ASIAN90


\doc\96\02\asian90.xls                                                          
Social and Economic Characteristics for the Asian American and Pacific Islander Population                                                          
                                                           
We, The American Pacific Islanders (WE-4) and We the American Asians (WE-3)                                                          
We, The American Hispanics (WE-2)                                                          
September 1993 US Dept of Commerce Bureau of the Census                                                          
Edna L. Paisano                                                          
With data from CP-2-1 for non-Asian                                                          
1990 Census of Population, Social and Economic Characteristics                                                          
                                                           
Table 3. Selected Social and Economic Characteristics for the Asian Population: 1990                                                          
                                                           
[Data for total persons, age, sex and type of family are based on 100-percent tabulations. Remaining data are based on sample tabulations                                                          
                                                           
                                                           
              Asian                         Total Polynesian       Micronesian     Other  
Characteristics United         NativeAm Pacific Asian     Japa-   Asian Viet- Cambo-       Other Pacific               Pacific  
  States White NHwhite Black Hispanic AlasNat Islander Total Chinese Filipino nese Korean Indian namese dian Laotian Hmong Thai Asian Islander Total Hawaiian Samoan Tongan Total Guamanian Melanesian Islander  
One-Line Description US White NHwhite Black Hispanic NatAm AsPI Asian Chinese Filipino Japanese Korean AsIndian Vietnam Cambodian Laotian Hmong Thai OtherAs PacIs Polynesian Hawaiian Samoan Tongan Micronesian Guamanian Melanesian Other PI  
Total persons 248,709,873 199,817,064 188,424,773 29,930,524 21,900,089 2,015,143 7,273,662 6,908,638 1,645,472 1,406,770 847,562 798,849 815,447 614,547 147,411 149,014 90,082 91,275 302,209 365,024 291,584 211,014 62,964 17,606 56,153 49,345 7,195 10,092  
Percent 100.00% 80.34% 75.76% 12.03% 8.81% 0.81% 2.92% 2.78% 0.66% 0.57% 0.34% 0.32% 0.33% 0.25% 0.06% 0.06% 0.04% 0.04% 0.12% 0.15% 0.12% 0.08% 0.03% 0.01% 0.02% 0.02% 0.00% 0.00%  
                                                           
AGE AND SEX                                                          
                                                           
Percent under 5 years old................. 7.4           8.1 8.0 6.7 7.3 5.6 8.8 8.5 8.6 13.4 115.0 21.7 5.3 11.8 10.6 (NA) 9.8 13.1 (NA) (NA) 9.4 (NA) (NA)  
Percent 18 years old and over 74.4     75.0 67.0   71.4 71.8 76.5 72.6 81.5 69.1 70.0 65.9 52.7 54.9 38.7 75.0 64.5 63.8 (NA) 65.4 57.7 (NA) (NA) 67.0 (NA) (NA)  
Percent 65 years old and over ............ 12.6 13.9 14.3 13.0 8.0 5.8 6.2 6.4 8.1 7.4 12.5 4.4 2.8 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.8 1.6 2.6 4.0 (NA) 4.8 3.3 (NA) (NA) 3.1 (NA) (NA)  
Median age ............................... 32.9 34.4 34.9 28.3 25.6 26.9 29.8 30.1 32.1 31.1 36.3 29.1 28.9 25.2 19.4 20.4 12.5 31.8 24.5 25.0 (NA) 26.3 21.5 (NA) (NA) 25.4 (NA) (NA)  
Males per 100 females..................... 95.1           95.8 95.5 99.6 86.0 85.0 79.5 116.0 112.4 94.7 107.0 103.8 70.0 118.6 101.7 (NA) 100.8 103.3 (NA) (NA) 104.4 (NA) (NA)  
                                                           
