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From: "Donna Garner" <dggarner@swbell.net>

PRONOUN PACKET

MRS. DONNA GARNER -- ENGLISH I

FEBRUARY 24, 1998

 

1. Personal Pronouns -- Pronouns take the place of nouns and can do anything that a noun can do. There are three cases of personal pronouns -- nominative (subject pronouns), objective, and possessive. Personal pronouns indicate who is speaking (1st person), who is spoken to (2nd person), and who is spoken about (3rd person).

 

NOMINATIVE CASE PRONOUNS (SUBJECT PRONOUNS)

SINGULAR

PLURAL

USES:

     

1st person-- I

we

1. Subject of verb

   

2. Predicate pronoun (come after I. L.)

2nd person -- you

you

3. If the infinitive TO BE has no subject, then the pronoun that follows TO BE is in the nominative case to agree with the subject of the sentence.

Ex. The farmer was thought to be I.

3rd person -- he, she, it

they

 
     

 

OBJECTIVE CASE PRONOUNS

SINGULAR

PLURAL

USES:

     

1st person -- me

us

1. Direct object

2nd person -- you

you

2. Indirect object

3rd person -- him, her, it

them

3. Object of preposition

"Sid saw __________."

 

4. Use objective case pronouns as subjects, objects, predicate pronouns of infinitives.

Ex. We thought George to be him.

     

 

 

 

POSSESSIVE CASE PRONOUNS

SINGULAR

PLURAL

USES:

     

1st person -- my, mine

your

1. Showing possession (actually are possessive adjectives)

2nd person -- your

yours

2. Modifying gerunds -- Ex. This is his doing.

3rd person -- his, her, hers, its

their, theirs

3. Always pronouns -- mine, hers, yours, theirs

   

4. Adjectives (modifiers)

-- my, your, her, its, our, their

   

5. Either adjective or pronoun -- his

 

2. Do Worksheet #1.

WORKSHEET # 1

Cross out the incorrect pronouns and write corrections above.

1. You and me aren't as experienced at square dancing as John and him.

2. Still John and he would rather dance with you and me than with Sue and she.

3. You and me are older than are him and she.

4. He may have seen her and I with you and they in the park.

5. Did she ask you and he to go with she and Hank to the game?

6. It could have been she and him that you saw with Sam and I.

7. He and me can sing better than she (can sing).

3. Do Worksheet # 2.

WORKSHEET # 2

On your own paper, parse all the pronouns in Worksheet # 1. Use the following headings:

Pronoun No. (Sing./Pl.) Use in Sentence Case of Pronoun

 

4. A common pronoun error occurs when we use the wrong case with compound subjects or compound predicate pronouns. Ex. Carol and she (not her) were on the porch. Ex. The winners are George and she ( not her). One way to tackle compound parts is to leave out a part of the compound. Ex. She was on the porch. However, the surest way to deal with pronoun usage is to learn the rules. Ex. The winner is she. (Use P. Pro.--nominative case -- after an I. L. verb.)

5. Use nominative pronouns as appositives with subjects or predicate nouns/pronouns which they rename. Look at the word which the appositive renames. If the word is used in the nominative case, then the pronoun appositive must be used in the nominative case, too. Ex. Two freshmen boys, he and I, live here.

6. Remember that we followed by a noun keeps its nominative use. Ex. We (not us) girls were ushers for the play. "Girls" is really an appositive and can be removed from the sentence without making a difference in the case of "we."

 

 

7. Do Worksheet # 3.

WORKSHEET # 3

Circle the correct choice. Tell the use out to the left of each sentence.

USE

CASE

CHOICE

 
       
     

1. (We, Us) committee members had a meeting after school .

     

2. It was (we, us) in the foreign car.

     

3. Jerry and (me, I) were the starting guards.

     

4. The whole crowd, (we, us) girls and (they, them), had a picnic.

     

5. Was it you and (them, they) in the speedboat?

     

6. My partner and (I, me) were the first couple at the dance.

     

7. The first ones in line were Ben and (him, he).

     

8. Both scrimmage teams, (they, them) and (us, we), played hard.

       

8. Use objective case pronouns correctly when you have compound objects. In compound choices, you will find it becomes easier if you leave out part of the compound. Ex. Tell Kate and (I, me) your secret. (Say, "Tell me [indirect object] your secret.) You can figure out a few of these compound situations by using your ear; but you can figure out all these situations if you use your rules as given on page 1.)

