about 2.5 million
people will be infected with the AIDS virus, called HIV, this year --
a 40% drop from the 2006 estimate.
The report also says that about 33 million people worldwide are
infected with the virus, compared with last year's estimate of almost
40 million"
"A 2002 UNAIDS report, for example, estimated a worldwide total of 42
million cases. The new report says the actual number that year was
only 30 million."
Old studies of prenatal clinics of sexual active women, new studies are
in house-to-house surveys.

2006 AIDS report
http://www.unaids.org/en/HIV_data/2006GlobalReport/default.asp

country                       cases     rate    vs USA
Thailand                      580,000   0.900   2.00 (2007)
Thailand                      700,000   2.115   4.11 (2000)
Cambodia                       90,000   1.938   3.77
India                       1,750,000   0.377  -1.36
USA  301,139,947              475,871   0.158   1.00 (2007)
Hong Kong                       3,000   0.089  -5.78
Viet Nam                       25,000   0.069  -7.45
Philippines                    18,000   0.054  -9.52
Japan                           6,200   0.010 -51.40
Republic of Korea               2,000   0.008 -64.25
Japan Native                     3000   0.005 -102.80
DPR Korea****                     100   0.001 -514.00
China POP 1,321,851,888       650,000   0.0005 -554.41 2007


\doc\web\99\02\worlaids.wk1,.prn
People estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS end 1998 millions

                         cases           pop           rate index
Sub-Saharan Africa           22.5   67.4%    488   9.4% 4.50% -15.00
South & SouthEast Asia        6.7   20.1%   1168  22.4% 0.50%  -1.67
South America & Carribbea    1.73    5.2%    420   8.1% 0.40%  -1.33
North America                0.89    2.7%    272   5.2% 0.30%   1.00
Europe & Central Asia        0.77    2.3%    954  18.3% 0.08%   3.75
East Asia & Australasia      0.57    1.7%   1600  30.7% 0.03%  10.00
North Africa Middle East     0.21    0.6%
Total                       33.37  100.0%   5207 100.0% 0.64%  -2.14

The Economist Jan 2nd 1999 p. 42 A Global Disaster
47m infected, 14m deaths worldwide, 2.5m deaths in 1998,
4th largest killer after respiratory infections, diarrhoeal disorders
and tuberculosis.

East Asia is estimated to be 4 times less prevalent than North America.
hina is not far behind India? 

\clip\97\28\aidsepi.txt USA Today 11/26/97 (AP AIDS epidemic worse
than believed [India #1 HIV infections, 20% Zimbabwe, 30% Botswana,
worldwide 2.3M deaths in 1997, 30M infected, 1% of sexually active
adults, 5.8M in 1997]
							
\priv\96\20\unaids.txt Newshound 6/8/96 U.N. Says AIDS Cases Rose by
25 percent in 1995 1.3 milion worldwide AIDS cases, 21 million cases
of HIV. Women are 42% of cases, number of children not agreed upon.
90% of deaths are under 49. Botswanta, and Zimbabwe are 17-18%
HIV. US HIV infections have fallen from 100,000 / yr to 40,000.
Thailand cases have dropped among military recruits

doc\95\11\womnhiv.txt "Women now lead in number of new HIV infection
cases" Seattle Times Feb 9, 1995 p. A2

In 1995, the WHO estimates that women are 50% of new HIV infections,
with 8 million infected women in the world, and an additional 5
million over the next 5 years.

16 million adults, 1 million children are HIV +
4.5 million AIDS cases worldwide, conservatively.

\priv\95\09\aidssum.txt "AIDS Containment Seen as Attainable"
Washington Times (08/08/95) P. A8 19 million HIV worldwide, 1 million
Americans (U.S. Agency for International Development at a conference
of AIDS experts) Between 300,000 and 600,000 people will die from AIDS
in 1995, 1.5 million to 3 million by 2000

\priv\95\05\aidssum.txt "Billions Suffering Needlessly, Study Says"
New York Times (05/02/95) P. C5;  Leary, Warren E. In 1994, more than
13 million adults became infected with HIV.  By the year 2000, the
worldwide total of HIV infections could reach 30 million to 40
million, with 10 million people having developed AIDS, the report
said.


@@genes


BLACKS, WHITES HAVE DIFFERENT AMOUNT OF AIDS SENSITIVE GENES
\clip\99\08\geneaid.txt Study Link Genes, AIDS Progression By PAUL
RECER AP Science Writer WASHINGTON (AP) -- Inherited genes may
explain why some people infected with HIV quickly develop AIDS while
others with the virus live for years in relatively good health,
scientists report. In a study published today in the journal Science,
researchers at the National Cancer Institute say differences in the
inherited pattern of what are called HLA Class I genes appear to
determine who gets sickest soonest after an HIV infection.  About 10
percent of the white patients had the Cw04 form, she said, but it was
present in about 25 percent of the black patients.

\clip\96\06\mutgene.txt New York Times August 9, 1996 Genetic
Mutation Protects Some People From HIV Infection, Researchers Say By
LAWRENCE K. ALTMAN. A double copy of a mutant gene which protects
against HIV is predicted to be found in 1% of European origin, much
lower rates in blacks and Japanese. Studies may link it to high rates
of AIDS in Africa. Comment - Asia has the lowest rates of AIDS in the
world, and Asian Ameicans the lowest in the US, along with socialist
European countries, so it probably has more to do with behavior than
genes.


@@hiv rates

Thailand 


\doc\96\06\aidscase.wk1 WHO figures 1995

AIDS Cases Reported to WHO by Country/Area
Based on Reports Received through 15 December 1995

                        AIDS Cases Reported to WHO by Country/Area
                     Based on Reports Received through 15 December 1995