TYPE OF FAMILY                                                          
                                                           
Families ............................... 64,517,947           1,559,043 1,486,349 381,403 287,539 202,954 161,645 193,379 119,466 27,104 27,973 13,352 16,451 55,083 72,694 (NA) 43,586 11,253 (NA) (NA) 10,273 (NA) (NA)  
Percent................................. 100.0           100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 (NA) 100.0 100.0 (NA) (NA) 100.0 (NA) (NA)  
Married-couple families .................. 78.6 83.0   48.8 69.9   81.2 81.6 83.9 78.3 83.1 83.4 89.2 70.6 67.2 80.5 83.4 72.6 78.5 73 (NA) 71.2 73.7 (NA) (NA) 74.5 (NA) (NA)  
Female householder, no husband                                                          
present 16.5 12.7   43.7 21.6   12.2 11.9 9.9 15.4 12.3 11.6 5.2 16.2 26.2 12.1 12.8 19.7 11.3 19.4 (NA) 21.3 19.6 (NA) (NA) 16.2 (NA) (NA)  
Male householder, no wife present ........ 4.9 4.3   7.5 8.5   6.6 6.5 6.2 6.3 4.6 5.1 5.6 13.2 6.6 7.5 3.8 7.7 10.1 7.7 (NA) 7.5 6.7 (NA) (NA) 9.2 (NA) (NA)  
Persons per family........................ 3.16           3.80 3.79 3.62 4.02 3.09 3.60 3.83 4.36 5.03 5.01 6.58 3.48 3.75 4.08 (NA) 3.84 4.84 (NA) (NA) 3.91 (NA) (NA)  
Children living with 2 parents   67   79                                                  
                                                           
                                                           
                                                           
NATIVITY, CITIZENSHIP, YEAR OF                                                          
ENTRY, AND LANGUAGE                                                          
                                                           
Foreign-Born persons ................... 19,767,316 10,022,812 3,167,343 1,455,294 7,841,650 46,919 4,558,744 4,513,347 1,142,580 913,723 280,686 579,273 593,423 473,853 117,857 116,981 61,574 68,975 164,422 45,397 25,851 2,591 13,086 10,174 9,686 5,461 5,622 4,238  
Percent foreign born ..................... 7.9 5.0 1.7 4.9 35.8 2.3 62.7 65.6 69.3 64.4 32.4 72.7 75.4 79.9 79.1 79.4 65.2 75.5 58.2 12.9 9.2 1.3 22.7 60.9 17.6 11.4 77.9 49.8  
Percent naturalized citizen.............. 40.5       26.3   40.2 40.2 43.4 53.8 25.7 40.1 34.3 42.2 17.1 17.3 9.2 31.0 30.6 36.3 43.0 48.3 52.4 29.6 24.8 28.5 26.8 33.8  
Percent Citizen born or natural 95.3%       73.6%   62.5% 60.8% 60.8% 70.2% 75.9% 56.5% 50.5% 53.8% 34.4% 34.3% 40.8% 47.9% 59.6% 91.8% 94.8% 99.3% 89.2% 57.1% 86.8% 91.8% 43.0% 67.0%  
Percent year of entry                                                          
1980-1990 .............................. 43.8       50.7   57.5 57.6 56.8 49.1 54.6 56.4 58.2 61.8 88.1 79.5 75.9 42.6 65.9 54.2 45.6 48.2 40.1 51.9 69.7 66.6 65.3 56.9  
1975-1979 .............................. 13.9           18.7 18.7 16.5 17.2 7.0 21.1 18.1 33.9 10.3 19.4 23.5 21.5 13.7 21.3 23.9 20.4 21.8 27.8 14.2 12.5 20.9 21.4  
Entered before 1975..................... 42.2           23.8 23.8 26.7 33.7 38.3 22.5 23.7 4.4 1.6 1.1 0.6 35.9 20.4 24.5 30.5 31.4 38.1 20.5 16.1 20.9 13.8 21.8  
                                                           