9. Use objective case pronouns for an appositive that renames any object. Ex. I told only one person [direct object], him. (Use "him" because "person" is a direct object -- objective case.)

10. Us followed by a noun keeps its objective use. Taking out the noun (appositive) makes the choice easy. Ex. Give us [indirect object] members a chance. (Read it, "Give us a chance.")

11. Do Worksheet # 4.

WORKSHEET # 4

Choose the correct choice. Tell the use out to the left of each sentence.

USE

CASE

CHOICE

 
     

1. I gave Mel and (he, him) my golf clubs.

     

2. This is a personal matter between you and (I, me).

     

3. We are planning a trip for the children and (they, them.)

     

4. Will you give (us, we) Scouts your old magazines?

     

5. The principal praised Carlos and (he, him) for their heroic efforts.

     

6. Did you give the Dorseys and (they, them) your new address?

     

7. We did not oppose Sandra and (she, her) in their choices.

     

8. Can you help Jed and (me, I) with this puzzle?

     

9. The Camera Club sent (us, we) students some memberships.

     

10. The students came with (us, we) children to the farm.

       

 

12. Besides Personal Pronouns there are COMPOUND PERSONAL PRONOUNS. (We call these pronouns Intensive Pronouns whenever we use them to intensify the meaning. Ex. I myself will do the work.)

SINGULAR

PLURAL

   

1st person -- myself

ourselves

2nd person -- yourself

yourselves

3rd person -- himself, herself, itself

themselves

   

Notice: There is no such word as hisself; nor is there any such word as theirselves.

 

 

 

 

 

13. Another type of pronoun is called INDEFINITE PRONOUNS.

SINGULAR

PLURAL

anything neither

both

anyone nobody

few

anybody no one

many

another nothing

several

each one

others

either other

ones

everybody most

most

everyone all

all

everything some

some

someone any

any

somebody none

none

something

 

NOTICE: most, all, some, any, none (Mary and Sam are newlyweds) -- can be either singular or plural -- consider prepositional phrase object in order to make singular/plural choice

HELPFUL HINT: words with body, one, thing -- SINGULAR

 

 

14. AGREEMENT OF SUBJECT AND VERB -- You are going to see many of the same rules in this packet as you saw in the noun packet. Pronouns must agree with the verb in person, number, and gender. Person means 1st, 2nd, or 3rd person. Number means singular or plural. Gender means male, female, or neuter.

A. Do not let sentence arrangement confuse you. Ex. There was I. "I" is the subject of the sentence.

B. If the subject is singular, then the whole sentence takes on singular characteristics. Ex. She among all the students is doing her best. If the subject is plural, then the whole sentence takes on plural characteristics. Ex. They among all the students are doing their best.

C. A prepositional phrase or other words standing between the subject and the verb do not affect agreement. Such expressions include accompanied by, together with, including, as well as, belonging to, continuing with, and along with. Ex. He, together with us, is planning to attend class. (Ignore "together with us" -- say "He is planning to attend class.")

D. The indefinite pronouns most, all, some, any, none (Mary and Sam are newlyweds) may either be singular or plural. The prepositional phrase object which lies between the subject and the verb will give you your clue as to whether the verb should be singular or plural. Normally you should not even look at the prepositional phrase object; but when the indefinite pronouns most, all, some, any, none are subjects, you should look at the prepositional phrase object in order to choose a singular or a plural verb. Ex. None of the boys are going to the store. Except for these five indefinite pronouns, you should not consider what is in the prepositional phrase that is located between the subject and the verb. Ex. Everyone in the houses (is, are) sick. Ignore "in the houses." "Everyone" is singular; choose "is."

E. For subjects joined with either...or, neither...nor, or, or nor, look at the subject which is closer to the verb. If the word closer to the verb is singular, then choose a singular verb. If the subject closer to the verb is plural, then choose a plural verb. Ex. George or we are here. Ex. We or George is here.