    ***.* in the rate column indicates no population data available
    Rate = per 100,000 population

Ranked by 1995 AIDS case rate
                     1979-92      1993Rate       1994Rate        1995Total  Last    CommentRank
Country                                                                     Report
Eritrea                  369       300***.*       625***.*        370   166431/07/95
Bahamas                 1092       297   121.2    322   131.4     165   187630/06/95
Zimbabwe               18731      9174      86  10647    96.7    2746  4129819/10/95
Bermuda                  208        15    26.3     44    77.2      24    29130/06/95
Botswana                1078       870      61    968    65.6     194   311005/06/95
French Guiana            315        58    65.9     55    62.5      61    48930/09/95
Congo                   5267      1206    55.7   1300    58.4       0   777322/04/95
Malawi                 26955      4916    52.8   4732    49.2    3386  3998906/11/95
Cote d'Ivoire          14655      4015    28.3   6566    44.6       0  2523631/05/95
Barbados                 330        88    32.9    119    44.1      49    58630/06/95
Djibouti                 309       144    32.4    196    42.7     119    76830/10/95
Togo                    2142      1330    35.1   1284    32.8     853   560930/06/95
Guadeloupe               337        93    27.1    110    31.9      83    62330/09/95
Kenya                  37029     11560    40.7   7347    24.8     637  5657325/04/95
Guinea-Bissau            288       165    15.6    254    23.5       0    70731/12/94
Uganda                 38552      2641    12.9   4927    23.2       0  4612031/12/94
USA                   331772     73774      29  58255    22.7   37509 50131031/10/95
Chad                     587      1010    16.5   1268    20.2     592   345731/05/95
Mariana Islands            4         0       0      2    20.0       0      601/10/95
Trinidad & Tobago       1231       243    18.1    269    19.7     149   189230/06/95
Cayman Islands            15         0       0      3    17.6       0     1830/06/95
Thailand                2141      6312    10.9  10303    17.5    3379  2213522/11/95
Zambia                 27898      2901    30.7   1692    17.3       0  3249102/06/95
Spain                  20206      5123    12.9   6388    16.0    2901  3461830/09/95
Gabon                    393       128     9.9    204    15.3     265    99027/10/95
Monaco                    23         7    25.9      4    14.8       3     3730/09/95
Martinique               226        34    10.1     48    14.3      36    34430/09/95
Ghana                  10285      2371    14.4   2330    13.7     904  1589030/06/95
Honduras                2448       964    17.1    793    13.7     219   442430/06/95
Jamaica                  433       236       9    359    13.5     286   131430/09/95
Swaziland                247       165    18.9    120    13.2      58    59026/10/95
Wallis and Futuna Is       0         0       0      1    12.5       0      128/09/95
Cameroon                2197      1761    14.4   1417    11.3       0   537531/12/94
Saint Kitts & Nevis       37         3     6.5      5    10.9       2     4730/06/95
Ethiopia                4884      5124    10.1   5558    10.7    3867  1943330/07/95
British Virgin Is.         5         2      20      1    10.0       2     1030/06/95
Guyana                   390       107     9.8    105     9.5      96    69830/06/95
France                 25288      5347     9.4   5284     9.3    2453  3837230/09/95
Italy                  17127      4741     8.2   5348     9.3    3231  3044730/09/95
South Africa            2065      1721     4.6   3499     9.1    1120   840503/08/95
Saint Lucia               41        12     8.4     13     9.1       7     7330/09/95
Guam                      14         5       4     11     8.9       1     3131/08/95
United Rep. Tanzania   42884      7599    24.9   2764     8.7       0  5324718/05/95
Zaire                  22159       588     1.5   3384     8.3       0  2613106/07/94 Provisional distribution of cases by year
Switzerland             3496       588       9    523     8.0     188   479530/09/95
Seychelles                 0         1     1.5      5     7.6       0      612/09/94
Antigua Barbuda           27         7     8.5      6     7.3       1     4131/03/95
Brazil                 43328     13214     8.3  11871     7.3    2698  7111102/09/95
Panama                   479       176     6.9    187     7.2     105    94730/09/95
Guinea                   677       328     4.4    543     7.1     133   168131/03/95
Saint Vincent             46         8     7.1      8     7.1       5     6730/06/95
El Salvador              429       176     3.1    387     6.7     256   124830/09/95
Grenada                   35        21    20.2      7     6.7       0     6331/12/94Comments
Senegal                  648       263     3.3    534     6.5     128   157327/06/95
Benin                    465       277     5.3    324     6.0       0   106610/07/95
Mali                    1313       672     6.6    609     5.8       0   259410/01/95
Niger                    809       453     5.8    467     5.8       0   172913/10/95
Dominica                  12        14    16.1      5     5.7       0     3130/06/94
Argentina               2880      1381     4.1   1888     5.6     686   683530/09/95
Gambia                   236        38     4.1     53     5.5      42    36930/09/95
Portugal                1454       493     4.8    530     5.1     249   272630/09/95
Costa Rica               458       125     3.9    156     4.7     112    85130/09/95
Suriname                 134        35     8.3     20     4.7      20    20930/06/95
Canada                  8841      1518     5.6   1271     4.6     489  1211930/09/95
Australia               4170       792     4.6    811     4.6     110   588331/03/95
New Caledonia             28         6     3.9      7     4.6       2     4308/06/95
Belize                    68        24    13.6      8     4.5       0    10030/06/94
Denmark                 1158       239     4.7    233     4.5     151   178130/09/95
Mexico                 14112      5094     5.4   4048     4.2    3406  2666030/09/95
Dominican Republic      2093       337     4.4    311     4.0     207   294830/09/95
Uruguay                  335       103     3.2    119     3.7     101    65830/09/95
Luxembourg                57        20     5.4     13     3.5      10    10030/09/95
Equatorial Guinea         19        24     5.1     16     3.3      98    15709/11/95
Colombia                3714       725     2.2   1143     3.3     181   576330/06/95
Mozambique               662       164       1    534     3.1     455   181531/05/95
Netherlands             2584       459     3.1    450     3.0     241   373430/09/95
UK                      7629      1621     2.8   1526     2.7     718  1149430/09/95
Germany                 9744      1737     2.9   1547     2.6     637  1366530/09/95
Burundi                 6763       117       2    144     2.4       0   702431/12/94
Venezuela               3176       813     3.8    518     2.4     453   496030/09/95
Cape Verde                65        17     4.1     10     2.3       0     9231/12/94
Belgium                 1384       244     2.4    229     2.3      73   193030/09/95
Sweden                   799       179     2.1    182     2.2     116   127630/09/95
Austria                  950       224       3    155     2.1     113   144230/09/95
Romania                 2307       430     1.8    471     2.0     393   360130/09/95
Lesotho                  182       297    15.4     36     1.8       0    51531/12/94
Greece                   742       195     1.9    184     1.8     115   123630/09/95Includes 20 cases reported in Aruba
Peru                    1724       381     1.6    415     1.7     189   270930/06/95
Norway                   311        63     1.5     71     1.7      37    48230/09/95
Singapore                 53        22     0.8     48     1.7      22    14530/06/95
Central African Rep.    3950       290     9.2     50     1.6     173   446310/11/95
French Polynesia          33         9     4.9      3     1.6       0     4531/12/94
Chile                    735       225     1.6    216     1.5     114   129030/09/95
Ireland                  349        69     1.8     59     1.5      14    49130/09/95
Angola                   568       135     1.2    157     1.4      35    89531/03/95
Qatar                     62         7     1.7      6     1.4       5     8011/11/95
Malta                     26         3     0.8      5     1.4       1     3530/09/95
Cyprus                    34         4     0.6      9     1.2       0     4729/10/95
New Zealand              389        52     1.5     42     1.2      28    51130/09/95Provisional distribution of cases by year
Mauritania                63        27     1.2     24     1.1      16    13022/08/95
Guatemala                366       118     1.2    110     1.1       0    59431/12/94
Iceland                   26         6     2.3      3     1.1       2     3730/09/95___________________________________________________
Ecuador                  265        85     0.7    117     1.0      24    49131/03/95
Tonga                      3         1       1      1     1.0       0      502/11/94
Sao Tome & Principe       11         2     1.8      1     0.9       4     1828/08/95
Bahrain                   11         4     0.7      5     0.9       8     2821/11/95
Finland                  122        25     0.5     44     0.9      25    21630/09/95
Mauritius                 15         3     0.3      9     0.8       0     2731/12/94
Cuba                     179        80     0.8     89     0.8      31    37908/07/95
Nicaragua                 54        17     0.4     37     0.8       9    11730/09/95
Oman                      30         4     0.2     14     0.8       7     5513/11/95
Sudan                    692       191     0.7    201     0.7     174   125830/10/95
Israel                   240        49       1     28     0.6      23    34030/09/95
Hong Kong                 73        19     0.3     38     0.6      18    14830/06/95
Papua New Guinea          71        12     0.3     26     0.6      32    14128/09/95
Nigeria                  705       256     0.2    630     0.5       0   159131/05/95
Sierra Leone              88        23     0.5     22     0.5      29    16231/10/95
Paraguay                  98        45       1     24     0.5       9    17630/06/95
Tunisia                  130        36     0.4     43     0.5      46    25511/08/95Comments
Maldives                   0         0       0      1     0.5       1      222/11/95
Myanmar                   47       142     0.3    196     0.5     185    57022/11/95
Lebanon                   37        32       1     14     0.4       8     9102/11/95
Croatia                   50        10     0.2     17     0.4      12     8930/09/95
Malaysia                  77        40     0.2     72     0.4      70    25931/07/95Consolidated report
Macao                      4         2     0.4      2     0.4       0      830/06/95
Algeria                   98        40     0.1     79     0.3       0    21731/12/94
Comoros                    3         2     0.4      2     0.3       0      715/11/95
Morocco                  128        44     0.2     77     0.3      31    28027/08/95
Slovenia                  24         7     0.4      6     0.3      10     4730/09/95
Yugoslavia*              280        70     0.3     82     0.3      77    50930/09/95
Fiji                       4         1     0.1      2     0.3       0      720/03/95
Bolivia                   68        20     0.3     13     0.2       4    10530/06/95
Kuwait                     8         2     0.1      5     0.2       3     1805/11/95
Saudi Arabia              50        12     0.1     38     0.2      37    13715/11/95
Hungary                  115        33     0.3     23     0.2      24    19530/09/95
Poland                   131        68     0.2     94     0.2      53    34630/09/95
Japan                    538       147     0.1    204     0.2     173   106231/10/95
Madagascar                 5         6       0      7     0.1       4     2214/11/95
Iraq                      13        11     0.1     12     0.1       6     4202/11/95
Jordan                    24         7     0.1      7     0.1       1     3928/10/95
Libyan Arab J.            10         2       0      3     0.1       0     1510/04/95
Albania                    0         0       0      3     0.1       2      530/09/95
Bulgaria                  18         6     0.1     10     0.1       1     3530/09/95
Czech Republic            32        15     0.2     12     0.1      10     6930/09/95__________________________________________________
Estonia                    2         1     0.1      1     0.1       2      630/09/95
Latvia                     4         3     0.1      2     0.1       0      930/09/95
Slovak Republic**          6         1       0      3     0.1       2     1230/09/95
Turkey                    98        33     0.1     33     0.1       8    17230/09/95
Cambodia                   0         1       0      9     0.1      76     8615/10/95
Lao People's Dem Rep       2         4     0.1      4     0.1       3     1330/08/95
Philippines               95        32       0     56     0.1      37    22031/08/95
Viet Nam                   0       104     0.1    109     0.1      79    29220/09/95
Burkina Faso            2886       836     8.5      0     0.0       0   372231/12/93
Liberia                   28       163     5.8      0     0.0       0    19131/03/94
Namibia                 3622      1479    71.8      0     0.0       0   510131/12/93
Reunion                   65         0       0      0     0.0       0     6520/03/92
Rwanda                  9486      1220    15.2      0     0.0       0  1070630/06/93
Anguilla                   5         0       0      0     0.0       0      531/03/95
Haiti                   4967         0       0      0     0.0       0   496731/12/92
Montserrat                 6         1      10      0     0.0       0      730/06/95
Netherlands Antilles     124        48    25.7      0     0.0       5    17730/09/95
Turks and Caicos Is.      25        14     140      0     0.0       0     3930/09/93Comments
Afghanistan                0         0       0      0     0.0       0      015/02/92
Egypt                     62        29     0.1     22     0.0       7    12001/08/95
Iran (Islamic Rep.)       60        32     0.1     19     0.0       7    11829/11/95
Pakistan                  26        12       0      8     0.0       6     5205/11/95
Somalia                   13         0       0      0     0.0       0     1306/07/95
Syrian Arab Republic      23         3       0      4     0.0       0     3008/07/95
United Arab Emirates       8         0       0      0     0.0       0      812/02/93
Yemen                      4         4       0      3     0.0       9     2018/10/95
Armenia                    2         0       0      0     0.0       0      230/04/93
Azerbaijan                 0         0       0      1     0.0       1      230/09/95
Belarus                    8         2       0      2     0.0       2     1430/09/95
Georgia                    2         0       0      0     0.0       0      230/04/93
Kazakhstan                 0         2       0      3     0.0       0      530/09/95
Kyrgyzstan                 0         0       0      0     0.0       0      030/04/93
Lithuania                  4         1       0      0     0.0       1      630/09/95
Republic of Moldova        4         0       0      0     0.0       2      630/09/95
Russian Federation       130        13       0     27     0.0      21    19130/09/95
San Marino                 1         0       0      0     0.0       0      130/09/95
Tajikistan                 0         0       0      0     0.0       0      030/09/95
Turkmenistan               1         0       0      0     0.0       0      130/04/93
Ukraine                   12        10       0     10     0.0      16     4830/09/95
Uzbekistan                 1         1       0      0     0.0       0      230/09/95
Bangladesh                 1         0       0      0     0.0       6      722/11/95
Bhutan                     0         0       0      0     0.0       0      022/11/95
India                    242       252       0    391     0.0    1210   209522/11/95
Indonesia                 34        17       0      9     0.0      22     8222/11/95
Dem.P.Rep. of Korea        0         0       0      0     0.0       0      022/11/95
Nepal                     12        12     0.1      8     0.0      16     4822/11/95
Sri Lanka                 20        13     0.1      8     0.0      11     5222/11/95
American Samoa             0         0       0      0     0.0       0      030/03/95
Palau                      0         1      10      0     0.0       0      120/10/95
Brunei Darussalam          5         1     0.4      0     0.0       0      630/04/95
China                     13        23       0     29     0.0      12     7730/06/95
Cook Islands               0         0       0      0     0.0       0      031/12/94
Kiribati                   0         0       0      0     0.0       0      027/09/95
Republic of Korea         10         6       0     11     0.0       5     3231/05/95
F. States Micronesia       2         0       0      0     0.0       0      211/10/95
Mongolia                   0         0       0      0     0.0       0      001/10/95September 1992 data
Rep.Marshall Island        2         0       0      0     0.0       0      230/09/95
Niue                       0         0       0      0     0.0       0      026/04/95
Nauru                      0         0       0      0     0.0       0      008/06/95
Samoa                      1         0       0      0     0.0       1      231/07/95
Solomon Islands            0         0       0      0     0.0       0      029/09/95
Tokelau                    0         0       0      0     0.0       0      019/09/95March 1995 data
Tuvalu                     0         0       0      0     0.0       0      031/12/94
Vanuatu                    0         0       0      0     0.0       0      010/04/95
    Rate = per 100,000 population                                                   ___________________________________________________

