Education Deform Home | Next: Verb 4
Mrs. Donna Garner -- English I
February 24, 1998
¶25. Study the following material on Transitive and Intransitive verbs.
TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS
I. Transitive Verbs -- one in which some action goes across from doer to receiver
A. Transitive Active (T. A.) -- verbs having subjects or objects to receive their action -- the doer of the action is subject and receiver of action is direct object (D. O. -- answers WHOM or WHAT) -- T. A. has a D. O.
B. Transitive Passive (T. P.) -- where the receiver of the action is the subject and the doer of the action is expressed by a prepositional phrase or is omitted--You can either add "by___________ (your name),"
by ________________(something/someone)," or there is a "by" phrase already in the sentence. To be a T. P. verb, it must pass 2 tests:
1. By Sue (substitute your name)
2. Flip test -- Put your name as the subject and put the verb last. You actually flip the sentence completely over. The verb form will have to change when you flip the sentence.
Ex. A home run (subject) was hit (T. P.) by Sue. -- by test
Sue hit a home run. -- flip test
* A T. P. VERB WILL ALWAYS BE MORE THAN ONE WORD, WILL NEVER END IN "ING," AND PART OF VERB WILL COME FROM 3RD COL. (NORMALLY, IT IS BETTER TO USE ACTIVE VOICE VERBS IN YOUR ESSAY WRITING. THE PASSIVE IS USED WHEN YOU WANT TO EMPHASIZE THE RECEIVER OF THE ACTION OR WHEN THE DOER IS UNKNOWN.)
II. Intransitive verbs -- no action is passed over to a doer or receiver
A. Intransitive Linking (I. L.) -- comes from 2 sources:
1. To Be children
2. Possible 12 List (At times there are some other verbs which become I. L., but the most frequently used verbs are on Possible 12 List).
B. Intransitive Complete (I. C.) -- verbs that have no receiver for their action -- actually anything that is not T. A., T. P., or I. L.
¶26. You must learn the following:
YOU MUST TEST FOR A VERB IN THIS ORDER:
1. I. L.
2. T. A.
3. T. P.
4. I. C.
¶27. Do Worksheet #6. Use the information you have learned to decide whether each verb in the following sentences is I. L., T. A. , T. P., or I. C. Label above each verb or verb phrase and then diagram the main elements.
1. The hikers reached the cabin at nightfall.
2. Mother prepared our meal.
3. Grandmother was almost hit by a reckless driver.
4. Fritz painted the screens this morning.
5. The screens were painted by Fritz.
6. The trumpet had been blown at 10:00 P. M. by the trumpeteer.
7. A radio for the team was bought by the parents.
8. Mother looked quite surprised.
9. Mother looked around for her basket.
10. These berries are poisonous.
11. Americans today honor Ben Franklin.
12. He was a public-spirited and patriotic citizen.
13. In his youth he lived in Boston.
14. His father was a soapmaker.
15. He went to school for only two years.
16. He read books avidly and educated himself.
17. He became an apprentice to his brother.
18. He wrote articles for his newspaper.
19. The two brothers quarreled, and Ben ran away.
20. He became the owner of his own shop.
21. He bought several newspapers and published Poor Richard's Almanac.
22. He became Philadelphia's postmaster and improved the mail service.
23. He also established a library and organized a fire department.
24. In 1757 he sailed for England.
25. In 1775 he returned to America and acted vigorously in behalf of freedom.
26. Then he was sent to France by the Continental Congress.
27. Through his efforts the Americans were accepted as allies by the French.
28. A commission negotiated the peace treaty at the end of the war.
29. Ben Franklin did his part for our nation.
30. He gave more time to public service.
¶28. Do Worksheet #7. Label the verbs (I. L., T. A., T. P., or I. C.) and diagram the main elements.
WORKSHEET # 7
1. The program was directed by the music teacher.
2. This topic will have been discussed before the test.
3. The signal has not yet been given by our captain.
4. He was driving the car at the time.
5. Should he be stopping at every stop sign?
6. He was very sure of his opinion.
7. Where have the extra cartons been put?
8. There are several boxes of paper clips in my desk drawer.
9. Down came the snow.
10. In a last desperate effort, the workers piled sandbags.
11. There is always someone at the station.
12. Around the bend came the car with banners flying.
13. At the end of the concert, there was a mighty roar of applause.
14. Nowhere else can you find so much sunshine.
15. Where in the world has everyone gone?
16. Have you ever been absorbed by a nightmare?
17. Has anyone ever yet seen an electron?
18. Here stood the first capitol of the state.
19. Don always does his work well
20. Is he known for his fine work?
21. Max wrote a letter to his cousin.
22. He will be starting the engine before long.
23. The beacon glowed across the waves.
24. Has she seen her dress yet?
25. To me she seemed pale and ill.
26. The vase fell on the floor and broke.
27. They must have ridden fast.
28. They were driven for over an hour in the big, black car.
29. The children seemed very restless today.
¶29. We have already studied verbals several times, but now we are going to learn how to diagram them. Study the following examples:
Gerunds -------- ½ verb
½ noun -- D. O.
(end in "ing")
Example: His thinking is strange.
Example: Driving in mud is difficult.
Participles ------- ½ verb
(found in 3rd or 4th col.)
Example: The boy, writing the letter, was busy.
Example: Having written the letter, he read it carefully.
Infinitives -------- ¼ verb
(usually TO is present)
Example: To show good taste is important.
Example: It is time to cry.
¶30. Do Worksheet # 8. Diagram the verbals and all important elements.
1. Driving in mud is difficult.
2. Our lives depend on making money.
3. We enjoy doing a good job.
4. The girl, wearing the green dress, is pretty.
5. The letter, written by him, was neat.
6. His desire to study is commendable.
7. He wanted to mail the letters.
8. It is time to laugh.
9. The blowing wind mussed her hair.
10. I enjoy reading your writing.
11. There is a tired boy in the car.
12. The native animals try to protect the leaves.
13. Bringing rats, cats, and dogs is fatal to island wildlife.
14. Talking is Jill's specialty.
¶31. You have learned many different patterns of sentences by now. Let's see if you can make up your own sentences following a set prescription. Do Worksheet #9. Make up a sentence for each of the following prescriptions. You are to write your words directly below the label. The only four words which you may add are A, AN, AND, and THE. Do not add any extra words to your sentences besides the previous four. When you get through writing your sentence according to the set prescription, diagram your sentence underneath.
1. S. T. A. D. O.
2. Prep. Ph. S. I. C.
3. Prep. Ph. S. S. T. A. D. O.
4. S. T. P. Prep. Ph.
5. S. S. T. P. Prep. Ph.
6. (Understood YOU) I. C. Prep. Ph.
7. S. I. L. P. A.
8. S. I. L. P. N. Prep. Ph.
9. S. S. I. L. P.Pro. P. Pro.
10. S. S. T. A. D. O. T. A. D. O.
11. S. S. T. A. D. O. I.C.
12. S. I. L. P. A. P. A.
13. S. T. P. Prep. Ph.
14. S. I. L. Participle (verbal)
15. S. I. L. Infinitive (verbal)
16. S. Past Prog. Tense Past Prog. Tense Prep. Ph.
17. S. T. P. T. P. Prep. Ph.
18. Verb S. Verb Prep. Ph.
19. Fut. Cond. Tense S. Fut. Cond. Tense Prep. Ph.
20. S. Possible 12 Verb (T.A.) D. O.
21. Infinitive (subject) I. L. Infinitive
22. Gerund (subject) I. L. P. A.