Persons 5 years old and over 230,445,777 196,181,122 175,394,346 27,175,607 19,569,737 1,817,347 6,652,553 6,338,574 1,540,235 1,317,163 818,974 727,164 721,675 544,089 129,366 130,303 73,808 86,679 249,118 313,979 249,677 185,492 49,967 14,218 49,974 43,406 6,528 7,800  
Percent of persons 5 years and over                                                          
who speak a language other than 31844979 17693779 10084653 1707777 15216298 432761 4878530                                            
English at home........................... 13.8 9.0 5.7 6.3 77.8 23.8 73.3 75.4 84.0 68.4 44.0 81.6 77.8 93.8 96.0 96.8 97.4 80.1 67.6 31.2 25.4 10.0 66.4 82.4 49.6 46.2 85.4 53.7  
Speak API language at home ............. 4,471,621           4,209,443 4,131,341 1,276,182 868,945 350,898 587,345 104,948 503,135 122,868 124,604 71,550 68,561 52,305 78,102 56,577 14,350 31,931 10,296 17,688 13,087 1,314 2,523  
Percent speak API language at                                                          
home..................................... 1.9           63.3 65.2 82.9 66.0 42.8 80.8 14.5 92.5 95.0 95.6 96.9 79.1 21.0 24.9 22.7 7.7 63.9 72.4 35.4 30.2 20.1 32.3  
Number Do not speak English VW 13982502 6879734 3119561 658044 7716795 167612 2555424 2676399 781454 320734 207921 376787 174054 331731 90908 88546 56145 40269 84033 32719 21499 4953 10849 5553 7461 4833 1622 1952  
Do not speak English "very well" 43.9 38.9 30.9 38.5 50.7 38.7 52.4 56.0 60.4 35.6 57.7 63.5 31.0 65.0 73.2 70.2 78.1 58.0 49.9 33.4 33.9 26.7 32.7 47.4 30.1 24.1 29.1 46.6  
Linguistically isolated household . . . 33.0           34.4 34.9 40.3 13.0 33.0 41.4 17.2 43.9 56.1 52.4 60.5 31.8 30.2 11.1 11.2 8.1 9.3 21.6 9.5 7.1 6.8 21.3  
Percent over 5, not well English 6.1 3.5 1.8 2.4 39.4 9.2 38.4 42.2 50.7 24.4 25.4 51.8 24.1 61.0 70.3 68.0 76.1 46.5 33.7 10.4 8.6 2.7 21.7 39.1 14.9 11.1 24.9 25.0  
                                                           
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT                                                          
                                                           
Persons 25 Years Old and over. . . 158,868,436 132,023,308 125,898,648 16,761,234 11,226,793 1,079,621 4,316,366 4,140,345 1,076,701 865,308 626,402 455,520 464,190 303,841 61,464 62,521 27,216 57,964 139,218 176,021 139,737 107,714 24,571 7,452 27,650 24,787 4,128 4,606  
Percent high school graduate or higher. . 75.2 77.9 79.1 63.1 49.8 65.5 77.5 77.6 73.6 82.6 87.5 80.2 84.7 61.2 34.9 40 31.1 74 82.7 76.1 77.1 79.5 70.6 64 73.6 72.3 61.3 75.8  
Percent bachelor's degree or higher....... 20.3 21.5 22 11.4 9.2 9.3 36.6 37.7 40.7 39.3 34.5 34.5 58.1 17.4 5.7 5.4 4.9 32.8 41.7 10.8 10.8 11.9 8 5.8 10.2 10 7.5 15.8  
Females 25 years old and over . . 83,654,171           2,282,675 2,194 033 551414 492,955 350,125 269,165 207,657 146,899 33,463 29,888 14,078 37,699 60,690 88,642 70,503 54,694 12,251 3,558 13,698 12,158 1,993 2,448  
Percent high school graduate or higher. . 74.8           74 73.9 70.2 81.4 85.6 74.1 79 53.3 25.3 29.8 19 66.2 78.7 75 76.2 79 66.5 66.8 71.5 70.6 56.6 76.2  
Percent bachelors's degree or higher 17.6           31.8 32.7 35 41.6 28.2 25.9 48.7 12.2 3.2 3.5 3 24.9 34.2 9.6 9.7 10.7 6.1 5.9 6.7 8.2 7.9 13.5  
Percent age 25 to 34 coll grad or higher   25   12                                                  
Number Over 25 Grade 5 or less           50552 296660 291895 101115 36410 8294 17546 21099 34773 25015 14950 21184 5001 5878 4765   1418 1050 1159          
Percent Grade 5 or less 2.7% 1.8% 1.3% 4.5% 13.4% 4.7% 6.9% 7.1% 9.4% 4.2% 1.3% 3.9% 4.5% 11.4% 40.7% 23.9% 77.8% 8.6% 4.2% 2.7% 0.0% 1.3% 4.3% 15.6%          
                                                           