Country
Ranked by estimated HIV prevalence

WHO Region           CountryNumber of Percent adult
                            adult HIV HIV prevalence
                            infectionsrate
------------         -------------------------Vs. USA
Botswana                      125,000  18.012  35.04
Zimbabwe                      900,000  17.354  33.76
Zambia                        700,000  17.102  33.27
Uganda                      1,300,000  14.541  28.29
Malawi                        650,000  13.624  26.51
Togo                          150,000   8.460  16.46
Kenya                       1,000,000   8.314  16.18
Congo                          80,000   7.188  13.98
Rwanda                        250,000   7.153  13.92
Cote d'Ivoire                 390,000   6.767  13.17
Burkina Faso                  300,000   6.682  13.00
Namibia                        45,000   6.456  12.56
United Rep Tanzania           840,000   6.444  12.54
Central African Rep            85,000   5.794  11.27
Mozambique                    400,000   5.755  11.20
Haiti                         150,000   4.444   8.65
Bahamas                         6,000   3.922   7.63
Swaziland                      15,000   3.778   7.35
Zaire                         680,000   3.744   7.28
South Africa                  650,000   3.230   6.28
Eritrea                        50,000   3.175   6.18
Guinea-Bissau                  15,000   3.145   6.12
Lesotho                        28,000   3.080   5.99
Cameroon                      175,000   3.029   5.89
Djibouti                        8,000   3.008   5.85
Sierra Leone                   60,000   2.994   5.82
Barbados                        4,000   2.778   5.40
Chad                           75,000   2.685   5.22
Burundi                        75,000   2.675   5.20
Ethiopia                      588,000   2.494   4.85
Gabon                          13,000   2.273   4.42
Ghana                         172,000   2.251   4.38
Nigeria                     1,050,000   2.159   4.20
Gambia                         11,000   2.124   4.13
Thailand                      700,000   2.115   4.11
Belize                          2,000   2.020   3.93
Cambodia                       90,000   1.938   3.77
Honduras                       40,000   1.568   3.05
Myanmar                       350,000   1.541   3.00
Senegal                        50,000   1.355   2.64
Liberia                        17,000   1.325   2.58
Guyana                          6,000   1.293   2.52
Mali                           58,000   1.261   2.45
Benin                          27,000   1.190   2.32
Suriname                        2,500   1.163   2.26
Equatorial Guinea               2,000   1.143   2.22
Niger                          40,000   1.046   2.04
Angola                         48,000   1.040   2.02
Sudan                         125,000   0.992   1.93
Dominican Republic             40,000   0.987   1.92
Jamaica                        12,000   0.915   1.78
Trinidad & Tobago               6,000   0.885   1.72
Mauritania                      7,000   0.678   1.32
Brazil                        550,000   0.652   1.27
Guinea                         17,000   0.594   1.16
Panama                          8,000   0.591   1.15
Spain                         120,000   0.580   1.13
El Salvador                    15,000   0.564   1.10
Costa Rica                      9,000   0.518   1.01
USA                           700,000   0.514   1.00
Guatemala                      20,000   0.428  -1.20
Mexico                        200,000   0.418  -1.23
India                       1,750,000   0.377  -1.36
Argentina                      60,000   0.359  -1.43
Uruguay                         5,000   0.325  -1.58
Switzerland                    12,000   0.324  -1.59
Venezuela                      35,000   0.318  -1.62
Italy                          90,000   0.308  -1.67
France                         90,000   0.307  -1.67
Malaysia                       30,000   0.305  -1.69
Ecuador                        16,000   0.280  -1.84
Cyprus                          1,000   0.271  -1.90
Somalia                        10,000   0.252  -2.04
Peru                           30,000   0.248  -2.07
Colombia                       40,000   0.213  -2.41
Austria                         8,000   0.197  -2.61
Belgium                        10,000   0.197  -2.61
Brunei Darussalam                  300  0.196  -2.62
Canada                         30,000   0.191  -2.69
Papua New Guinea                4,000   0.190  -2.71
United Arab Emirates            2,000   0.184  -2.79
Portugal                        8,000   0.159  -3.23
Bahrain                            500  0.155  -3.32
Denmark                         4,000   0.151  -3.40
Iceland                            200  0.143  -3.59
Luxembourg                         300  0.142  -3.62
Chile                          10,000   0.134  -3.84
Kuwait                          1,000   0.115  -4.47
Australia                      11,000   0.115  -4.47
Oman                            1,000   0.111  -4.63
Paraguay                        2,600   0.110  -4.67
Germany                        43,000   0.106  -4.85
Malta                              200  0.106  -4.85
Greece                          5,000   0.098  -5.24
Ireland                         1,700   0.094  -5.47
Comoros                            250  0.093  -5.53
Yugoslavia**                    5,000   0.093  -5.53
Lebanon                         1,350   0.090  -5.71
Hong Kong                       3,000   0.089  -5.78
UK                             25,000   0.087  -5.91
Qatar                              290  0.086  -5.98
Mauritius                          500  0.080  -6.43
Nicaragua                       1,500   0.079  -6.51
Algeria                        10,000   0.073  -7.04
Israel                          2,000   0.073  -7.04
Sweden                          3,000   0.072  -7.14
Singapore                       1,200   0.072  -7.14
Viet Nam                       25,000   0.069  -7.45
New Zealand                     1,200   0.065  -7.91
Madagascar                      2,500   0.063  -8.16
Pakistan                       40,000   0.063  -8.16
Bolivia                         2,000   0.058  -8.86
Hungary                         3,000   0.058  -8.86
Norway                          1,250   0.057  -9.02
Maldives                            60  0.057  -9.02
Libyan Arab J.                  1,300   0.055  -9.35
Philippines                    18,000   0.054  -9.52
Sri Lanka                       5,000   0.052  -9.88
Nepal                           5,000   0.051 -10.08
Poland                         10,000   0.050 -10.28
Indonesia                      50,000   0.049 -10.49
Tunisia                         2,000   0.044 -11.68
TFYR Macedonia                     500  0.044 -11.68
Reunion                            150  0.043 -11.95
Bosnia & Hrzgvna.                  750  0.039 -13.18
Fiji                               150  0.038 -13.53
Czech Rep.                      2,000   0.037 -13.89
Morocco                         5,000   0.036 -14.28
Netherlands                     3,000   0.036 -14.28
Bangladesh***                  15,000   0.026 -19.77
Lao People's Dem Rep               550  0.026 -19.77
Egypt                           7,500   0.025 -20.56
Jordan                             600  0.024 -21.42
Cuba                            1,300   0.021 -24.48
Finland                            500  0.019 -27.05
Georgia                            500  0.019 -27.05
Slovenia                           150  0.015 -34.27
Croatia                            300  0.013 -39.54
Mongolia                           150  0.013 -39.54
Saudi Arabia                    1,000   0.012 -42.83
Yemen                              750  0.012 -42.83
Syrian Arab Republic               700  0.011 -46.73
Lithuania                          200  0.011 -46.73
Bhutan                              75  0.010 -51.40
Japan                           6,200   0.010 -51.40
Slovakia                           250  0.009 -57.11
Latvia                             100  0.008 -64.25
Republic of Korea               2,000   0.008 -64.25
Bulgaria                           300  0.007 -73.43
Albania                            100  0.006 -85.67
Ukraine                         1,500   0.006 -85.67
Estonia                             40  0.005 -102.80
Japan Native                      3000  0.005 -102.80
Belarus                            200  0.004 -128.50
Romania                            500  0.004 -128.50
Russian Federation              3,000   0.004 -128.50
Iran (Islamic Rep)              1,000   0.003 -171.33
Iraq                               250  0.003 -171.33
Republic of Moldova                 40  0.002 -257.00
Turkey                             500  0.002 -257.00
China                          10,000   0.002 -257.00
Afghanistan                         50  0.001 -514.00
Armenia                             20  0.001 -514.00
Azerbaijan                          50  0.001 -514.00
Kazakhstan                          50  0.001 -514.00
Kyrgyzstan                          25  0.001 -514.00
Tajikistan                          25  0.001 -514.00
Turkmenistan                        25  0.001 -514.00
Uzbekistan                         100  0.001 -514.00
DPR Korea****                      100  0.001 -514.00

Estimated HIV rates of Asia compared to USA
Thailand                      700,000   2.115   4.11
Cambodia                       90,000   1.938   3.77
India                       1,750,000   0.377  -1.36
Hong Kong                       3,000   0.089  -5.78
Viet Nam                       25,000   0.069  -7.45
Philippines                    18,000   0.054  -9.52
Japan                           6,200   0.010 -51.40
Republic of Korea               2,000   0.008 -64.25
Japan Native                      3000  0.005 -102.80
China                          10,000   0.002 -257.00
DPR Korea****                      100  0.001 -514.00

Only Thailand, Cambodia and India are comparable or higher than the
US, and this is based on unreliable data.

New AIDS cases 1994, reported by 1995, ranked by relative incidence /
population

Year                 Cases    Index
Africa                 20.2%   1.28
America                58.4%   1.00
Oceania                 0.2%  -2.50
TOTALS                100.0%  -3.22
Europe                 14.6%  -5.32
Asia                    6.7% -28.73

Asia is listed as the biggest AIDS area, yet reports by far the
lowest rate of AIDS cases.


