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Mrs. Donna Garner -- English I

February 24, 1998

32. Do Worksheet #10 as a trial test.

WORKSHEET 10 -- TRIAL TEST (Circle the correct answers.)

1. (Sit, Set) here while I (am sitting, am setting) the table.

2. While you (are sitting, are setting) here, please (sit, set) the dial.

3. My jacket was still (lying, laying) where he (had lain, had laid) it.

4. We (rose, raised) to our feet when the flag (was risen, was raised.)

5. Flora (lay, laid) down, but Patty (set, sat) up and read awhile.

6. The flood (rose, raised). Soon people (were sitting, were setting) on the roof.

7. The price of the farm that (lies, lays) west of ours has really (rose, risen).

8. (Lie, Lay) down now. You (have set, have sat) up long enough.

9. You (have laid, have lain) in the sun too long.

10. You have seen the sun (raise, rose) blisters on her arm.

11. You (should have set, should have sat) the alarm.

12. I (sat, set) and watched while Dad (laid, lain) the new carpet.

13. The wrecked ship (has lain, has laid) on the beach for years.

14. Alvin (lay, laid) on his back yesterday.

15. Please (sit, set) down.

16. The gardener (is setting, is sitting) out some tulip bulbs.

17. The bulbs (were set, were sat) out by the gardener.

18. The book (was lain, was laid) down by George.

19. Henry (has laid, has lain) down for a nap.

20. The chair (has been set, has been sat) on the stage.

21. The window (had been raised, had been risen) by the man with the coat.

22. The bad children (were sat, were set) in the corner.

23. The hens (are lying, are laying) well.

24. The sun (sits, sets).

25. The mixture (will set, will sit) in an hour.

26. (Set, Sit) her upright.

27. I like to watch the sun (sat, set, sit).

28. They (were sat, were set) in the chairs by their mothers.

33. Let's go back and check your answers. I think you see the problems that you had on this worksheet; there is much confusion on the 6 TROUBLESOME VERBS. There is a perfect way to learn these verbs that will never get you messed up. It involves first memorizing the following chart:



Father (Infinitive)

1st col. (Present)

2nd col. (Past)

3rd col. (all perfect and passive tenses)

4th col. (end in "ing")


to lay





to set





to raise








1st col. (Present)

2nd col. (Past)

3rd col. (Past Participle)

4th col. (end in "ing")


to lie





to sit





to rise







1. The sun sets.

2. The hen sets.

3. The boy set out at dawn.

4. The mixture will set in an hour.

5. Sit her upright. (persons)

34. After you have memorized the chart, then you need to follow these steps:

1.. First, read the sentence and find the verb.

Example: The flower pots (were lain, were laid) on the chair.

2. Then decide whether the verb is I. L., T. A., T. P., or I. C. Test in that order.

Example: The flower pots (were lain, were laid) on the chair by George. (George (laid, lay) the flower pots on the chair. --- T. P. verb

3. Then refer to your 6 Troublesome Verb Chart (until you know it by memory quickly). If the verb is T. A. or T. P., then look under the transitive choices. If the verb is I. C., then look under the intransitive choices. (The verb "were laid" in the above-mentioned example is T. P. because of the "by" test and the "flip" test.)

4. Next, consider the tense in order to find the right column. Since the example given is a T. P. verb and T. P. verbs always use the 3rd col., your choice is laid -- were laid. The flower pots were laid on the chair.


35. You are ready to go back and do Worksheet #10 again, but this time use the four steps that you have just learned.



36. Do Worksheet #11. Remember the following:

he lays -- present, transitive, to lay

he lay -- past, intransitive, to lie

lain -- to lie, intransitive

laid -- to lay, transitive

1. Conjugate the verb to lay in 9 tenses (Present, Past, Future, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Future Perfect, Present Progressive, Past Progressive, Future Progressive). Circle all of the children. Notice that all of these children will be transitive (either take a D. O. or are T. P.).

2. Conjugate the verb to lie in 2 tenses (Present, Past). Circle all of the children. Notice that all of these children will be intransitive -- I. C. (none of 6 Troublesome Verbs will ever be I. L.).

3. List the 34 children of the verb to set by conjugating in your head. Notice that these children will be transitive (either take a D. O. or are T. P.).

4. List the 34 children of the verb to sit by conjugating in your head. Notice that these children will be intransitive (no D. O. -- I. C.).

5. List the 34 children of the verb to raise by conjugating in your head.

6. List the 34 children of the verb to rise by conjugating in your head.

7. Beside each of the following forms, write T. for transitive and Int. for intransitive.

a. is lying

m. will have been sitting

b. laid

n. shall rise

c. has lain

o. is rising

d. will be lying

p. was raised

e. shall lay

q. was laid

f. lies

r. was lain

g. lays

s. is sitting

h. lay (past)

t. shall be rising

i. lay (present)

