Guilford made a big splash in the sixties with his theory that
intelligence was made up of 120 separate, independent facets. His
views have been systematically rejected by experts in the field, even
by dwindling group of those who believe that intelligence is made up
of many factors. It seems odd to have this forgotten theory dusted
off and find someone actually using it.
Date sent: Wed, 23 Dec 1998 11:14:14 -0500
From: "George K. Cunningham"
>>From Forbes, Nov. 30, 1998, p. 128,130
> Intellectual Development Systems is using
> updated World War II military intelligence tests to
> change the way children learn. Teachers swear by it.
> Deconstructing the intellect
> By Carleen Hawn
> Guilford expanded this successful experiment into
> what he called the Structure of Intellect, a model
> that identifies 90 different intellectual aptitudes.
> They are based on the premise that we all are either
> figural, semantic or symbolic learners.
J. P. Guilford's SOI model should be primarily of historical interest.
The history of intelligence testing is based on several major debates, for
example nature vs. nurture. The other big debate is whether intelligence
is a single trait or whether it is made up of separate intelligences.
Each has had its historical supporters. Guilford made a big splash in
the sixties with his theory that intelligence was made up of 120 separate,
independent facets. His views have been systematically rejected by
experts in the field, even by dwindling group of those who believe that
intelligence is made up of many factors. It seems odd to have this
forgotten theory dusted off and find someone actually using it. As for
the claim about increased IQ as a result of its application, there are
lots of weird claims out there. I saw an add on cable the other night for
magnetic therapy to cure arthritis. I am sure they can document their
Date sent: Tue, 29 Dec 1998 00:24:30 -0500
From: "George K. Cunningham"
Subject: [education-consumers] Re: Comment: Bridges Program
Send reply to: "George K. Cunningham"
At 12:57 PM 12/28/98 -0500, you wrote:
>Diannne Cassidy posted an article from Forbes regarding the "Bridges"
>program--an educational innovation sponsored by former TN Senator Wm
>Brock. Professor George Cunningham commented that Bridges is founded on
>Guilford's model of the intellect--a view that has remained unsupported
>despite years of research.
The foremost expert on factor analytic studies of intelligence is John
Carroll author of the 800 page Human Cognitive Abilities (Cambridge,
His comments are relevant because the legitimacy of Guilford's model
on his particular use of factor analysis. Here is what Carroll says about
"Guilford's SOI model must, therefore, be marked down as a somewhat
eccentric aberration in the history of intelligence models, that so much
attention has been paid to it is disturbing to the extent that textbooks
and other treatments of it have given the impression that the model is
valid and widely accepted, when clearly it is not. (p. 60)"
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