@@who statistics

\doc\95\14\who*.xls, *.wk1 - latest 1994 figures

\doc\95\14\whocase.txt - July 1995

\doc\95\07\whoaids.txt - 1994 who figures
1 million AIDS case worldwide as of Jan 1 1994, up 20% since past year
4.5 million AIDS cases estimated
18 million adult HIV infections esimated (4:1 HIV:AIDS)
1.5 million child HIV infections
(AHU, that puts deaths at .5-.8M reported, 2-3M est)

                    AIDS Cases reported to WHO by Continent/year
                    Based on Reports Received through 29 December 1994

     NEW CASES                                                  
     Year   Africa   America  Asia     Europe   Oceania  TOTALS 
     1979        0        0        0        0        0        0 
     1980        0       93        1       20        0      114 
     1981        0      322        1       29        0      352 
     1982        2     1156        1       94        1     1254 
     1983       17     3345        8      296        6     3672 
     1984      187     6656        8      628       55     7534 
     1985      512    12624       28     1394      143    14701 
     1986     3345    21256       82     2492      269    27444 
     1987    12688    34562      122     5435      416    53223 
     1988    22388    45863      162     9263      590    78266 
     1989    40830    53994      270    11954      680   107728 
     1990    51104    63776      450    15646      758   131734 
     1991    67819    76322      812    17683      866   163502 
     1992    56150    95014     2036    21268      811   175279 
     1993    75206    88881     7119    22655      807   194668 
     1994    17465    22818     5957    19029      333    65602 
     ____________________________________________________________
     TOTALS 347713   526682    17057   127886     5735  1025073 

     CUMULATIVE CASES
     Year     Africa   America  Asia     Europe   Oceania  TOTALS 

     1979         0        0        0        0        0        0
     1980         0       93        1       20        0      114
     1981         0      415        2       49        0      466
     1982         2     1571        3      143        1     1720
     1983        19     4916       11      439        7     5392
     1984       206    11572       19     1067       62    12926
     1985       718    24196       47     2461      205    27627
     1986      4063    45452      129     4953      474    55071
     1987     16751    80014      251    10388      890   108294
     1988     39139   125877      413    19651     1480   186560
     1989     79969   179871      683    31605     2160   294288
     1990     31073   243647     1133    47251     2918   426022
     1991    198892   319969     1945    64934     3784   589524
     1992    255042   414983     3981    86202     4595   764803
     1993    330248   503864    11100   108857     5402   959471
     1994    347713   526682    17057   127886     5735  1025073
     ______________________________________________________________
     TOTALS 347713   526682    17057   127886     5735  1025073

\doc\95\04\aidsroma.txt - half of pediatric cases in Europe in Romania

doc\94\17\aidscity.wk1 - how cities compare in world
doc\95\05\aidscity.txt
doc\doc924\worldaid.wk1 -AIDS in the world estimates are way too high

doc\doc924\worldaid.xls AIDs in the world

doc\95\02\worldaid.xls - 1992 and 1994 estimates

.txt 1993 WHO figures on AIDS

.xls 1994 WHO figures on AIDS

_africa aids
%%Africa aids
see @@Africa

asian.aids.world.asia _asia aids
%%Asian American AIDS

"Asian AIDS Project Launches New Campaing" Asian Week 7/21/95 Numbers
of Asian AIDS in SF are still small, but the rate of infection is
climbing, the only increasing group according to the state office of
AIDS.



%%Asia aids

PREDICTIONS ARE THAT ASIA WILL BE WORST, BUT IN FACT ASIA IS THE
LEAST AFFECTED BY AIDS

If there are so many infected people in Asia 2-4 million, why is it
that the number of documented cases is only 1/4 the number of the
Americas?? Are they just pulling numbers out of a hat? Why is it so
important to predict that AIDS will take over where it has had the
least effect so far in the epidemic, with only 6% of AIDS cases, but
over half the world's population? 


1997: NOW THERE'S 4 MILLION INFECTED IN ASIA??

\clip\97\03\mutaids.txt The Electronic Telegraph Friday 1 March 1996
Home News Mutant Aids virus feared By Roger Highfield, Science Editor
"In Asia, between three and four million people have become infected
with the Thai virus in five years.  If that trend continues until
2000, there will be more infected people in South East Asia than in
any other world region, "

1996: HALF OF NEW HIV INFECTIONS IN ASIA? 

c:\doc\96\06\asiawors.txt "Anger dominates start of AIDS conference"
Seattle Times July 8, 1996 p. A4 "Asia is facing the most serious
epidemic" HIV infections have doubled since 1992 to 3 million.
Comment - the lowest rates of AIDS are found in Asian and communist
nations. Only 6% of AIDS cases are in Asia, the lowest rate of any
continent, 30 times lower per capita than the Americas.

HALF OF NEW HIV INFECTIONS IN SE ASIA?

\doc\96\03\upasia.txt "Up in Asia" Economist Feb 10, 1996 p. 42. The
Global AIDS Policy Coalition of Harvard says that 1/2 of HIV
infections in 1995 were in SE Asia. Of 2.5 new million HIV worldwide
in 95, only 4% were in industrialized nations. AIDS cases in Asia
from chart are 6M HIV vs. 1M AIDS cases, and AIDS cases in Asia are
still only 1/4 of the Americas. 10M total AIDS cases, 9.2M deaths,
worldwide about 30.6 infections, a worldwide ratio of 3 to 1. [There
is no way to verify that Asian rates are not wildly inflated, in most
of Asia such as China and Japan, AIDS is statistically about as close
to zero as you can get, yet still get worldwide coverage over places
like Canada with hundreds as many more cases. This supposedly
confirms their earlier predictions of 50% HIV cases by 1995]

BUT AIDS HAS PEAKED IN THAILAND

\priv\96\02\aidsasia.txt "AIDS Epidemic, Late to Arrive, Now Explodes
in Populous Asia" New York Times (01/21/96) P. A1; Shenon, Philip
Cases falling in Thailand now.

>>\priv\95\18\aidssum8.txt "Epidemiology: 'Center' of AIDS Shifting
to Asia" Washington Post (12/04/95) P. A2; Brown, David Most new AIDS
cases will occur in Asia, not Africa, by the turn of the century, the
World Bank said on Friday.  

\doc\95\15\aidscount.txt AIDS: Counting the Cost Economist Sept 23,
1995 p. 26

HIV has doubled in Asia over the past 2 years, and will account for
over 50% of new cases by the end of the decade.  In Thailand 800,000
of 3 million AIDS cases, India may be 4 million by 2000, exceeding
Thailand which will have 3-4 million cases by 2000, and 100,000
children orphaned.

\priv\95\15\aidsup.txt - 7/1/95 WHO figures: AIDS worldwide up by 60%,
there has been an eight-fold increase in the past year in the number
of AIDS cases in Asia, from more than 30,000 to about 250,000. This
means that the proportion of AIDS cases in Asia has risen from 1% to
6% of the total. "The Global AIDS epidemic is now spreading in Asia
faster than anywhere else in the world", says Dr Merson. "Soon more
Asians than Africans will be getting infected each year.

\priv\95\14\povasia.txt InterPress Service *** 15-Oct-95 *** Title:
Bright Lights, Dark Alleys. The World Health Organisation (WHO)
estimates that by the year 2000, one-third of the projected HIV cases
worldwide will be in Asia, with India and Thailand taking the lead.

\priv\95\12\aidssum.txt "Organiser Hopes AIDS Meet Will Show Thai
Success" Reuters (09/06/95) Approximately 3 million people in the
Asia-Pacific region are infected with HIV, 800,000 of whom are in
Thailand.

\priv\95\08\aidsasi2.htm
AIDS Rife In Asia, Experts Say / Disease now sweeping Thailand and India (HTML) 
San Francisco Chronicle Feb 20, 1995

Newsweek 8/22/94 The Ever-Expanding Plague
*thailand Chang Mai province -> AIDS patients are half of hospital beds
*infection rates in India IV drug users is 50% to 75%
*India only counted 728 AIDS cases to date, but figures thought to be
worthless
*blood donor rates went from 1% in 1992 to 5% in 1993
*drug use and commercial sex common in many developing Asian nations
*chart shows only 25,000 case in Australia HIV, but 2-3 million in
S/SE Asia, and 50,000 is East Asia 2X Australia according to WHO

d:\doc\94\17\priv\endaids.txt - nyt 8/12/94 :AIDS CONFERENCE ENDS, NO
MAJOR BREAKTHROUGHS REPORTED "Asia is entering an explosive phase"

d:\doc\94\17\priv\editasia.txt SJM 8/11/94 Editorial Asia
needs to worry about AIDS

SPI 8/11/94 p. 2 A New HIV Strategy - The WHO warns that that the
rapid spread of HIV/AIDS may unleash an even bigger epidemic
of Tuberculosis (but TB is a much bigger epidemic than AIDS,
affects 5% of Southeast Asians!)

d:\doc\94\17\jpaid10.txt - AIDS CONFERENCE TO CONFRONT EMERGING ASIAN
PLIGHT  8/2/94 SJM Asia -- where experts predict a deadly eruption of
AIDS by the turn of the century.

d:\doc\94\17\priv\aidexplo.txt - Chicago Tribune 8/9/94
"AIDS conferees fear an epidemic in Asia" "... looming AIDS explosion in
Asia ... while it has leveled off in the west" (Actually raging in the
west, and barely sputtering in most of Asia)

CBS News 8/8/94 - "AIDS is spreading most rapidly in Africa and Asia"

d:\doc\94\17\priv\jpaids11.txt SJM 8/7/94 JAPAN TRIES TO QUELL
ANXIETY AS AIDS SUMMIT OPENS  it's the first such AIDS conference to be
held in Asia, where the epidemic is spreading faster than anywhere
else

Merson noted that Japan's leadership was critical because while 67
percent of the world's estimated 4 million AIDS cases are now located
in Africa, ''the most alarming trends of all'' are in Asia. He said
the 2.5 million AIDS and HIV cases in Asia are expected to soar
beyond 10 million by the year 2000. The United States has some
400,000 AIDS cases, according to the WHO.  

By the end of the decade, 30 percent of world HIV cases are projected
to be found in Asia, where a large sex industry and intravenous drug
use are hastening the disease's spread.  

d:\doc\94\17\jpaid10.txt - AIDS CONFERENCE TO CONFRONT EMERGING ASIAN
PLIGHT  8/2/94 SJM  AIDS in Southeast Asia, have increased eight-fold,
from 30,000 to 250,000 in just one year. Forty percent of HIV-infected
Asians are women

d:\doc\94\17\priv\asiaaid3.txt SJM  FIGHTING SPREAD OF AIDS MEANS
FIGHTING MYTHS, FEARS  8/7/94

d:\doc\94\17\aidsas2.txt SJM 8/7/94 "AIDS Epidemic Spreading Fastest
in Asia"

d:\doc\94\17\priv\aidsconf.txt - USN 8/8/94 - AIDS epicenter "moving
from Africa to Asia"

d:doc\94\2\asiahiv.92,.txt - AIDS in Asian way overblown

d:\doc\94\16\lataid.txt - AIDS articles on in LA Times search 93-84

Asian Week Dec 17, 1993 WHO estimates that Asia will have the largest
number of AIDS cases by the year 2000

Asian Week 10/1/93 "Rising Trends in AIDS Cases Among Asians" WHO
estimates that Asians will constitute 46% of world AIDS cases. This
alarming estimates already reflects trends in Los Angeles. Asian
Pacific AIDS Intervention Team

\DOC\94\17\PRIV\huadwrng.txt - AW 1/15/93 Who's Hu On AIDS In Asia?
don't underestimate aids in Asia

\doc\94\16\priv\asbomb.txt - sjm 1/21/92 - Aids is a time bomb, but
no mention of Australia as threatened, even though most AIDS cases!