u. had set

j. has lain

v. sets

k. has sat

w. has been raised

l. had set

x had been raised


37. Do Worksheet #12. Circle the correct choice and put T. A., T. P., or I. C. above the verb you chose.


1. Joe (was lying, was laying) on the grass.

2. His cap (lay, laid) beside him.

3. The box (was laying, was lying) beside the road.

4. Yesterday when Bob (lay, laid) his coat on the ground, the dog ate it.

5. You (should lay, should lie) that book on the floor.

6. The rake (is laying, is lying) on the ground where I (laid, lay) it yesterday.

7. That night the thief (lay, laid) his bundle on the couch.

8. The price (will raise, will rise) when you (raise, rose) the quality of goods.

9. We (rose, raised) early and started before the sun (had risen, had raised).

10. The sun (sets, sits) in the west.

11. The boy (sits, sets) out at dawn.

12. The book (had been lain, had been laid) on the bench.

13. The book (was laid, was lain) on the chair by Josefina.

14. The girl (was setting, was sitting) in the kitchen when the boy (set, sat) the groceries down.

15. Chung and Nancy (will set, will sit) where they have often (set, sat) before.

16. They (were sat, were set) in the corner for disciplinary reasons.

17. They found themselves being (raised, rose) in the elevator.

18. The meat and cheese (were lain, were laid) on the cold slices of bread.

19. They (were rising, were raising) the flag for the anthem.

20. I like to watch the sun (set, sit) in the sky.

21. She (raised, rose) her hand to signal the ship.

22. The stranger (rose, raised) from his seat (to raise, to rose) an objection.

23. Yesterday Dot and I (sat, set) our books on the bench.

24. He (laid, lay) his pen down yesterday.

25. I (lay, lie) around the house all day last week.

26. The child's limp body (was lain, was laid) in the ambulance yesterday.

27. The book (was sat, was set) on the table over there.

28. Bowser (lies, lays) around half the day.

29. The children think that Bowser (laid, lay) around all day yesterday.

30. An old mine used (to lie, to lay) at the foot of the mountain.

31. The paper (is lying, is laying) on the sidewalk.

32. After I (had lain, had laid) down, the clock struck three.


38. Do Worksheet #13 as a review. Tell what you know about each verb. Follow the pattern as given in #1.


1. lies ---- to lie, present, intransitive, 3rd person, singular

2. lays ----

3. laid ----

4. lay ----

5. lain (3rd col.) ----

6. laid (3rd col.) ----


39. Do Worksheet #14. Underline the entire verb and then label it I. L., T. A., T. P., or I. C.


1. Henry read the newspaper after breakfast.

2. Sarah serves ice cream in a cone.

3. No one has lain down for at least an hour.

4. Don't lie down now. The bedspread has not been laid on the bed.

5. No one listened carefully.

6. They saw the teacher in the classroom.

7. Set the vase on the table, please.

8. The deceased victim has been laid on the ground at the scene of the accident.

9. The people sighted the decorated ships.

10. The veterinarian has laid the animal on the surgical table.

11. Lee surrendered at Appomattox.

12. MacArthur led the troops into battle.

13. The sprinklers have been raised from the hardware store shelf.

14. Please open the window.

15. The new students register in the gymnasium.


40. Do Worksheet #15. Label the verbs and diagram the main elements in each sentence.


1. Carlos read the newspaper after breakfast yesterday.


2. No one played with the little child.


3. They saw Sumatra and Rosalie in the other classroom.


4. That small child plays in the backyard.


5. The people saw a ship in the distance.


6. Lee fought in the Civil War.


7. Please open the door to the closet.


8. The only people in the auditorium were Solomon and I.


9. In those days Spain's possessions were widespread.


10. The long, gray face was evil.


11. The lemonade tasted very sweet.


12. That woman in the front row is Kenisha's aunt.


13. Those gardenias in the blue vase smell sweet.


14. For several years Mrs. David remained in the house.


15. Margarita always looks beautiful.


16. This cheap perfume smells too sweet.



41. Do Worksheet #16.


1. What are the abbreviations for the following:

a. Intransitive Linking _______

b. Transitive Active _________

c. Intransitive Complete _________

d. Transitive Passive ____________

2. Which one of the above has a D. O.? __________

3. Which one of the above would be a child of the verb to be? ________

4. Which one of the above do we arrive at by process of elimination? ________

5. Which one of the above has more than one word, never uses the progressive tense, and makes sense by using "by Sue" and the "flip test"? ________

6. A direct object answers the two questions ____________ or ____________.

7. A child of the Possible 12 List could be an _____________

8. A __________ verb will have to be made up of more than one word.

9. If a verb is not I. L., T. A., T. P., then it has to be ________ by P. O. E.

10. The only one of the four types of verbs which cannot show any action is _________.

11. Apply the two tests for the T. P. verb to the following sentence:

Example -- The ball was hit.


b. _________________________________

12. If a verb shows no action, it is called __________.

13. If a verb has a D. O., it is called ___________.

14. Do you need to test out for a T. P. verb if there is only one verb in the verb phrase? ____________



15. Circle all of the following which might be I. L


has smelled

should have been


might sound

was seeming

could have gone


should grow

is running

might sound


does remain

will be leaving

to speak



should taste

did feel



is playing

might have felt



shall jump

is running


has dropped

could have stayed

had been placed

16. The way to find the "father" of a verb is to look at the __________ word in the verb phrase.

17. Circle all of the following which just might be T. P. verbs.

is sounding

is seeming



could be done


has been seen

has been jumping






should have run

18. How do you tell what the verb "father" of a verb is? _______________________________________________________________________


41. Do Worksheet #17. Circle the correct choice.


1. That man is in trouble. He (has give, has given) out secret information.

2. The game must not have (begun, began) on time.

3. You (done, did) that deliberately.

4. You might at least have (shook, shaken) hands with him.

5. Has anyone (spoke, spoken) to you yet?

6. The ship (lies, lays) at anchor.

7. He snores when he (lies, lays) on his back.

8. Please (lie, lay) on your right side.

9. Someone (sneaked, snuck) up behind him.

10. The ship (has lain, has laid) at anchor.

11. The swimmers (had dived, had dove) into the pool.

12. Mother (has sat, has set) down to rest.

13. By tonight we (shall have driven, shall have drove) more than 500 miles.

14. Tianna (learned, learnt) all the lines by memory.

15. (Sit, Set) down, Bowser.

16. The dog (sits, sets) before the fire.

17. Old boxes (sat, set) on the grass.

18. The taxes on this farm (have rose, have risen) considerably.

19. At dawn we (blew, blown) the whistle.

20. Often my cat (sits, set) on the windowsill.