Table 3. Selected Social and Economic Characterlstics for the Asian Population: 1990                                                          
                                                           
[Data for total persons, age, sex and type of family are based on 100-percent tabulaUons. Remaining data are based on sample tabulations]                                                          
                                                           
.                                                          
                                                           
              Asian           Asian                                
                                        Total Polynesian       Micronesian     Other  
Characteristics United           Pacific       Japa-   Asian Viet- Cambo-         Pacific               Pacific  
  States           Islander Total Chinese Filipino nese Korean Indian namese dian Laotian Hmong Thai Other Islander Total Hawaiian Samoan Tongan Total Guamanian Melanesian Islander  
                                                           
LABOR FORCE STATUS                                                          
                                                           
Persons 16 years old and over . 191,829,271           5,403,615 5,167,530 1,309,042 1,078,817 724,683 579,867 576,157 423,121 85,500 87,683 40,649 71,907 190,104 236,085 185,887 140,885 35,336 9,666 38,695 33,562 5,194 6,309  
Labor force 125,182,378           3,645,946 3,480,409 863,285 813,766 467,346 367,146 416,404 273,098 39,793 50,869 11,923 51,359 125,420 165,537 129,426 100,328 22,523 6,577 27,703 24,225 3,935 4.471  
Percent in labor force...................... 65.3 65.4 65.3 62.7 67.5 62.1 67.5 67.4 65.9 75.4 64.5 63.3 72.3 64.5 46.5 58.0 29.3 71.4 66.0 70.1 69.6 71.2 63.7 68 71.6 72.2 75.6 70.9  
Civilian labor force 123,473,450           3,603,080 3,444,188 860,688 790,869 463,770 364,680 415,346 271,587 39,704 50,703 11,890 50,717 124,234 158,892 125,379 97,701 21,142 6,536 25,269 22,013 3,911 4,333  
Percent unemployed ........................ 6.3 5.2 5.0 12.9 10.4 14.4 5.3 5.2 4.7 5.1 2.5 5.2 5.6 8.4 10.3 9.3 17.9 5.3 6.8 7.3 7.1 6.3 9.9 9.9 7.9 7.8 6.8 9.0  
                                                           
Females - 16 yrs old and over 99,803,358           2,810,588 2,692,480 664,384 599,208 399,585 333,225 260,532 199,310 45,754 42,044 20,265 44,917 83,256 118,108 92,981 70,907 17,393 4,681 19,135 16,590 2,592 3,400  
Labor force.................................... 56,672,949           1,688,145 1,614,323 393,077 433,262 221,857 185,078 152,718 111,282 17,080 20,799 4,039 30,268 44,863 73,822 57,969 45,715 9,524 2,730 11,802 10,404 1,787 2,264  
Percent in labor force...................... 56.8 56.3 56.4 59.5 55.9 55.1 60.1 60.0 59.2 72.3 55.5 55.5 58.6 55.8 37.3 49.5 19.9 67.4 53.9 62.5 62.3 64.5 54.8 58.3 61.7 62.7 68.9 66.6  
Civilian labor force ......................... 56,487,249           1,684,082 1,610,906 392,696 431,564 221,299 184,719 152,621 111,170 17,080 20,786 4,039 30,201 44,731 73,176 57,558 45,424 9,405 2,729 11,604 10,217 1,787 2,227  
Percent unemployed ........................ 6.2           5.5 5.5 5.0 4.7 2.7 6.1 7.6 8.9 9.9 9.3 19.0 6.2 7.7 6.9 6.9 5.9 10.7 10.5 6.9 6.5 6.0 8.1  
                                                           