\doc\94\16\priv\asbomb2.txt - sjm 12/2/91 - AIDS sweeps Asia By the
middle of the 1990s, said Dr. Jonathan Mann, professor of
epidemiology and international health at the Harvard School of Public
Health, ''there will probably be more HIV-infected Asians than
HIV-infected people in all of the industrialized world put together --
Western Europe,*Australia,* New Zealand, the United States and Canada.
There may be even more, and it could happen earlier.''

\doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus9.txt - sjm 6/13/88 - AIDS is mostly
concentrated in western industrialized nations including Australia.
Few cases in Asia

\doc\94\16\priv\aidas88.txt - sjm 5/13/88 - AIDS mostly in west
    
Number of articles on AIDS
Australia - 29, but 1 article on AIDS among aborigines
 One article shows more cases of skin cancer than AIDS

Japan - 65 but none on Japan, 1 on world AIDS

Thailand 15, 1 on thailand, 3 AIDS meetings

Vietnam - 1 on hanoi

China - none

%%Australia aids

Summary - although there are lots of articles on Thailand,
Phillipines, China, Japan on AIDS, no mention of Australia which
is #1 in reported AIDS cases in Asia

- only search on LA Times 6/93-6/94 on threat to aborigines!

doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus1.txt - sjm 12-17-93 doctor causes aids?

doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus2.txt - sjm 3/7/93
  *Australia,*for example, has managed to control the rate of new
  infection in the past five years by targeting high-risk groups

doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus3.txt - sjm 1/25/93 -scientists from Australia meet

doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus4.txt - sjm 12/1/92 - 147 crosses displayed in Perth

doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus5.txt - sjm 10/9/92 - aus scientists report HIV without
  sickness

d:\doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus6.txt - sjm 6/25/92 - woman born in Australia is HIV+

d:\doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus7.txt - sjm 1/23/92 - Aust will boycott if Magic plays
  basketball

d:\doc\94\16\priv\asbomb.txt - sjm 1/21/92 - Aids is a time bomb, but
  no mention of Australia as threatened, even though most AIDS cases!

d:\doc\94\16\priv\asbomb2.txt - sjm 12/2/91 - AIDS sweeps Asia
    By the middle of the 1990s, said Dr. Jonathan Mann, professor of
epidemiology and international health at the Harvard School of Public Health,
''there will probably be more HIV-infected Asians than HIV-infected people in
all of the industrialized world put together -- Western Europe,*Australia,*
New Zealand, the United States and Canada. There may be even more, and it
could happen earlier.''
But Australia in 1994 is #1 AIDS country in Asia!

d:\doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus8.txt - sjm 6/24/90 - AIDS education in australia

d:\doc\94\16\priv\aidsaus9.txt - sjm 6/13/88 - AIDS is mostly concentrated
 in western industrialized nations including Australia

d:\doc\94\16\priv\aidsau10.txt - sjm 12/6/86 - Top 11 nations include
Australia

d:\doc\94\16\priv\austcanc.txt LA Times 6/14/93 
1,000 Australians die of skin cancer each year.

%%Cambodia aids

\doc\95\07\cambaids.txt   10 deaths 1st half 95 (20/yr) 6-7,000 HIV
maybe 100,000 see \priv\95\07\aidssum.txt for original article
pop=5,756,141 
death rate = 3.47 e-6
hiv rate = 0.1% (WHO) 1.8% (blood test)

%%children

\priv\96b\07\chilaids.txt \priv\96b\07\chilaids.txt Return-Path:
 Date: Fri, 5 Jul 1996 21:00:30 -0400 Report
Finds 1 Million Children Afflicted with AIDS, HIV By ELIZABETH OLSON
GENEVA (AP) -- AIDS and the AIDS virus afflict 1 million children
around the world, and another 3 million children have already died of
the disease, a new U.N. report said Friday. 1,400 children were born
every day with the HIV infection, for an annual total of about
500,000. Fifty-seven percent were in sub-Saharan Africa, 30 percent
in Southeast Asia, 2 percent in Latin America and 1 percent in the
Caribbean, the report found. (comment this is based on what???  We've
probably got a lot more confirmed HIV children in any major US city
than in all of SE Asia!)


@@China 
%%China aids. 

AIDS is no longer statistically zero if UN estimates are believed, but
they are still much lower than the United States.

2010 10M    2005 estimate
2007 650,000 HIV/AIDS lower UN 2007 estimate
2005 840,000 HIV est .06% 80,000 AIDS est
2005  28,789 HIV reported 7,375 dead state .002%
2004 840,000 HIV 100,000 est dead
2002      1M HIV gov estimate
2002  30,000 HIV 1,600 AIDS  684         dead
1996 50-100K HIV Reuters
1996    100K HIV health authority estimate
1996   2,600 HIV 80 AIDS official
1995  10,000 HIV high estimate
1995   3,341 HIV 117 AIDS official

2005

BEIJING REGISTERS UNDER 1000 NEW HIV/AIDS IN 2007 Wed Nov 21 BEIJING
(Reuters) - China's capital has registered nearly 973 new HIV/AIDS
cases so far this year, a jump of more than 50 percent from 2006,
state media reported on Wednesday. 
The United Nations estimates total HIV/AIDS cases are about 650,000.
Although the prevalence is low... situation among some pockets of the
population and in some regions is serious.
San Francisco reports 439 last year, much smaller city.

7000 AIDS DEATHS IN CHINA COMPARED TO 500,000 IN US 
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-10/15/content_485065.htm
HIV-positive cases estimated at 840,000
Zhang Feng
2005-10-15 06:52
China had 126,808 people who officially reported as HIV-positive at
the end of July,...estimated could be as high as 840,000, the
Ministry of Health revealed
registered number of AIDS patients both alive and dead is
28,789.. the ministry knows the names of
7,375 people who have died of AIDS and HIV since 1985, when the
country reported its first case.
The ministry, however, estimates the number of HIV-positive people
living in China at 840,000 (same since 2003), including 80,000 AIDS patients.
"Generally speaking, the epidemic is still at a low level in China,
though it is serious in some areas, such as Henan, "
compare to http://www.avert.org/usastaty.htm 524060 deaths, 929985 about 1M
cases in US to 2003

http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20051024/hl_nm/aids_china_dc
China warns HIV cases could exceed 10 mln by 2010 
BEIJING (Reuters) - China could have as many as 10 million HIV
carriers in five years if no effective preventive measures are taken,
state media said...  it has 840,000 HIV-AIDS cases among its 1.3
billion population, ..experts say at least a million poor farmers were
infected in botched blood-selling schemes in the central province of
Henan alone. Comment - That's 0.06%, even if doubled would be .12% which is
above the .03% for US general non-drug non MSM population, but much lower
than .4% for USA overall.


2004


http://www.unaids.org/html/pub/Global-Reports/Bangkok/Table_countryestimates_2004_en_xls.xls
44,000 est deaths

China Unveils Plan to Curb Rapid AIDS Spread
Jim Yardley NY Times 5/10/2004
est as many as 10M AIDS by 2010 if not enough action taken
govt est 840,000 HIV, 80,000 tested positive, 100,000 believed to
have died of AIDS

2002

China Raises Estimates of HIV-AIDS Cases to 1 Million
Elisabeth Rosenthal
The New York Times, 6 September 2002

31K HIV 1,600 AIDS 684 DEAD, BUT IT'S REALLY EXPLODING THIS TIME
z56\clip\2002\06\chinaids.txt
Seattle Times June 28, 2002
AIDS crisis on verge of exploding in China 
By Michael Dorgan
Knight Ridder Newspapers
data collected last year showed 30,736 people were infected with the
HIV, the AIDS virus, 1,594 had full-blown AIDS and 684 people had died
from illnesses related to the disease. .. the true number of people
carrying the AIDS virus was far higher, between 800,000 and 1.5
million [based on 1 in 1000????]

http://www.dph.sf.ca.us/PHP/RptsHIVAIDS/qrtrpt0302.pdf
March 20002 - 814 cases of AIDS among Asians in San Francisco, 
San Francisco 27,982 case, 18,957 deaths

CHINA AIDS DEATHS UP TO 17,000 BY 1999
On 26 Jun 01, Philipp Ammon wrote: In your AIDS-section "Asians don't
get AIDS" you give the number of 10,000 HIV cases for China, according
to UN statistics in late 1999 there were an estimated 50,0000 HIV
positive people living in China and alone 17,000 deaths due to AIDS.
Also, you give the number of 100 HIV cases for the DPRK (North
Korea), a state for which clearly no accurate figures exist.

"From Freedom to Fear: When AIDS Hits China" Newsweek April 1, 1996
p. 49 "Compared with many of its neighbors, China has hardly felt the
AIDS pandemic. As of last fall, the government had recorded only 80
AIDS cases and 2,600 HIV infections among 1.2 billion people. Even if
the true number of infections is closer to 100,000 as health
officials expect, that's a tiny fraction of Thailand's estimated 1
million or India's 4 million." [the greates losses are in Yunnan
province which borders heroin trade with Burma, Laos and Thailand,
the first victims were drug users, now spreading to heterosexuals,
coastal cities are seeing 170 times increase in STDs between 1984 and
1994]

\clip\96\03\chinaids.txt Date: Wed, 4 Sep 1996 15:43:52 -0400 China
Planning New Steps To Combat AIDS Only half of China's provinces have
labs to test for AIDS. By the end of 1995, China had recorded 3,341
cases of HIV infection, including 117 patients who developed AIDS,
the China Daily said. Health experts believe the real number is much
higher. Comment - why do so many people pay so much attention to a
nation that has only 117 confirmed cases of AIDS when you can find
that many in a 4 square block area of some US cities?
  