F. Always use a plural verb with the subject you.

G. Use a singular verb with the singular indefinite pronouns ( 13). Use a plural verb with the plural indefinite pronouns. Ex. Somebody (are, is) coming down the hall. Ex. Both of the girls (are, is) here.

H. When referring to a singular indefinite pronoun (antecedent) , you must use a singular pronoun. When referring to a plural indefinite pronoun, you must use a plural pronoun. Ex. Each of the girls brought her sleeping bag. Ex. All of the girls brought their sleeping bags.

I. Use a plural verb with both and many, and use a plural pronoun to refer back to both and many (plural antecedents). Ex. Both the girls brought their sleeping bags.

15. Do Worksheet # 5.

WORKSHEET # 5

Circle the correct choice and draw an arrow back to the key word which helps determine the choice.

1. Not many of the samples (was, were) of good quality.

2. Each of the melons (is, are) ripe.

3. Both of these answers (are, is) good.

4. Why (don't, doesn't) she wear her new dress?

5. Everybody in the store (are, is) rushing like mad.

6. (Wasn't, Weren't) you in Colorado last summer?

7. He and she (has, have) already eaten lunch.

8. Both of us (is, are) glad that you came over to the house.

9. Here (comes, come) he and Iris in their new car.

10. Not many of us (feel, feels) very happy about the game.

11. Neither they nor he (agree, agrees) with my answer.

12. Neither he nor we (was, were) able to escape.

16. Make pronouns agree with their antecedents in person, number, and gender. Ex. The male bus driver checked his passenger list. The antecedent of his is driver which is masculine gender, third person, singular. Therefore, choose the same kind of verb and pronoun to agree.

17. Use a masculine pronoun in referring to a singular antecedent unless the antecedent is clearly feminine or neuter. It only creates confusion to say he/she, him/her. Ex. No one in the room was wearing his summer clothes. Ex. Every one of the girls was wearing her coat.

18. Do Worksheet # 6.

WORKSHEET # 6

Circle the correct choice and draw an arrow back to the key word which helps determine the choice.

1. Somebody didn't finish (their, his) dessert.

2. Everybody brought (his, their) raincoat or umbrella.

3. Each of the girls put (her, their) books away.

4. Many in the club gave (his, their) opinion of the new rules.

5. Has anyone a complaint? Let (them, him) speak up now.

6. Everyone loaded (their, his) flashlights into the trunk.

7. Everyone took off (their, his) coat and started to do his work.

8. Neither of them had (his, their) breakfast on time.

9. Somebody is at the door. Tell (them, him) to wait.

19. Another type of pronoun is called DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. There are four of them. Demonstrative pronouns point out.

A. this -- close by the speaker (singular)

B. that -- at a distance from the speaker (singular)

C. these -- close by the speaker (plural)

D. those -- at a distance from the speaker (plural)

20. Another type of pronoun is called INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS. These are used in questions. There are five of them. Notice -- all start with "wh"

A. who

B. whom

C. which

D. whose

E. what

21. Another type of pronoun is called RELATIVE PRONOUNS. There are five of them.

A. who

B. whom

C. which

D. whose

E. that

Notice: This is the same list as interrogative pronouns except what has been

replaced with that. Relative pronouns are not used to ask questions. Relative pronouns are used to introduce adjective and noun dependent clauses.

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

NOMINATIVE CASE

OBJECTIVE CASE

Sing. Plural

Sing. Plural

who who

whom whom

Uses:

Uses:

1. Subject

2. Predicate pronoun

1. Direct objects

2. Indirect objects

3. Object of preposition

 

22. Do Worksheet # 7.

WORKSHEET # 7

Circle the correct answer.

1. (Who, Whom) do you suppose the stranger could be? Rule: In sentences containing expressions such as do you say, did you say, do you think, did you think, do you suppose, did you suppose, he says, I believe, I suppose, we thought, he thought, he hoped, etc., leave these parenthetical expressions out in order to decide which is needed -- who or whom. Ex. The stranger could be who. (Use nominative case who after I. L. verb.)

2. (Who, Whom) did you see in the library?

3. To (whom, who) did you go for advice?

4. (Who, Whom) will the next president be?

5. Rodney, (whom, who) did you say gave the math test?

6. From (who, whom) did you borrow this compass?

7. You told (who, whom) the title of your theme?

8. (Who, Whom) do you suppose will read the essay?