OCCUPATION                                                          
                                                           
Employed persons 16 years old                                                          
and over 115,681,202           3,411,586 3,264,268 819,932 750,613 452,005 345,655 391,949 248,881 35,623 46,010 9,756 48,028 115,816 147,318 116,470 91,543 19,041 5,886 23,262 20,298 3,644 3,942  
Percent..................................... 100           100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100  
Managerial and professional specialty. . . 26.4           30.6 31.2 35.8 26.6 37.0 25.5 43.6 17.6 9.8 5.0 12.8 23.6 31.9 18.1 18.5 20.2 13.5 8.6 16.5 17.2 11.7 20.1  
Technical, sales, and administrative                                                          
support....................................... 31.7           33.2 33.3 31.2 36.7 34.4 37.1 33.2 29.5 23.3 15.2 18.9 26.5 33.6 32.1 31.5 32.1 32.3 19.0 34.9 35.9 29.1 35.8  
Service ....................................... 13.2           14.8 14.6 16.5 16.8 11.1 15.1 8.1 15.0 17.9 14.6 20.0 26.8 14.0 19.2 19.2 18.6 20.0 25.4 18.1 16.6 28.8 16.6  
Farming, forestry, and fishing ................ 2.5           1.2 1.1 0.4 1.5 2.7 0.7 0.6 1.4 1.7 1.5 2.3 0.7 0.8 2.5 2.7 2.4 1.4 10.1 1.8 1.7 1.3 2.1  
Precision production, craft, and repair. . . 11.3           8.0 7.8 5.6 7.4 7.8 8.9 5.2 15.7 17.2 19.8 13.9 7.5 7.3 11.9 11.7 11.8 11.1 12.8 13.5 13.6 12.2 8.4  
Operators, fabricators, and laborers ......... 14.9           12.1 11.9 10.6 11.0 6.9 12.8 9.4 20.9 30.0 43.9 32.1 15.0 12.4 16.3 16.5 14.9 21.7 24.2 15.1 14.9 16.8 17.0  
                                                           
WORKERS IN FAMILY IN 1989                                                          
                                                           
Families ................................... 65,049,428           1,577,820 1,506,724 389,818 293,229 208,165 163,149 192,836 118,309 28,185 28,592 14,374 16,710 53,357 71,096 56,372 43,080 10,279 3,013 11,388 10,314 1,665 1,671  
Percent..................................... 100.0           100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  
No workers ................................... 13.0           8.3 8.3 7.9 4.1 8.7 7.6 2.8 13.6 38.1 26.7 49.9 5.0 7.7 8.7 9.5 9.5 11.1 3.1 5.7 5.9 2.2 10.6  
1 worker ..................................... 28.0           26.2 26.2 25.5 18.1 33.2 31.8 27.7 25.1 20.7 18.7 28.0 26.2 34.5 26.1 25.9 24.8 29.5 29.1 28.0 27.4 20.8 25.6  
2 workers..................................... 45.6           45.7 45.7 47.6 48.2 42.9 44.8 51.8 40.0 27.7 35.7 15.4 53.3 43.4 45.5 44.8 45.6 39.7 49.2 47.9 47.5 52.7 46.0  
3 or more workers............................. 13.4           19.8 19.8 19.0 29.6 15.3 15.9 17.8 21.3 13.5 18.9 6.7 15.5 14.4 19.7 19.9 20.0 19.6 18.6 18.4 19.1 24.3 17.9  
                                                           
INCOME IN 1989                                                          
                                                           
Median household 30,056 31,435 31,672 19,758 24,156 20,025 36,784 37,007 36,259 43,780 41,626 30,184 44,696 29,772 18,837 23,019 14,276 31,632 30,010 31,980 (NA) 34,830 27,511 26,440 (NA) 30,786 31,450 25,542  
Median family 35,225 37,512 37,628 22,430 25,064 21,750 41251 41,583 41,316 46,698 51,550 33,909 49,309 30,550 18,126 23,101 14,327 37,257 34,242 33,955 (NA) 37,269 27,228 26,865 (NA) 33,020 32,003 29,271  
Married Couple       33,540                                                  
Female Householder       12,520                                                  
Per capita 14,420 15,687 16,074 8,859 8,328 13,368 13,638 13,806 14,876 13,616 19,373 11,177 17,777 9,032 5,120 5,597 2,692 11,970 11,000 10,342 (NA) 11,446 7,690 6,144 (NA) 10,834 9,578 11,651  
                                                           