\priv\96b\05\chinaids.txt Date: Tue, 25 Jun 1996 20:17:25 -0400 From:
NewsHoundsjmercury.com (NewsHound) Official HIV Cases Nearly Doubled
in China Last Year. 1,567 new HIV carriers in 1995, for a total of
3,341. Up 46% with 117 cases of full AIDS. Public health officials
estimate up to 90,000 cases ( Why is it that the press always carries
news about China, which even with 100,000 cases would still be the
lowest rate of AIDS on the planet?) .00008% hi est .000003% conf.

\priv\96\13\aidssum1.txt "Spread of AIDS Alarms Chinese" Washington
Post (05/01/96) P. A21; Mufson, Steven The number of reported HIV
infections in China is relatively small, with 2,594 people known to
be infected and 80 known AIDS cases, estimates as high as 100,000

\priv\96\08\aidssum4.txt "Beijing Finds 122 People HIV-Positive Since
1985" Reuters (04/18/96) A total of 122 people in Beijing have tested
positive for HIV since 1985.  Of that total, 51 were foreigners, 41
were non-Beijing residents, and 30 were local people.  The first
cases of HIV in people native to Beijing were reported in 1989.
Twelve of the 30 locals have developed AIDS and seven have died.
China has some 50,000 to 100,000 HIV-positive individuals, with more
than 70 percent living in the southwestern Yunnan province, an area
of high drug use. Comment - AIDS is almost non-existent among the
Chinese if only 7 city residents have died of AIDS. The 100,000
figure is a wild estimate with no basis on actual cases, and even
this rate gives an HIV rate of 1 in 10,000
     
\priv\96\08\chinfear.txt "From Freedom to Fear: When AIDS Hits China"
Newsweek (04/01/96) Vol. 127, No. 14, P. 49;  Cowley, Geoffrey;
Laris, Michael;  Hager, Mary. In all of China there have been only 80
AIDS cases and 2,600 infections

\priv\95\15\aidssum2.txt "As Threat Grows, China Launches Anti-AIDS
Drive" Reuters (10/28/95)The official Guangming Daily reported that
health authorities estimate that the country has up to 100,000
HIV-infected persons, a figure often quoted by specialists in private
yet never published. Still, the ministry's official count of HIV cases
is only 2,428, of whom 77 have AIDS.

\priv\95\14\aidssum2.txt "Sixty Percent of China HIV Carriers Under
30" Reuters (10/25/95)  China has diagnosed 1,774 people with HIV, of
whom 60 percent are between the ages of 16 and 29.  Experts, however,
claim that inadequate reporting and misdiagnosis could bring the
actual total of HIV-infected Chinese to more than 10,000.

"China: AIDS Programme" Far Eastern Economic Review (09/28/95) Vol.
158, No. 39, P. 15 There have been 1,774 cases of AIDS reported in
China, more than half of which are among people between the ages of 20
and 29.

\priv\95\09\aidssum.txt "More Chinese Youths Contract Venereal
Disease" Reuters (08/04/95) Chinese youths in 1994 with venereal
disease is up 83% compared to 1993. The total in 30 Chinese provinces
is 300,466. There have been only 1,774 diagnoses of HIV, but
estimates are as high as 10,000.

\doc\95\09\aidssum.txt "HIV-1 Infection in Commercial Plasma Donors
in China" Lancet (07/01/95) Vol. 346, No. 8966, P. 61;  Wu, Zunyou;
Liu, Zhiyuan;  Detels, Roger A mother an two daughters in China
appear to have gotten HIV through blood donation, most likely through
contaminated equipment. Donating plasma for money has become popular
is this area of China.

\doc\95\05\chinhotl.txt
see \priv\95\05\aidssum.txt (c)
"China Anti-AIDS Work Should Target Hotels--Expert" Reuters (04/25/95)
Chinese health expert says that China's urban hotels are a major venue
for prostitution, and that the way AIDS is spreading shows that hotel
workers are disproportionately affected. He suggests mandatory AIDS
screening and training for hotel workers.

\priv\95\05\aidssum.txt - Blood supply will be tested, AIDS could
increase by 4 times over the next decade otherwise.

\doc\95\05\chinaid.txt
\priv\95\05\chinaid.txt
Summary: Chinese health officials report there are only 43 official
cases of AIDS and 23 deaths due to AIDS. Most were men who were IV
drug users. There are only 1,500 reported HIV infections, with
estimates of unreported cases of up to 10,000. Health officials
attribute low numbers to misdiagnosis, poor reporting and
misdiagnosis. But this means that China with 1/5 of the world's
population only accounts for 0.00043% of reported AIDS cases, 1 / 4651
their share of population, and just 0.05% of world HIV infections, 1 /
400 their share of population. Santa Clara County (greater San Jose)
alone has reported 62 cases of Asians with AIDS. These numbers don't
mean that China has a large AIDS problem, rather it shows that
statistically speaking, AIDS in the world's largest country is
practically nonexistent.

Burma Road Heroin Breeds Addicts, AIDS along China's Border Wall
Street Journal Sept 22, 1992 James McGregor. Ruili County has 467 or
2/3 of China's known 708 cases of HIV infection. 83,000 permanent
residents 30,000 transients. In 1989, 175 addicts, 79 HIV+ . In one
poor village of 300, there are 46 addicts, 11 AIDS deaths, none 5
years ago.

doc\94\11\chinad94.txt Ruili has 840 of 1,200 HIV cases in 1994

RUILI IS HOME OF NEARLY ALL CHINA AIDS CASES IN 1994
doc\92\doc924\chinaids.txt - Ruili China 1992 Burma Road Heroin
Breeds Addicts, AIDS along China's Border Wall Street Journal Sept
22, 1992 p. 1 James McGregor Ruili County, which borders Burma, is
home to two-thirds, or about 467 of the 708 known cases of HIV
infection in China. The county is home to 83,000 permanent and 30,000
transient residents. In 1989, a random check of 175 heroin addicts
showed that 79 (or 45%, not much different than figures for US
addicts) were HIV positive. In Handeng, a poor village of 46, 11 have
died, presumably of AIDS. There were no cases there 5 years ago.  WHO
says only 34 reported cases of AIDS 7/5/94

doc\94\13\ruili8.doc - article on ruili

doc\94\11\priv\ruili3.txt - SJM article on ruili

_cuba aids
%%cuba aids

\priv\95\17\aidssum4.txt "Cuba Has 1,180 HIV Positive Cases" Reuters
(11/14/95) 271 of that total had died and 413 had developed AIDS, 76
new HIV infections in Cuba in 1995.  The country has kept its AIDS
rate low via mass testing for HIV and sanatoriums which isolate
patients.  Infected persons who have demonstrated responsible
behavior have been allowed to live on their own.

\priv\95\13\aidssum.txt "AIDS Rate Low in Cuba, at High Price" Miami
Herald (10/16/95) P. 7A; Golden, Tim Cuba is only 0.8 reported AIDS
per 100,000, lowest rate in LatAm/Carribean. Health authorities say
that strict quarantine of AIDS patients works, but patients complain
they have lost their freedom, even though they acknowldege they get
good food, care, and can't infect other people.

%%Europe aids

\priv\95\09\aidssum.txt "Risk-Taking Young Keep Life Expectancy Down
in EU" Reuters (07/24/95) AIDS incidence is greatest in France, Italy
and Spain, estimated to account for 75% of 120,000 diagnosed cases of
AIDS in the European Union

@@india
%%India aids _india aids_ 

see leprosy for comparison
see malaria for comparison
see pneumonic plague for comparison 

INDIA AIDS CUT FROM 5.7 TO 2.5 MILLION
http://www.latimes.com/news/science/la-sci-aids20nov20,0,4239134.story?coll=la-home-center

From the Los Angeles Times
U.N. steeply lowers its AIDS estimates
By Jia-Rui Chong and Thomas H. Maugh II
Los Angeles Times Staff Writers
November 20, 2007
Results from one such study in India, released earlier this year, cut
the estimated number of cases from 5.7 million to 2.5 million. There,
researchers interviewed members of 120,000 households to arrive at the
new prevalence data.

INDIA #2 AFTER S AFRICA http://www.deccan.com/itop1.htm India No. 2
on world HIV list New Delhi, Nov. 30 2000: India is the second
largest country worldwide to be affected by HIV/AIDS with 3.7 million
infected people, according to the World Health Organisation and
Unaids.  file z47\clipim\2000\indaids.txt

1992 PREDICTION: 6M BY 2000 VS. 3.7M ACTUAL HIV Spreading 'Out of
Control' In India's Red-Light Districts LA Times / SF Chron NOv 27,
1992 A20 Bob Drogin 35% of Bombay prostitutes are HIV+. There will be
3M infected and 179,000 AIDS cases by 1996, 2 times that by 2000.

file:C:\priv\96B\07\INDIAIDS.HTM July 8, 1996 India Has Most HIV
Infections, AIDS Meeting Is Told By LAWRENCE K. ALTMAN New York Times

In the United States, the number of infected people in 1992 -- the
latest year available -- was estimated at between 650,000 and
900,000, or 0.26 to 0.4 percent.

No country is free of HIV infection, nor is any province of India or
China, (but China is as statistically close to zero as you can get,
yet still gets headlines)

For instance, the number of new infections in San Francisco has
dropped to about 1,000 a year from 8,000 a year in the early 1980s.
(primarily due to the end of massive promiscuous and unsafe sex among
gay men, nearly all infections continue to be from that population
which continues to have unsafe sex, and sex with condoms which has
not been shown to be very safe by any controlled study compared to
heterosexual sex)

According to the UN, ranked by # of cases in nation
Rank Country    Num  HIV+ Rate
1    India      3.0M   0.3%
2    S.Africa   1.8M   4.2%
3    Uganda     1.4M   7.3%
4    Nigeria    1.2M   1.2%
5    Kenya      1.1M   4.1%
---- Some comparisons ------
USA         .7M   0.3%
China       .1M   0.00008% (hi est)
Japan       .002M 0.00002% (hi est)
China       .003M 0.000003% (confirmed)

Comment if India figures are correct, it is no worse than the US,
where AIDS bascially isn't a problem outside of special risk groups
that make up no more than 5% of the population. I question how they
came up with figures from India which only has 713 documented cases
of AIDS. HIV estimates were only 1.5M as of August 1995.

Tarantola pointed to a lack of AIDS-related education in India. He
said more than 50% of the prostitutes in Bombay have HIV.

