Oregon School Transformation Glossary of Terms
From: "Bob & Barbara Tennison"
To: "Alan Fields"
Subject: School Transformation
Date sent: Sun, 18 Jan 1998 00:38:34 -0800
School Transformation Glossary of Terms
Academic Content Standards: Knowledge and skills expected of students in
English, mathematics, science, the social sciences, the arts, and second
languages. English includes reading and writing.social sciences include
history, civics, geography, and economics. The arts include music, visual
arts, dance, theater, and cinema. Second languages include American Sigh
Language. These standards answer the question, "What must a student know and
be able to do?"
Assessment: A consistent method for measuring student performance relative
to state standards.
Benchmark: The portion of the content standards to be assessed statewide at
grades 3, 5, 8, 10, and 12.
Career-Related Learning: Planned experiences or opportunities to help
students connect learning at school with life in the community and the
Career-Related Standards: The knowledge and skills required for success in
post-secondary education and employment.
Certificate of Advanced Mastery (CAM): A certificate awarded to students who
meet grade 12 standards in academic content and career-related learning.
Certificate of Initial Mastery (CIM): A certificate awarded to students who
meet grade 10 standards in academic content.
Content-Based Assessment: Evaluates a student's understanding of
predetermined body of knowledge.
Contextual Teaching: An instructional approach that connects academic
content with practical applications beyond school in order to make learning
more relevant for students. It answers the questions "Why do I need to know
this?" and "How will I use this later?"
Endorsement Area: A broad grouping of related careers which provides a
context at the CAM level for academic study and a focus for career-related
Endorsement Credential: A credential awarded to students who gain in-depth
knowledge and skills from community-based experiences in their career focus
area. The credential exceeds the CAM requirements. Students may earn it
while in high school or after high school.
Performance-Based Assessment: Assessment that evaluates a student's ability
to apply knowledge and skills to complete a complex task or produce a
Performance Standard: The minimum scores required of students on state and
Proficiency-Based Admissions Standards System (PASS): Proficiencies in
mathematics, science, social sciences, a second language, literature, the
humanities and the arts required of students applying for admission to
universities in the Oregon State System of Higher Education. Skills must be
demonstrated in the process areas of reading, writing, oral communication,
analytical thinking, integrative thinking, problem solving, using
technology, quality assessment and working in teams.
PRoficiencies for Entry into Programs (PREP): Standards of performance set
by individual community college programs, intended to inform students of the
skills, knowledge and abilities needed to succeed in that program within its
prescribed length. These proficiencies are not required for community
School-to-Work Opportunities: Any planned community, school or work-based
activity designed to help students achieve high academic standards and
prepare for productive careers and lifelong learning. School-to-Work
opportunities and the Certificate of Advanced Mastery share similar goals
Scoring Guide: A scale used to evaluate student work samples in defined
Offered without comment....but I am tempted?
Bob & Barbara Tennison
78612 Halderman Rd.
Cottage Grove, OR 97424
EDUCATION CONSUMERS CLEARINGHOUSE