INCOME IN 1989 BELOW POVERTY                                                          
                                                           
Families in poverty........................... 6,487,515           182,507 171,816 43,184 15,267 7,131 24,037 13,964 28,131 11,872 9,207 8,885 1,806 8,332 10,691 8,597 5,453 2,522 622 1,641 1,266 141 312  
Percent ..................................... 10.0 7.0 7.0 26.3 22.3 27.0 11.6 11.4 11.1 5.2 3.4 14.7 7.2 23.8 42.1 32.2 61.8 10.8 15.6 15.0 15.3 12.7 24.5 20.6 14.4 12.3 6.5 18.7  
Persons in poverty ........................... 31,742,864           997,196 938,930 225,777 89,081 59,127 106,822 74,972 149,567 62,312 50,580 59,530 11,178 49,984 58,266 46,649 28,642 14,210 3,797 9,327 7,036 679 1,611  
Percent...................................... 13.1 9.8 9.2 29.5 25.3 30.9 14.1 14.0 14.0 6.4 7.0 13.7 9.7 25.7 42.6 34.7 63.6 12.5 18.2 17.1 17.2 14.3 25.8 23.1 17.6 15.3 9.5 19.7  
                                                           
NA Not available. Figure will be available in Summary Tape File 4 and CP-2-1, Social and Economic Charactenstics for the United States, to be released late 1993.                                                          
                                                           
                                                           
Veteran Status, civilian males 16 and over 29.1 31.4 32.4 23.4 12 27.2 9.3                                            
                                                           
Households with Public Assistance Income                                                          
Households 91993582 76906980 73747747 9941850 5872040 325367 2020498 1932064 509395 356375 315879 233692 201768 140693 30054 14815 30802 23656 74935 88434.0   55653.0 11495.0     12641.0      
With Public Assistance Income 6943269 4269641 3878673 1955533 839908 116009 199127 188658 42043 35729 9022 10663 15692 34416 15358 9946 10894 808 4087 10469   6513 2031     1214      
Percent 7.5% 5.6% 5.3% 19.7% 14.3% 35.7% 9.9% 9.8% 8.3% 10.0% 2.9% 4.6% 7.8% 24.5% 51.1% 67.1% 35.4% 3.4% 5.5% 11.8%   11.7% 17.7%     9.6%      
                                                           
                                                           
                                                           
Ranked by Public Assistance                                                          
One-Line Description Percent Index                                                      
Japanese 2.9% 1.83                                                      
Thai 3.4% 1.56                                                      
Korean 4.6% 1.15                                                      
NHwhite 5.3% -1.00                                                      
OtherAs 5.5% -1.04                                                      
White 5.6% -1.06                                                      
US 7.5% -1.42                                                      
AsIndian 7.8% -1.47                                                      
Chinese 8.3% -1.57                                                      
Guamanian 9.6% -1.81                                                      
Asian 9.8% -1.85                                                      
AsPI 9.9% -1.87                                                      
Filipino 10.0% -1.89                                                      
Hawaiian 11.7% -2.21                                                      
PacIs 11.8% -2.23                                                      
Hispanic 14.3% -2.70                                                      
Samoan 17.7% -3.34                                                      
Black 19.7% -3.72                                                      
Vietnam 24.5% -4.62                                                      
Hmong 35.4% -6.68                                                      
NatAm 35.7% -6.74                                                      
Cambodian 51.1% -9.64                                                      
Laotian 67.1% -12.66                                                      


Last Updated on 5/14/97
By Arthur Hu
Email: arthurhu@halcyon.com