23. Do Worksheet #8.

WORKSHEET # 8

Diagram and label the following sentences.

1. Whom should I thank for this lovely bouquet?

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. She is the girl whom you can trust.

 

 

 

 

 

3. Edward is a boy who we think will succeed.

 

 

 

 

4. Have you heard who won?

 

 

 

 

5. The coach needs players on whom he can depend.

 

 

 

 

6. I guessed who was guilty.

 

 

 

 

7. Eduardo is a boy whom we all admire.

 

 

 

 

 

8. Do you know the author whom Miss Sims was quoting?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24. Do Worksheet # 9.

WORKSHEET # 9

USE

CASE

CHOICE

 
     

1. With (who, whom) is Lynn going?

     

2. She is a girl (who, whom) you can trust.

     

3. (Who, Whom) will help me with the assignment?

     

4. Have you heard (whom, who) will win?

     

5. Geraldo is a boy (whom, who) will do his best.

     

6. I guessed (who, whom) was guilty.

     

7. It was we boys to (who, whom) the principal referred.

     

8. My friend is Ann (who, whom) can play baseball as well as he.

     

9. We have noticed that she is the one (who, whom) you like best.

     

10. The owner chose a manager (who, whom) he thinks will be efficient.

     

11. (Who, Whom) played fullback on the football team?

     

12. John is the one (who, whom) I think will be selected.

     

13. Just sit by (whomever, whoever) you like.

     

14. Fu Mein is the senior (who, whom) we hoped would be treasurer.

     

15. (Who, Whom) did she say had the main part in the play?

     

16. Is Sam the junior (who, whom) you hired?

     

17. He is a person (who, whom) we feel will do the job well.

25. Do Worksheet # 10.

WORKSHEET # 10

USE

CASE

CHOICE

 
     

1. It must have been (she, her) in the car.

     

2. Did you see Mr. Hill and (they, them) at the rodeo?

     

3. The principal offered Henry and (I, me) good advice.

     

4. The opinion of the girl means a lot to (we, us) boys and girls.

     

5. Mr. Nolan and (they, them) will come by plane

     

6. John worked the problem faster than (I, me).

     

7. Were you and (she, her) on the team together?

     

8. She is the one to (who, whom) the girl spoke.

     

9. (Who, Whom) do you suppose gave the collar to the dog?

     

10. The money is divided between Jack and (I, me).

     

11. There are no secrets between my parents and (I, me).

     

12. It must be (they, them) in the Toyota.

     

13. Miss Hawkins gave Meredith and (I, me) extra work.

     

14. The program was given by Jerry and (he, him).

     

15. Flora and (she, her) will star in the movie.

     

16. It is (we, us) girls on the tennis team.

     

17. About (who, whom) are you speaking?

     

18. Sonya introduced (we, us) girls to her brother Robert.

     

19. They shall be swimming alongside her and (him, he).

     

20. The members of the drill team are proud of (he, him).

 

26. Do Worksheet # 11.

WORKSHEET # 11

Parse all pronouns on your own paper. Use the following headings:

PRONOUN SING./PL. USE IN SENTENCE CASE OF PRONOUN

1. Each of us is to bring food to the luncheon.

2. She is the one with the blonde hair.

3. It was they and we in the sports vehicle.

4. It was they, together with us, in the boat.

5. One of the rabbits is eating the lettuce.

6. Neither they nor she has signed the contract.

 

27. Do Worksheet # 12.

WORKSHEET # 12

Write complete sentences which follow the prescribed elements. Put parentheses around each prescribed element and label the element.

1. A compound sentence which contains an introductory prepositional phrase, a past emphatic verb, and a nominative case pronoun

_____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

2. A simple sentence which contains two introductory prepositional phrases, a present progressive tense verb, and two nominative case pronouns

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

3. A complex sentence which contains a relative pronoun, a future perfect tense verb, and a compound subject

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

4. A compound-complex sentence which contains a relative pronoun, a demonstrative pronoun, a past emphatic verb, and a nominative case pronoun

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

5. A compound-complex sentence which contains two nominative case pronouns, an objective case pronoun, a subordinate conjunction, and a possessive pronoun

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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