\priv\96b\07\indhiv.txt Date: Tue, 9 Jul 1996 04:13:53 -0400 From:
NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) 7-9 0159 World's HIV infection
rate seen doubling by 2000 VANCOUVER, Canada, July 8 (Kyodo) Claims 5
million HIV in India vs 3 million UN figures. These were the same
people who said that Asia would be the leading number of HIV cases by
1995, which didn't happen compared to 3 

United Nations says that India may overtake Thailand and Burma as the
highest rate of AIDS in Asia. A controversial doctor is matching HIV
positive men and women to solve the problem of needing to be married.
The government frowns on this. NPR Oct 19, 1995.

\priv\95\10\aidssum.txt "India Seen as Ground Zero in Spread of AIDS
to Asia" Washington Post (08/17/95) P. A20;  Anderson, John Ward
India has the most HIV infected in the world according to some
estimates (no way!) WHO and Indian government estimate 80,000 AIDS
cases, 1.5 million HIV infection, 1M/5M by 2000. [But there have been
only 713 documented cases so far, 1/100 the estimated rate, far lower
than any major US city even this figure is only half the US cases.]
     
WHO - 57 cases 79-90, 45 in 91, 140 in 92, 252 in 93, 713 total
AIDS - 713 in all history
Plague - 359 cases in one year, 57 deaths
Malaria - 70,000 cases 229 confirmed to 4,000 est deaths in one month

d:\priv\94\19\malaria.txt - MALARIA KILLS AT LEAST 2,000 IN INDIA  sjm
10/22/94 70,000 tested positive in a single state of India in a single
month, with at least 229 confirmed deaths  Other estimates are as high
as 2,000 to 4,000 deaths in one month.  By comparison, only 57 have
died of the plague, 713 AIDS cases

\doc\94\19\pneum.txt - 51 dead, 359 cases

\priv\94\19\pneum2.txt - unofficial toll as high as 300, one quarter
of city has fled

doc\94\14\indiaad.txt 20% of STD clinic patients HIV+

d:\doc\94\16\priv\indaid2.txt Indian prostitutes LA Times syndicate
Medio 7/94 In 1986, fewer than 1% of 100,000 prostitutes were HIV+ In
1994, it is 35%

"On the Edges of Life and Death" Peter Jaret National Geographic July
1994 p. 86 In 1988, < 1% of STD clinic patients, 1992 = 9% 1994 = 20%
half of 100,000 sex workers in bombay are infected (=50,000 HIV
infections just among sex workers??)

%%Indonesia aids _indonesia aids - How in the world do you figure 2
times as many AIDS cases as the entire US history on the basis of 10
new cases a month???

\priv\96\08\aidssum3.txt "UPI World Issues: Indonesia AIDS at a
Glance" United Press International (04/16/96) 380 cases of AIDS/HIV
reported, but thought to be actually as high as 200,000

\doc\96\03\indones.txt 4/5/96 10 new cases in the past month, total
infections is 390, therefore it could spread to 2.5 million in 4
years????? Where the heck do they get that? 

\priv\95\05\aidssum.txt \priv\95\16\aidssum2.txt "Indonesia Said to Be
Among Biggest AIDS Countries" Reuters (11/03/95) Indonesian professor
Dede Oetomo at Airlangga university in Surabaya says there may be 2
million HIV cases by 2000 (that's way more than the USA, about 1
million) to be number 3 after Thailand and India. As of October, there
were 346 cases of HIV and AIDS reported in 15 of Indonesia's 27
provinces, though Oetomo said the number of unreported cases could be
100 to 200 times the official count. (there's absolutely no basis for
this wild projection)

"Indonesia Says Many AIDS and HIV Cases Undetected" Reuters
(04/20/95)

- 90,000 undetected AIDS and HIV cases according to Health Minister
- 69 confirmed AIDS cases 214 confirmed HIV infections
- 1,000 AIDS for each confirmed, 100 HIV (China ratio is 1 in 200)
- WHO estimates 50,000 infections
Indonesia is Moslem with a thriving sex industry, 4th largest
population in the world.

[Is there any reasonable scientific basis for these projections? Can
people be dying from AIDS if nobody know about it?]

%%Japan aids

\clip\96\05\prosscho.txt The Wall Street Journal Interactive Edition
-- October 2, 1996 Prostitution by Schoolgirls Hits Epidemic Levels
in Japan By VALERIE REITMAN Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL
AIDS data in print edition: Low level of 2,000 AIDS cases overall,
only 9 among teens Only 28 cases of VD 10-19, down from 33 in 1995,
but officials belive it may be under-reported.


\clip\96\05\japnaids.txt Choice of homosexual as 1st AIDS case
'appropriate' TOKYO, Sept. 24 (Kyodo) -- The government's AIDS
Surveillance Committee said Tuesday its decision to recognize a
homosexual man as the nation's first AIDS victim in 1985 instead of a
hemophiliac who died in 1983 was ''appropriate'' at the time.

129 new AIDS patients and HIV carriers were reported in Japan between
July and August, the largest number for a two-month period so far,
the total of known cases to 4,569 as of the end of August

\clip\96\04\japnhemo.txt Date: Mon, 9 Sep 1996 09:03:36 -0400 9-9
0608 Lack of communication may have led to AIDS scandal TOKYO, Sept.
9 (Kyodo) Some 1,800 of Japan's 4,500 hemophiliacs contracted HIV
after being administered unheated blood coagulants in the 1980s.

\clip\96\01\japnaids.txt Jul 23 1996 Newshound 92 new AIDS(38) and
HIV(54) cases in May and June 1996, 4,379 total AIDS cases other than
blood. 61% were Japanese, 39% were foreign 1,868 people, mostly
hemophiliacs, had been infected through contaminated blood products,
630 of those patients had developed AIDS.

\clip\96\01\japnhiv2.txt 7/23/96 Newshound Man who was first HIV
victim did not die of AIDS.

\priv\96b\07\japnhem2.txt Date: Fri, 12 Jul 1996 09:31:22 -0400 From:
NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) Expert says hemophiliac was
Japan's 1st AIDS victim (not a homosexual)

\priv\96b\07\japnhemo.txt Of the some 4,500 hemophiliacs in Japan in
the early 1980s, (1,800) about half contracted HIV through unheated
blood products. Of them, some 400 have died.

\priv\96b\07\hemojapn.txt Some 1,800 hemophiliacs and at least a
dozen other people in Japan contracted HIV in the early 1980s from
imported blood products that were not heat treated,

\priv\96\17\japnhemo.txt "Advisers Deny Pressure Over Japan's 'First'
AIDS Case" Nature (05/16/96) Vol. 381, No. 6579, P. 181; Swinbanks,
David The Japanese government's decision not to recognize AIDS as the
cause of death of a hemophiliac in 1983 may have prolonged the use of
tainted blood products in Japan 

\doc\96\03\japnhemo.txt "All But One of Japan
Hemophiliacs Take Compromise" Reuters (03/20/96) 1,800 to 2,000 total
thought be be infected, 456 living.

d:\doc\94\17\priv\jpnotif.txt - SJM 7/20/94  SURVEY: MANY JAPAN
HOSPITALS DO NOT REVEAL AIDS  7/19/94

d:\doc\94\17\japnface.txt - Japan May Have to Face Up To Aids
NYT 8/7/94 Andrew Pollack

* Toshiro Oishi, 25 yr old gay man is only one of four to ever
publicly admit to having aids

* 60% of AIDS cases are hemophiliacs infected before 1985 with
infected blood products from the US

* 40% of hemophiliacs are HIV postive

* wife of infected patient was fired from several jobs once status was
revealed

* Since 1985, no new people infected by blood products, so most cases
are through heterosexual contact. At first, the highest prevalence was
through foreign women, many from Southeast Asia and / or working as
prostitutes.

* Last year (1993), new cases among Japanese men exceeding foreign
women. It is thought that perhaps prostitutes are not coming forward
for treatment.

* only 764 reported cases as of end of June, vs. 402,000 in the US
with twice the population. Only 3,075 cases of infection, but some
experts say it's 20,000 to 30,000. (10 to 1)

* Experts say country is isolated with rare drug abuse (did not state
low rate of homosexual activity) and condoms are popular since the
pill is banned.

* cases are expected to grow steadily, but not explode because of
people being told to protect themselves (did not say because there is
not widespread gay promiscuity or drug use which is responsible for
over 90% of cases in urban cities)

d:\doc\94\17\priv\jpaids11.txt SJM 8/7/94 JAPAN TRIES TO QUELL ANXIETY
AS AIDS SUMMIT OPENS  

But with the Japanese Health and Welfare Ministry claiming a
remarkably low count of 764 full-blown AIDS cases, (of which 94 are
foreigners), and 3,075 cases of HIV infection, (741 are foreigners),
some experts allege that the government -- and much of the public --
is doing its best to sweep the truth under the rug.

Except for the gay community, which has taken charge of its own
education and support activities, most Japanese appear blissfully out
of touch with the reality that AIDS is spreading most rapidly among
heterosexual men and women. Society still tends to look at AIDS as an
affliction of foreign -- principally American -- homosexuals. Of the
estimated 20 percent of Japanese men who use prostitutes in Japan and
on sex tours around Southeast Asia, three-fourths refuse to wear
condoms.

According to Tsunetsugu Munakata of Tsukuba University, one of
Japan's leading AIDS experts, ''the government's figures mean
nothing'' because ''most people who contract the virus don't go for a
checkup.''

Munakata, who has addressed previous International AIDS Conferences in
Europe, said his own extensive research indicates there are
''somewhere between 10,000 and 73,000'' AIDS and HIV cases in Japan --
between 2.5 and 19 times more than the government claims.

d:\doc\94\17\jpaid10.txt - AIDS CONFERENCE TO CONFRONT EMERGING ASIAN
PLIGHT  8/2/94 SJM

Conference host Japan has stayed relatively free of AIDS.

Over half the total victims in Japan have been hemophiliacs, infected
by contaminated blood imported from the United States. had recorded
only 764 cases to the end of June, and 94 (1/8) of these were
foreigners. Recorded HIV infections numbered only 3,075, including
741 (1/4) foreigners.

This phenomenon is helped by the lack of a narcotics culture in Japan,
and the widespread use of condoms as a contraceptive -- the pill is
not widely available. But the main reason is that, by the time Japan's
first AIDS case came to light in 1985, prevention methods were already
well known.

doc\94\16\priv\jpaid94.txt - 71 more AIDS cases in may and june 94,
46 were japanese death toll is 441. 764 AIDS victims (cases), 3,075
carriers as of june SJ Merc 7/26/94

doc\94\16\priv\japaidnt.txt - 1994 Japanese don't notify HIV patients

doc\doc924\usnaids.doc - USNWR 7/27 says Japan AIDS per-capita
economic impact = to USA!

doc\94\11\priv\jpaids8.txt aug 1992 - 2,500 HIV 500 AIDS

doc\94\11\priv\jpaid8.txt

The ministry said that as of Aug. 31, 1991, there had been 405 cases
of*AIDS*and 1,852 people infected with HIV, the virus that
causes*AIDS.*Many health experts say the figures are unreliable
because there is very little testing. (More likely because they are so
low)

doc\94\11\priv\jpad87.txt first reported aids case in Japan in 1987

doc\94\11\priv\jpad871.txt - first 2 cases in Japan in 1987

doc\94\11\priv\jpad872.txt - 18 of 26 AIDS cases have died in 1987

doc\94\11\priv\jpad851.txt - 5 cases among 103 homosexuals in 1985

%%Laos AIDS

\priv\95\11\aidssum.txt "Laos Launches AIDS Prevention Drive" Reuters
(09/01/95)  New campaign launched, but only 59 HIV+ cases and 10
deaths have ever been reported, much lower than Thailand or Cambodia.

%%Malaysia AIDS

\priv\96\08\malyaids.txt "300 New HIV Cases Reported Monthly in
Malaysia" Xinhua News Service (04/14/96) 15,000 cases total, 680 under
   
%%Singapore AIDS
\priv\96\03\aidssum3.txt 111 new HIV cases in 1995, 419 since
1985, 179 total AIDS cases, all but one sexual contact, 76%
heterosexual, mostly male.

%%South Pacific Aids
\doc\95\05\spaids.txt

cases increased by 35.3 percent in 1994 vs.  31.7 percent (claims
incorrectly that number of cases is equal?) Highest number of cases
is Papua, New Guinea with 87 AIDS cases, but true figures could be 50
times higher (?)

%%Thailand Aids

Only Thailand, Cambodia and India are comparable or higher than the
US, and this is based on unreliable data.

http://www.avert.org/aidssoutheastasia.htm
Thailand Statistics 
Estimated total population, July 2005 64,233,000 
Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS, end 2005 580,000 
Adults (15+) living with HIV/AIDS, end 2005 560,000 
Women (15+) living with HIV/AIDS, end 2005 220,000 
Children (0-15) living with HIV/AIDS, end 2005 16,000 
Estimated adult prevalence of HIV/AIDS, end 2005 1.4% 
Estimated number of AIDS deaths in 2005 21,000 

2000 reported AIDS rate is 4X the US rate
z43\clip\2000\07\thaipros.txt
http://archives.seattletimes.nwsource.com/
Seattle Times Monday, July 03, 2000 
Reported AIDS per capita
thai 42.9  per 100,000
us   16.3
PC income us=24,307 thai=1,834
95% buddism
3.8% muslim
.5% christian
.6% other
.6% hindu

Culture and cash fuel Thailand's prostitution, which is illegal but
condoned 

by Greg Barrett Gannett News Service BANGKOK, Thailand - One final
stop, a Roman Catholic priest is saying. He parks on a rutted gravel
road in front of the worst-looking shanty in the worst section of the
worst slum in this developing nation. 

http://www.nejm.org/public/1996/0335/0005/0343/1.htm
\clip\98\07\asaids.txt The New England Journal of Medicine -- August
1, 1996 -- Volume 335, Number 5 The March of AIDS through Asia
(magazine reprints $10.00) Nelson and colleagues in northern Thailand
Studyingrandomly selected conscripts in the Royal Thai Army, report a
downturn in the prevalence of HIV infection, from a peak of about 13
percent to less than 7 percent, which is also reflected in national
trends. A decade ago, some health officials believed Asia was immune
to HIV and AIDS, safe behind a cultural -- if not genetic -- Maginot
line.

\clip\96\01\thaiaids.txt Condom use has evidently reduced infection
rate of new recruits in northern provinces from 13% in 1991 to 7% in
1995. HIV in 1993 was estimated to be equal to that of the US
(comment much fewer AIDS cases than the US however, this may be based
on wild extrapolation.)

\priv\96\02\thaiaids.txt 4% serconversion rate / year in N. Thailand
army recruits Factors associated with seroconversion were frequency
of visits to female prostitutes, sex with men, and incident sexually
transmitted diseases.  Condom use provided some protection against
HIV, although not in multivariate analysis.

"Risk Factors for HIV-1 Seroconversion Among Young Men in
Northern Thailand"
Journal of the American Medical Association (01/10/96) Vol.275,No.2, P. 122;
  Celentano, David D.;  Nelson, Kenrad E.;
Suprasert, Somboon; et. al.

see \priv\95\07\aidssum.txt
"AIDS Toll Changes Behaviour in Thai Villages"
Reuters (05/29/95);  Wannabovorn, Sutin

10 people die a day from AIDS in northern Thailand. The high death
rate is credited with reducing risky behaviors. 6 people from one AIDS
support group are dying each day, so it would make 10 for the entire
province. The six northern provinces are most affected because of IV
drug use and the sex industry (350 a year?)

\doc\95\07\thaiad2.txt

\priv\95\07\aidssum.txt "Thai Prison Official Says AIDS at Critical
Level" Reuters (05/25/95) Up to 5 prisoners a week are dying in
Thailand's main prison. About 10% of inmates are thought to be HIV
infected, but only volunteers are tested. Most were infected before
entering. There are 200 HIV patients in a special 500 be ward. In
Thailand, an estimated 700,000 of the country's 59 million people are
infected with HIV, public officials say.

\priv\95\05\aidssum.txt
"HIV-1 Subtypes and Male-to-Female Transmission in Thailand" Lancet
(04/29/95) Vol. 345, No. 8957, P. 1078;  Kunanusont, Chaiyos;  Foy,
Hjordis M.;  Kreiss, Joan K. et al. Most couples in immune clinic got
AIDS through heterosexual sex. Most in detoxifiation clinics got AIDS
through IV drug use.

\doc\95\05\condking.txt 100% infection rates in many SE Asian nations
(AHU - there are no 100% infection rates anywhere, this must be wrong)
*Projections fell from 4 million to 1 million infections by 2000
Predicting *10,000 AIDS deaths in SE Asia per day by 2000 (or 3.6
million per year in only 4 years, vs. estimated 4-5 million
cumulative world wide for all years up to 1995) (AHU - this probably
a wild number the guys just made up with no scientific basis)

c:\doc\95\04\thairecr.txt  17% of recruits in Northern Thailand
were HIV positive. (but that's only one hard-hit region)

d:\doc\94\18\priv\thaigrip.txt Thailand in the grips of AIDS
explosion SJM 12/2/93 1.4% of women giving birth are infected upon
delivery, one third of babies also develop infection 2 to 4 million
infections by year 2000 Estimated 600-700,000 thais are infected,
more than 1 percent of the population

d:\doc\94\17\priv\thaiaid.txt THAI AIDS PROGRAMS CALLED EXCEPTIONS
SJM 8/10/94 In 20 years, as many as 2.7 million Thais, 10 percent of
the present adult population, could die of AIDS. Nearly 1 million or
1.7% of total population of 58 million, currently are believed to
suffer from HIV.  Roughly 5 percent to 10 percent of those have
developed AIDS.

But reported Thai AIDS case rate of 1.3 per 100,000 is only 1/5 that
of the US, where AIDS at half a million cases has affected less .16
percent of the population.

Reported rates are comparable to reported US Asian rates, where cases
are so low activists are fighting perceptions that Asians are not
affected. 1.7% is estimate of HIV rate, which is extremely high.
Military rate of 3.5 to 20 percent is much higher than us rate of 0.1
percent, as is natal clinics of 8% in one province, but you can't
extrapolate to an entire country from one city. comparable to US inner
cities, but either it's started so recently none of the cases has
progressed, or they're not progressing. Dusenberg says aids may not
even be caused by the virus.

investigations by his organization indicated that as many as 50
percent to 70 percent of brothel clients are now using condoms

"light is out" in rest of asia


d:\doc\94\17\jpaid10.txt - AIDS CONFERENCE TO CONFRONT EMERGING ASIAN
PLIGHT  8/2/94 SJM

Currently worst hit is Thailand. AIDS rapidly took root among
prostitutes but has now spread to the general population. Over 3.5
percent of military recruits aged 21 were reported HIV-positive in
1992, (much higher than US rate of less than 1 percent) and one
province, Chang Rai, had a prevalence rate of 20 percent. Eight
percent of women attending post-natal clinics in the province were
infected. However, Thailand may stand out mainly because of the number
of tests conducted there. There is great uncertaintly about the
situation in countries like India and Burma.

%%Poland AIDS

\priv\95\09\aidssum.txt "Sex Barely Gets a Foot in the Classroom
Door" New York Times (07/19/95) P. A4;  Perlez, Jane Monar, a private
AIDS foundation, estimates that there are 3,000 cases of AIDS and
about 60,000 cases of HIV infection in Poland.

%%Vietnam AIDS _vietnam aids

\doc\96\01\vietaids.txt Reuters 1/22/96 1,786 cases of HIV 135
AIDS in S. Vietnam

\priv\95\10\aidssum.txt "Prostitution Could Lead to Vietnam AIDS
Surge" Reuters (08/18/95)   Authorities report that there have been 70
AIDS-related deaths in Vietnam.  A total of 231 people have been
diagnosed with AIDS, and nearly 3,000 others in the country are
HIV-positive.

\priv\95\07\vietaid.txt (reuters 6/7/95) 2,520 cases of HIV infection
diagnosed, one AIDS death in past 4 months, 300 new cases of HIV. 50%
in Saigon, 80% were drug addicts, 4% were prostitutes

\priv\95\07\vietaid.txt
d:\doc\94\18\vietad.txt - SJM 1/9/94 Hanoi moving to head off AIDS
Dec 1992 - 11 cases of HIV
Dec 1993 - 1,000 new cases, 86% by sharing needles
Thailand est 400,000 HIV cases
est by 1998, 570,000 Vietnamese, 7,000 AIDS, 15,000 deaths(?)
54% of Vietnamese men had 2 or more sex partners in past two weeks
120,000 drug users
300,000 prostitutes, equal to Thailand